Scapy is a powerful Python-based interactive packet manipulation program and library.
It is able to forge or decode packets of a wide number of protocols, send them on the wire, capture them, match requests and replies, and much more.
It can easily handle most classical tasks like scanning, tracerouting, probing, unit tests, attacks or network discovery (it can replace hping, 85% of nmap, arpspoof, arp-sk, arping, tcpdump, tethereal, p0f, etc.). It also performs very well at a lot of other specific tasks that most other tools can't handle, like sending invalid frames, injecting your own 802.11 frames, combining technics (VLAN hopping+ARP cache poisoning, VOIP decoding on WEP encrypted channel, ...), etc.
Scapy works without any external Python modules on Linux and BSD like operating systems. On Windows, you need to install some mandatory dependencies as described in the documentation.
To benefit from all Scapy features, you might want to install Python modules, such as matplotlib or cryptography.
See the tutorial and follow the instructions to install scapy.
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Scapy is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
Scapy is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.