Skip to content
main
Switch branches/tags
Code

apk-mitm

A CLI application that automatically prepares Android APK files for HTTPS inspection

Inspecting a mobile app's HTTPS traffic using a proxy is probably the easiest way to figure out how it works. However, with the Network Security Configuration introduced in Android 7 and app developers trying to prevent MITM attacks using certificate pinning, getting an app to work with an HTTPS proxy has become quite tedious.

apk-mitm automates the entire process. All you have to do is give it an APK file and apk-mitm will:

You can also use apk-mitm to patch apps using Android App Bundle and rooting your phone is not required.

Installation

If you have an up-to-date version of Node.js (14+) and Java (8+), you can install apk-mitm by running:

$ npm install -g apk-mitm

Usage

Once installed, you can run this command to patch an app:

$ apk-mitm <path-to-apk>

So, if your APK file is called example.apk, you'd run:

$ apk-mitm example.apk

   Decoding APK file
   Modifying app manifest
   Replacing network security config
   Disabling certificate pinning
   Encoding patched APK file
   Signing patched APK file

   Done!  Patched APK: ./example-patched.apk

You can now install the example-patched.apk file on your Android device and use a proxy like Charles or mitmproxy to look at the app's traffic.

Patching App Bundles

You can also patch apps using Android App Bundle with apk-mitm by providing it with a *.xapk file (for example from APKPure) or a *.apks file (which you can export yourself using SAI).

Making manual changes

Sometimes you'll need to make manual changes to an app in order to get it to work. In these cases the --wait option is what you need. Enabling it will make apk-mitm wait before re-enconding the app, allowing you to make changes to the files in the temporary directory.

If you want to experiment with different changes to an APK, then using --wait is probably not the most convenient option as it forces you to start from scratch every time you use it. In this case you might want to take a look at APKLab. It's an Android reverse engineering workbench built on top of VS Code that comes with apk-mitm support and should allow you to iterate much more quickly.

Caveats

  • If the app uses Google Maps and the map is broken after patching, then the app's API key is probably restricted to the developer's certificate. You'll have to create your own API key without restrictions and run apk-mitm with the --wait option to be able to replace the com.google.android.geo.API_KEY value in the app's AndroidManifest.xml file.

  • If apk-mitm crashes while decoding or encoding the issue is probably related to Apktool. Check their issues on GitHub to find possible workarounds. If you happen to find an Apktool version that's not affected by the issue, you can instruct apk-mitm to use it by specifying the path of its JAR file through the --apktool option.

Thanks

License

MIT 穢 Niklas Higi