GraphQL API for WordPress.
Download and install like any WordPress plugin.
Documentation can be found on the Wiki on this repository.
- Requires PHP 5.5+
- Requires WordPress 4.7+
This plugin brings the power of GraphQL to WordPress.
GraphQL is a query language spec that was open sourced by Facebook® in 2015, and has been used in production by Facebook® since 2012.
GraphQL has some similarities to REST in that it exposes an HTTP endpoint where requests can be sent and a JSON response is returned. However, where REST has a different endpoint per resource, GraphQL has just a single endpoint and the data returned isn't implicit, but rather explicit and matches the shape of the request.
A REST API is implicit, meaning that the data coming back from an endpoint is implied. An endpoint such as
implies that the data I will retrieve is data related to Post objects, but beyond that it's hard to know exactly what
will be returned. It might be more data than I need or might not be the data I need at all.
GraphQL is explicit, meaning that you ask for the data you want and you get the data back in the same shape that it was asked for.
Additionally, where REST requires multiple HTTP requests for related data, GraphQL allows related data to be queried and retrieved in a single request, and again, in the same shape of the request without any worry of over or under-fetching data.
GraphQL also provides rich introspection, allowing for queries to be run to find out details about the Schema, which is how powerful dev tools, such as GraphiQl have been able to be created.
GraphiQL API Explorer
GraphiQL is a fantastic GraphQL API Explorer / IDE. There are various versions of GraphiQL that you can find, including a Chrome Extension but my recommendation is the GraphiQL desktop app below:
- Once the app is downloaded and installed, open the App.
- Set the
- You should now be able to browse the GraphQL Schema via the "Docs" explorer at the top right.
- On the left side, you can execute GraphQL Queries
POSSIBLE BREAKING CHANGES
Please note that as the plugin continues to take shape, there might be breaking changes at any point. Once the plugin reaches a stable 1.0.0 release, breaking changes should be minimized and communicated appropriately if they are required.
To run unit tests during development, you'll first need a testing database that you'd like to use.
Open the command line and navigate to the plugin's directory. From within the plugin directory, run the following commands to install the test suite, filling in the parameters appropriately to link to an existing test database or to create a new test database:
bin/install-wp-tests.sh <db-name> <db-user> <db-pass> [db-host] [wp-version] [skip-database-creation]
NOTE: You'll want the test database to be a true test database, not a database with valuable, existing information, as the tests will create new data and clear out data, and you don't want to cause issues with a database you're actually using for projects.
This plugin brings the power of GraphQL (http://graphql.org/) to WordPress.
The plugin is built on top of the graphql-php library by Webonyx (https://github.com/webonyx/graphql-php) and makes use of the graphql-relay-php library by Ivome (https://github.com/ivome/graphql-relay-php/)
Special thanks to Digital First Media (http://digitalfirstmedia.com) for allocating development resources to push the project forward.
Some of the concepts and code are based on the WordPress Rest API. Much love to the folks (https://github.com/orgs/WP-API/people) that put their blood, sweat and tears into the WP-API project, as it's been huge in moving WordPress forward as a platform and helped inspire and direct the development of WPGraphQL.
Much love to Apollo (Meteor Development Group) for their work on driving GraphQL forward and providing a lot of insight into how to design GraphQL schemas, etc. Check them out: http://www.apollodata.com/