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                  XicTools Open-Source  Release
                         October 1, 2017
                       Revised May 29, 2022

Whiteley Research is pleased to offer the XicTools programs:  Xic
(graphical editor) and WRspice (circuit simulator) as open-source. 
The two programs have sold commercially for more than 20 years, having
been updated steadily along the way.  However, a lot more development
is required to increase usage, and Stephen Whiteley, the author of most
of this, is ready to try a new approach.

It is expected that these programs will enjoy accelerated development
in an open-source environment, with the contributions of one and all
adding capability.  One day they may become widely used and known for
stability and available on-line support through user and developer
groups.  With this critical mass, the programs may become a viable
choice for foundry users, particularly those who may lack the
resources to pay for the Big Box tools.  This would never be achieved
with a proprietary software model given the limited capabilities of a
tiny company such as Whiteley Research.

The XicTools software is being released under the Apache-2.0 license,
which is actually one of the most "free" licenses available.  One is
not restricted in using this software in a commercial environment, or
in commercial products.  There is no requirement that you must share
your source code if you use this.  The code can be redistributed with
few restrictions.  See the LICENSE-2.0.txt file for the wording of the
license.  Basically, if you are commercial and this software can add
to your bottom line, go for it, and we might even help you!

However, this software, like virtually all software, has a history. 
Much of it originalted from places like the University of California,
Berkeley (e.g., WRspice is a direct descendent of Berleley Spice). 
There are bits and pieces that come from other universities.  The
university licenses are also very unrestrictive and likely highly
compatible with the Apache-2.0 license (remember that if you paid US
taxes, you almost certainly paid for the software developed at the
university).

At least one accessory (the help viewer) is tainted by the GNU library
license.  So, at the time of this initial release, there may be some
question as to whether the full terms of the Apache-2.0 license apply
in some cases.  This shall presumably be clarified in the future.  All
old headers have been retained, so users can make their own judgement
about the constraints on a given set of files.  Incorporating a better
HTML viewer, that understands CSS, should be a priority.


1. Overview - What's Here

The distribution consists of several semi-independent programs and
libraries, rooted in subdirectories.  These are described below.

adms
This is a wrapper around the adms tool for creating run-time loadable
device models for WRspice.

fastcap
This is a customized version of the venerable capacitance extraction
program from MIT.  It is called from within Xic for capacitance
extraction of layouts, and can be used stand-alone as well.

fasthenry
This is a customized version of the venerable inductance extraction
program from MIT.  It is called from within Xic for inductance
extraction of layouts, and can be used stand-alone as well.

KLU
This is simply a wrapper around the SuiteSparse sparse matrix package
written by Timothy A. Davis, available from
http://faculty.cse.tamu.edu/davis/suitesparse.html

The provided makefile operates on the SuiteSparse distribution file,
applying needed patches, compiling and linking.  The reslt is a
run-time loadble module which provides the sparse matrix capability,
for use with WRspice (or any other application with a suitable interface).
WRspice does not require this plug-in, but will employ it when provided.
Use of the SuiteSparse package generally reduces simulation time.

mozy
The mozy package contains the help system and viewer used by Xic and
WRspice, including an http/ftp file transfer utility, and a screen
capture into image file utility.  This code (and only this program
code) is derived from GNU-licensed code.  Commercial users may wish to
build the XicTools without the mozy package, which is a top-level
option.

mrouter
The MRouter is derived from the Qrouter maze router by Tim Edwards,
available at http://www.opencircuitdesign.com.  It may be used as a
stand-alone tool similar to Qrouter, or run-time loaded into Xic as
a plug-in, in which case its functionality is available within Xic.
This integration is at a very early development stage.

secure (aka xtlserv)
This package provides the license server, client-side code, and
license-generating utilities for the licensing system used with the
commercial version of Xic and WRspice.  This, of course, is no longer
used.  This package is retained, for now at least, in the chance that
it may be of value to someone.

vl
This is a Verilog simulator, which is integrated with WRspice but can
be used as a stand-alone non-graphical simulator.

wrspice
The WRspice program is a SPICE-derived circuit simulator.

xic
The Xic program is a graphical editor, used for displaying and editing
layouts and schematics.  It provides DRC, extraction, and a lot of
other  capability.

xt_base
This contains base libraries and configuration scripts for use with
the other packages.


2.  Dependencies

wrspice
  mozy (optional)
  xt_base
  KLU
  vl

xic
  mozy (optional)
  xt_base
  mrouter

mozy
  xt_base

vl
  xt_base

adms
fastcap
fasthenry
  xt_base


3.  Building the XicTools


3.1.  Prerequisites

CentOS/RedHat Linux is the reference platform.  You should have
success building the tools on Linux and Linux-like operating systems
and environments.  These include Cygwin and MSYS2 on Windows, and OSX
with MacPorts.

You will need to be familiar with makefiles, compilers, and the tools
needed to build Linux programs.

You will need to have the development versions of lots of different
libraries installed, including GTK.  As you encounter missing headers,
etc., these should be installed on your system from your operating
system source repositories.  You of course need the basic software
development tools installed.  It can be a bit of a challenge to
figure out which packages to install, Google is your friend.

Programs and Utilities:
There may be a meta-package containing the development toolchain,
which should be installed.  These programs may be missing and would
require installation.

  git, autoconf, flex, bison, pkg-config

Libraries and Development Packages:
Often, the basic libraries are provided, but a separate "devel"
package contains the include files needed to compile programs with the
libraries.  If a build fails with a missing header (.h) file, the game
is to figure out which development package provides it, and install
the package.  In other cases, the library may be wholly missing, so
both the library and development packages should be installed. 
Install the devel version, which will also install the bare library if
necessary.

  libgsl, libjpeg, libtiff, gtk2, ncurses

The gtk2 package will bring in a large number of dependent packages.

Below are lists of package names that I had to install on some operating
systems.

You must have root permission to install packages on Linux.

Ubuntu 20
Debian 11
   These use the same packages.  The "build-essential" provides the
   program development toolchain.  The package names can be listed after
   "apt install", or the command can be invoked on the packages
   individually or in smaller groups.

   apt install build-essential autoconf automake flex bison gpp git
   libgtk2.0-dev libgsl-dev libtiff-dev libjpeg-dev libncurses5-dev

Fedora 35/36
    In Fedora, the development tools are preinstalled, but you have
    to install g++ to get C++ support.  Again, packages can be installed
    one at a time or in groups.

    dnf install autoconf automake flex bison patch g++ gpp gtk2-devel
    gsl-devel rpm-build libjpeg-turbo-devel ncurses-devel

CentOS 8 Stream
    The first line installs the development tools, including for C++.

    dnf group install "Development Tools"
    dnf install gtk2-devel gsl-devel ncurses-devel libtiff-devel libjpeg-devel


3.2.  Build Procedure for Linux

The procedure is as follows.

    1.  Copy Makefile.sample into Makefile, edit Makefile to set the
        configuration flags, as described in the Makefile.
    2.  "make config" will configure the source tree to your build
        environment.
    3.  "make all" will build all of the programs.
    4.  Thereafter, after changes, do "make reconfig" followed by
        "make all".

The intended installation procedure is to first build a binary package
(e.g., RPM) for each program, then install the packages on your system
using the wr_install script.  The Makefiles will actually prevent
running "make install" to the default location under /usr/local. 
However, you can modify the Makefiles to allow this, and skip the
packaging step entirely if you wish.  However, if you don't install
from the packages, you won't have the "Safe Install" feature, see
http://wrcad.com for info about the packages.  Basically, if you are a
"user", you probably want to install with packages.  If you are a
"developer", you may wish to enable direct installation.

    5. "make packages" will create all of the package files.
       Packages are left in xt/xt_base/packages/pkgfiles.

    6. cd xt_base/packages/pkgfiles; ../util/wr_install all
       This will install the programs from the package files.
    
    7. Set your shell search path to include the main <i>XicTools</i>
       bin, by default /usr/local/xictools/bin.


3.3  Windows

Currently the MSYS2/MINGWx64 environment is used to build and run on
Windows.  The user will have to install this environment, or at least
the run-time components.  This replaces the "gtk2-bundle" which
provided the needed libraries previously and was distributed with the
programs.

Go to msys2.org, download and run the installer, and follow the
instructions, using the defaults.  When done you will have a shell
window on screen.  Add packages as needed, but you will want the
development toolchain for mingw64:

    pacman -S base-devel
    pacman -S mingw-w64-x86_64-toolchain

Add the vim editor, the winpty program needed to run wrspice, and
the mingw64 versions of the gtk2 and gsl libraries.

    pacman -S vim
    pacman -S winpty
    pacman -S mingw_w64-x86_64-gtk2
    pacman -S mingw_w64-x86_64-gsl

Use the vim editor to edit the .bash_profile file that exists in the
current (and home) directory adding the following lines to the bottom
of the file.

    mount c:/usr/local/xictools /usr/local/xictools
    export PATH="/usr/local/xictools/bin:$PATH"
    export XT_HOMEDIR=c:/msys64/home/<your_username>

Of course, replace <your_username> with the correct text.

Also used is the inno-setup 5.5.9 packager
(http://www.jrsoftware.org/).  You might wish to get this (or a newer
release) if you intend to produce packages for Windows.  The XicTools
Makefile assumes that this is installed at c:/inno-5.5.9 which is
mounted on /inno-5.5.9 in MSYS2.

To start the shell window the next time, click "MSYS2 64bit" in the
Start menu, then click "MSYS2 MinGW x64" in the sub-menu.  This
provides the MSYS2 shell environment with support for mingw64.  MinGW
is "minimal Gnu (for) Windows" and is a library that provides a
limited Linux-like programming environment under Windows.  The
XicTools programs use this environment and are thus Windows-native
programs.

This is about complete to build XicTools, but there may be a thing or
two missing.  You will have to use the "pacman" package manager
commands to find the package needed, then use commands like above to
install it.

You will run the installer in the future to update your packages, and
to add packages needed later.

The actual build procedure follows the Linux procedure above.


3.4  OS X

You will need xcode, the X-Quartz X-Windows server, and the MacPorts
gtk2 libraries.

1.  Install xcode
    This is Apple's development package, available as a download from the
    App store.

2.  Install the "command line tools"
    Install this by giving the following command in a terminal window:
      xcode-select --install

3.  Run xcode to sign off on the license agreement.
    Give the following command and agree to the terms:
      xcodebuild -license

4.  To run the programs you will need an X11 server.  The recommended
    server is XQuartz (www.xquartz.org).  This is the "official" X
    server for the Mac, however others are available, including one
    through macports.  Follow the instructions to install and start
    the server.

5.  Download the MacPorts installer from macports.org.  This provides
    the graphical libraries used by the programs.  Following the
    instructions, install MacPorts for your operating system.  Be sure
    to install the default package which installs in the default
    location (i.e., don't build from source and change the location).

    Once the basic installation is done, run, as root, the following
    commands:

    port -v selfupdate<br>
    port install gtk2<br>
    port install gsl<br>
    port install python2_select<br>
    port install python27<br>
    port install autoconf<br>
    port install pkgconfig<br>

6.  Set your shell search path to include /usr/local/xictools/bin.

You should now be able to build XicTools folling the procedure above
for Linux.

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XicTools: Xic graphical editor, WRspice circuit simulator, and accessories. for electronic design.

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