Object-Oriented Java primitives, as an alternative to Google Guava and Apache Commons
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George Aristy (#950) SumOf does not work on Iterable<Integer>
Arg for SumOf(Iterable) now specifies upper bound of Number
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README.md

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ATTENTION: We're still in a very early alpha version, the API may and will change frequently. Please, use it at your own risk, until we release version 1.0. You can view our progress towards this release here.

Cactoos is a collection of object-oriented Java primitives.

Motivation. We are not happy with JDK, Guava, and Apache Commons because they are procedural and not object-oriented. They do their job, but mostly through static methods. Cactoos is suggesting to do almost exactly the same, but through objects.

Principles. These are the design principles behind Cactoos.

How to use. The library has no dependencies. All you need is this (get the latest version here):

<dependency>
  <groupId>org.cactoos</groupId>
  <artifactId>cactoos</artifactId>
</dependency>

Java version required: 1.8+.

StackOverflow tag is cactoos.

Input/Output

More about it here: Object-Oriented Declarative Input/Output in Cactoos.

To read a text file in UTF-8:

String text = new TextOf(
  new File("/code/a.txt")
).asString();

To write a text into a file:

new LengthOf(
  new TeeInput(
    "Hello, world!",
    new File("/code/a.txt")
  )
).intValue();

To read a binary file from classpath:

byte[] data = new BytesOf(
  new ResourceOf("foo/img.jpg")
).asBytes();

Text/Strings

To format a text:

String text = new FormattedText(
  "How are you, %s?",
  name
).asString();

To manipulate with a text:

// To lower case
new LowerText(
	new TextOf("Hello")
);
// To upper case
new UpperText(
	new TextOf("Hello")
);

Iterables/Collections/Lists/Sets

More about it here: Lazy Loading and Caching via Sticky Cactoos Primitives.

To filter a collection:

Collection<String> filtered = new ListOf<>(
  new Filtered<>(
    s -> s.length() > 4,
    new IterableOf<>("hello", "world", "dude")
  )
);

To iterate a collection:

new And(
  new Mapped<>(
    new FuncOf<>(
      input -> {
        System.out.printf("Item: %s\n", input);
      }
    ),
    new IterableOf<>("how", "are", "you")
  )
).value();

Or even more compact:

new And(
  (String input) -> System.out.printf("Item: %s\n", input),
  "how", "are", "you"
).value();

To sort a list of words in the file:

List<String> sorted = new ListOf<>(
  new Sorted<>(
    new SplitText(
      new TextOf(
        new File("/tmp/names.txt")
      ),
      new TextOf("\\s+")
    )
  )
);

To count elements in an iterable:

int total = new LengthOf(
  "how", "are", "you"
).intValue();

Funcs and Procs

This is a traditional foreach loop:

for (String name : names) {
  System.out.printf("Hello, %s!\n", name);
}

This is its object-oriented alternative (no streams!):

new And(
  names,
  n -> {
    System.out.printf("Hello, %s!\n", n);
  }
).value();

This is an endless while/do loop:

while (!ready) {
  System.out.prinln("Still waiting...");
}

Here is its object-oriented alternative:

new And(
  new Endless<>(ready),
  ready -> {
    System.out.println("Still waiting...");
    return !ready;
  }
).value();

Dates and Times

From our org.cactoos.time package.

Our classes are divided in two groups: those that parse strings into date/time objects, and those that format those objects into strings.

For example, this is the traditional way of parsing a string into an OffsetDateTime:

final OffsetDateTime date = OffsetDateTime.parse("2007-12-03T10:15:30+01:00");

Here is its object-oriented alternative (no static method calls!) using OffsetDateTimeOf, which is a Scalar:

final OffsetDateTime date = new OffsetDateTimeOf("2007-12-03T10:15:30+01:00").value();

To format an OffsetDateTime into a Text:

final OffsetDateTime date = ...;
final OffsetDateTimeAsText text = new OffsetDateTimeAsText(date);

Our objects vs. their static methods

Cactoos Guava Apache Commons JDK 8
And Iterables.all() - -
Filtered Iterables.filter() ? -
FormattedText - - String.format()
IsBlank - StringUtils.isBlank() -
JoinedText - - String.join()
LengthOf - - String#length()
LowerText - - String#toLowerCase()
NormalizedText - StringUtils.normalize() -
Or Iterables.any() - -
RepeatedText - StringUtils.repeat() -
ReplacedText - - String#replace()
ReversedText - - StringBuilder#reverse()
RotatedText - StringUtils.rotate() -
SplitText - - String#split()
StickyList Lists.newArrayList() ? Arrays.asList()
SubText - - String#substring()
SwappedCaseText - StringUtils.swapCase() -
TextOf ? IOUtils.toString() -
TrimmedLeftText - StringUtils.stripStart() -
TrimmedRightText - StringUtils.stripEnd() -
TrimmedText - StringUtils.stripAll() String#trim()
UpperText - - String#toUpperCase()

Questions

Ask your questions related to cactoos library on Stackoverflow with cactoos tag.

How to contribute?

Just fork the repo and send us a pull request.

Make sure your branch builds without any warnings/issues:

mvn clean install -Pqulice

Note: Checkstyle is used as a static code analyze tool with checks list in GitHub precommits.

Contributors

License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2017-2018 Yegor Bugayenko

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.