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Logo

ZPM - Zsh Plugin Manager

Fastest, configurable and extensible zsh plugin manager

Software License Travis Go Report Card

Zpm is a plugin manager for ZSH who combines the imperative and declarative approach. At first run, zpm will do complex logic and generate cache, after that will be used cache only, so it makes this framework to be very fast.

Features

  • Speed. Fastest plugin manager (Really, after the first run, zpm will not be used at all)
  • Compatibility. Zpm plugins are compatible with oh-my-zsh
  • Portability. Zpm runs on Linux, Android, OpenWrt, FreeBSD and macOS
  • Support for async loading
  • Dependencies between packages
  • Hooks
  • Function autoloading
  • Extensible
  • Possibility to use github/gitlab/bitbucket mirrors (useful for China)

Table of Contents

Stats

Test on Intel I7-8750H, SanDisk SD7SN6S, 16GB RAM

zsh -i -c exit  0.00s user 0.00s system 102% cpu 0.006 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.01s user 0.00s system 101% cpu 0.006 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.00s user 0.01s system 99% cpu 0.006 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.01s user 0.00s system 102% cpu 0.007 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.00s user 0.00s system 100% cpu 0.007 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.01s user 0.00s system 100% cpu 0.007 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.00s user 0.00s system 101% cpu 0.007 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.00s user 0.00s system 100% cpu 0.006 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.00s user 0.00s system 101% cpu 0.007 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.00s user 0.00s system 100% cpu 0.008 total

Test on Raspberry Pi Zero W, Raspbian 10, 1GHz Broadcom BCM2835 ARMv6, 512MB RAM

zsh -i -c exit  0.14s user 0.05s system 85% cpu 0.219 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.14s user 0.05s system 43% cpu 0.436 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.14s user 0.05s system 58% cpu 0.325 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.12s user 0.07s system 90% cpu 0.206 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.15s user 0.05s system 84% cpu 0.231 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.15s user 0.04s system 46% cpu 0.407 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.13s user 0.06s system 62% cpu 0.306 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.11s user 0.08s system 83% cpu 0.227 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.14s user 0.05s system 47% cpu 0.403 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.11s user 0.08s system 62% cpu 0.307 total

Test on MikroTik RouterBOARD 951Ui-2HnD, OpenWrt 19.07.7, 600MHz Atheros AR9344 MIPS, 128MB RAM

zsh -i -c exit  0.09s user 0.03s system 83% cpu 0.144 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.10s user 0.02s system 29% cpu 0.412 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.10s user 0.02s system 69% cpu 0.173 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.10s user 0.03s system 73% cpu 0.165 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.10s user 0.02s system 81% cpu 0.150 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.10s user 0.02s system 71% cpu 0.170 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.10s user 0.02s system 85% cpu 0.141 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.10s user 0.02s system 42% cpu 0.283 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.11s user 0.02s system 68% cpu 0.176 total
zsh -i -c exit  0.10s user 0.02s system 75% cpu 0.161 total

With this set of plugins. 51 total

zpm-zsh/helpers
zpm-zsh/colors
zpm-zsh/tmux
zpm-zsh/vte
zpm-zsh/core-config
zpm-zsh/ignored-users
zpm-zsh/check-deps
zpm-zsh/minimal-theme
zpm-zsh/material-colors
zpm-zsh/pr-is-root
zpm-zsh/pr-user
zpm-zsh/pr-return
zpm-zsh/pr-exec-time
zpm-zsh/pretty-time-zsh
zpm-zsh/pr-git
zpm-zsh/pr-cwd
zpm-zsh/pr-php
zpm-zsh/pr-rust
zpm-zsh/pr-node
zpm-zsh/pr-2
zpm-zsh/pr-eol
zpm-zsh/pr-zcalc
zpm-zsh/pr-correct
zpm-zsh/ls
zpm-zsh/colorize
zpm-zsh/ssh
zpm-zsh/dot
zpm-zsh/undollar
zpm-zsh/dropbox
lukechilds/zsh-better-npm-completion
zpm-zsh/clipboard
zpm-zsh/mysql-colorize
zpm-zsh/zshmarks
voronkovich/gitignore.plugin.zsh
zpm-zsh/autoenv
mdumitru/fancy-ctrl-z
zsh-users/zsh-history-substring-search
zdharma/fast-syntax-highlighting
zsh-users/zsh-autosuggestions
psprint/history-search-multi-word
zpm-zsh/zpm-readme
zpm-zsh/zpm-info
zpm-zsh/zpm-telemetry
zpm-zsh/zpm-link
@omz/extract
@omz/command-not-found
@omz/pip
@empty/npm
@empty/rustup
zpm-zsh/create-zsh-plugin

Base dependences

Installation

Add the following text into .zshrc

if [[ ! -f ~/.zpm/zpm.zsh ]]; then
  git clone --recursive https://github.com/zpm-zsh/zpm ~/.zpm
fi
source ~/.zpm/zpm.zsh

If you don't have .zshrc copy example of .zshrc from zpm

ln -sf ~/.zpm/zshrc ~/.zshrc

How to use

Currently zpm has following commands

  • load - will download and load plugin See
  • if/if-not - conditions for following command See
  • upgrade - will upgrade plugin, without parameters will upgrade all plugins See
  • clean - will clean zpm cache See

The set of commands can be expanded extended using plugins

Plugins for zpm itself

  • zpm-readme - Show plugin readme in terminal
  • zpm-info - Show plugin info in terminal
  • zpm-telemetry - Send telemetry data. Keep calm. Data is sent using GitHub and you can see it before sending.

Load plugin

Important

Be carefully, zpm doesnt guarantue loading order in call. So if you need to load a plugin before antoher, you should do 2 separate zpm load calls. This is very important for oh-my-zsh plugins, because @omz-core should be loaded before

Plugin name must have next form: @plugin-type/user/plugin-name. This plugin can be enabled using

# Add to `~/.zshrc` after zpm initialization:
zpm load @plugin-type/user/plugin-name

Notice: if you change ~/.zshrc, you need to remove zpm cache using: zpm clean

Additionaly they can have some tags. Tags must be separated by commas , without spaces, tag parameters must be separated from tag names or another tag parameters by :

# plugin type
#    |   plugin name
#    |      |        tag
#    |      |         |  tag parameters, divided by :
#    |      |         |            |       boolean tag
#    |      |         |            |             |
#    ↓      ↓         ↓            ↓             ↓
@type/some/plugin,apply:source:path:fpath,async

Plugin name

If plugin name starts with @word, this word will be used as plugin type. Plugin name will be used to detect plugin origin url.

  • @github/ or @gh/ - plugin will be cloned from GitHub, this is default value, so you don't need to set it

  • @gitlab/ or @gl/ - plugin will be cloned from GitLab

  • @bitbucket/ or @bb/ - plugin will be cloned from Bitbucket

  • @git/ - plugin will be cloned via git. Be careful, zpm can't detect origin for this plugin type, you must specify origin using tag origin:

  • @gist/ - plugin will be downloaded from GitHub Gist

  • @omz/ - zpm will use a plugin from oh-my-zsh, oh-my-zsh will be download if not installed. Important: you shoud load @omz before any other plugin from on-my-zsh: zpm load @omz.

    • @omz-theme/ - will load a theme from omz dir: <omz-dir>/themes/*.zsh-theme

    • @omz-lib/ - will load a lib from omz dir: <omz-dir>/lib/*.zsh

    • Example:

      See: #24

      # Pull in OMZ (doesn't actually source anything)
      zpm load @omz
      
      # Load any OMZ libraries we want or our OMZ plugins require
      zpm load                \
        @omz/lib/compfix      \
        @omz/lib/completion   \
        @omz/lib/directories  \
        @omz/lib/functions    \
        @omz/lib/git          \
        @omz/lib/grep         \
        @omz/lib/history      \
        @omz/lib/key-bindings \
        @omz/lib/misc         \
        @omz/lib/spectrum     \
        @omz/lib/theme-and-appearance
      
        # Load some OMZ plugins and theme
        zpm load          \
          @omz/virtualenv \
          @omz/git
      
        zpm load @omz/theme/robbyrussell

  • @dir - special type, zpm will create a symlink to local directory from origin tag

  • @file - special type, zpm will create a symlink to file from origin tag. Should be used for plugins that are written in single file, without additional dependencies

  • @remote/ - plugin will be downloaded using curl, for example from an HTTP site. Be careful, zpm can't detect origin for this plugin type, you must specify origin using tag origin:

  • @exec/ - special type, zpm will create plugin, completion or binary via executing of origin tag content. See destination tag

  • @empty/ - special type, zpm will create empty dir without files. Useful with hook tag.

plugin-from/github  # @github doesn't necessary
@gitlab/plugin-from/gitlab
@bitbucket/plugin-from/bitbucket
@omz/some-plugin
@empty/custom/empty-plugin
@empty/another-empty-plugin

Plugin tags

apply tag

This tag has 3 possible arguments divided by :

  • source - load zsh plugin file, enabled by default. File name can be changed using source tag
  • path - add directory to your $PATH, by default - /bin dir, enabled by default. Directory name can be changed using path tag
  • fpath - add directory to your $fpath, by default or /functions dir if it exists, or plugin root dir if exist at least one _* file, enabled by default. Directory name can be changed using fpath tag
zpm load some/plugin,apply:source:path:fpath
zpm load another/plugin,apply:path # zpm will only add /bin dir to $PATH, plugin will not be sourced, nor be added to $fpath

async tag

If this tag is present, zsh plugin will be loaded async

source tag

Define own file that will be loaded

zpm some/plugin,source:/other.file.zsh

path and fpath tags

Using these tags you can change the destination of folders which will be added to $PATH or $fpath

zpm some/plugin,path:/executables
zpm another/plugin,fpath:/completions

autoload tag

This tag defines functions that will be autoloaded by zpm (using autoload -Uz) divided by :

zpm load some/plugin,autoload:one:two:three

origin tag

All plugins have internal origin type property, like: git, dir, file, remote. You can define own origin, but you can't mix different types of origin types. So, you can define Gitlab origin for GitHub plugin, or different origin for GitHub Gist plugin.

  • Git plugins: @github, @gitlab, @bitbucket, @git
zpm load some/plugin,origin:https://github.com/another/origin # This plugin will be loaded from https://github.com/another/origin, but will have internal name some/plugin

zpm load @git/my-plugin,git://my.site/plugin.git # This plugin will be loaded from 3-party origin
  • Remote: @gist, @remote
zpm load @gist/user/hash,origin:https://another-site/file.zsh # This file will be downloaded instead of gist
zpm load @remote/plugin,origin:https://mysite.com/plugin.zsh # In this case origin should be declared, because zpm can't detect origin
  • Dir: @dir
zpm load @dir/plugin,origin:/home/user/Projects/plugin # Internal plugin directory will be linked to your local directory
  • File: @file
zpm load @file/plugin-file,origin:/home/user/Projects/plugin.zsh # Internal plugin file will be linked to your local file
  • Some special types, like: @empty, @omz, @omz-theme, @omz-lib

Do not declare own origin:, because this can produce side effects

hook tag

This tag parameter contains command who will be run in the plugin directory after instalation or upgrade

zpm plugin/name,hook:"make; make install"

if and if-not conditions

If condition allows you to run the following commands only if the condition is true

zpm if some-condition (another commands)

Conditions:

  • linux - if current OS is Linux
  • bsd - if current OS is *BSD
  • openwrt - if current OS is OpenWrt
  • macos - if current OS is macOS
  • termux - if current session run in Termux
  • ssh - if session run on remote host
  • vte - if session run on VTE based terminal emulator

Result of condition can be negated using if-not tag

The condition can be combined zpm if macos if-not ssh load repo/plugin

Notice: conditions will be verified only at first run, after that will be used generated cache

Upgrade

Run zpm upgrade for upgrading, or run zpm upgrade some-plugin another-plugin if you want to upgrade only these plugins

Clean

By default zpm will generate cache file at first run, but if you will change ~/.zshrc this cache should be removed using zpm clean command

Configuration

You can use another mirror for GitHub/Gitlab/Bitbucket:

# Declare this before zpm load
GITHUB_MIRROR="https://hub.fastgit.org"
GITLAB_MIRROR="Some url"
BITBUCKET_MIRROR="Some url"

Troubleshooting

If you have problems with zpm try:

rm -rf "${TMPDIR:-/tmp}/zsh-${UID:-user}"
cd ~/.zpm
git pull

Developing process

You can see debug information by setting the system variable DEBUG=zpm

When you make changes, add information about them to the change log in next section. Also add link to pr and link to your GitHub profile.

TODO

  • Create logo
  • Improve readme
    • Describe installation process
  • Improve completions
    • Now zpm load, zpm upgrade or zpm subcommand will complete only one argument

Changelog

  • 5.1

    • Change internal functions
  • 5.0

    • Removed gen-plugin and gen-completion tags
    • @omz-theme/ and @omz-lib/ changed to @omz/theme/ and @omz/lib/
  • 4.2

    • Replace $ZERO with $0. Fixed #43
    • Update README. #44
  • 4.1

    • Added possibility to change parallel runner, e.g. GNU Parallel, Rush, Xargs
    • Optimize plugin load
    • Change some plugin urls
  • 4.0

    • Refactoring of internal logic
    • Added new plugin types: @gist, @remote
  • 3.6

    • Added new plugin types @dir and @file
    • @link now is an alias for @dir
    • Fixed #35
  • 3.5

    • Added new logo
    • Added posibility to use mirrors for GitHub/Gitlab/Bitbucket. See issue
  • 3.4

    • Added GNU Parallel
  • 3.3

    • Added origin tag
    • Removed autoload-all tag
  • 3.2

    • Fix plugin load order
    • Use sched for background run
  • 3.1

    • Fix completions
    • Add example for @omz
  • 3.0

    • Remove unused @link
    • Remove tr calls
    • Deprecate type: tag
    • Internal changes for basename/name,hyperlink
    • Add support for oh-my-zsh themes and libs
      • zpm load @omz-theme/theme-name
      • zpm load @omz-lib/lib
    • Upgrade from 2.x:
      • Add zpm load @omz if you use at least one oh-my-zsh plugin.
      • Replace type:plugin-type with @plugin-type/plugin/name
  • 2.3

    • Improve README
    • Remove suppot for zsh_loaded_plugins
    • Add config for Markdownlint
  • 2.2

    • Add support for OpenWrt
    • Improve oh-my-zsh-support @igetgames
    • Support for calling plugin functions from command tags @igetgames
    • Fix autoload option processing @igetgames
  • 2.1

    • Optimizations
    • Now all content of /functions and /bin will be copied into single dir, in zpm cache dir
    • Change zpm to @zpm
    • Remove unused vars
    • Some vars will be loaded async
    • Fixed colors
    • Notes
      • Now for update zpm need to run zpm u @zpm
  • 2.0

    • omz/ prefix replaced by @omz/
    • Added plugin type empty
    • Added autoload and autoload-all tags
    • Added gen-plugin and gen-completion tags
    • Notes:
      • Replace omz/ to @omz/ in your .zshrc