Eclair (French for Lightning) is a Scala implementation of the Lightning Network.
- Lightning Network Specification Compliance
- JSON API
- Testnet usage
Lightning Network Specification Compliance
Please see the latest release note for detailed information on BOLT compliance.
Eclair offers a feature-rich HTTP API that enables application developers to easily integrate.
For more information please visit the API documentation website.
Prerequisite: Bitcoin Core
Eclair relies on Bitcoin Core to interface with and monitor the blockchain and to manage on-chain funds: Eclair does not include an on-chain wallet, channel opening transactions are funded by your Bitcoin Core node, and channel closing transactions return funds to your Bitcoin Core node.
This means that instead of re-implementing them, Eclair benefits from the verifications and optimisations (including fee management with RBF/CPFP, ...) that are implemented by Bitcoin Core. Eclair uses our own bitcoin library to verify data provided by Bitcoin Core.
- Eclair needs a synchronized, segwit-ready, zeromq-enabled, wallet-enabled, non-pruning, tx-indexing Bitcoin Core node.
- You must configure your Bitcoin node to use
bech32m(segwit) addresses. If your wallet has "non-segwit UTXOs" (outputs that are neither
bech32m), you must send them to a
bech32maddress before running Eclair.
- Eclair requires Bitcoin Core 23.1 or higher. If you are upgrading an existing wallet, you may need to create a new address and send all your funds to that address.
Run bitcoind with the following minimal
server=1 rpcuser=foo rpcpassword=bar txindex=1 addresstype=bech32 changetype=bech32 zmqpubhashblock=tcp://127.0.0.1:29000 zmqpubrawtx=tcp://127.0.0.1:29000
Depending on the actual hardware configuration, it may be useful to provide increased
dbcache parameter value for faster verification and
rpcworkqueue parameter value for better handling of API requests on
# UTXO database cache size, in MiB dbcache=2048 # Number of allowed pending RPC requests (default is 16) rpcworkqueue=128 # How many seconds bitcoin will wait for a complete RPC HTTP request. # after the HTTP connection is established. rpcclienttimeout=30
Eclair is developed in Scala, a powerful functional language that runs on the JVM, and is packaged as a ZIP archive.
To run Eclair, you first need to install Java, we recommend that you use OpenJDK 11. Other runtimes also work, but we don't recommend using them.
Then download our latest release, unzip the archive and run the following command:
Eclair reads its configuration file, and write its logs, to
~/.eclair by default.
To change your node's configuration, create a file named
~/.eclair. Here's an example configuration file:
Here are some of the most common options:
|eclair.chain||Which blockchain to use: regtest, testnet, signet or mainnet||mainnet|
|eclair.server.port||Lightning TCP port||9735|
|eclair.api.enabled||Enable/disable the API||false. By default the API is disabled. If you want to enable it, you must set a password.|
|eclair.api.port||API HTTP port||8080|
|eclair.api.password||API password (BASIC)||"" (must be set if the API is enabled)|
|eclair.bitcoind.rpcuser||Bitcoin Core RPC user||foo|
|eclair.bitcoind.rpcpassword||Bitcoin Core RPC password||bar|
|eclair.bitcoind.zmqblock||Bitcoin Core ZMQ block address||"tcp://127.0.0.1:29000"|
|eclair.bitcoind.zmqtx||Bitcoin Core ZMQ tx address||"tcp://127.0.0.1:29000"|
|eclair.bitcoind.wallet||Bitcoin Core wallet name||""|
Quotes are not required unless the value contains special characters. Full syntax guide here.
→ see here for more configuration options.
Configure Bitcoin Core wallet
Eclair will use the default loaded Bitcoin Core wallet to fund any channels you choose to open.
If you want to use a different wallet from the default one, you must set
eclair.bitcoind.wallet accordingly in your
Eclair will return BTC from closed channels to the wallet configured. Any BTC found in the wallet can be used to fund the channels you choose to open.
Java Environment Variables
Some advanced parameters can be changed with java environment variables. Most users won't need this and can skip this section.
However, if you're seeing Java heap size errors, you can try increasing the maximum memory allocated to the JVM with the
You can for example set it to use up to 512 MB (or any value that fits the amount of RAM on your machine) with:
datadir is mandatory if you want to run several instances of eclair on the same machine. You will also have to change ports in
eclair.conf (see above).
|eclair.datadir||Path to the data directory||~/.eclair|
|eclair.printToConsole||Log to stdout (in addition to eclair.log)|
For example, to specify a different data directory you would run the following command:
You need to backup:
- your Bitcoin Core wallet
- your Eclair channels
For Bitcoin Core, you need to backup the wallet file for the wallet that Eclair is using. You only need to do this once, when the wallet is created. See Managing Wallets in the Bitcoin Core documentation for more information.
For Eclair, the files that you need to backup are located in your data directory. You must backup:
- your seeds (
- your channel database (
regtestdepending on which chain you're running on)
Your seeds never change once they have been created, but your channels will change whenever you receive or send payments. Eclair will
create and maintain a snapshot of its database, named
eclair.sqlite.bak, in your data directory, and update it when needed. This file is
always consistent and safe to use even when Eclair is running, and this is what you should back up regularly.
For example, you could configure a
cron task for your backup job. Or you could configure an optional notification script to be called by eclair once a new database snapshot has been created, using the following option:
eclair.file-backup.notify-script = "/absolute/path/to/script.sh"
Make sure your script is executable and uses an absolute path name for
Note that depending on your filesystem, in your backup process we recommend first moving
eclair.sqlite.bak to some temporary file
before copying that file to your final backup location.
You can use the
JAVA_OPTS environment variable to set arguments to
docker run -ti --rm -e "JAVA_OPTS=-Xmx512m -Declair.api.binding-ip=0.0.0.0 -Declair.node-alias=node-pm -Declair.printToConsole" acinq/eclair
If you want to persist the data directory, you can make the volume to your host with the
-v argument, as the following example:
docker run -ti --rm -v "/path_on_host:/data" -e "JAVA_OPTS=-Declair.printToConsole" acinq/eclair
If you enabled the API you can check the status of Eclair using the command line tool:
docker exec <container_name> eclair-cli -p foobar getinfo
For advanced usage, Eclair supports plugins written in Scala, Java, or any JVM-compatible language.
A valid plugin is a jar that contains an implementation of the Plugin interface, and a manifest entry for
Main-Class with the FQDN of the implementation.
Here is how to run Eclair with plugins:
eclair-node-<version>/bin/eclair-node.sh <plugin1.jar> <plugin2.jar> <...>
You can find more details about plugins in the eclair-plugins repository.
Eclair is configured to run on mainnet by default, but you can still run it on testnet (or regtest/signet): start your Bitcoin node in
testnet mode (add
bitcoin.conf or start with
-testnet), and change Eclair's chain parameter and Bitcoin RPC port:
For regtest, add
bitcoin.conf or start with
-regtest, and modify
eclair.chain = "regtest" eclair.bitcoind.rpcport=18443
For signet, add
bitcoin.conf or start with
-signet, and modify
eclair.chain = "signet" eclair.bitcoind.rpcport=38332
You may also want to take advantage of the new configuration sections in
bitcoin.conf to manage parameters that are network specific,
so you can easily run your Bitcoin node on both mainnet and testnet. For example you could use:
server=1 txindex=1 addresstype=bech32 changetype=bech32 [main] rpcuser=<your-mainnet-rpc-user-here> rpcpassword=<your-mainnet-rpc-password-here> zmqpubhashblock=tcp://127.0.0.1:29000 zmqpubrawtx=tcp://127.0.0.1:29000 [test] rpcuser=<your-testnet-rpc-user-here> rpcpassword=<your-testnet-rpc-password-here> zmqpubhashblock=tcp://127.0.0.1:29001 zmqpubrawtx=tcp://127.0.0.1:29001
- Demo Shop - an example testnet Lightning web shop.
- Network Explorer - a Lightning network visualization tool.
-  The Bitcoin Lightning Network: Scalable Off-Chain Instant Payments by Joseph Poon and Thaddeus Dryja
-  Reaching The Ground With Lightning by Rusty Russell
-  Lightning Network Explorer - Explore testnet LN nodes you can connect to