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A lightweight, powerful and highly extensible templating engine. In the browser or on Node.js, with or without jQuery.
JavaScript HTML CSS
Branch: master

Commit 68 (v1.0.0-beta.68 - Beta Candidate)

Replaces commits 66 and 67.

Updated documentation.
See also https://github.com/BorisMoore/jsrender-node-starter.

BREAKING CHANGES

- One very minor breaking change: the $.views.compile(...) alias
  for $.templates has been removed from jsrender.js, but is still
  available for Node.js (e.g. for Hapi templates integration) as
  $.compile(...).

NEW FEATURES

- This version of JsRender has been published on NPM.
  Install using:
  $ npm install jsrender

- Browserify Support:
  JsRender on Node.js provides a built-in Browserify transform
  for including compiled JsRender templates from the server, as part of
  the client javascript bundle generated by Browserify.

  Usage example:

  var tmplify = require('jsrender/tmplify');
  browserify(...) ... .transform(tmplify) ...

  See also https://github.com/BorisMoore/jsrender-node-starter,
  and http://www.jsviews.com/test/unit-tests-browserify.html

- Continuing work for documentation/deployment to NPM. See
  BorisMoore/jsviews#254
  #225

Bug Fixes:

- #172
latest commit 2844c61aaf
@BorisMoore authored

README.md

JsRender: best-of-breed templating

Simple and intuitive, powerful and extensible, lightning fast
For templated content in the browser or on Node.js (with Express 4, Hapi and Browserify integration)

JsRender is a light-weight but powerful templating engine, highly extensible, and optimized for high-performance rendering, without DOM dependency. It is designed for use in the browser or on Node.js, with or without jQuery.

JsRender and JsViews together provide the next-generation implementation of the official jQuery plugins JQuery Templates, and JQuery Data Link - and supersede those libraries.

Documentation and Downloads

Documentation, downloads, samples and API docs and tutorials are available on the www.jsviews.com website.

JsRender and JsViews

JsRender is used for data-driven rendering of templates to strings, ready for insertion in the DOM.
It is also used by the JsViews platform, which adds data binding to JsRender templates, and provides a fully-fledged MVVM platform for easily creating interactive data-driven single page apps and websites.

Installation

jsrender.js is available from downloads on the jsviews.com site.

Alternatively:

  • It can be installed with Bower, using $ bower install jsrender
  • It can be loaded using an AMD script loader, such as RequireJS
  • On Node.js, after installing using $ npm install jsrender --save it can be loaded for server-side rendering (or in the browser using Browserify ) using var $ = require('jsrender'); (see Node.js Integration topic below).

Usage

jQuery integration

When jQuery is present, JsRender loads as a jQuery plugin and adds $.views, $.templates and $.render to the jQuery namespace object, $ (or window.jQuery).

JsRender without jQuery / on Node.js

When jQuery is not present, JsRender provides its own jsrender namespace, exposed as window.jsrender, or (on Node.js or with AMD loaders) returned by require('jsrender').

The jsrender namepace provides the same methods/APIs as with jQuery, so if jQuery is not present you can still use all the API examples, by simply writing:

// In browser
var $ = window.jsrender;

// On Node.js (and similarly with AMD)
var $ = require('jsrender');

// Now use $.views... $.templates... $.render...

Define a template

From a string:

var tmpl = $.templates("Name: {{:name}}");

From a template declared as markup in a script block:

<script id="myTemplate" type="text/x-jsrender">
Name: {{:name}}
</script>
var tmpl = $.templates("#myTemplate");

On Node.js, from an .html file containing the template markup:

var $ = require('jsrender'); // returns the jsrender namespace object
var tmpl = $.templates("./myTemplate.html");

Learn more...

Render a template

tmpl(object) or tmpl.render(object) renders the template with the object as data context.

tmpl(array) or tmpl.render(array) renders the template once for each item in the array.

var tmpl = $.templates(" Name: {{:name}}<br/> ");
var person = {name: "Jim"};

// Render template for person object
var html = tmpl(person); // ready for insertion, e.g $("#container").html(html);

// result: "Name: Jim<br/> "
var people = [{name: "Jim"}, {name: "Pedro"}];

// Render template for people array
var html = tmpl(people); // ready for insertion...

// result: "Name: Jim<br/> Name: Pedro<br/> "

Learn more...

Register a named template - and render it

// Register named template - "myTmpl1
$.templates("myTmpl1", "Name: {{:name}}<br/> ");

var person = {name: "Jim"};

// Render named template
var html = $.templates.myTmpl1(person);

// Alternative syntax: var html = $.render.myTmpl1(person);

// result: "Name: Jim<br/> "

Learn more...

Template tags

Evaluation tags

{{: ...}} (Evaluate)

{{: pathOrExpr}} inserts the value of the path or expression.

var data = {address: {street: "Main Street"} };
var tmpl = $.templates("<b>Street:</b> {{:address.street}}");
var html =  tmpl(data);

// result: "<b>Street:</b> Main Street"

Learn more...

{{> ...}} (HTML-encode)

{{> pathOrExpr}} inserts the HTML-encoded value of the path or expression.

var data = {condition: "a < b"};
var tmpl = $.templates("<b>Formula:</b> {{>condition}}");
var html =  tmpl(data);

// result: "<b>Formula:</b> a &lt; b"

Learn more...

Block tags

  • Block tags can have content, unless they use the self-closing syntax:

    Block tag - with content: {{someTag ...}} content {{/someTag}}
    Self-closing tag - no content (empty): {{someTag .../}}

  • A particular case of self-closing syntax is when any block tag uses the named parameter tmpl=... to reference an external template, which then replaces what would have been the block content:

    Self-closing block tag referencing an external template: {{someTag ... tmpl=.../}}
    (See example)

  • All tags other than {{: ...}} {{> ...}} {{* ...}} {{!-- --}} behave as block tags

  • Tags can take both unnamed arguments and named parameters:

    {{someTag argument1 param1=...}} content {{/someTag}}
    ‐ an example of a named parameter is the tmpl=... parameter mentioned above
    ‐ arguments and named parameters can be assigned values from simple data-paths such as address.street or from richer expressions such as product.quantity * 3.1 / 4.5, or name.toUpperCase()

Built-in tags

{{include ...}} (Template composition - partials)

{{include pathOrExpr}}...{{/include}}evaluates the block content against a specified/modified data context.

{{include ... tmpl=.../}} evaluates the specified template against an (optionally modified) context, and inserts the result. (Template composition).

var data = {name: "Jim", address: {street: "Main Street"} };

// Register two named templates
$.templates({
    streetTmpl: "<i>{{:street}}</i>",
    addressTmpl: "{{:name}}'s address is {{include address tmpl='streetTmpl'/}}."
});

// Render outer template
var html =  $.templates.addressTmpl(data);

// result: "Jim's address is <i>Main Street</i>"

Learn more...

{{for ...}} (Template composition, with iteration over arrays)

{{for pathOrExpr}}...{{/for}}evaluates the block content against a specified data context. If the new data context is an array, it iterates over the array, renders the block content with each data item as context, and concatenates the result.

{{for pathOrExpr tmpl=.../}} evaluates the specified template against a data context. If the new data context is an array, it iterates over the array, renders the template with each data item as context, and concatenates the result.

<script id="peopleTmpl" type="text/x-jsrender">
  <ul>{{for people}}
    <li>Name: {{:name}}</li>
  {{/for}}</ul>
</script>
var data = {people: [{name: "Jim"}, {name: "Pedro"}] };
var tmpl = $.templates("#peopleTmpl");
var html =  tmpl(data);

// result: "<ul> <li>Name: Jim</li> <li>Name: Pedro</li> </ul>"

Learn more...

{{props ...}} (Iteration over properties of an object)

{{props pathOrExpr}}...{{/prop}} or {{props pathOrExpr tmpl=.../}} iterates over the properties of the object returned by the path or expression, and renders the content/template once for each property - using as data context: {key: propertyName, prop: propertyValue}.

<script id="personTmpl" type="text/x-jsrender">
  <ul>{{props person}}
    <li>{{:key}}: {{:prop}}</li>
  {{/props}}</ul>
</script>
var data = {person: {first: "Jim", last: "Varsov"} };
var tmpl = $.templates("#personTmpl");
var html =  tmpl(data);

// result: "<ul> <li>first: Jim</li> <li>last: Varsov</li> </ul>"

Learn more...

{{if ...}} (Conditional inclusion)

{{if pathOrExpr}}...{{/if}} or {{if pathOrExpr tmpl=.../}} renders the content/template only if the evaluated path or expression is 'truthy'.

{{if pathOrExpr}}...{{else pathOrExpr2}}...{{else}}...{{/if}} behaves as 'if' - 'else if' - 'else' and renders each block based on the condidtions.

<script id="personTmpl" type="text/x-jsrender">
  {{if nickname}}
    Nickname: {{:nickname}}
  {{else name}}
    Name: {{:name}}
  {{else}}
    No name provided
  {{/if}}
</script>
var data = {nickname: "Jim", name: "James"};
var tmpl = $.templates("#personTmpl");
var html =  tmpl(data);

// result: "Nickname: Jim"

Learn more...

Other built-in tags

For details on all the above built-in tags, as well as comment tags {{!-- ... --}} and allow code tags {{* ... }} and {{*: ...}}, see the tags documentation on jsviews.com.

Custom tags

Creating your own custom tags is easy. You can provide an object, with render method, template, event handlers, etc. See samples here and here on jsviews.com. But for simple tags, you may only need a simple render function, or a template string.

For example the two following definitions for a {{fullName/}} tag provide equivalent behavior:

As a render function:

$.views.tags("fullName", function(val) {
    return val.first + " " + val.last;
});

Or as a template string:

$.views.tags("fullName", "{{:first}} {{:last}}");

Either way, the result will be as follows:

var tmpl = $.templates("{{fullName person/}}");
var data = {person: {first: "Jim", last: "Varsov"}};
var html =  tmpl(data);

// result: "Jim Varsov"

Helpers

For details on helpers, see the Helpers documentation topic on jsviews.com.

Here is a simple example. Two helpers - a function, and a string:

var myHelpers = {
    upper: function(val) { return val.toUpperCase(); },
    title: "Sir"
};

Access the helpers using the ~myhelper syntax:

var tmpl = $.templates("{{:~title}} {{:first}} {{:~upper(last)}}");

We can pass the helpers in with the render() method

var data = {first: "Jim", last: "Varsov"};

var html =  tmpl(data, myHelpers);

// result: "Sir Jim VARSOV"

Or we can register helpers globally:

$.views.helpers(myHelpers);

var data = {first: "Jim", last: "Varsov"};
var html =  tmpl(data);

// result: "Sir Jim VARSOV"

Learn more...

Converters

Converters are used with the {{:...}} tag, using the syntax {{mycvtr: ...}}}.

Example - an upper converter, to convert to upper case:

$.views.converters("upper", function(val) { return val.toUpperCase(); });

var tmpl = $.templates("{{:first}} {{upper:last}}");
var data = {first: "Jim", last: "Varsov"};
var html =  tmpl(data);

// result: "Jim VARSOV"

Learn more...

Logic and expressions

JsRender supports rich expressions and logic, but at the same time encapsulates templates to prevent random access to globals. If you want to provide access to global variables within a template, you have to pass them in as data or as helpers.

You can assign rich expressions to any template arguments or parameters, as in:

{{:person.nickname ? "Nickname: " + person.nickname : "(has no nickname)"}}

or

{{if ~limits.maxVal > (product.price*100 - discount)/rate}}
  ...
{{else ~limits.minVal < product.price}}
  ... 
{{else}}
  ... 
{{/if}}

Node.js features

On Node.js JsRender provides built-in Express, Hapi and Browserify integration. This makes it easy to register templates as simple .html files on the file system, and then load and render them either server-side, client-side or both.

To learn more, see the JsRender Node Starter project.

Demos

Demos and samples can be found at www.jsviews.com/#samples, and throughout the API documentation.

(See also the demos folder of this GitHub repository - available here as live samples).

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