Web backend framework for Kotlin
Kotlin Java Other
Latest commit 1072c7d Jan 21, 2017 @orangy orangy committed on GitHub Merge pull request #67 from BugsBunnyBR/use-install-route
made samples use install(Routing)

README.md

Ktor

Download TeamCity (simple build status) GitHub license

Ktor is a framework for quickly creating web applications in Kotlin with minimal effort.

embeddedNettyServer(8080) {
    get("/") {
        call.respondText(ContentType.Text.Html, "Hello, world!")
    }
}.start(wait = true)
  • Runs embedded web server on localhost:8080
  • Installs routing and responds with Hello, world! when receiving GET http request for root path

Documentation

Please visit our Documentation Wiki for quick start, detailed explanations of features, usage and machinery.

Principles

Unopinionated

Ktor Framework doesn't impose a lot of constraints on what technology a project is going to use – logging, templating, messaging, persistent, serializing, dependency injection, etc. Rarely it may be required to implement pretty simple interface, but usually it is a matter of writing a transforming or intercepting function. Features are installed into application using unified interception mechanism which allows building arbitrary pipelines.

Ktor Application can be hosted in any servlet container with Servlet 3.0+ API support such as Tomcat, or standalone using Netty or Jetty. Support for other hosts can be added, though admittedly it's not an easy task.

Ktor APIs are mostly functions calls with lambdas. Thanks to Kotlin DSL capabilities, code looks declarative. Application composition is entirely developer's choice – with functions or classes, using dependency injection framework or doing it all manually in main function.

Asynchronous

Ktor pipeline machinery and API is utilising a number of Kotlin features to provide easy-to-use asynchronous programming model without making it too cumbersome.

Testable

Ktor application can be hosted in a TestHost, which emulates to some extent web server without actually doing any networking. It provides easy way to test an application without mocking too much stuff, and still achieve good performance while validating application calls. Integration tests with real embedded web server are of course possible, too.

Features

In addition to core HTTP request processing and response building, Ktor provides a number of features out of the box, all implemented through its extensibility:

  • Routing: attaches code to specific path/query/method/header and extract parameters from placeholders
  • Sessions: stores and retrieves additional information attached to client session
  • Content transformations: transforms response content on the fly and utilise unified mechanism to build a response
  • Authentication: authenticates client using Basic, Digest, Form, OAuth (1a & 2)
  • Custom status pages: sends custom content for specific status responses such as 404 Not Found
  • Content type mapping: maps file extension to mime type for static file serving
  • Template engines: uses content transformation to enable transparent template engine usage
  • Static content: serves streams of data from local file system with full asynchronous support
  • HTTP core features
    • Compression: enables gzip/deflate compression when client accepts it
    • Conditional Headers: sends 304 Not Modified response when if-modified-since/etag indicate content is the same
    • Partial Content: sends partial content for streaming ranges, like in video streams
    • Automatic HEAD response: responds to HEAD requests by running through pipeline and dropping response body
    • CORS: verifies and sends headers according to cross-origin resource sharing control
    • HSTS and https redirect: supports strict transport security

Maven

Add a repository

<repository>
    <snapshots>
        <enabled>false</enabled>
    </snapshots>
    <id>bintray-kotlin-ktor</id>
    <name>bintray</name>
    <url>http://dl.bintray.com/kotlin/ktor</url>
</repository>

Add a dependency:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.jetbrains.ktor</groupId>
    <artifactId>ktor-core</artifactId>
    <version>LATEST</version>
</dependency>

Inspirations

Wasabi, Kara