Skip to content


Repository files navigation

YouTube.js' Github Page

A full-featured wrapper around the InnerTube API

Discord CI NPM Version Downloads Codefactor

Sponsored by    SerpApi - API to get search engine results with ease.

InnerTube is an API used by all YouTube clients. It was created to simplify the deployment of new features and experiments across the platform 1. This library manages all low-level communication with InnerTube, providing a simple and efficient way to interact with YouTube programmatically. Its design aims to closely emulate an actual client, including the parsing of API responses.

If you have any questions or need help, feel free to reach out to us on our Discord server or open an issue here.

Table of Contents

  1. Prerequisites
  2. Installation
  3. Usage
  4. Contributing
  5. Contact
  6. Disclaimer
  7. License


YouTube.js runs on Node.js, Deno, and modern browsers.

It requires a runtime with the following features:

  • fetch
    • On Node, we use undici's fetch implementation, which requires Node.js 16.8+. If you need to use an older version, you may provide your own fetch implementation. See providing your own fetch implementation for more information.
    • The Response object returned by fetch must thus be spec compliant and return a ReadableStream object if you want to use the VideoInfo#download method. (Implementations like node-fetch return a non-standard Readable object.)
  • EventTarget and CustomEvent are required.


npm install youtubei.js@latest

# Yarn
yarn add youtubei.js@latest

# Git (edge version)
npm install github:LuanRT/YouTube.js

When using Deno, you can import YouTube.js directly from

import { Innertube } from '';


Create an InnerTube instance:

// const { Innertube } = require('youtubei.js');
import { Innertube } from 'youtubei.js';
const youtube = await Innertube.create(/* options */);


Click to expand
Option Type Description Default
lang string Language. en
location string Geolocation. US
account_index number The account index to use. This is useful if you have multiple accounts logged in. NOTE: Only works if you are signed in with cookies. 0
visitor_data string Setting this to a valid and persistent visitor data string will allow YouTube to give this session tailored content even when not logged in. A good way to get a valid one is by either grabbing it from a browser or calling InnerTube's /visitor_id endpoint. undefined
retrieve_player boolean Specifies whether to retrieve the JS player. Disabling this will make session creation faster. NOTE: Deciphering formats is not possible without the JS player. true
enable_safety_mode boolean Specifies whether to enable safety mode. This will prevent the session from loading any potentially unsafe content. false
generate_session_locally boolean Specifies whether to generate the session data locally or retrieve it from YouTube. This can be useful if you need more performance. NOTE: If you are using the cache option and a session has already been generated, this will be ignored. If you want to force a new session to be generated, you must clear the cache or disable session caching. false
enable_session_cache boolean Specifies whether to cache the session data. true
device_category DeviceCategory Platform to use for the session. DESKTOP
client_type ClientType InnerTube client type. WEB
timezone string The time zone. *
cache ICache Used to cache algorithms, session data, and OAuth2 tokens. undefined
cookie string YouTube cookies. undefined
fetch FetchFunction Fetch function to use. fetch

Browser Usage

To use YouTube.js in the browser, you must proxy requests through your own server. You can see our simple reference implementation in Deno at examples/browser/proxy/deno.ts.

You may provide your own fetch implementation to be used by YouTube.js, which we will use to modify and send the requests through a proxy. See examples/browser/web for a simple example using Vite.

// Multiple exports are available for the web.
// Unbundled ESM version
import { Innertube } from 'youtubei.js/web';
// Bundled ESM version
// import { Innertube } from 'youtubei.js/web.bundle';
// Production Bundled ESM version
// import { Innertube } from 'youtubei.js/web.bundle.min';
await Innertube.create({
  fetch: async (input: RequestInfo | URL, init?: RequestInit) => {
    // Modify the request
    // and send it to the proxy

    // fetch the URL
    return fetch(request, init);


YouTube.js supports streaming of videos in the browser by converting YouTube's streaming data into an MPEG-DASH manifest.

The example below uses dash.js to play the video.

import { Innertube } from 'youtubei.js/web';
import dashjs from 'dashjs';

const youtube = await Innertube.create({ /* setup - see above */ });

// Get the video info
const videoInfo = await youtube.getInfo('videoId');

// now convert to a dash manifest
// again - to be able to stream the video in the browser - we must proxy the requests through our own server
// to do this, we provide a method to transform the URLs before writing them to the manifest
const manifest = await videoInfo.toDash(url => {
  // modify the url
  // and return it
  return url;

const uri = "data:application/dash+xml;charset=utf-8;base64," + btoa(manifest);

const videoElement = document.getElementById('video_player');

const player = dashjs.MediaPlayer().create();
player.initialize(videoElement, uri, true);

A fully working example can be found in examples/browser/web.

Providing your own fetch implementation

You may provide your own fetch implementation to be used by YouTube.js. This can be useful in some cases to modify the requests before they are sent and transform the responses before they are returned (eg. for proxies).

// provide a fetch implementation
const yt = await Innertube.create({
  fetch: async (input: RequestInfo | URL, init?: RequestInit) => {
    // make the request with your own fetch implementation
    // and return the response
    return new Response(
      /* ... */


Caching the transformed player instance can greatly improve the performance. Our UniversalCache implementation uses different caching methods depending on the environment.

In Node.js, we use the node:fs module, Deno.writeFile() in Deno, and indexedDB in browsers.

By default, the cache stores data in the operating system's temporary directory (or indexedDB in browsers). You can make this cache persistent by specifying the path to the cache directory, which will be created if it doesn't exist.

import { Innertube, UniversalCache } from 'youtubei.js';
// Create a cache that stores files in the OS temp directory (or indexedDB in browsers) by default.
const yt = await Innertube.create({
  cache: new UniversalCache(false)

// You may want to create a persistent cache instead (on Node and Deno).
const yt = await Innertube.create({
  cache: new UniversalCache(
    // Enables persistent caching
    // Path to the cache directory. The directory will be created if it doesn't exist


getInfo(target, client?)

Retrieves video info.

Returns: Promise<VideoInfo>

Param Type Description
target string | NavigationEndpoint If string, the id of the video. If NavigationEndpoint, the endpoint of watchable elements such as Video, Mix and Playlist. To clarify, valid endpoints have payloads containing at least videoId and optionally playlistId, params and index.
Methods & Getters

  • <info>#like()

    • Likes the video.
  • <info>#dislike()

    • Dislikes the video.
  • <info>#removeRating()

    • Removes like/dislike.
  • <info>#getLiveChat()

    • Returns a LiveChat instance.
  • <info>#getTrailerInfo()

    • Returns trailer info in a new VideoInfo instance, or null if none. Typically available for non-purchased movies or films.
  • <info>#chooseFormat(options)

    • Used to choose streaming data formats.
  • <info>#toDash(url_transformer?, format_filter?)

    • Converts streaming data to an MPEG-DASH manifest.
  • <info>#download(options)

  • <info>#getTranscript()

    • Retrieves the video's transcript.
  • <info>#filters

    • Returns filters that can be applied to the watch next feed.
  • <info>#selectFilter(name)

    • Applies the given filter to the watch next feed and returns a new instance of VideoInfo.
  • <info>#getWatchNextContinuation()

    • Retrieves the next batch of items for the watch next feed.
  • <info>#addToWatchHistory()

    • Adds the video to the watch history.
  • <info>#autoplay_video_endpoint

    • Returns the endpoint of the video for Autoplay.
  • <info>#has_trailer

    • Checks if trailer is available.
  • <info>#page

    • Returns original InnerTube response (sanitized).

getBasicInfo(video_id, client?)

Suitable for cases where you only need basic video metadata. Also, it is faster than getInfo().

Returns: Promise<VideoInfo>

Param Type Description
video_id string The id of the video

search(query, filters?)

Searches the given query on YouTube.

Returns: Promise<Search>

Note Search extends the Feed class.

Param Type Description
query string The search query
filters? SearchFilters Search filters
Search Filters
Filter Type Value Description
upload_date string all | hour | today | week | month | year Filter by upload date
type string all | video | channel | playlist | movie Filter by type
duration string all | short | medium | long Filter by duration
sort_by string relevance | rating | upload_date | view_count Sort by
features string[] hd | subtitles | creative_commons | 3d | live | purchased | 4k | 360 | location | hdr | vr180 Filter by features
Methods & Getters

  • <search>#selectRefinementCard(SearchRefinementCard | string)

    • Applies given refinement card and returns a new Search instance.
  • <search>#refinement_card_queries

    • Returns available refinement cards, this is a simplified version of the refinement_cards object.
  • <search>#getContinuation()

    • Retrieves next batch of results.


Retrieves search suggestions for given query.

Returns: Promise<string[]>

Param Type Description
query string The search query

getComments(video_id, sort_by?)

Retrieves comments for given video.

Returns: Promise<Comments>

Param Type Description
video_id string The video id
sort_by string Can be: TOP_COMMENTS or NEWEST_FIRST

See ./examples/comments for examples.


Retrieves YouTube's home feed.

Returns: Promise<HomeFeed>

Note HomeFeed extends the FilterableFeed class.

Methods & Getters

  • <home_feed>#videos

    • Returns all videos in the home feed.
  • <home_feed>#posts

    • Returns all posts in the home feed.
  • <home_feed>#shelves

    • Returns all shelves in the home feed.
  • <home_feed>#filters

    • Returns available filters.
  • <home_feed>#applyFilter(name | ChipCloudChip)

    • Applies given filter and returns a new HomeFeed instance.
  • <home_feed>#getContinuation()

    • Retrieves feed continuation.


Retrieves YouTube's content guide.

Returns: Promise<Guide>


Retrieves the account's library.

Returns: Promise<Library>

Note Library extends the Feed class.

Methods & Getters

  • <library>#history
  • <library>#watch_later
  • <library>#liked_videos
  • <library>#playlists_section
  • <library>#clips


Retrieves watch history.

Returns: Promise<History>

Note History extends the Feed class.

Methods & Getters

  • <history>#getContinuation()
    • Retrieves next batch of contents.


Retrieves trending content.

Returns: Promise<TabbedFeed<IBrowseResponse>>


Retrieves the subscriptions feed.

Returns: Promise<Feed<IBrowseResponse>>


Retrieves contents for a given channel.

Returns: Promise<Channel>

Note Channel extends the TabbedFeed class.

Param Type Description
id string Channel id
Methods & Getters

  • <channel>#getVideos()
  • <channel>#getShorts()
  • <channel>#getLiveStreams()
  • <channel>#getReleases()
  • <channel>#getPodcasts()
  • <channel>#getPlaylists()
  • <channel>#getHome()
  • <channel>#getCommunity()
  • <channel>#getChannels()
  • <channel>#getAbout()
  • <channel>#search(query)
  • <channel>#applyFilter(filter)
  • <channel>#applyContentTypeFilter(content_type_filter)
  • <channel>#applySort(sort)
  • <channel>#getContinuation()
  • <channel>#filters
  • <channel>#content_type_filters
  • <channel>#sort_filters
  • <channel>#page

See ./examples/channel for examples.


Retrieves notifications.

Returns: Promise<NotificationsMenu>

Methods & Getter

  • <notifications>#getContinuation()
    • Retrieves next batch of notifications.


Retrieves unseen notifications count.

Returns: Promise<number>


Retrieves playlist contents.

Returns: Promise<Playlist>

Note Playlist extends the Feed class.

Param Type Description
id string Playlist id
Methods & Getter

  • <playlist>#items
    • Returns the items of the playlist.


Retrieves a given hashtag's page.

Returns: Promise<HashtagFeed>

Note HashtagFeed extends the FilterableFeed class.

Param Type Description
hashtag string The hashtag
Methods & Getter

  • <hashtag>#applyFilter(filter)
    • Applies given filter and returns a new HashtagFeed instance.
  • <hashtag>#getContinuation()
    • Retrieves next batch of contents.

getStreamingData(video_id, options)

Returns deciphered streaming data.

Note This method will be deprecated in the future. We recommend retrieving streaming data from a VideoInfo or TrackInfo object instead if you want to select formats manually. Please refer to the following example:

const info = await yt.getBasicInfo('somevideoid');

const url = info.streaming_data?.formats[0].decipher(yt.session.player);'Playback url:', url);

// or:
const format = info.chooseFormat({ type: 'audio', quality: 'best' });
const url = format?.decipher(yt.session.player);'Playback url:', url);

Returns: Promise<object>

Param Type Description
video_id string Video id
options FormatOptions Format options

download(video_id, options?)

Downloads a given video.

Returns: Promise<ReadableStream<Uint8Array>>

Param Type Description
video_id string Video id
options DownloadOptions Download options

See ./examples/download for examples.


Resolves a given url.

Returns: Promise<NavigationEndpoint>

Param Type Description
url string Url to resolve

call(endpoint, args?)

Utility to call navigation endpoints.

Returns: Promise<T extends IParsedResponse | IParsedResponse | ApiResponse>

Param Type Description
endpoint NavigationEndpoint The target endpoint
args? object Additional payload arguments

Extending the library

YouTube.js is modular and easy to extend. Most of the methods, classes, and utilities used internally are exposed and can be used to implement your own extensions without having to modify the library's source code.

For example, let's say we want to implement a method to retrieve video info. We can do that by using an instance of the Actions class:

import { Innertube } from 'youtubei.js';

(async () => {
  const yt = await Innertube.create();

  async function getVideoInfo(videoId: string) {
    const videoInfo = await yt.actions.execute('/player', {
      // You can add any additional payloads here, and they'll merge with the default payload sent to InnerTube.
      client: 'YTMUSIC', // InnerTube client options: ANDROID, YTMUSIC, YTMUSIC_ANDROID, WEB, or TV_EMBEDDED.
      parse: true // tells YouTube.js to parse the response (not sent to InnerTube).

    return videoInfo;

  const videoInfo = await getVideoInfo('jLTOuvBTLxA');;

Alternatively, suppose we locate a NavigationEndpoint in a parsed response and want to see what happens when we call it:

import { Innertube, YTNodes } from 'youtubei.js';

(async () => {
  const yt = await Innertube.create();

  const artist = await'UC52ZqHVQz5OoGhvbWiRal6g');
  const albums = artist.sections[1].as(YTNodes.MusicCarouselShelf);

  // Let's imagine that we wish to click on the “More” button:
  const button =;

  if (button) {
    // Having ensured that it exists, we can then call its navigation endpoint using the following code:
    const page = await, { parse: true });;


YouTube.js' parser enables you to parse InnerTube responses and convert their nodes into strongly-typed objects that are simple to manipulate. Additionally, it provides numerous utility methods that make working with InnerTube a breeze.

Here's an example of its usage:

// See ./examples/parser

import { Parser, YTNodes } from 'youtubei.js';
import { readFileSync } from 'fs';

// YouTube Music's artist page response
const data = readFileSync('./artist.json').toString();

const page = Parser.parseResponse(JSON.parse(data));

const header = page.header?.item().as(YTNodes.MusicImmersiveHeader, YTNodes.MusicVisualHeader);'Header:', header);

// The parser uses a proxy object to add type safety and utility methods for working with InnerTube's data arrays:
const tab = page.contents?.item().as(YTNodes.SingleColumnBrowseResults).tabs.firstOfType(YTNodes.Tab);

if (!tab)
  throw new Error('Target tab not found');

if (!tab.content)
  throw new Error('Target tab appears to be empty');
const sections = tab.content?.as(YTNodes.SectionList), YTNodes.MusicDescriptionShelf, YTNodes.MusicShelf);'Sections:', sections);

Documentation for the parser can be found here.


We welcome all contributions, issues and feature requests, whether small or large. If you want to contribute, feel free to check out our issues page and our guidelines.

We are immensely grateful to all the wonderful people who have contributed to this project. A special shoutout to all our contributors! 🎉


LuanRT - @thesciencephile -

Project Link:


This project is not affiliated with, endorsed, or sponsored by YouTube or any of its affiliates or subsidiaries. All trademarks, logos, and brand names used in this project are the property of their respective owners and are used solely to describe the services provided.

As such, any usage of trademarks to refer to such services is considered nominative use. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact me directly via email.


Distributed under the MIT License.

(back to top)