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README.md

natlas

natlas - Network Atlas
Michael Laforest <mjlaforest at gmail dot com>

Automated discovery and diagram tools using SNMP, CDP, and LLDP.

# ./natlas-cli.py diagram -r 10.75.0.1 -o .\network.svg


The above command will generate the diagram to the right.
natlas-Diagram Main

Support

If you use any of these tools or find them useful please consider donating.

Donation Method Address QR Code
Bitcoin Cash (BCH) 1HSycjR3LAZxuLG34aEBbQdUSayPkh8XsH 1HSycjR3LAZxuLG34aEBbQdUSayPkh8XsH
Bitcoin (BTC) 1HY3jPYVfE6YZbuYTYfMpazvSKRXjZDMbS 1HY3jPYVfE6YZbuYTYfMpazvSKRXjZDMbS

About

natlas is a python application framework which includes a discovery engine, an API, and a front-end cli for running available modules.

For Users

The natlas-cli.py program allows you to browse and execute any natlas module, including, among others, the network discovery and diagram module.

For Developers

Copy docs/template_module.py to a new file in the modules/ directory. Edit the function mod_load() to set the name and help properties for your module. The entry function for any module is mod_entry(). When creating a new module, natlas will create a new object and pass it to mod_entry(). From there the natlas API is available and includes functions such as:

  • discover_network()
  • query_node()
  • get_switch_vlans()

Once saved, your module will automatically be listed in natlas-cli.py list and runnable.

Modules

Module Description
diagram Discovers a network and generates a diagram based on CDP and LLDP neighbor information.
get-mac-table Collect a list of all MAC addresses on the discovered network and generate a report.
get-arp-table Collect a list of all ARP entries.
get-hosts Determine all hosts connected to one or all switches in the network. Includes MAC, IP, DNS name of each host, along with what switch and port it was found on. Can be exported to CSV.
tracemac Trace a MAC address through a layer 2 network.
newconfig, showconfig, checkconfig Modules to create, display, and validate natlas configuration files.

Network Discovery

The discovery process uses SNMP, CDP, and LLDP to discover the network topology and details about each node. Each discovered node will be evaluated against the discover ACL (defined in the config file) to determine how to proceed; the ACL may allow discovery, stop discovery here, or include it as a leaf in the diagram.

The discover ACL is defined as
"discover" : [
	ACE1,
	ACE2,
	...
	ACEn,
]
An ACE is defined as
<permit|deny|leaf|include|;> < [host REGEX] | [ip CIDR] >
Example
"discover" : [
	"deny ip 10.50.12.55",
	"deny host ^SEP.*",
	"permit ip 10.50.12.0/24",
	"leaf host ^Switch2$",
	"permit ip any"
]	

ACE Match Type Include Node Collect Node Information Allow Discovery of Adjacencies
permit yes yes yes
leaf yes yes
include yes
deny

ACE Parameter Description Example
host REGEX The host can match any regular expression string. The host string is what is reported from CDP or LLDP. host Router-.*
ip CIDR The ip can be matched against and CIDR. ip 10\\.50\\.31\\.0/24
platform REGEX The system platform or hardware model. platform .*3850.*
software REGEX The system software version or IOS. software ^15\\.3

Command Reference

Diagram

# natlas-cli.py diagram -r <root IP>
                -o <output file>
               [-d <max depth>]
               [-c <config file>]
               [-t <diagram title>]
               [-C <catalog file>]
Option Description
-r <root IP> IP address of the network node to start on.
-o <output file> The file that the output will be written to.
Common file extensions: .png, .pdf, .svg
-c <config file> The JSON configuration file to use.
-d <max depth> The maximum hop depth to discover, starting at the root node specified by -r
-t <diagram title> The title to give your generated network diagram.
-C <catalog file> If specified, natlas will generate a comma separated (CSV) catalog file with a list of all devices discovered.

get-mac-table

# natlas-cli.py get-mac-table -n <node IP> -c <snmp v2 community> [-m <mac regex>] [-p <port regex>] [-v <vlan>]
Option Description
-n <node IP> IP address of the network node to get MAC addresses from.
-c <community> SNMPv2 community string.
-m <regex> Filter MAC addresses by this regex string.
-p <regex> Filter MAC addresses to only those on ports matching this regex string.
-v <regex> Filter MAC addresses to only those on VLANs matching this regex string.

get-arp-table

# natlas-cli.py get-arp-table -n <node IP> -c <snmp v2 community> [-s | -d] [-i <IP regex>] [-v <vlan regex>] [-m <mac regex>]
Option Description
-n <node IP> IP address of the network node to get ARP entries from.
-c <community> SNMPv2 community string.
-s Include static entries only
-d Include dyntamic entries only
-i <regex> Include entries with IP addresses that match regex pattern
-v <regex> Include entries with VLANs that match regex pattern
-m <regex> Include entries with MAC addreses that match regex pattern

get-hosts

get-hosts can either collect information from a single node or can do a network discovery and collect information from all discovered nodes.

# natlas-cli.py get-hosts -r <root IP> -c <config file> [-o <csv file>] [-d <discovery depth>]

# natlas-cli.py get-hosts -n <node IP> [-r <router IP>] -C <snmp v2 community> [-v <vlan regex>] [-p <port regex>] [-o <csv file>]
Option Description
-r <root IP> IP address to begin a network discovery.
-c <config file> natlas configuration file to use.
-o <csv file> Output CSV file path.
-d <depth> Maximum network discovery depth.
--- ---
-n <node IP> IP address of single layer2 or layer3 node to collect information from.
-r <router IP> IP address of the layer3 device to collect ARP entries from. If this is omitted then the IP from -n will be used.
-C <community> SNMPv2 community string.
-v <regex> Include entries with VLANs that match regex pattern
-p <regex> Include entries on ports that match regex pattern
-o <csv file> Output CSV file path.

tracemac

# natlas-cli.py tracemac -n <starting node IP> -m <MAC address>
Option Description
-n <starting node IP> IP address of node to begin layer 2 MAC trace.
-m <MAC address> MAC address to locate in the network.

Config

# natlas-cli.py newconfig Generate a new config file
# natlas-cli.py showconfig [-c <config file>] Display the config file
# natlas-cli.py checkconfig [-c <config file>] Validate the contents of the config file

Configuration File

The configuration file defines common parameters in a JSON format.

{
	"snmp" : [
		{ "community":"private",	"ver":2 },
		{ "community":"public",		"ver":2 }
	],
	"domains" : [
		".company.net",
		".company.com"
	],
	"discover" : [
		"permit ip 10.0.0.0/8",
		"permit host Router[1,2]",
		"deny ip any",
	],
 	"diagram" : {
		"node_text_size" : 10,
		"link_text_size" : 9,
		"title_text_size" : 15,
		"get_stack_members" : 0,
		"get_vss_members" : 0,
		"expand_stackwise" : 0,
		"expand_vss" : 0,
		"expand_lag" : 1,
		"group_vpc" : 0
    }
	
}
Block / Variable Description
snmp Defines a list of SNMP credentials. When connecting to a node, each of these credentials is tried in order until one is successful.
discover Defines a Cisco-style ACL. See the Network Discovery section.
diagram Defines values used by the diagram module. Detailed below in the Diagram block table.

Diagram block

Variable Type Default Value Description
node_text_size integer 10 Node text size.
link_text_size integer 9 Link text size.
title_text_size integer 15 Diagram title text size.
get_stack_members bool 0 If set to 1, nodes will include details about stackwise members.
get_vss_members bool 0 If set to 1, nodes will include details about VSS members.
expand_stackwise bool 0 If set to 1, nodes belonging to stackwise groups will be expanded to show each member as a node.
expand_vss bool 0 If set to 1, nodes belonging to VSS groups will be expanded to show each member as a node.
expand_lag bool 1 If set to 1, each link between nodes will be shown. If set to 0, links of the same logical link channel will be grouped and only the channel link will be shown.
group_vpc bool 0 If set to 1, VPC peers will be grouped together on the diagram, otherwise they will not be clustered.

Diagram

natlas will attempt to collect the following information and include it in the generated diagram:

  • All devices (via CDP and LLDP)
  • Interface names
  • IP addresses
  • VLAN memberships
  • Etherchannel memberships (LACP only)
  • Identify trunk links
  • Identify switched links
  • Identify routed links
  • BGP Local AS
  • OSPF Router ID
  • HSRP Virtual IP
  • HSRP Priority
  • VSS Domain
  • Stackwise membership
  • VPC peerlink information

Diagram Formatting

  • Nodes
    • Circle nodes represent layer 2 switches.
    • Diamond nodes represent layer 3 switches or routers.
    • If a node has multiple borders then either VSS or StackWise is enabled.
      • VSS - Will always have a double border.
      • StackWise - The number of borders denotes the number of switches in the stack.
    • If the configuration specifies, VSS/VPC/Stackwise nodes will be grouped in larger squares.
  • Links
    • Links are shown with arrowed lines. The end with no arrow is the parent and the end with the arrow is the child, such that the arrangement is parent->child.
    • If a link says P:gi0/1 , C:gi1/4 then the parent node's connection is on port gi0/1 and the child node's connection is on port gi1/4.
    • If the link is part of an Etherchannel the etherchannel's interface name will also be shown. Since an etherchannel interface is locally significiant, a P: and C: will also be shown if available.

Examples

Diagram Example 1

natlas-Diagram Ex1

Diagram Example 2

natlas-Diagram Ex2

Diagram Example 3

natlas-Diagram Ex3

get-hosts Example 1

natlas-get-hosts Ex1

tracemac Example 1

natlas-tracemac Ex1

FAQ

Q1 - My diagram is too large. I only want to diagram part of my network.

Try changing the config discover ACL to narrow down the scope of your discovery. You can explicitly deny CIDR's or host name regex patterns if you do not want them included in your diagram.

Q2 - Where is the config file?

Create a new one with # natlas-cli.py newconfig > natlas.conf

Q3 - I need a diagram with less proprietary information. Can I get one without IPs or serial numbers?

You can change the text inside each node by editing the config option diagram\node_text. Below is an example that would produce a minimal information diagram:

"diagram" : {
	node_text = '<font point-size="10"><b>{node.name}</b></font><br />{node.ios}<br />{node.plat}'
}	

Q4 - How can I remove Cisco VoIP phones from my diagram?

"discover" : [
	"deny host ^SEP.*$"
]
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