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Profiler for your development and production Ruby rack apps.
Ruby JavaScript CSS HTML
Branch: master

Merge pull request #148 from cgunther/readme-backtrace

Update readme to document backtrace config options
latest commit f4d12ae8b6
@SamSaffron SamSaffron authored

README.md

rack-mini-profiler

Code Climate Build Status

Middleware that displays speed badge for every html page. Designed to work both in production and in development.

Features

  • database profiling. Currently supports Mysql2, Postgres, and Mongoid3 (with fallback support to ActiveRecord)

Learn more

rack-mini-profiler needs your help

We have decided to restructure our repository so there is a central UI repo and the various language implementation have their own.

WE NEED HELP.

If you feel like taking on any of this start an issue and update us on your progress.

Installation

Install/add to Gemfile

gem 'rack-mini-profiler'

NOTE: Be sure to require rack_mini_profiler below the pg and mysql gems in your Gemfile. rack_mini_profiler will identify these gems if they are loaded to insert instrumentation. If included too early no SQL will show up.

Rails

All you have to do is include the Gem and you're good to go in development. See notes below for use in production.

Rails and manual initialization

In case you need to make sure rack_mini_profiler initialized after all other gems. Or you want to execute some code before rack_mini_profiler required.

gem 'rack-mini-profiler', require: false

Note the require: false part - if omitted, it will cause the Railtie for the mini-profiler to be loaded outright, and an attempt to re-initialize it manually will raise an exception.

Then put initialize code in file like config/initializers/rack_profiler.rb

if Rails.env == 'development'
  require 'rack-mini-profiler'

  # initialization is skipped so trigger it
  Rack::MiniProfilerRails.initialize!(Rails.application)
end

Rack Builder

require 'rack-mini-profiler'
builder = Rack::Builder.new do
  use Rack::MiniProfiler

  map('/')    { run get }
end

Sinatra

require 'rack-mini-profiler'
class MyApp < Sinatra::Base
  use Rack::MiniProfiler
end

Flamegraphs

To generate flamegraphs:

  • add the flamegraph gem to your Gemfile
  • visit a page in your app with ?pp=flamegraph

Flamegraph generation is supported in MRI 2.0 and 2.1 only.

Access control in production

rack-mini-profiler is designed with production profiling in mind. To enable that just run Rack::MiniProfiler.authorize_request once you know a request is allowed to profile.

# A hook in your ApplicationController
def authorize
  if current_user.is_admin?
    Rack::MiniProfiler.authorize_request
  end
end

Configuration

Various aspects of rack-mini-profiler's behavior can be configured when your app boots. For example in a Rails app, this should be done in an initializer: config/initializers/mini_profiler.rb

Caching behavior

To fix some nasty bugs with rack-mini-profiler showing the wrong data, the middleware will remove headers relating to caching (Date & Etag on responses, If-Modified-Since & If-None-Match on requests). This probably won't ever break your application, but it can cause some unexpected behavior. For example, in a Rails app, calls to stale? will always return true.

To disable this behavior, use the following config setting:

# Do not let rack-mini-profiler disable caching
Rack::MiniProfiler.config.disable_caching = false # defaults to true

Storage

rack-mini-profiler stores its results so they can be shared later and aren't lost at the end of the request.

There are 4 storage options: MemoryStore, RedisStore, MemcacheStore, and FileStore.

FileStore is the default in Rails environments and will write files to tmp/miniprofiler/*. MemoryStore is the default otherwise.

# set MemoryStore
Rack::MiniProfiler.config.storage = Rack::MiniProfiler::MemoryStore

# set RedisStore
if Rails.env.production?
  uri = URI.parse(ENV["REDIS_SERVER_URL"])
  Rack::MiniProfiler.config.storage_options = { :host => uri.host, :port => uri.port, :password => uri.password }
  Rack::MiniProfiler.config.storage = Rack::MiniProfiler::RedisStore
end

MemoryStore stores results in a processes heap - something that does not work well in a multi process environment. FileStore stores results in the file system - something that may not work well in a multi machine environment. RedisStore/MemcacheStore work in multi process and multi machine environments (RedisStore only saves results for up to 24 hours so it won't continue to fill up Redis).

Additionally you may implement an AbstractStore for your own provider.

User result segregation

MiniProfiler will attempt to keep all user results isolated, out-of-the-box the user provider uses the ip address:

Rack::MiniProfiler.config.user_provider = Proc.new{|env| Rack::Request.new(env).ip}

You can override (something that is very important in a multi-machine production setup):

Rack::MiniProfiler.config.user_provider = Proc.new{ |env| CurrentUser.get(env) }

The string this function returns should be unique for each user on the system (for anonymous you may need to fall back to ip address)

Configuration Options

You can set configuration options using the configuration accessor on Rack::MiniProfiler. For example:

Rack::MiniProfiler.config.position = 'right'
Rack::MiniProfiler.config.start_hidden = true

The available configuration options are:

  • pre_authorize_cb - A lambda callback you can set to determine whether or not mini_profiler should be visible on a given request. Default in a Rails environment is only on in development mode. If in a Rack app, the default is always on.
  • position - Can either be 'right' or 'left'. Default is 'left'.
  • skip_paths - Specifies path list that can be skipped.
  • skip_schema_queries - Whether or not you want to log the queries about the schema of your tables. Default is 'false', 'true' in rails development.
  • auto_inject (default true) - when false the miniprofiler script is not injected in the page
  • backtrace_ignores (default nil) - an array of regexes you can use to filter out unwanted lines from the backtraces
  • backtrace_includes (default nil, or [/^\/?(app|config|lib|test)/] in rails) - an array of regexes you can use to keep lines in the backtrace
  • backtrace_remove (default nil, or Rails.root in rails) - A string or regex to remove part of each line in the backtrace
  • toggle_shortcut (default Alt+P) - a jquery.hotkeys.js-style keyboard shortcut, used to toggle the mini_profiler's visibility. See https://github.com/jeresig/jquery.hotkeys for more info.
  • start_hidden (default false) - Whether or not you want the mini_profiler to be visible when loading a page
  • backtrace_threshold_ms (default zero) - Minimum SQL query elapsed time before a backtrace is recorded. Backtrace recording can take a couple of milliseconds on rubies earlier than 2.0, impacting performance for very small queries.
  • flamegraph_sample_rate (default 0.5ms) - How often fast_stack should get stack trace info to generate flamegraphs

Custom middleware ordering (required if using Rack::Deflate with Rails)

If you are using Rack::Deflate with rails and rack-mini-profiler in its default configuration, Rack::MiniProfiler will be injected (as always) at position 0 in the middleware stack. This will result in it attempting to inject html into the already-compressed response body. To fix this, the middleware ordering must be overriden.

To do this, first add , require: false to the gemfile entry for rack-mini-profiler. This will prevent the railtie from running. Then, customize the initialization in the initializer like so:

require 'rack-mini-profiler'

Rack::MiniProfilerRails.initialize!(Rails.application)

Rails.application.middleware.delete(Rack::MiniProfiler)
Rails.application.middleware.insert_after(Rack::Deflater, Rack::MiniProfiler)

Deleting the middleware and then reinserting it is a bit inelegant, but a sufficient and costless solution. It is possible that rack-mini-profiler might support this scenario more directly if it is found that there is significant need for this confriguration or that the above recipe causes problems.

Special query strings

If you include the query string pp=help at the end of your request you will see the various options available. You can use these options to extend or contract the amount of diagnostics rack-mini-profiler gathers.

Rails 2.X support

To get MiniProfiler working with Rails 2.3.X you need to do the initialization manually as well as monkey patch away an incompatibility between activesupport and json_pure.

Add the following code to your environment.rb (or just in a specific environment such as development.rb) for initialization and configuration of MiniProfiler.

# configure and initialize MiniProfiler
require 'rack-mini-profiler'
c = ::Rack::MiniProfiler.config
c.pre_authorize_cb = lambda { |env|
  Rails.env.development? || Rails.env.production?
}
tmp = Rails.root.to_s + "/tmp/miniprofiler"
FileUtils.mkdir_p(tmp) unless File.exists?(tmp)
c.storage_options = {:path => tmp}
c.storage = ::Rack::MiniProfiler::FileStore
config.middleware.use(::Rack::MiniProfiler)
::Rack::MiniProfiler.profile_method(ActionController::Base, :process) {|action| "Executing action: #{action}"}
::Rack::MiniProfiler.profile_method(ActionView::Template, :render) {|x,y| "Rendering: #{path_without_format_and_extension}"}

# monkey patch away an activesupport and json_pure incompatability
# http://pivotallabs.com/users/alex/blog/articles/1332-monkey-patch-of-the-day-activesupport-vs-json-pure-vs-ruby-1-8
if JSON.const_defined?(:Pure)
  class JSON::Pure::Generator::State
    include ActiveSupport::CoreExtensions::Hash::Except
  end
end

Running the Specs

$ rake build
$ rake spec

Additionally you can also run autotest if you like.

Licence

The MIT License (MIT)

Copyright (c) 2013 Sam Saffron

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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