A simple layer for interacting with PKCS #11 / PKCS11 / CryptoKI for Node in TypeScript. (Keywords: Javascript, PKCS#11, Crypto, Smart Card, HSM)
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Latest commit 663eae2 Feb 20, 2017 @microshine microshine 2.0.20

README.md

Graphene

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NPM

A simple layer for interacting with PKCS #11 / PKCS11 / CryptoKI for Node in TypeScript

PKCS #11 (also known as CryptoKI or PKCS11) is the standard interface for interacting with hardware crypto devices such as Smart Cards and Hardware Security Modules (HSMs). It wraps the library closely, but uses attempts to look like 'node.crypto' where it makes sense.

It has been tested with :

We have also created a basic CLI for interacting with PKCS#11 devices based on this library we call graphene-cli.

NOTE: For testing purposes it may be easier to work with SoftHSM2 which is a software implementation of PKCS#11 based on OpenSSL or Botan.

var graphene = require("graphene-pk11");
var Module = graphene.Module;

var mod = Module.load("/usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so", "SoftHSM");

mod.initialize();

var session = mod.getSlots(0).open();
session.login("password");

// Get a number of private key objects on token
console.log(session.find({class: graphene.ObjectClass.PRIVATE_KEY}).length);

session.logout();
mod.finalize();

Installation

$ npm install graphene-pk11

Using the Package

Install the package

$ npm install graphene-pk11 --save

Install TypeScript definition using TSD package manager

$ tsd install graphene-pk11 --save

Load module

// file.js
var graphene = require("graphene-pk11");

Install SoftHSM2

Examples

Listing capabilities

var graphene = require("graphene-pk11");
var Module = graphene.Module;
var lib = "/usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so";
var mod = Module.load(lib, "SoftHSM");
mod.initialize();
// get slots
var slots = mod.getSlots(true);
if (slots.length > 0) {
    for (var i = 0; i < slots.length; i++) {
        var slot = slots.items(i);
        console.log("Slot #" + slot.handle);
        console.log("\tDescription:", slot.slotDescription);
        console.log("\tSerial:", slot.getToken().serialNumber);
        console.log("\tPassword(min/max): %d/%d", slot.getToken().minPinLen, slot.getToken().maxPinLen);
        console.log("\tIs hardware:", !!(slot.flags & graphene.SlotFlag.HW_SLOT));
        console.log("\tIs removable:", !!(slot.flags & graphene.SlotFlag.REMOVABLE_DEVICE));
        console.log("\tIs initialized:", !!(slot.flags & graphene.SlotFlag.TOKEN_PRESENT));
        console.log("\n\nMechanisms:");
        console.log("Name                       h/s/v/e/d/w/u");
        console.log("========================================");
        function b(v) {
            return v ? "+" : "-";
        }

        function s(v) {
            v = v.toString();
            for (var i_1 = v.length; i_1 < 27; i_1++) {
                v += " ";
            }
            return v;
        }

        var mechs = slot.getMechanisms();
        for (var j = 0; j < mechs.length; j++) {
            var mech = mechs.items(j);
            console.log(s(mech.name) +
                b(mech.flags & graphene.MechanismFlag.DIGEST) + "/" +
                b(mech.flags & graphene.MechanismFlag.SIGN) + "/" +
                b(mech.flags & graphene.MechanismFlag.VERIFY) + "/" +
                b(mech.flags & graphene.MechanismFlag.ENCRYPT) + "/" +
                b(mech.flags & graphene.MechanismFlag.DECRYPT) + "/" +
                b(mech.flags & graphene.MechanismFlag.WRAP) + "/" +
                b(mech.flags & graphene.MechanismFlag.UNWRAP));
        }
    }
}
mod.finalize();

Output

Slot #0
    Description: SoftHSM slot 0
    Serial: f89e34b310e83df2
    Password(min/max): 4/255
    Is hardware: false
    Is removable: false
    Is initialized: true
Mechanisms:
Name                       h/s/v/e/d/w/u
========================================
MD5                        +/-/-/-/-/-/-
SHA_1                      +/-/-/-/-/-/-
SHA224                     +/-/-/-/-/-/-
SHA256                     +/-/-/-/-/-/-
SHA384                     +/-/-/-/-/-/-
SHA512                     +/-/-/-/-/-/-
MD5_HMAC                   -/+/+/-/-/-/-
SHA_1_HMAC                 -/+/+/-/-/-/-
SHA224_HMAC                -/+/+/-/-/-/-
SHA256_HMAC                -/+/+/-/-/-/-
SHA384_HMAC                -/+/+/-/-/-/-
SHA512_HMAC                -/+/+/-/-/-/-
RSA_PKCS_KEY_PAIR_GEN      -/-/-/-/-/-/-
RSA_PKCS                   -/+/+/+/+/+/+
RSA_X_509                  -/+/+/+/+/-/-
MD5_RSA_PKCS               -/+/+/-/-/-/-
SHA1_RSA_PKCS              -/+/+/-/-/-/-
RSA_PKCS_OAEP              -/-/-/+/+/+/+

Hashing

var graphene = require("graphene-pk11");
var Module = graphene.Module;

var lib = "/usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so";

var mod = Module.load(lib, "SoftHSM");
mod.initialize();

var slot = mod.getSlots(0);
if (slot.flags & graphene.SlotFlag.TOKEN_PRESENT) {
    var session = slot.open();
    var digest = session.createDigest("sha1");
    digest.update("simple text 1");
    digest.update("simple text 2");
    var hash = digest.final();
    console.log("Hash SHA1:", hash.toString("hex")); // Hash SHA1: e1dc1e52e9779cd69679b3e0af87d2e288190d34 
    session.close();
}
else {
    console.error("Slot is not initialized");
}

mod.finalize();

Generating keys

AES

var graphene = require("graphene-pk11");
var Module = graphene.Module;

var lib = "/usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so";

var mod = Module.load(lib, "SoftHSM");
mod.initialize();

var slot = mod.getSlots(0);
if (slot.flags & graphene.SlotFlag.TOKEN_PRESENT) {
    var session = slot.open();
    session.login("12345");

    var k = session.generateKey(graphene.KeyGenMechanism.AES, {
        "class": graphene.ObjectClass.SECRET_KEY,
        "token": false,
        "valueLen": 256 / 8,
        "keyType": graphene.KeyType.AES,
        "label": "My AES secret key",
        "private": true
    });

    console.log("Key.handle:", k.handle);                 // Key.handle: 2
    console.log("Key.type:", graphene.KeyType[k.type]);   // Key.type: AES

    session.logout();
    session.close();
}
else {
    console.error("Slot is not initialized");
}

mod.finalize();

ECC

var graphene = require("graphene-pk11");
var Module = graphene.Module;

var lib = "/usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so";

var mod = Module.load(lib, "SoftHSM");
mod.initialize();

var slot = mod.getSlots(0);
if (slot.flags & graphene.SlotFlag.TOKEN_PRESENT) {
    var session = slot.open();
    session.login("12345");

    // generate ECDSA key pair
    var keys = session.generateKeyPair(graphene.KeyGenMechanism.ECDSA, {
        keyType: graphene.KeyType.ECDSA,
        token: false,
        verify: true,
        paramsECDSA: graphene.NamedCurve.getByName("secp192r1").value
    }, {
        keyType: graphene.KeyType.ECDSA,
        token: false,
        sign: true
    });
    console.log("Key type:", graphene.KeyType[keys.privateKey.type]);            // Key type: ECDSA
    console.log("Object's class:", graphene.ObjectClass[keys.privateKey.class]); // Object's class: PRIVATE_KEY 

    session.logout();
    session.close();
}
else {
    console.error("Slot is not initialized");
}

mod.finalize();

Exporting public key

var graphene = require("graphene-pk11");
var Module = graphene.Module;

var lib = "/usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so";

var mod = Module.load(lib, "SoftHSM");
mod.initialize();

var slot = mod.getSlots(0);
if (slot.flags & graphene.SlotFlag.TOKEN_PRESENT) {
    var session = slot.open();
    session.login("12345");

    // generate RSA key pair
    var keys = session.generateKeyPair(graphene.KeyGenMechanism.RSA, {
        keyType: graphene.KeyType.RSA,
        modulusBits: 1024,
        publicExponent: new Buffer([3]),
        token: false,
        verify: true,
        encrypt: true,
        wrap: true
    }, {
        keyType: graphene.KeyType.RSA,
        token: false,
        sign: true,
        decrypt: true,
        unwrap: true
    });

    // get public key attributes
    var pubKey = keys.publicKey.getAttribute({
        modulus: null,
        publicExponent: null
    });

    // convert values to base64
    pubKey.modulus = pubKey.modulus.toString("base64");
    pubKey.publicExponent = pubKey.publicExponent.toString("base64");


    console.log(JSON.stringify(pubKey, null, 4));

    session.logout();
    session.close();
}
else {
    console.error("Slot is not initialized");
}

mod.finalize();

/*
  Result
  ------------------

  {
      "modulus": "21HTpGsKn3lQh4fqhYkZ/NprzKZqCnUIs0Ekbg8Y0M0Er4yJ4tKVFLlaxUkym6nRBQuS2tzwSQcvuKVUNeK3k6AiPitlQs5CRc8csqL6BYMU+rme3L0w/d+1OryH/pMrDGOmkWXTrzBWoRgulXHX92jK6CcXKBeS/yUSgCLP/MM=",
      "publicExponent": "Aw=="
  }

*/

Signing / Verifying

var graphene = require("graphene-pk11");
var Module = graphene.Module;

var lib = "/usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so";

var mod = Module.load(lib, "SoftHSM");
mod.initialize();

var slot = mod.getSlots(0);
if (slot.flags & graphene.SlotFlag.TOKEN_PRESENT) {
    var session = slot.open();
    session.login("12345");

    // generate RSA key pair
    var keys = session.generateKeyPair(graphene.KeyGenMechanism.RSA, {
        keyType: graphene.KeyType.RSA,
        modulusBits: 1024,
        publicExponent: new Buffer([3]),
        token: false,
        verify: true,
        encrypt: true,
        wrap: true
    }, {
        keyType: graphene.KeyType.RSA,
        token: false,
        sign: true,
        decrypt: true,
        unwrap: true
    });

    // sign content
    var sign = session.createSign("SHA1_RSA_PKCS", keys.privateKey);
    sign.update("simple text 1");
    sign.update("simple text 2");
    var signature = sign.final();
    console.log("Signature RSA-SHA1:", signature.toString("hex")); // Signature RSA-SHA1: 6102a66dc0d97fadb5...

    // verify content
    var verify = session.createVerify("SHA1_RSA_PKCS", keys.publicKey);
    verify.update("simple text 1");
    verify.update("simple text 2");
    var verify_result = verify.final(signature);
    console.log("Signature RSA-SHA1 verify:", verify_result);      // Signature RSA-SHA1 verify: true

    session.logout();
    session.close();
}
else {
    console.error("Slot is not initialized");
}

mod.finalize();

Encrypting / Decrypting

var graphene = require("graphene-pk11");
var Module = graphene.Module;

var lib = "/usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so";

var mod = Module.load(lib, "SoftHSM");
mod.initialize();

var slot = mod.getSlots(0);
if (slot.flags & graphene.SlotFlag.TOKEN_PRESENT) {
    var session = slot.open();
    session.login("12345");

    // generate AES key
    var key = session.generateKey(graphene.KeyGenMechanism.AES, {
        "class": graphene.ObjectClass.SECRET_KEY,
        "token": false,
        "valueLen": 256 / 8,
        "keyType": graphene.KeyType.AES,
        "label": "My AES secret key",
        "encrypt": true,
        "decrypt": true
    });

    // enc algorithm
    var alg = {
        name: "AES_CBC_PAD",
        params: new Buffer([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]) // IV
    };
    var MESSAGE = "Encrypted message";

    // encrypting
    var cipher = session.createCipher(alg, key);
    var enc = cipher.update(MESSAGE);
    enc = Buffer.concat([enc, cipher.final()]);
    console.log("Enc:", enc.toString("hex"));           // Enc: eb21e15b896f728a4...

    // decrypting
    var decipher = session.createDecipher(alg, key);
    var dec = decipher.update(enc);
    var msg = Buffer.concat([dec, decipher.final()]).toString();
    console.log("Message:", msg.toString());            // Message: Encrypted message

    session.logout();
    session.close();
}
else {
    console.error("Slot is not initialized");
}

mod.finalize();

Derive key

var graphene = require("graphene-pk11");
var Module = graphene.Module;

var lib = "/usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so";

var mod = Module.load(lib, "SoftHSM");
mod.initialize();

var slot = mod.getSlots(0);
if (slot.flags & graphene.SlotFlag.TOKEN_PRESENT) {
    var session = slot.open();
    session.login("12345");

    // generate EC key
    var keys = session.generateKeyPair(graphene.KeyGenMechanism.ECDSA, {
        keyType: graphene.KeyType.ECDSA,
        token: false,
        derive: true,
        paramsECDSA: graphene.NamedCurve.getByName("secp192r1").value
    }, {
        keyType: graphene.KeyType.ECDSA,
        token: false,
        derive: true
    });

    // derive algorithm
    var alg = {
        name: "ECDH1_DERIVE",
        params: new graphene.EcdhParams(
            graphene.EcKdf.SHA1,
            null,
            keys.publicKey.getAttribute({pointEC: null}).pointEC)
        };

    // Template for derived key
    var template = {
        "class": graphene.ObjectClass.SECRET_KEY,
        "token": false,
        "keyType": graphene.KeyType.AES,
        "valueLen": 256 / 8,
        "encrypt": true,
        "decrypt": true
    }

    // Key derivation
    var dKey = session.deriveKey(alg, keys.privateKey, template)
    console.log("Derived key handle:", dKey.handle);

    session.logout();
    session.close();
}
else {
    console.error("Slot is not initialized");
}

mod.finalize();

Change User's PIN

var graphene = require("graphene-pk11");
var Module = graphene.Module;

var lib = "/usr/local/lib/softhsm/libsofthsm2.so";

var mod = Module.load(lib, "SoftHSM");
mod.initialize();

try {
    var slot = mod.getSlots(0);
    if (slot.flags & graphene.SlotFlag.TOKEN_PRESENT) {
        var session = slot.open();
        session.login("12345", graphene.UserType.USER);
        session.setPin("12345", "new pin");
        session.logout();
        session.close();
        console.log("User's PIN was changed successfully");
    }
}
catch(e) {
    console.error(e);
}
mod.finalize();

Developing

Use npm command to publish graphene-pk11 module

> npm run pub

Suitability

At this time this solution should be considered suitable for research and experimentation, further code and security review is needed before utilization in a production application.

Bug Reporting

Please report bugs either as pull requests or as issues in the issue tracker. Graphene has a full disclosure vulnerability policy. Please do NOT attempt to report any security vulnerability in this code privately to anybody.

TODO

  • Add tests to the library
  • Add additional capabilities to CLI (device initialization, file signing, file encrption, etc)

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