HTTP Request Smuggling: Invalid Transfer-Encoding
Waitress would parse the
Transfer-Encoding header and only look for a single string value, if that value was not
chunked it would fall through and use the
Content-Length header instead.
According to the HTTP standard
Transfer-Encoding should be a comma separated list, with the inner-most encoding first, followed by any further transfer codings, ending with
Requests sent with:
Transfer-Encoding: gzip, chunked
Would incorrectly get ignored, and the request would use a
Content-Length header instead to determine the body size of the HTTP message.
This could allow for Waitress to treat a single request as multiple requests in the case of HTTP pipelining.
This issue is fixed in Waitress 1.4.0. This brings a range of changes to harden Waitress against potential HTTP request confusions, and may change the behaviour of Waitress behind non-conformist proxies.
Waitress will now return a 501 Not Implemented error if the
Transfer-Encoding is not
chunked or contains multiple elements. Waitress does not support any transfer codings such as
The Pylons Project recommends upgrading as soon as possible, while validating that the changes in Waitress don't cause any changes in behavior.
Various reverse proxies may have protections against sending potentially bad HTTP requests to the backend, and or hardening against potential issues like this. If the reverse proxy doesn't use HTTP/1.1 for connecting to the backend issues are also somewhat mitigated, as HTTP pipelining does not exist in HTTP/1.0 and Waitress will close the connection after every single request (unless the Keep Alive header is explicitly sent... so this is not a fool proof security method).