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酒 dbsake

https://travis-ci.org/abg/dbsake.svg?branch=master Documentation Status

dbsake - a (s)wiss-(a)rmy-(k)nif(e) for MySQL

Features

Dependencies

  • Requires python v2.6+
  • jinja2 >= 2.2
  • click >= 2.0

Reporting Bugs

If you find a bug in dbsake please report the issue on the dbsake issue on github

If you know how to fix the problem feel free to fork dbsake and submit a pull request. See Contributing for more information.

Quickstart

You can fetch dbsake easily from get.dbsake.net:

$ curl -s get.dbsake.net > dbsake

This is an executable python zip archive with all dependencies included.

You can run as a script by making it executable:

$ chmod u+x dbsake

Run it with no arguments to see all possible commands:

$ dbsake
Usage: dbsake [options] <command>

Options:
  -d, --debug
  -q, --quiet
  -V, --version  Show the version and exit.
  -?, --help     Show this message and exit.

Commands:
  decode-tablename  Decode a MySQL filename.
  encode-tablename  Encode a MySQL table identifier.
  fincore           Report cached pages for a file.
  frmdump           Dump schema from MySQL frm files.
  help              Show help for a command.
  sandbox           Create a sandboxed MySQL instance.
  sieve             Filter and transform mysqldump output.
  uncache           Uncache file(s) from the OS page cache.
  upgrade-mycnf     Upgrade a MySQL option file.

"Upgrading" a my.cnf

Here's how you might upgrade a MySQL 5.0 my.cnf to 5.5:

$ dbsake upgrade-mycnf --target=5.5 --config=my.cnf --patch
Rewriting option 'log-slow-queries'. Reason: Logging options changed in MySQL 5.1
Removing option 'skip-external-locking'. Reason: Default behavior in MySQL 4.1+
--- a/my.cnf
+++ b/my.cnf
@@ -26,7 +26,6 @@
 [mysqld]
 port       = 3306
 socket     = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
-skip-external-locking
 key_buffer_size = 384M
 max_allowed_packet = 1M
 table_open_cache = 512
@@ -127,7 +126,9 @@
 #innodb_log_buffer_size = 8M
 #innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1
 #innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 50
-log-slow-queries = /var/lib/mysql/slow.log
+slow-query-log = 1
+slow-query-log-file = /var/lib/mysql/slow.log
+log-slow-slave-statements

 [mysqldump]
 quick

Processing mysqldump output

Here's how you filter a single table from a mysqldump:

$ mysqldump -A | dbsake sieve --to-stdout -t mysql.db
-- MySQL dump 10.14  Distrib 5.5.38-MariaDB, for Linux (x86_64)
--
-- Host: localhost    Database:
-- ------------------------------------------------------
-- Server version   5.5.38-MariaDB-log

/*!40101 SET @OLD_CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT=@@CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT */;
/*!40101 SET @OLD_CHARACTER_SET_RESULTS=@@CHARACTER_SET_RESULTS */;
/*!40101 SET @OLD_COLLATION_CONNECTION=@@COLLATION_CONNECTION */;
/*!40101 SET NAMES utf8 */;
/*!40103 SET @OLD_TIME_ZONE=@@TIME_ZONE */;
/*!40103 SET TIME_ZONE='+00:00' */;
/*!40014 SET @OLD_UNIQUE_CHECKS=@@UNIQUE_CHECKS, UNIQUE_CHECKS=0 */;
/*!40014 SET @OLD_FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=@@FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS, FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0 */;
/*!40101 SET @OLD_SQL_MODE=@@SQL_MODE, SQL_MODE='NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO' */;
/*!40111 SET @OLD_SQL_NOTES=@@SQL_NOTES, SQL_NOTES=0 */;

--
-- Table structure for table `db`
--

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `db`;
/*!40101 SET @saved_cs_client     = @@character_set_client */;
/*!40101 SET character_set_client = utf8 */;
CREATE TABLE `db` (
  `Host` char(60) COLLATE utf8_bin NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  `Db` char(64) COLLATE utf8_bin NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  `User` char(16) COLLATE utf8_bin NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  `Select_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Insert_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Update_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Delete_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Create_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Drop_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Grant_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `References_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Index_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Alter_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Create_tmp_table_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Lock_tables_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Create_view_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Show_view_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Create_routine_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Alter_routine_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Execute_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Event_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  `Trigger_priv` enum('N','Y') CHARACTER SET utf8 NOT NULL DEFAULT 'N',
  PRIMARY KEY (`Host`,`Db`,`User`),
  KEY `User` (`User`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 COLLATE=utf8_bin COMMENT='Database privileges';
/*!40101 SET character_set_client = @saved_cs_client */;

--
-- Dumping data for table `db`
--

LOCK TABLES `db` WRITE;
/*!40000 ALTER TABLE `db` DISABLE KEYS */;
/*!40000 ALTER TABLE `db` ENABLE KEYS */;
UNLOCK TABLES;

/*!40103 SET TIME_ZONE=@OLD_TIME_ZONE */;

/*!40101 SET SQL_MODE=@OLD_SQL_MODE */;
/*!40014 SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=@OLD_FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS */;
/*!40014 SET UNIQUE_CHECKS=@OLD_UNIQUE_CHECKS */;
/*!40101 SET CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT=@OLD_CHARACTER_SET_CLIENT */;
/*!40101 SET CHARACTER_SET_RESULTS=@OLD_CHARACTER_SET_RESULTS */;
/*!40101 SET COLLATION_CONNECTION=@OLD_COLLATION_CONNECTION */;
/*!40111 SET SQL_NOTES=@OLD_SQL_NOTES */;

-- Dump completed on 2014-07-22 21:01:35

Deploying a MySQL sandbox instance

Here is how you create a MySQL 5.7.3-m13 instance:

$ dbsake sandbox -m 5.7.3-m13
Preparing sandbox instance: /home/localuser/sandboxes/sandbox_20140722_210338
  Creating sandbox directories
    * Created directories in 0.00 seconds
  Deploying MySQL distribution
    - Deploying MySQL 5.7.3-m13 from download
    - Using cached download /home/localuser/.dbsake/cache/mysql-5.7.3-m13-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz
    - Verifying gpg signature via: /usr/bin/gpg2 --verify /home/localuser/.dbsake/cache/mysql-5.7.3-m13-linux-glibc2.5-x86_64.tar.gz.asc -
    - Unpacking tar stream. This may take some time
(100.00%)[========================================] 322.9MiB / 322.9MiB
    - GPG signature validated
    * Deployed MySQL distribution in 13.56 seconds
  Generating my.sandbox.cnf
    - Generated random password for sandbox user root@localhost
    * Generated /home/localuser/sandboxes/sandbox_20140722_210338/my.sandbox.cnf in 0.03 seconds
  Bootstrapping sandbox instance
    - Logging bootstrap output to /home/localuser/sandboxes/sandbox_20140722_210338/bootstrap.log
    * Bootstrapped sandbox in 2.67 seconds
  Creating sandbox.sh initscript
    * Generated initscript in 0.01 seconds
Sandbox created in 16.28 seconds

Here are some useful sandbox commands:
       Start sandbox: /home/localuser/sandboxes/sandbox_20140722_210338/sandbox.sh start
        Stop sandbox: /home/localuser/sandboxes/sandbox_20140722_210338/sandbox.sh stop
  Connect to sandbox: /home/localuser/sandboxes/sandbox_20140722_210338/sandbox.sh mysql <options>
   mysqldump sandbox: /home/localuser/sandboxes/sandbox_20140722_210338/sandbox.sh mysqldump <options>
Install SysV service: /home/localuser/sandboxes/sandbox_20140722_210338/sandbox.sh install-service

The sandbox.sh script has some convenient commands for interacting with the sandbox too:

$ /home/localuser/sandboxes/sandbox_20140722_210338/sandbox.sh start
Starting sandbox: .[OK]

$ /home/localuser/sandboxes/sandbox_20140722_210338/sandbox.sh mysql -e 'select @@datadir, @@version, @@version_comment\G'
*************************** 1. row ***************************
        @@datadir: /home/localuser/sandboxes/sandbox_20140722_210338/data/
        @@version: 5.7.3-m13-log
@@version_comment: MySQL Community Server (GPL)

The sandbox.sh script can also install itself, if you want to make the sandbox persistent:

$ sudo /home/localuser/sandboxes/sandbox_20140722_210338/sandbox.sh install-service
+ /bin/cp /home/localuser/sandboxes/sandbox_20140722_210338/sandbox.sh /etc/init.d/mysql-5.7.3
+ /sbin/chkconfig --add mysql-5.7.3 && /sbin/chkconfig mysql-5.7.3 on
Service installed in /etc/init.d/mysql-5.7.3 and added to default runlevels

Dumping the schema from MySQL .frm files

Here's an example dumping a normal table's .frm:

$ sudo dbsake frmdump /var/lib/mysql/sakila/actor.frm
--
-- Table structure for table `actor`
-- Created with MySQL Version 5.5.34
--

CREATE TABLE `actor` (
  `actor_id` smallint(5) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `first_name` varchar(45) NOT NULL,
  `last_name` varchar(45) NOT NULL,
  `last_update` timestamp NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP ON UPDATE CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
  PRIMARY KEY (`actor_id`),
  KEY `idx_actor_last_name` (`last_name`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

You can also format VIEW .frm files directly as well:

$ sudo dbsake frmdump /var/lib/mysql/sakila/actor_info.frm
--
-- View:         actor_info
-- Timestamp:    2014-01-18 18:22:54
-- Stored MD5:   402b8673b0c61034644b5b286519d3f1
-- Computed MD5: 402b8673b0c61034644b5b286519d3f1
--

CREATE ALGORITHM=UNDEFINED DEFINER=`root`@`localhost` SQL SECURITY INVOKER VIEW `actor_info` AS select `a`.`actor_id` AS `actor_id`,`a`.`first_name` AS `first_name`,`a`.`last_name` AS `last_name`,group_concat(distinct concat(`c`.`name`,': ',(select group_concat(`f`.`title` order by `f`.`title` ASC separator ', ') from ((`sakila`.`film` `f` join `sakila`.`film_category` `fc` on((`f`.`film_id` = `fc`.`film_id`))) join `sakila`.`film_actor` `fa` on((`f`.`film_id` = `fa`.`film_id`))) where ((`fc`.`category_id` = `c`.`category_id`) and (`fa`.`actor_id` = `a`.`actor_id`)))) order by `c`.`name` ASC separator '; ') AS `film_info` from (((`sakila`.`actor` `a` left join `sakila`.`film_actor` `fa` on((`a`.`actor_id` = `fa`.`actor_id`))) left join `sakila`.`film_category` `fc` on((`fa`.`film_id` = `fc`.`film_id`))) left join `sakila`.`category` `c` on((`fc`.`category_id` = `c`.`category_id`))) group by `a`.`actor_id`,`a`.`first_name`,`a`.`last_name`;