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Nissh

A wrapper for net/ssh to make running commands and getting the data you need nicer.

Installation

As always, just add Nissh to your Gemfile and run bundle install.

gem 'nissh'

Usage

Nissh is designed to be very easy to use and get started with.

Connecting

To start a session, just create an object using the same properties that you would pass to a Net::SSH.start method.

session = Nissh::Session.new('185.22.208.5', 'root')

Running a simple command

Run a command using the execute! method which will return an object containing the response. This method will run in the foreground so the call will block until the server finishes.

result = ssh.execute!("hostname")
result.success?     # => Was the command successfully executed?
result.exit_code    # => Exit code
result.stdout       # => Full contents of stdout
result.stderr       # => Full contents of stderr

Logging

If you want to log all commands which are executed to a file, you can do this by just setting a logger for all sessions. Once enabled, it will log all commands which are run along with their full output, exit code and the server they were executed on. This is likely only required in development.

Nissh::Session.logger = Logger.new("ssh.log")

In addition to setting a global logger, you can also set a logger on a per session-basis

session.logger = Logger.new(STDOUT)

Sudo Passwords

If the user you are authenticating with needs to run a sudo command and provide a password, Nissh can help. Just pass the :sudo option when calling execute. You do not need to add the sudo keyword before your command.

# Just provide the password as an option when running your command
session.execute!("cat /etc/passwd", :sudo => "yourpassword")

# Alternative, you can provide it to the session and just pass true.
session.sudo_password = "yourpassword"
session.execute!("cat /etc/passwd", :sudo => true)

Timing out

If you want to only wait a specific length of time for a command to complete, you can use the execute_with_timeout method.

result = session.execute_with_timeout!("something-slow", 5)
result.success?     # => false
result.exit_code    # => -255

Events & Callbacks

You can register events with any sessions which will be executed at appropriate times. You can register events with the session using the will and did method that are available.

The following events are available:

  • connect - called before and after connection
  • close - called before and after the connection is closed
  • execute - called before and after a command is executed
  • write_file - called before and after a file is written
session.will :execute do |command|
  puts "About to execute '#{command}'"
end

session.did :execute do |response|
  puts "Got #{response.exit_code} back from command."
end

Events can also be registered to apply to all Nissh sessions if required

Nissh::Session.did :execute do |response|
  puts "Executed command!"
end

Usage in tests

Nissh provides a mocked session which can be used when testing commands to external servers. You can pre-create a session object with the responses you wish to provide when commands are executed.

mocked_session = Nissh::MockedSession.new

# Specifies that whenever the hostname command is executed, it should return "myhostname"
mocked_session.command "hostname" do |c|
  c.stdout = "myhostname\n"
end

mocked_session.execute!("hostname").stdout    #=> "myhostname\n"

# You can also use regex in the command name and provide blocks to execute rather than
# literal values for stdout, stderr and exit_code.
mocked_session.command /\Aapt install (\w+)" do |c|
  c.stdout do |matches|
    "Installed package #{matches[0]}"
  end
end

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A wrapper for net/ssh to allow easy command execution

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