Full-featured MP4 format and MPEG DASH library and tools
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README.md

Bento4

Bento4 is a C++ class library and tools designed to read and write ISO-MP4 files. This format is defined in international specifications ISO/IEC 14496-12, 14496-14 and 14496-15. The format is a derivative of the Apple Quicktime file format, so Bento4 can be used to read and write most Quicktime files as well.

Visit www.bento4.com for details

Features

A number of formats and features based on the ISO-MP4 format and related technologies are also supported, including:

  • MPEG DASH with fragmented MP4 files, as defined in ISO/IEC 23009-1
  • MPEG Common Encryption (CENC) as specified in ISO/IEC 23001-7
  • PIFF (Protected Interoperable File Format): encrypted, fragmented MP4 format specified by Microsoft and used for encrypted HTTP Smooth Streaming.
  • Reading and writing 3GPP and iTunes-compatible metadata.
  • ISMA Encrytion and Decryption as defined in the ISMA E&A specification
  • OMA 2.0 and 2.1 DCF/PDCF Encryption and Decryption as defined in the OMA specifications.
  • ISO-MP4 files profiled as part of the 3GPP family of standards.
  • The UltraViolet (DECE) CFF (Common File Format).
  • Parsing and multiplexing of H.264 (AVC) video and AAC audio elementary streams
  • Support for multiple DRM systems that are compatible with MP4-formatted content (usually leveraging CENC Common Encryption), such as Marlin, PlayReady and Widevine.
  • Support for a wide range of codecs, including H.264 (AVC), H.265 (HEVC), AAC, AC3 and eAC3 (Dolby Digital), DTS, ALAC, and many more.

Design

The SDK is designed to be cross-platform. The code is very portable; it can be compiled with any sufficiently modern C++ compiler. The implementation does not rely on any external library. All the code necessary to compile the SDK and tools is included in the standard distribution. The standard distribution contains makefiles for unix-like operating systems, including Linux and Android, project files for Microsoft Visual Studio, and an XCode project for MacOS X and iOS. There is also support for building the library with the SCons build system.

License

The library is Open Source, with a dual-license model. You can find out more about the license on the About Page. The Developers Page contains specific information on where to obtain the source code and documentation. The Downloads Page contains the links to pre-built SDKs and tools that you can use to get started quickly.

Included Applications

The Bento4 SDK includes several command-line applications/tools that are built using the SDK API. These include:

app name description
mp4info displays high level info about an MP4 file, including all tracks and codec details
mp4dump displays the entire atom/box structure of an MP4 file
mp4edit add/insert/remove/replace atom/box items of an MP4 file
mp4extract extracts an atom/box from an MP4 file
mp4encrypt encrypts an MP4 file (multiple encryption schemes are supported)
mp4decrypt decrypts an MP4 file (multiple encryption schemes are supported)
mp4dcfpackager encrypts a media file into an OMA DCF file
mp4compact converts ‘stsz’ tables into ‘stz2′ tables to create more compact MP4 files
mp4fragment creates a fragmented MP4 file from a non-fragmented one or re-fragments an already-fragmented file
mp4split splits a fragmented MP4 file into discrete files
mp4tag show/edit MP4 metadata (iTunes-style and others)
mp4mux multiplexes one or more elementary streams (H264, AAC) into an MP4 file
mp42aac extract a raw AAC elementary stream from an MP4 file
mp42avc extract a raw AVC/H.264 elementary stream from an MP4 file
mp42hls converts an MP4 file to an HLS (HTTP Live Streaming) presentation, including the generation of the segments and .m3u8 playlist.
mp42ts converts an MP4 file to an MPEG2-TS file.
mp4-dash creates an MPEG DASH output from one or more MP4 files, including encryption.
mp4-dash-clone creates a local clone of a remote or local MPEG DASH presentation, optionally encrypting the segments as they are cloned.

Building

The code can be built either by using the pre-configured IDE project files (Mac OSX, iOS and Windows), or compiled/cross-compiled using the SCons build system or CMake, or compiled using Make. Target platform specific build files and configurations are located under subdirectories Buid/Targets/xxxx where xxxx takes the form <architecture>-<vendor>-<os>. For example, the Linux x86 target specific files are located under Build/Targets/x86-unknown-linux. The XCode project files for Mac OSX are located under Build/Targets/universal-apple-macosx.

Mac OSX and iOS using XCode

Open the XCode project file Build/Targets/universal-apple-macosx/Bento4.xcodeproj and build

Windows using Visual Studio

Open the Visual Studio solution file Build/Targets/x86-microsoft-win32-vs2010/Bento4.sln and build

Using SCons

Make sure you the the SCons build tool installed on your host machine (http://www.scons.org). To build the Debug configuration, simply enter the command:

scons -u

in a terminal from any directory (either from the top level directory where you downloaded the Bento4 distribution, or from the Build/Targets/xxx subdirectory for your specific target).

To build the Release configuration, use the command:

scons -u build_config=Release

To cross-compile for a target other than your host architecture, specify target=xxxx as an argument to the scons build command.

Example:

scons -u build_config=Release target=arm-unknown-linux

Using CMake

CMake can generate Makefiles, Xcode project files, or Visual Studios project files.

CMake/Make

mkdir cmakebuild
cd cmakebuild
cmake -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release ..
make

CMake/Xcode

mkdir cmakebuild
cd cmakebuild
cmake -G Xcode -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release ..

CMake/Visual Studio

mkdir cmakebuild
cd cmakebuild
cmake -G "Visual Studio 10 Win64" -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release ..

Using Make

From a command shell, go to your build target directory.

For Debug builds: make

For Release builds: make AP4_BUILD_CONFIG=Release