sprockets-y js build extension for roots
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Latest commit ebecc02 Sep 21, 2015 Jeff Escalante 0.2.2

README.md

Roots JS Pipeline

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Roots js pipeline is an asset pipeline for javascript files which optionally concatenates and/or minifies for production builds.

Note: This project is in early development, and versioning is a little different. Read this for more details.

Installation

  • make sure you are in your roots project directory
  • npm install js-pipeline --save
  • modify your app.coffee file to include the extension, for example:

    js_pipeline = require('js-pipeline')
    
    module.exports =
      extensions: [js_pipeline(files: "assets/js/**", out: 'js/build.js', minify: true)]

Usage

This extension provides a way for you to pass it a list of javascript files that you want to include in your project, allows you to optionally concatenate, minify, and/or hash them, and exposes a js function to all views that prints the path or paths to your js file or files.

In general, this plugin is used in two ways, "development" and "production" modes. In development, the files are just linked through without concatenation or minification. In production, the files are concatenated, minifed, and a single file is linked. You can switch between these seamlessly using different plugin options and without having to change any view code at all.

Since the extension aims to be flexible to as many styles as possible, there are often a few different ways to do things, which are walked through below.

Specifying Files

The first step is usually specifying which files you need in your project. This can be done either in app.coffee by passing a minimatch string or array of minimatch strings as the files option, or in a separate file we call a manifest file by passing a path to the manifest file as a manifest option, and having the manifest file contain a yaml-formatted array of minimatch strings. Let's look at an example of how each of these two would look, starting with using the files key. But first, here's how our javascript files are organized for these examples:

assets
˻ js
  ˻ main.coffee
  ˻ vendor
    ˻ jquery
      ˻ jquery.min.js
      ˻ jquery.min.map
    ˻ jquery.plugin.min.js

Ok, now a couple possible configurations using the files key:

js_pipeline = require('js-pipeline')

# this example uses a single globstar path
module.exports =
  extensions: [js_pipeline(files: 'assets/js/**/*')]
js_pipeline = require('js-pipeline')

# this example uses an array of paths
module.exports =
  extensions: [
    js_pipeline(files: ['assets/js/vendor/**', 'assets/js/main.coffee'])
  ]

You can pass files either a string or array of strings, they should point to paths in your project source, and they can include globstars that are parsed by minimatch if you want. If you are using an array, the scripts will be loaded in the order that the array is in. For any globstar matches that a minimatch string makes, the files are loaded in an arbitrary order. So if your main.coffee file depended on jquery, the second example would be a more reliable way to load the two scripts to ensure that jquery loads before main.coffee.

Now let's look at an example of using a manifest file, assuming that we now have a manifest file in our js folder like this:

assets
˻ js
  ˻ manifest.yml
  ˻ main.coffee
  ˻ vendor
    ˻ jquery
      ˻ jquery.min.js
      ˻ jquery.min.map
    ˻ jquery.plugin.min.js

And that the manifest file might look like this:

# manifest.yml
- vendor/jquery/*
- vendor/jquery.plugin.min.js
- main.coffee

And your roots config might look like this:

# app.coffee
js_pipeline = require('js-pipeline')

module.exports =
  extensions: [js_pipeline(manifest: "assets/js/manifest.yml")]

The manifest file's contents are just a yaml array, and it's parsed in the same way as if you had passed an array to the files key. You might have also noticed that the root for all the file paths in the manifest file is the directory that the manifest file is in itself, so we didn't have to specify assets/js on each one.

You can name the manifest file whatever you'd like, the filename and extension don't matter as long as the contents are valid yaml.

Injecting Scripts Into Views

When you use this extension, it will expose a function called js to all your view files. When you call this function, the extension will drop in one or more script tags pointing to your scripts. If you specified an out path, it will build all your input files into that file and drop a single script tag pointing to it. If not, it will link to each of your input files.

Example of using the js function. This example uses jade but this will also work with any other templating language.

//- index.jade
p here's my great website
!= js()

Now let's take a look at some sample output. With this configuration:

# app.coffee
js_pipeline = require('js-pipeline')

module.exports =
  extensions: [js_pipeline(files: 'assets/js/**', out: 'js/build.js')]

You would see this output, with the build file having all your input's matches concatenated together.

<!-- public/index.html -->
<p>here's my great website</p>
<script src='js/build.js'></script>

And without the out path, as such:

# app.coffee
js_pipeline = require('js-pipeline')

module.exports =
  extensions: [js_pipeline(files: 'assets/js/**')]

You might see output like this, with each file loaded on its own:

<!-- public/index.html -->
<p>here's my great website</p>
<script src='js/foo.js'></script>
<script src='js/bar.js'></script>
<script src='js/baz.js'></script>

Note that the js function accepts one optional argument, which is a path to prefix any injected scripts with. So for example if you wanted to have scripts load from the root of the site, you could pass in /. By default, it would be the relative path js/master.js, but calling with / would make it /js/master.js. For example, if you called js with this argument:

//- index.jade
p here's my great website
!= js('../')

You would see output like this:

<!-- public/index.html -->
<p>here's my great website</p>
<script src='../js/foo.js'></script>
<script src='../js/bar.js'></script>
<script src='../js/baz.js'></script>

Options

files

String or array of strings (minimatch supported) pointing to one or more file paths to be built.

manifest

A path, relative to the roots project's root, to a manifest file (explained above), which contains a list of strings (minimatch supported) pointing to one more more file paths to be built.

out

If provided, all input files will be concatenated to this single path. Default is false

minify

Minfifies the output. Default is false.

opts

Options to be passed into the minifier. Only does anything useful when minify is true. Possible options can be seen here.

hash

Boolean, and only works when out is also defined. Hashes the file contents and appends to the filename. This is typically used for cache-busting. Always puts the hash before the final extension, for example file.x.y.HASH.js. The hash is a lengthy string of random numbers and letters, and the name change is automatically reflected by the js function in your views. Default is false.

License & Contributing