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TxVM is a virtual machine for blockchain transactions
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This repository contains the source code for TxVM and related components of the Chain Protocol. It also contains command line tools for creating, manipulating, and evaluating TxVM programs, transactions, blocks, and blockchains.

TxVM is a new model for blockchain transactions. TxVM seeks to achieve the expressiveness and flexibility of an imperative contract model such as Ethereum's while maintaining the efficiency, safety, and scalability of a declarative transaction model such as Bitcoin's.


You’ll need Go version 1.11 or later. Depending on the version of Go you’re using, and where you choose to put your copy of the TxVM code, you may need to set the environment variable GO111MODULE to on. Details here.

Run the following command:

go get


go test -race -cover


In TxVM, each transaction is a single program, whose execution produces a log of desired (and authorized) effects to be applied to the blockchain state.

Here's the bytecode for an example transaction:

> BIGTXPROGRAM=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

To inspect the assembly language for this transaction, you can pass it to the disassembler, asm -d:

> echo $BIGTXPROGRAM | hex -d | asm -d

To compute its transaction log:

> echo $BIGTXPROGRAM | hex -d | tx log

For more on the commands txvm makes available, you can check out the documentation.


Chain has adopted the code of conduct defined by the Contributor Covenant. It can be read in full here.

Contributors must have signed the Contributor License Agreement.


The code in this repository is licensed under version 2.0 of the Apache License.

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