Chef Cookbook for Docker
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Latest commit a6f2f25 Mar 14, 2017 @iennae iennae committed on GitHub Update README.md

README.md

Docker Cookbook

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The Docker Cookbook is a library cookbook that provides custom resources for use in recipes.

Scope

This cookbook is concerned with the Docker container engine as distributed by Docker, Inc. It does not address Docker ecosystem tooling or prerequisite technology such as cgroups or aufs.

Requirements

  • Chef 12.5.x or higher. Chef 11 is NOT SUPPORTED, please do not open issues about it.
  • Ruby 2.1 or higher (preferably, the Chef full-stack installer)
  • Network accessible web server hosting the docker binary.
  • SELinux permissive/disabled if CentOS Docker Issue #15498

Platform Support

The following platforms have been tested with Test Kitchen: You may be able to get it working on other platforms, with appropriate configuration of cgroups and storage back ends.

1.7.1 1.8.3 1.9.1 1.10.3 1.11.1 1.12.3 1.13.0
amazon linux
debian-7
debian-8
centos-7
fedora
ubuntu-12.04
ubuntu-14.04
ubuntu-16.04

Cookbook Dependencies

Usage

  • Add depends 'docker', '~> 2.0' to your cookbook's metadata.rb
  • Use the resources shipped in cookbook in a recipe, the same way you'd use core Chef resources (file, template, directory, package, etc).
docker_service 'default' do
  action [:create, :start]
end

docker_image 'busybox' do
  action :pull
end

docker_container 'an-echo-server' do
  repo 'busybox'
  port '1234:1234'
  command "nc -ll -p 1234 -e /bin/cat"
end

Test Cookbooks as Examples

The cookbooks ran under test-kitchen make excellent usage examples.

The test recipes are found at:

test/cookbooks/docker_test/

Cgroups, Execution and Storage drivers

Beginning in chef-docker 1.0, support for LXC execution driver has been removed in favor of native. Cgroups and storage drivers are now loosely coupled dependencies and should be configured using other cookbooks if needed.

Storage drivers can be selected with the storage_driver property on the docker_service resource like this:

docker_service 'default' do
   storage_driver 'zfs'
end

Configuration of the backing storage driver, including kernel module loading, is out of scope for this cookbook.

Resources Overview

Getting Started

Here's a quick example of pulling the latest image and running a container with exposed ports.

# Pull latest image
docker_image 'nginx' do
  tag 'latest'
  action :pull
  notifies :redeploy, 'docker_container[my_nginx]'
end

# Run container exposing ports
docker_container 'my_nginx' do
  repo 'nginx'
  tag 'latest'
  port '80:80'
  host_name 'www'
  domain_name 'computers.biz'
  env 'FOO=bar'
  volumes [ '/some/local/files/:/etc/nginx/conf.d' ]
end

You might run a private registry and multiple Docker hosts.

# Login to private registry
docker_registry 'https://registry.computers.biz/' do
  username 'shipper'
  password 'iloveshipping'
  email 'shipper@computers.biz'
end

# Pull tagged image
docker_image 'registry.computers.biz:443/my_project/my_container' do
  tag 'latest'
  action :pull
  host 'tcp://host-1.computers.biz:2376'
end

# Run container
docker_container 'crowsnest' do
  repo 'registry.computers.biz:443/my_project/my_container'
  tag 'latest'
  host 'tcp://host-2.computers.biz:2376'
  tls_verify true
  tls_ca_cert "/path/to/ca.pem"
  tls_client_cert "/path/to/cert.pem"
  tls_client_key "/path/to/key.pem"
  action :run
end

You can manipulate Docker volumes and networks

docker_network 'my_network' do
  subnet '10.9.8.0/24'
  gateway '10.9.8.1'
end

docker_volume 'my_volume' do
  action :create
end

docker_container 'my_container' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  command "nc -ll -p 1234 -e /bin/cat"
  volumes 'my_volume:/my_data'
  network_mode 'my_network'
  action :run
end

See full documentation for each resource and action below for more information.

Resources Details

docker_installation

The docker_installation resource auto-selects one of the below resources with the provider resolution system.

Example

docker_installation 'default' do
  action :create
end

docker_installation_binary

The docker_installation_binary resource copies the precompiled Go binary onto the disk. It exists to help run older Docker versions. It should not be used in production, especially with devicemapper.

Example

docker_installation_binary 'default' do
  version '1.8.2'
  source 'https://my.computers.biz/dist/docker'
  checksum '97a3f5924b0b831a310efa8bf0a4c91956cd6387c4a8667d27e2b2dd3da67e4d'
  action :create
end

Properties

  • version - The desired version of docker. Used to calculate source.
  • source - Path to network accessible Docker binary. Ignores version
  • checksum - SHA-256

docker_installation_tarball

The docker_installation_tarball resource copies the precompiled Go binary tarball onto the disk. It exists to help run newer Docker versions from 1.11.0 onwards. It should not be used in production, especially with devicemapper.

Example

docker_installation_tarball 'default' do
  version '1.11.0'
  source 'https://my.computers.biz/dist/docker.tgz'
  checksum '97a3f5924b0b831a310efa8bf0a4c91956cd6387c4a8667d27e2b2dd3da67e4d'
  action :create
end

Properties

  • version - The desired version of docker. Used to calculate source.
  • source - Path to network accessible Docker binary tarball. Ignores version
  • checksum - SHA-256

docker_installation_script

The docker_installation_script resource runs the script hosted by Docker, Inc at http://get.docker.com. It configures package repositories and installs a dynamically compiled binary.

Example

docker_installation_script 'default' do
  repo 'main'
  script_url 'https://my.computers.biz/dist/scripts/docker.sh'
  action :create
end

Properties

  • repo - One of 'main', 'test', or 'experimental'. Used to calculate script_url in its absense. Defaults to 'main'
  • script_url - 'URL of script to pipe into /bin/sh as root.

docker_installation_package

The docker_installation_package resource uses the system package manager to install Docker. It relies on the pre-configuration of the system's package repositories. The chef-yum-docker and chef-apt-docker Supermarket cookbooks are used to do this in test-kitchen.

This is the recommended production installation method.

Example

docker_installation_package 'default' do
  version '1.8.3'
  action :create
  package_options %q|--force-yes -o Dpkg::Options::='--force-confold' -o Dpkg::Options::='--force-all'| # if Ubuntu for example
end

Properties

  • version - Used to calculate package_version string
  • package_version - Manually specify the package version string
  • package_name - Name of package to install. Defaults to 'docker-engine'
  • package_options - Manually specify additional options, like apt-get directives for example

docker_service_manager

The docker_service_manager resource auto-selects a strategy from the docker_service_manager_* group of resources based on platform and version. The docker_service family share a common set of properties.

Example

docker_service_manager 'default' do
  action :start
end

docker_service_manager_execute

Example

docker_service_manager_execute 'default' do
  action :start
end

docker_service_manager_sysvinit

Example

docker_service_manager_sysvinit 'default' do
  host 'unix:///var/run/docker.sock'
  action :stop
end

docker_service_manager_upstart

Example

docker_service_manager_upstart 'default' do
  host ['unix:///var/run/docker.sock', 'tcp://127.0.0.1:2376']
  action :start
end

docker_service_manager_systemd

Example

docker_service_manager_systemd 'default' do
  host ['unix:///var/run/docker.sock', 'tcp://127.0.0.1:2376']
  tls_verify true
  tls_ca_cert "/path/to/ca.pem"
  tls_server_cert "/path/to/server.pem"
  tls_server_key "/path/to/server-key.pem"
  tls_client_cert "/path/to/cert.pem"
  tls_client_key "/path/to/key.pem"
  systemd_opts ["TasksMax=infinity","MountFlags=private"]
  action :start
end

docker_service

The docker_service: resource is a composite resource that uses docker_installation and docker_service_manager resources.

  • The :create action uses a docker_installation
  • The :delete action uses a docker_installation
  • The :start action uses a docker_service_manager
  • The :stop action uses a docker_service_manager

The service management strategy for the host platform is dynamically chosen based on platform, but can be overridden.

Example

docker_service 'tls_test:2376' do
  host [ "tcp://#{node['ipaddress']}:2376", 'unix:///var/run/docker.sock' ]
  tls_verify true
  tls_ca_cert '/path/to/ca.pem'
  tls_server_cert '/path/to/server.pem'
  tls_server_key '/path/to/server-key.pem'
  tls_client_cert '/path/to/client.pem'
  tls_client_key '/path/to/client-key.pem'
  action [:create, :start]
end

WARNING - When creating multiple docker_service resources on the same machine, you will need to specify unique graph properties to avoid unexpected behavior and possible data corruption.

Properties

The docker_service resource property list mostly corresponds to the options found in the Docker Command Line Reference

  • install_method - Select binary, script, package, tarball, none, or auto. Defaults to auto.
  • source - URL to the pre-compiled Docker binary used for installation. Defaults to a calculated URL based on kernel version, Docker version, and platform arch. By default, this will try to get to "http://get.docker.io/builds/".
  • version - Docker version to install
  • checksum - sha256 checksum of Docker binary
  • api_cors_header - Set CORS headers in the remote API
  • bridge - Attach containers to a network bridge
  • bip - Specify network bridge IP
  • debug - Enable debug mode
  • cluster_store - Cluster store to use
  • cluster_advertise - IP and port that this daemon should advertise to the cluster
  • cluster_store_opts - Cluster store options
  • daemon - Enable daemon mode
  • dns - DNS server(s) to use
  • dns_search - DNS search domains to use
  • exec_driver - Exec driver to use
  • fixed_cidr - IPv4 subnet for fixed IPs
  • fixed_cidr_v6 - IPv6 subnet for fixed IPs
  • group - Posix group for the unix socket
  • graph - Root of the Docker runtime - Effectively, the "data directory"
  • host - Daemon socket(s) to connect to - tcp://host:port, unix:///path/to/socket, fd://* or fd://socketfd
  • icc - Enable inter-container communication
  • insecure_registry - Enable insecure registry communication
  • ip - Default IP when binding container ports
  • ip_forward - Enable ip forwarding
  • ipv4_forward - Enable net.ipv4.ip_forward
  • ipv6_forward - Enable net.ipv6.ip_forward
  • ip_masq - Enable IP masquerading
  • iptables - Enable addition of iptables rules
  • ipv6 - Enable IPv6 networking
  • log_level - Set the logging level
  • labels A string or array to set metadata on the daemon in the form ['foo:bar', 'hello:world']`
  • log_driver - Container's logging driver (json-file/syslog/journald/gelf/fluentd/none)
  • labels A string or array to set metadata on the daemon in the form ['foo:bar', 'hello:world']`
  • log_driver - Container's logging driver (json-file/syslog/journald/gelf/fluentd/awslogs/splunk/etwlogs/gcplogs/none)
  • log_opts - Container's logging driver options (driver-specific)
  • mtu - Set the containers network MTU
  • pidfile - Path to use for daemon PID file
  • registry_mirror - Preferred Docker registry mirror
  • storage_driver - Storage driver to use
  • selinux_enabled - Enable selinux support
  • storage_opts - Set storage driver options
  • tls - Use TLS; implied by --tlsverify. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_TLS'] if set
  • tls_verify - Use TLS and verify the remote. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_TLS_VERIFY'] if set
  • tls_ca_cert - Trust certs signed only by this CA. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_CERT_PATH'] if set
  • tls_server_cert - Path to TLS certificate file for docker service
  • tls_server_key - Path to TLS key file for docker service
  • tls_client_cert - Path to TLS certificate file for docker cli. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_CERT_PATH'] if set
  • tls_client_key - Path to TLS key file for docker cli. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_CERT_PATH'] if set
  • default_ulimit - Set default ulimit settings for containers
  • http_proxy - ENV variable set before for Docker daemon starts
  • https_proxy - ENV variable set before for Docker daemon starts
  • no_proxy - ENV variable set before for Docker daemon starts
  • tmpdir - ENV variable set before for Docker daemon starts
  • logfile - Location of Docker daemon log file
  • userland_proxy- Enables or disables docker-proxy
  • disable_legacy_registry - Do not contact legacy registries
  • userns_remap - Enable user namespace remapping options - default, uid, uid:gid, username, username:groupname (see: [Docker User Namespaces](see: https://docs.docker.com/v1.10/engine/reference/commandline/daemon/#daemon-user-namespace-options))
  • mount_flags - Set the systemd mount propagation flag. Defaults to slave.

Miscellaneous Options

  • misc_opts - Pass the docker daemon any other options bypassing flag validation, supplied as --flag=value

Systemd-specific Options

  • systemd_opts - An array of strings that will be included as individual lines in the systemd service unit for Docker. Note: This option is only relevant for systems where systemd is the default service manager or where systemd is specified explicitly as the service manager.

Actions

  • :create - Lays the Docker bits out on disk
  • :delete - Removes the Docker bits from the disk
  • :start - Makes sure the service provider is set up properly and start it
  • :stop - Stops the service
  • :restart - Restarts the service

docker_service implementations

  • docker_service_execute - The simplest docker_service. Just starts a process. Fire and forget.
  • docker_service_sysvinit - Uses a SystemV init script to manage the service state.
  • docker_service_upstart - Uses an Upstart script to manage the service state.
  • docker_service_systemd - Uses an Systemd unit file to manage the service state. NOTE: This does NOT enable systemd socket activation.

docker_image

The docker_image is responsible for managing Docker image pulls, builds, and deletions. It speaks directly to the Docker remote API.

Examples

  • default action, default properties
docker_image 'hello-world'
  • non-default name attribute
docker_image "Tom's container" do
  repo 'tduffield/testcontainerd'
  action :pull
end
  • pull every time
docker_image 'busybox' do
  action :pull
end
  • specify a tag
docker_image 'alpine' do
  tag '3.1'
end
  • specify read/write timeouts
docker_image 'alpine' do
  read_timeout 60
  write_timeout 60
end
docker_image 'vbatts/slackware' do
  action :remove
end
  • save
docker_image 'save hello-world' do
  repo 'hello-world'
  destination '/tmp/hello-world.tar'
  not_if { ::File.exist?('/tmp/hello-world.tar') }
  action :save
end
  • build from a Dockerfile on every chef-client run
docker_image 'image_1' do
  tag 'v0.1.0'
  source '/src/myproject/container1/Dockerfile'
  action :build
end
  • build from a directory, only if image is missing
docker_image 'image_2' do
  tag 'v0.1.0'
  source '/src/myproject/container2'
  action :build_if_missing
end
  • build from a tarball NOTE: this is not an "export" tarball generated from an an image save. The contents should be a Dockerfile, and anything it references to COPY or ADD
docker_image 'image_3' do
  tag 'v0.1.0'
  source '/tmp/image_3.tar'
  action :build
end
docker_image 'hello-again' do
  tag 'v0.1.0'
  source '/tmp/hello-world.tar'
  action :import
end
  • push
docker_image 'my.computers.biz:5043/someara/hello-again' do
  action :push
end
  • Connect to an external docker daemon and pull an image
docker_image 'alpine' do
  host 'tcp://127.0.0.1:2376'
  tag '2.7'
end

Properties

The docker_image resource properties mostly corresponds to the Docker Remote API as driven by the Swipley docker-api Ruby gem

A docker_image's full identifier is a string in the form "<repo>:<tag>". There is some nuance around naming using the public registry vs a private one.

  • repo - aka image_name - The first half of a Docker image's identity. This is a string in the form: registry:port/owner/image_name. If the registry:port portion is left off, Docker will implicitly use the Docker public registry. "Official Images" omit the owner part. This means a repo id can be as short as busybox, alpine, or centos. These names refer to official images on the public registry. Names can be as long as my.computers.biz:5043/what/ever to refer to custom images on an private registry. Often you'll see something like chef/chef to refer to private images on the public registry. - Defaults to resource name.
  • tag - The second half of a Docker image's identity. - Defaults to latest
  • source - Path to input for the :import, :build and :build_if_missing actions. For building, this can be a Dockerfile, a tarball containing a Dockerfile in its root, or a directory containing a Dockerfile. For :import, this should be a tarball containing Docker formatted image, as generated with :save.
  • destination - Path for output from the :save action.
  • force - A force boolean used in various actions - Defaults to false
  • nocache - Used in :build operations. - Defaults to false
  • noprune - Used in :remove operations - Defaults to false
  • rm - Remove intermediate containers after a successful build (default behavior) - Defaults to true
  • read_timeout - May need to increase for long image builds/pulls
  • write_timeout - May need to increase for long image builds/pulls
  • host - A string containing the host the API should communicate with. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_HOST'] if set.
  • tls - Use TLS; implied by --tlsverify. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_TLS'] if set.
  • tls_verify - Use TLS and verify the remote. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_TLS_VERIFY'] if set
  • tls_ca_cert - Trust certs signed only by this CA. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_CERT_PATH'] if set.
  • tls_client_cert - Path to TLS certificate file for docker cli. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_CERT_PATH'] if set
  • tls_client_key - Path to TLS key file for docker cli. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_CERT_PATH'] if set.

Actions

The following actions are available for a docker_image resource. Defaults to pull

  • :pull - Pulls an image from the registry
  • :pull_if_missing - Pulls an image from the registry, only if it missing
  • :build - Builds an image from a Dockerfile, directory, or tarball
  • :build_if_missing - Same build, but only if it is missing
  • :save - Exports an image to a tarball at destination
  • :import - Imports an image from a tarball at destination
  • :remove - Removes (untags) an image
  • :push - Pushes an image to the registry

docker_tag

Docker tags work very much like hard links in a Unix filesystem. They are just references to an existing image. Therefore, the docker_tag resource has taken inspiration from the Chef link resource.

Examples

docker_tag 'private repo tag for hello-again:1.0.1' do
  target_repo 'hello-again'
  target_tag 'v0.1.0'
  to_repo 'localhost:5043/someara/hello-again'
  to_tag 'latest'
  action :tag
end

Properties

  • target_repo - The repo half of the source image identifier.
  • target_tag - The tag half of the source image identifier.
  • to_repo - The repo half of the new image identifier
  • to_tag- The tag half of the new image identifier

Actions

  • :tag - Tags the image

docker_container

The docker_container is responsible for managing Docker container actions. It speaks directly to the Docker remote API.

Containers are process oriented, and move through an event cycle. Thanks to Glider Labs for this excellent diagram. alt tag

Examples

  • Create a container without starting it.
docker_container 'hello-world' do
  command '/hello'
  action :create
end
  • This will exit succesfully. It will happen on every chef-client run.
docker_container 'busybox_ls' do
  repo 'busybox'
  command 'ls -la /'
  action :run
end
  • The :run action contains both :create and :start the container in one action. Redeploys the container on resource change. It is the default action.
docker_container 'alpine_ls' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  command 'ls -la /'
  action :run
end
  • Set environment variables in a container
docker_container 'env' do
  repo 'debian'
  env ['PATH=/usr/bin', 'FOO=bar']
  command 'env'
  action :run
end
  • This process remains running between chef-client runs, :run will do nothing on subsequent converges.
docker_container 'an_echo_server' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  command 'nc -ll -p 7 -e /bin/cat'
  port '7:7'
  action :run
end
  • Let docker pick the host port
docker_container 'another_echo_server' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  command 'nc -ll -p 7 -e /bin/cat'
  port '7'
  action :run
end
  • Specify the udp protocol
docker_container 'an_udp_echo_server' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  command 'nc -ul -p 7 -e /bin/cat'
  port '5007:7/udp'
  action :run
end
  • Kill a container
docker_container 'bill' do
  action :kill
end
  • Stop a container
docker_container 'hammer_time' do
  action :stop
end
  • Force-stop a container after 30 seconds
docker_container 'hammer_time' do
  kill_after 30
  action :stop
end
  • Pause a container
docker_container 'red_light' do
  action :pause
end
  • Unpause a container
docker_container 'green_light' do
  action :unpause
end
  • Restart a container
docker_container 'restarter' do
  action :restart
end
  • Delete a container
docker_container 'deleteme' do
  remove_volumes true
  action :delete
end
  • Redeploy a container
docker_container 'redeployer' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  command 'nc -ll -p 7777 -e /bin/cat'
  port '7'
  action :run
end

execute 'redeploy redeployer' do
  notifies :redeploy, 'docker_container[redeployer]', :immediately
  action :run
end
  • Bind mount local directories
docker_container 'bind_mounter' do
  repo 'busybox'
  command 'ls -la /bits /more-bits'
  volumes ['/hostbits:/bits', '/more-hostbits:/more-bits']
  action :run_if_missing
end
  • Mount volumes from another container
docker_container 'chef_container' do
  command 'true'
  volumes '/opt/chef'
  action :create
end

docker_container 'ohai_debian' do
  command '/opt/chef/embedded/bin/ohai platform'
  repo 'debian'
  volumes_from 'chef_container'
end
  • Set a container's entrypoint
docker_container 'ohai_again_debian' do
  repo 'debian'
  volumes_from 'chef_container'
  entrypoint '/opt/chef/embedded/bin/ohai'
  command 'platform'
  action :run_if_missing
end
  • Automatically remove a container after it exits
docker_container 'sean_was_here' do
  command "touch /opt/chef/sean_was_here-#{Time.new.strftime('%Y%m%d%H%M')}"
  repo 'debian'
  volumes_from 'chef_container'
  autoremove true
  action :run
end
  • Grant NET_ADMIN rights to a container
docker_container 'cap_add_net_admin' do
  repo 'debian'
  command 'bash -c "ip addr add 10.9.8.7/24 brd + dev eth0 label eth0:0 ; ip addr list"'
  cap_add 'NET_ADMIN'
  action :run_if_missing
end
  • Revoke MKNOD rights to a container
docker_container 'cap_drop_mknod' do
  repo 'debian'
  command 'bash -c "mknod -m 444 /dev/urandom2 c 1 9 ; ls -la /dev/urandom2"'
  cap_drop 'MKNOD'
  action :run_if_missing
end
  • Set a container's hostname and domainname
docker_container 'fqdn' do
  repo 'debian'
  command 'hostname -f'
  host_name 'computers'
  domain_name 'biz'
  action :run_if_missing
end
  • Set a container's DNS resolution
docker_container 'dns' do
  repo 'debian'
  command 'cat /etc/resolv.conf'
  host_name 'computers'
  dns ['4.3.2.1', '1.2.3.4']
  dns_search ['computers.biz', 'chef.io']
  action :run_if_missing
end
  • Add extra hosts to a container's /etc/hosts
docker_container 'extra_hosts' do
  repo 'debian'
  command 'cat /etc/hosts'
  extra_hosts ['east:4.3.2.1', 'west:1.2.3.4']
  action :run_if_missing
end
  • Manage container's restart_policy
docker_container 'try_try_again' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  command 'grep asdasdasd /etc/passwd'
  restart_policy 'on-failure'
  restart_maximum_retry_count 2
  action :run_if_missing
end

docker_container 'reboot_survivor' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  command 'nc -ll -p 123 -e /bin/cat'
  port '123'
  restart_policy 'always'
  action :run_if_missing
end
  • Manage container links
docker_container 'link_source' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  env ['FOO=bar', 'BIZ=baz']
  command 'nc -ll -p 321 -e /bin/cat'
  port '321'
  action :run_if_missing
end

docker_container 'link_target_1' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  env ['ASD=asd']
  command 'ping -c 1 hello'
  links ['link_source:hello']
  action :run_if_missing
end

docker_container 'link_target_2' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  command 'env'
  links ['link_source:hello']
  action :run_if_missing
end

execute 'redeploy_link_source' do
  command 'touch /marker_container_redeploy_link_source'
  creates '/marker_container_redeploy_link_source'
  notifies :redeploy, 'docker_container[link_source]', :immediately
  notifies :redeploy, 'docker_container[link_target_1]', :immediately
  notifies :redeploy, 'docker_container[link_target_2]', :immediately
  action :run
end
  • Mutate a container between chef-client runs
docker_tag 'mutator_from_busybox' do
  target_repo 'busybox'
  target_tag 'latest'
  to_repo 'someara/mutator'
  target_tag 'latest'
end

docker_container 'mutator' do
  repo 'someara/mutator'
  tag 'latest'
  command "sh -c 'touch /mutator-`date +\"%Y-%m-%d_%H-%M-%S\"`'"
  outfile '/mutator.tar'
  force true
  action :run_if_missing
end

execute 'commit mutator' do
  command 'true'
  notifies :commit, 'docker_container[mutator]', :immediately
  notifies :export, 'docker_container[mutator]', :immediately
  notifies :redeploy, 'docker_container[mutator]', :immediately
  action :run
end
  • Specify read/write timeouts
docker_container 'api_timeouts' do
  repo 'alpine'
  read_timeout 60
  write_timeout 60
end
  • Specify a custom logging driver and its options
docker_container 'syslogger' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  command 'nc -ll -p 780 -e /bin/cat'
  log_driver 'syslog'
  log_opts 'syslog-tag=container-syslogger'
end
  • Connect to an external docker daemon and create a container
docker_container 'external_daemon' do
  repo 'alpine'
  host 'tcp://1.2.3.4:2376'
  action :create
end

Properties

Most docker_container properties are the snake_case version of the CamelCase keys found in the Docker Remote Api

  • container_name - The name of the container. Defaults to the name of the docker_container resource.
  • repo - aka image_name. The first half of a the complete identifier for a Docker Image.
  • tag - The second half of a Docker image's identity. - Defaults to latest.
  • command - The command to run when starting the container.
  • autoremove - Boolean - Automatically delete a container when it's command exits. Defaults to false.
  • volumes - An array of volume bindings for this container. Each volume binding is a string in one of these forms: container_path to create a new volume for the container. host_path:container_path to bind-mount a host path into the container. host_path:container_path:ro to make the bind-mount read-only inside the container.
  • cap_add - An array Linux Capabilities (man 7 capabilities) to add to grant the container beyond what it normally gets.
  • cap_drop - An array Linux Capabilities (man 7 capabilities) to revoke that the container normally has.
  • cpu_shares - An integer value containing the CPU Shares for the container.
  • devices - A Hash of devices to add to the container.
  • dns - An array of DNS servers the container will use for name resolution.
  • dns_search - An array of domains the container will search for name resolution.
  • domain_name - Set's the container's dnsdomainname as returned by the dnsdomainname command.
  • entrypoint - Set the entry point for the container as a string or an array of strings.
  • env - Set environment variables in the container in the form ['FOO=bar', 'BIZ=baz']
  • extra_hosts - An array of hosts to add to the container's /etc/hosts in the form ['host_a:10.9.8.7', 'host_b:10.9.8.6']
  • force - A boolean to use in container operations that support a force option. Defaults to false
  • host - A string containing the host the API should communicate with. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_HOST'] if set
  • host_name - The hostname for the container.
  • labels A string, array, or hash to set metadata on the container in the form ['foo:bar', 'hello:world']`
  • links - An array of source container/alias pairs to link the container to in the form [container_a:www', container_b:db']
  • log_driver - Sets a custom logging driver for the container (json-file/syslog/journald/gelf/fluentd/none).
  • log_opts - Configures the above logging driver options (driver-specific).
  • ip_address - Container IPv4 address (e.g. 172.30.100.104)
  • mac_address - The mac address for the container to use.
  • memory - Memory limit in bytes.
  • memory_swap - Total memory limit (memory + swap); set -1 to disable swap limit (unlimited). You must use this with memory and make the swap value larger than memory.
  • network_disabled - Boolean to disable networking. Defaults to false.
  • network_mode - Sets the networking mode for the container. One of bridge, host, container.
  • open_stdin - Boolean value, opens stdin. Defaults to false.
  • outfile - The path to write the file when using :export action.
  • port - The port configuration to use in the container. Matches the syntax used by the docker CLI tool.
  • privileged - Boolean to start the container in privileged more. Defaults to false
  • publish_all_ports - Allocates a random host port for all of a container's exposed ports.
  • remove_volumes - A boolean to clean up "dangling" volumes when removing the last container with a reference to it. Default to false to match the Docker CLI behavior.
  • restart_policy - One of no, on-failure, unless-stopped, or always. Use always if you want a service container to survive a Dockerhost reboot. Defaults to no.
  • restart_maximum_retry_count - Maximum number of restarts to try when restart_policy is on-failure. Defaults to an ever increasing delay (double the previous delay, starting at 100mS), to prevent flooding the server.
  • running_wait_time - Amount of seconds docker_container wait to determine if a process is running.`
  • security_opts - A list of string values to customize labels for MLS systems, such as SELinux.
  • signal - The signal to send when using the :kill action. Defaults to SIGTERM.
  • sysctls - A hash of sysctls to set on the container. Defaults to {}.
  • tty - Boolean value to allocate a pseudo-TTY. Defaults to false.
  • user - A string value specifying the user inside the container.
  • volumes - An Array of paths inside the container to expose. Does the same thing as the VOLUME directive in a Dockerfile, but works on container creation.
  • volumes_from - A list of volumes to inherit from another container. Specified in the form <container name>[:<ro|rw>]
  • volume_driver - Driver that this container users to mount volumes.
  • working_dir - A string specifying the working directory for commands to run in.
  • read_timeout - May need to increase for commits or exports that are slow
  • write_timeout - May need to increase for commits or exports that are slow
  • kill_after - Number of seconds to wait before killing the container. Defaults to wait indefinitely; eventually will hit read_timeout limit.
  • timeout - Seconds to wait for an attached container to return
  • tls - Use TLS; implied by --tlsverify. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_TLS'] if set
  • tls_verify - Use TLS and verify the remote. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_TLS_VERIFY'] if set
  • tls_ca_cert - Trust certs signed only by this CA. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_CERT_PATH'] if set
  • tls_client_cert - Path to TLS certificate file for docker cli. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_CERT_PATH'] if set
  • tls_client_key - Path to TLS key file for docker cli. Defaults to ENV['DOCKER_CERT_PATH'] if set
  • userns_mode - Modify the user namespace mode - Defaults to nil, example option: host
  • pid_mode - Set the PID (Process) Namespace mode for the container. host: use the host's PID namespace inside the container.
  • ipc_mode - Set the IPC mode for the container - Defaults to nil, example option: host
  • uts_mode - Set the UTS namespace mode for the container. The UTS namespace is for setting the hostname and the domain that is visible to running processes in that namespace. By default, all containers, including those with --network=host, have their own UTS namespace. The host setting will result in the container using the same UTS namespace as the host. Note that --hostname is invalid in host UTS mode.
  • ro_rootfs - Mount the container's root filesystem as read only. Defaults to false

Actions

  • :create - Creates the container but does not start it. Useful for Volume containers.
  • :start - Starts the container. Useful for containers that run jobs.. command that exit.
  • :run - The default action. Both :create and :start the container in one action. Redeploys the container on resource change.
  • :run_if_missing - Runs a container only once.
  • :stop - Stops the container.
  • :restart - Stops the starts the container.
  • :kill - Send a signal to the container process. Defaults to SIGKILL.
  • :pause - Pauses the container.
  • :unpause - Unpauses the container.
  • :delete - Deletes the container.
  • :redeploy - Deletes and runs the container.
  • :reload - Sends SIGHUP to pid 1 in the container

docker_registry

The docker_registry resource is responsible for managing the connection auth information to a Docker registry.

docker_registry action :login

  • Log into or register with public registry:
docker_registry 'https://index.docker.io/v1/' do
  username 'publicme'
  password 'hope_this_is_in_encrypted_databag'
  email 'publicme@computers.biz'
end

Log into private registry with optional port:

docker_registry 'my local registry' do
   serveraddress 'https://registry.computers.biz:8443/'
   username 'privateme'
   password 'still_hope_this_is_in_encrypted_databag'
   email 'privateme@computers.biz'
end

docker_network

The docker_network resource is responsible for managing Docker named networks. Usage of overlay driver requires the docker_service to be configured to use a distributed key/value store like etcd, consul, or zookeeper.

docker_network action :create

docker_network 'my_network' do
  subnet '192.168.88.0/24'
  gateway '192.168.88.1'
  action :create
end

docker_container 'echo-base' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  command 'nc -ll -p 1337 -e /bin/cat'
  port '1337'
  network_mode 'my_network'
  action :run
end

Properties

  • driver - The network driver to use. Defaults to bridge, other options include overlay.
  • subnet - Specify the subnet(s) for the network. Ex: 192.168.0.0/16
  • gateway - Specify the gateway(s) for the network. Ex: 192.168.0.1
  • ip_range - Specify a range of IPs to allocate for containers. Ex: 192.168.1.0/24
  • aux_address - Auxillary addresses for the network. Ex: ['a=192.168.1.5', 'b=192.168.1.6']
  • container - Container-id/name to be connected/disconnected to/from the network. Used only by :connect and :disconnect actions

Example

docker_network 'network_g' do
  driver 'overlay'
  subnet ['192.168.0.0/16', '192.170.0.0/16']
  gateway ['192.168.0.100', '192.170.0.100']
  ip_range '192.168.1.0/24'
  aux_address ['a=192.168.1.5', 'b=192.168.1.6', 'a=192.170.1.5', 'b=192.170.1.6']
end

Connect to multiple networks

docker_network 'network_h1' do
  action :create
end

docker_network 'network_h2' do
  action :create
end

docker_container 'echo-base-networks_h' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  command 'nc -ll -p 1337 -e /bin/cat'
  port '1337'
  network_mode 'network_h1'
  action :run
end

docker_network 'network_h2' do
  container 'echo-base-networks_h'
  action :connect
end

Actions

  • :create - create a network
  • :delete - delete a network
  • :connect - connect a container to a network
  • :disconnect - disconnect a container from a network

docker_volume

The docker_volume resource is responsible for managing Docker named volumes.

docker_volume action :create

docker_volume 'hello' do
  action :create
end

docker_container 'file_writer' do
  repo 'alpine'
  tag '3.1'
  volumes 'hello:/hello'
  command 'touch /hello/sean_was_here'
  action :run_if_missing
end

Actions

  • :create - create a volume
  • :remove - remove a volume

docker_execute

The docker_execute resource allows you to execute commands inside of a running container.

Examples

docker_exec 'touch_it' do
  container 'busybox_exec'
  command ['touch', '/tmp/onefile']
end

Properties

  • host - Daemon socket(s) to connect to - tcp://host:port, unix:///path/to/socket, fd://* or fd://socketfd.
  • command - A command structured as an Array similar to CMD in a Dockerfile.
  • container - Name of the container to execute the command in.
  • timeout- Seconds to wait for an attached container to return. Defaults to 60 seconds.

Actions

  • :run - Runs the command

Testing and Development

  • Full development and testing workflow with Test Kitchen and friends:

    <testing.md> </testing.md>

Contributing

Please see contributing information in:

<contributing.md> </contributing.md>

Maintainers

License

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.