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README.md

motionless logo

Motionless is a static site generator for making websites using plain JavaScript and HTML with Node. There's no special templating or config language to learn. Instead you load plain HTML files and then use querySelectors and the DOM API to change pages using JavaScript, just like you would in the browser. Motionless has batteries included - it bundles dependencies for doing static site stuff like markdown rendering, parsing HTML, reading and writing files, querySelectors, etc. The result is a concise JavaScript API to specify exactly how to turn your HTML file into multiple web pages with different content. Motionless has a bias towards shipping sites fast and tries to save on typing.

Install

npm i motionless

Use

The fastest way to get started is with the motionless-site node template:

npm i motionless-site YOUR-SITE-NAME
cd YOUR-SITE-NAME

This will create a new project in YOUR-SITE-NAME that use motionless to build pages.

To start from scratch instead, there is a minimal working example in the example folder. You can use the live-reload package (npm i live-reload) to serve your build directory while you build your static site.

Static site recipes

The following are some recipes for doing common static site tasks.

In this first example we load an HTML file and a markdown file and replace the <main> element with a rendered version of the markdown.

const m = require('motionless');

// load and parse index.html to use as a template
const template = m.dom(m.load("index.html"));
// load README.md and render it to an HTML string
const content = m.md(m.load("README.md"));
// set the <main> tag contents to the rendered markdown
template.$("main").innerHTML = content;
// save the whole thing into the file readme.html
m.save("readme.html", template.render());

Here's another example building a table of contents from all of the <h2> tags on the page. We use the hyperscript helper to generate HTML using JavaScript code.

// get a list of the h2 headers in the page
const headers = template.$$("h2");
if (headers.length) {
  // build a list of <li> tags with an <a> link for every header
  const items = headers.map((h2)=>{
    // add a named href the TOC can link to
    h2.appendChild(t.h("a", {"className": "pilcrow", "name": m.slug(h2.textContent)}, " "))
    // create the TOC <li> link tag
    return t.h("li", {}, t.h("a", {"href": "#" + m.slug(h2.textContent)}, h2.textContent));
  });
  // create the top level <ul> tag containing the items
  const toc = template.h("ul", {"className": "toc"}, items);
  // prepend the table of contents inside the <main> tag
  template.$("main").prepend(toc);
}

A final example showing how to load up several markdown pages and render them using a single template.

m = require('motionless');

// load our basic page
template = m.dom(m.load("index.html"));

// list the content folder full of markdown files
m.dir("content").forEach(function(pagefile) {
  const page = m.load("content/" + pagefile);
  const title = pagefile.replace(/\-/g, " ").replace(".md", "");
  // set the main part of the template, the title, and the h1 tag
  template.$("main").innerHTML = m.md(page);
  template.$("title").textContent = title;
  template.$("h1").textContent = title;
  // save the updated HTML file
  m.save(pagefile.replace(".md", ".html"), template.render());
});

API

m.load(path)

Reads the entire file at path and returns a string synchronously.

m.save(path, contents)

A simple alias for writeFileSync to write the string contents into the file at path.

m.dir(path)

A simple alias for readdirSync to get a listing of files in the directory at path.

m.glob(globstring)

An instance of node-glob to provide a convenient way to generate file listings using wildcards etc.

m.dom(html)

Parses the html string using jsdom and returns a jsDOM object that behaves just like a browser HTML Node.

For convenience the returned jsdom object has some useful properties set:

  • template.doc - convenient access to the document object.
  • template.$ - a shortcut for template.doc.querySelector returning a single HTML Node.
  • template.$$ - a shortcut for querySelectorAll returning a JavaScript array of HTML Nodes.
  • template.h - a hyperscript instance you can use to build new DOM elements.
  • template.render() - convenience function for returning the HTML string of the rendered document.

m.remove(element)

Convenience function to remove HTML element from it's parent node.

m.md(markdown)

Render the markdown string to an HTML string. If you want to modify the rendered markdown using the DOM API just wrap it with m.dom() like this:

const content = m.dom(m.md(m.load("README.md")));

m.minify(various)

An instance of minify that you can use to crunch various types of files. For example CSS and JavaScript:

const styles = await minify('style.css');
const js = await minify('main.js').catch(console.error);

m.slug(text)

Converts text into a URL-friendly path, for example: My Wonderful Webpage becomes my-wonderful-webpage.

Who

Hi, 👋 I'm Chris and I made this. You can find me online at mccormick.cx and @mccrmx. I made this so I can ship static websites fast using Node.