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Motion Planner Augmented Reinforcement Learning for Robot Manipulation in Obstructed Environments

[Project website] [Paper]

This project is a PyTorch implementation of Motion Planner Augmented Reinforcement Learning for Robot Manipulation in Obstructed Environments, published in CoRL 2020.

Deep reinforcement learning (RL) agents are able to learn contact-rich manipulation tasks by maximizing a reward signal, but require large amounts of experience, especially in environments with many obstacles that complicate exploration. In contrast, motion planners use explicit models of the agent and environment to plan collision-free paths to faraway goals, but suffer from inaccurate models in tasks that require contacts with the environment. To combine the benefits of both approaches, we propose motion planner augmented RL (MoPA-RL) which augments the action space of an RL agent with the long-horizon planning capabilities of motion planners.



  1. Install Mujoco 2.0 and add the following environment variables into ~/.bashrc or ~/.zshrc.
# Download mujoco 2.0
$ wget -O
$ unzip -d ~/.mujoco
$ mv ~/.mujoco/mujoco200_linux ~/.mujoco/mujoco200

# Copy mujoco license key `mjkey.txt` to `~/.mujoco`

# Add mujoco to LD_LIBRARY_PATH
$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:$HOME/.mujoco/mujoco200/bin

# For GPU rendering (replace 418 with your nvidia driver version)
$ export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$LD_LIBRARY_PATH:/usr/lib/nvidia-418

# Only for a headless server
$ export LD_PRELOAD=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/
  1. Download this repository and install python dependencies
# Install system packages
sudo apt-get install libgl1-mesa-dev libgl1-mesa-glx libosmesa6-dev patchelf libopenmpi-dev libglew-dev python3-pip python3-numpy python3-scipy

# Download this repository
git clone

# Install required python packages in your new env
cd mopa-rl
pip install -r requirements.txt
  1. Install ompl
# Linux
sudo apt install libyaml-cpp-dev
sh ./scripts/misc/ #from the home directory # install Eigen

# Mac OS
brew install libyaml yaml-cpp
brew install eigen

# Build ompl
git clone ../ompl
cd ../ompl
cmake .
sudo make install

# if ompl-x.x (x.x is the version) is installed in /usr/local/include, you need to rename it to ompl
mv /usr/local/include/ompl-x.x /usr/local/include/ompl
  1. Build motion planner python wrapper
cd ./mopa-rl/motion_planner
python build_ext --inplace

Available environments

PusherObstacle-v0 SawyerPushObstacle-v0 SawyerLiftObstacle-v0 SawyerAssemblyObstacle-v0
2D Push Sawyer Push Sawyer Lift Sawyer Assembly

How to run experiments

  1. Launch a virtual display (only for a headless server)
sudo /usr/bin/X :1 &
  1. Train policies
  • 2-D Push
sh ./scripts/2d/  # baseline
sh ./scripts/2d/  # MoPA-SAC
sh ./scripts/2d/  # MoPA-SAC IK
  • Sawyer Push
sh ./scripts/3d/push/  # baseline
sh ./scripts/3d/push/  # MoPA-SAC
sh ./scripts/3d/push/  # MoPA-SAC IK
  • Sawyer Lift
sh ./scripts/3d/lift/  # baseline
sh ./scripts/3d/lift/  # MoPA-SAC
sh ./scripts/3d/lift/  # MoPA-SAC IK
  • Sawyer Assembly
sh ./scripts/3d/assembly/  # baseline
sh ./scripts/3d/assembly/  # MoPA-SAC
sh ./scripts/3d/assembly/  # MoPA-SAC IK


The structure of the repository:

  • rl: Reinforcement learning code
  • env: Environment code for simulated experiments (2D Push and all Sawyer tasks)
  • config: Configuration files
  • util: Utility code
  • motion_planners: Motion planner code
  • scripts: Scripts for all experiments

Log directories:

    • A command used for running a job
    • git.txt: Log gitdiff
    • prarms.json: Summary of parameters
    • video: Generated evaulation videos (every evalute_interval)
    • wandb: Training summary of W&B, like tensorboard summary
    • ckpt_*.pt: Stored checkpoints (every ckpt_interval)
    • replay_*.pt: Stored replay buffers (every ckpt_interval)

Trouble shooting

Mujoco GPU rendering

To use GPU rendering for mujoco, you need to add /usr/lib/nvidia-000 (000 should be replaced with your NVIDIA driver version) to LD_LIBRARY_PATH before installing mujoco-py. Then, during mujoco-py compilation, it will show you linuxgpuextension instead of linuxcpuextension. In Ubuntu 18.04, you may encounter an GL-related error while building mujoco-py, open venv/lib/python3.7/site-packages/mujoco_py/gl/eglshim.c and comment line 5 #include <GL/gl.h> and line 7 #include <GL/glext.h>.

Virtual display on headless machines

On servers, you don’t have a monitor. Use this to get a virtual monitor for rendering and put DISPLAY=:1 in front of a command.

# Run the next line for Ubuntu
$ sudo apt-get install xserver-xorg libglu1-mesa-dev freeglut3-dev mesa-common-dev libxmu-dev libxi-dev

# Configure nvidia-x
$ sudo nvidia-xconfig -a --use-display-device=None --virtual=1280x1024

# Launch a virtual display
$ sudo /usr/bin/X :1 &

# Run a command with DISPLAY=:1
DISPLAY=:1 <command>

pybind11-dev not found

sudo apt install ./pybind11-dev_2.2.4-2_all.deb



If you find this useful, please cite

  title={Motion Planner Augmented Reinforcement Learning for Robot Manipulation in Obstructed Environments},
  author={Jun Yamada and Youngwoon Lee and Gautam Salhotra and Karl Pertsch and Max Pflueger and Gaurav S. Sukhatme and Joseph J. Lim and Peter Englert},
  booktitle={Conference on Robot Learning},


Jun Yamada*, Youngwoon Lee*, Gautam Salhotra, Karl Pertsch, Max Pflueger, Gaurav S. Sukhatme, Joseph J. Lim, and Peter Englert at USC CLVR and USC RESL (*Equal contribution)


Motion Planner Augmented Reinforcement Learning for Robot Manipulation in Obstructed Environments (CoRL 2020)








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