Soundworks is a framework to create collaborative/collective audiovisual experiences where users interact through their mobile devices. The framework is entirely based on web APIs with a Node.js server and provides a set of services to easily setup the infrastructure and the most basic functionalities of an application.
The fundamental motivation behind all design choices of the framework is to allow developers to focus on the implementation of audiovisual rendering and interaction design based on web standards.
A Soundworks application is typically organized in a client part (i.e. running in the web browser of the client devices) and an optional server part (i.e. running in Node.js). The server part of an application allows the connected clients to exchange data and to influence each other's audiovisual rendering. Client-only applications created with the frameworks can be deployed through a simple HTTP server instead of Node.js.
Developing Soundworks applications requires Node.js (>= 0.12).
The framework heavily relies on the Web Audio API as well as on other upcoming standards, which may limit the compatible platforms (i.e. browsers) on the client side of the applications.
The recommended way of developing a Soundworks application is to start from the template at https://github.com/collective-soundworks/soundworks-template/.
The template includes comprehensive comments in the code. Please refer to the repository's README file for further instructions and documentation.
It provides scripts to support the development of applications based on ES2015 functions and abstraction such as
Different Client Types
A Soundworks application can implement one or multiple types of clients. Generally, different client types correspond to different roles participants or connected objects (e.g. audiovisual rendering devices) take in an application scenario. Technically, a client type corresponds to an URL that allows to connect to the application server - and, ultimately, a Socket.IO namespace.
By default, the
player client type is associated to the base URL of the application (e.g. http://my.soudworks-app.mobi/).
An additional client type
referee of the same application would, for example, use the same URL extended by "referee/" (i.e. http://my.soudworks-app.mobi/referee/).
player, different client types occurring in applications that we have developed with Soundworks include, for example:
soloist- a participant with a soloist role in a musical application
controller- a web client for controlling the global parameters of an application
shared-env- a graphical representation or audio rendering projected into the environment of the application (i.e. by a video projector and/or public sound system)
Generally, each client type is mapped to an experience implemented on both sides of the application, the client and, optionally, the server.
The actual scenario of a Soundworks application, the experience, is implemented as extensions of the
The implementation of the client side of an application essentially consists of a
ClientExperience that generally defines the interactions and the audiovisual rendering on the users' mobile devices.
ServerExperience determines the interactions between the connected clients by implementing how the server reacts on the connection of web clients of given types and on messages received from these clients.
The experiences can require and configure a set of services provided by the Soundworks framework (see below).
On the client side, the
ClientExperience of a given client type is started when the required services are ready.
On the server side, the methods
ServerExperience are called when a client of the corresponding client type connects to or disconnects from the applications - after having announced the connection or disconnection to concerned services.
A set of Services
Apart from the abstractions mentioned above, the most important aspect of the framework is to provide a set of services to an application. The services currently provided include, for example:
platform- checks for the compatibility of the application with the user's device, OS, and browser and shows a welcome screen when needed.
checkin- automatically assigns a ticket or predefined position (i.e. number or label with optional coordinates) to the user
placer- lets the user chose an available ticket or predefined position
locator- lets the user indicate an approximate position on a map
file-system- allow to retrieve a file list from a given directory
audio-buffer-manager- preloads audio buffers and related JSON files descriptors
auth- add a simple login page to specific client
sync- provides a synchronized clock to all clients
scheduler- differs function calls and schedules recurrent events in reference to the synchronized clock or a local audio clock
motion-input- provides unified access to the mobile device's motion sensors (based on the
shared-params- global variables and commands shared by the clients of defined types
shared-config- retrieves configuration constants from the server
The framework provides an API for extending the set of available services.
Views and View Templates
The graphical rendering and interaction on a client screen is managed through views with view templates (strongly inspired by the backbone view API). The framework provides the possibility to define the HTML content of a view through view templates based on the lowdash/underscore syntax. In addition, the views and view templates allow for defining callbacks for user input events (e.g. touch and click events) and for reacting on device orientation changes.
The views of an experience as well as of the provided services can be customized through CSS/SASS styles and by changing the content fitting the associated view templates. Different configurations of an application may include customized view content to generate different variants and localizations of the same screens.
The content fitting a view template can be changed dynamically (e.g. depending on a user interaction) whereby the view can be updated partially (i.e. only a specific HTML tag). Default CSS/SASS styles for the provided templates (used by the services and experiences) are part of the Soundworks application template.
An advanced way of creating customized views consists in choosing alternative view templates and/or views among a set of provided templates and view classes.
CanvasView class, for example, implements a formalism that facilitates the implementation of canvas-based rendering through a
Ultimately, developers can create customized views extending the
View base class or one of the provided view classes.
Apart from the template, the collective-soundworks GitHub project includes the following example applications with comprehensively commented code:
- Soundfield - https://github.com/collective-soundworks/soundworks-soundfield/
- Drops - https://github.com/collective-soundworks/soundworks-drops/
Please refer to the repositories' README file for further instructions and documentation.
License and Credits
The Soundworks framework is released under the BSD 3-Clause license.
Soundworks has been initiated by Norbert Schnell, Sebastien Robaszkiewicz, and Benjamin Matuszewski at the ISMM team at Ircam - Centre Pompidou in the framework of the CoSiMa research project supported by the French National Research Agency (ANR). Futher developments has been supported in the framework of the RAPID-MIX project, funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme.
The framework integrates parts of the WaveJS library.