zkc, Zero Knowledge Communications, is a suite of programs to enable private and secure communications between any number of parties.
The zkc suite is a Proof-Of-Concept tool! The code reflects this by being somewhat intertwined instead of completely and properly separated. While we took great care to make sure that the important bits are correct there certainly are bugs lurking. We will happily take PRs that move zkc into a more mature project.
It is a good idea to create a zkserver user and login to finalize the installation process. Create a zkserver directory and copy the config file in place and then edit the config file.
$ mkdir ~/.zkserver $ cp $GOPATH/src/github.com/companyzero/zkc/zkserver/zkserver.conf ~/.zkserver/ $ vi ~/.zkserver/zkserver.conf
There are 2 items that must be looked at in the config file.
allowidentify = no createpolicy = no
allowidentify is a setting that explicitly tells zkserver if it is allowed to identify itself to external parties. This knob exists to enable true closed systems. When this setting is set to no the only way to communicate with it is to have a zkclient that has communicated with this zkserver before or the zkclient used zkimport to insert the zkserver identity record into its configuration. If this knob is set to yes the zkserver will allow queries of its identity during pre-session phase.
createpolicy has three settings: yes, no and token. When createpolicy is set to no an external party can not create an account. If createpolicy is set to yes any zkclient can create an account on this zkserver. And finally if createpolicy is set to token the zkclient must provide a token during account creation. This token can be obtained from the zkserver administration. Creating a token can be done as the zkserver administrator by running the zkservertoken command. This will spit out a token that can be used once to create an account.
Note: if you are not using the default ~/.zkserver directory that you need to review all directory/filenames entries in the config file.
The remaining items in the config file are pretty self explanatory.
zkclient is an irssi look-alike communication client. Users of irssi will find it's interface familiar.
If zkclient is started for the first time it will create a default directory
and configuration file in
~/.zkclient/zkclient.conf. If you wish to make
changes to the config file you must exit the program, edit the configuration
file and restart zkclient.
Versions greater than 0.3.0 can export a default config file using the following method:
$ zkclient -export /tmp/zkclient.conf exporting config file to: /tmp/zkclient.conf
Create a zkclient directory and copy the config file in place and then edit the config file.
$ mkdir ~/.zkclient $ cp $GOPATH/src/github.com/companyzero/zkc/zkclient/zkclient.conf ~/.zkclient/ $ vi ~/.zkclient/zkclient.conf
There is 1 item that must be looked at in the config file.
savehistory = no
savehistory is by default set to no. If you want to have persistent history (after exiting zkclient) set this to yes.
Note: if you are not using the default ~/.zkclient directory that you need to review all directory/filenames entries in the config file.
The remaining items in the config file are pretty self explanatory.
Upon first launch of zkclient it'll prompt the user for: user name, nick, server and token. The user name is your name (e.g. Alice McAlice), nick is your preferred nick as it is displayed by your received (e.g. alice1337), server is the address of your zkserver and lastly token is the zkserver administrator provided token in order to create an account (if needed). Once this step is complete you can now communicate with zkserver.
At this point the zkclient TUI is fully up and once can type /help to get an idea of what commands are available.
zkclient uses ratcheted encryption for communications and the server is unable to snoop messages. The only thing zkserver can see is that someone is communicating with someone else. This therefore requires users to setup ratchets between themselves. Let's illustrate the flow with an example.
Assume that Alice wants to communicate with Bob and both have an account on a shared zkserver then the process is as follows:
1. Alice must upload her identity as an encrypted blob to the zkserver. This can be accomplished by typing /kx and then filling out a password that is going to be shared with Bob. The server will return a PIN code upon completion. 2. Using an out-of-band communication mechanism Alice must share the PIN and password with Bob. 3. Bob needs to fetch Alice's identity by typing the following /fetch PIN ("PIN" is replaced with the actual number provided by Alice). If the PIN is correct Bob will be prompted for the password of the encrypted blob. If the blob decrypts properly Bob will additionally be prompted to accept Alice's fingerprint. If Bob accepts Alice's fingerprint then the rest of the key exchange will be finalized.
zkserver only passes encrypted blobs back and forth between users. It has no knowledge at all of what is being exchanged. Therefore a key exchange can only be finalized once all parties have been online long enough for all blobs to travel back and forth.
At this point either Alice or Bob are going to be able to send messages back and fort using the /m command (e.g. Alice would to the following /m bob hello there!).
There are many more commands in zkclient and TUI keys but those are described elsewhere.
zkexport export either the zkserver or zkclient public identity. The zkserver identity does include the host address as well. The resulting base64 string can be emailed or otherwise exchanged with your counterpart.
$ zkexport -root /Users/marco/.zkclient1/ AAAAEU1hcmNvIFBlZXJlYm9vbSAxAAAAAAAABm1hcmNvMQAAY3rsUd6bTpLI/n2EwmGKPkK3dA/V+wyz5HHLiQgzHNJ9KAZTOrGznd9Ulhe0Y0EVoW8OkuM/G51w6BdvIOm1CWaOAhw8SJi0/vbjZzETd8k397Vl3LPcDUFUbp+JQVKdtBWDhevh3MFN0DY7Oc5ZZrT+lIE+KVwQm/PaPpeIohoWAEBu3HEE6vuq4eQt7BQ6dbEV61ZKUHbMm/61ymhXCA==
zkimport is intended to import zkexported base64 strings.
ADD EXAMPLES HERE.
As the zkserver user simply type zkservertoken and the tool will spit out a single use token. For example:
$ zkservertoken 7000 8677 6548 2615
Installing and updating
Binary releases are provided for common operating systems and architectures:
Each release contains a manifest file with sha256 hashes for the binaries in that release. To verify these, you will need:
- SHA256 - Once you download your file(s), you need to check their SHA256 hashes, so you may need to download a tool to do this, depending on your OS.
- GnuPG or PGP - This is required to import public keys and verify signatures. Examples below use GnuPG.
The steps to verify the binaries are as follows:
Download the file manifest, the signature for the file manifest, and the zip/tarball for your OS from here.
Obtain the SHA256 value for the zip/tarball for your OS and check that it matches the value in the file manifest, e.g. for 64-bit Linux
$ sha256sum zkc-linux-amd64-v0.2.0.tar.gz 51dd11ffbcc573462eb61df8fa5caa60677bcc9178fda5d68d02b3414aa6765f zkc-linux-amd64-v0.2.0.tar.gz
Import the ZKC Release Signing Key in GnuPG.
$ gpg --keyserver hkps://pgp.mit.edu --recv-key 0x14B9CD80 gpg: requesting key 14B9CD80 from hkps server pgp.mit.edu gpg: key 511E9D66: public key "zkc Release Signing Key <firstname.lastname@example.org>" imported gpg: Total number processed: 1 gpg: imported: 1 (RSA: 1)
Verify the signature for the file manifest is valid and created by the zkc Release Signing Key.
$ gpg --verify zkc-manifest-v0.2.0.txt.asc gpg: assuming signed data in `zkc-manifest-v0.2.0.txt' gpg: Signature made Mon Jul 2 14:17:16 2018 EDT using RSA key ID 14B9CD80 gpg: Good signature from "zkc Release Signing Key <email@example.com>" gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature! gpg: There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner. Primary key fingerprint: EDCF B52A FCDA E2D2 D9C3 7708 E046 0873 511E 9D66 Subkey fingerprint: 1D16 538A 43D1 6765 43E7 31BF D79D DEA2 14B9 CD80
The zip or tarball with binaries for your platform is now verified and you can be confident they were generated by the zkc team.
Upgrading from 0.3.0
With the 0.3.0 release the disk format of zkserver was changed. It is advisable to backup the zkserver directory prior to running the new zkserver version. The code contains the upgrade code and it has been tested however one should always heed this warning prior to upgrades.
zkc has not been audited yet. Use wisely.
Audits and Development
We are looking for contractors to audit and develop zkc and its crypto libs. Pay is offered in Decred.
zkc is licensed under the copyfree ISC License.