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Change-Id: Ib25808e04f3481cab7387678752c20b73d9ac76f
Reviewed-on: http://review.couchbase.org/51319
Reviewed-by: Trond Norbye <trond.norbye@gmail.com>
Tested-by: Dave Rigby <daver@couchbase.com>
latest commit 6e01398fb1
@daverigby daverigby authored

README.markdown

tlm - Top-level Makefile

What's this, then? The tlm project contains the make information for building Couchbase on multiple platforms.

Table of Contents

Content

The file named CMakeLists.txt contains the full build description for Couchbase. It should be copied to the top of your source directory (this happens automatically when you are using repo).

The cmake directory contains macros used by cmake to configure a build of Couchbase.

Makefile is a convenience file that repo will put in the root of your source directory. It invokes cmake with a specific set of options. "All" flavors of make should be able to parse this makefile, and its defaults are set to match building on Microsoft Windows.

GNUmakefile is another convenience file that repo will put in the root of your source directory. GNU make will favor this file over Makefile and this file just overrides the defaults specified in Makefile.

How to build

Couchbase utilizes CMake in order to provide build support for a wide range of platforms. CMake isn't a build system like GNU Autotools, but a tool that generates build information for external systems like: Visual Studio projects, XCode projects and Makefiles to name a few. Their good support for Microsoft Windows and Makefiles is the primary reason why we decided to move away from GNU Autotools. CMake isn't a magic pill that solves all our problems; it comes with its own list of challenges.

It is recommended to perform "out of source builds", which means that the build artifacts is stored outside the source directory.

Simple build

If you just want to build Couchbase and without any special configuration, you may use the Makefile we've supplied for your convenience:

trond@ok > mkdir source
trond@ok > mkdir build
trond@ok > cd source
trond@ok source> repo init -u git://github.com/couchbase/manifest -m branch-master.xml
trond@ok source> repo sync
trond@ok source> make

This would install the build software in a subdirectory named install. To change this you may run:

trond@ok source> make PREFIX=/opt/couchbase

Customize your builds

CMake offers a wide range of customizations, and this chapter won't try to cover all of them. There is plenty of documentation available on the webpage.

There is no point of trying to keep a list of all tunables in this document. To find the tunables you have two options: look in cmake/Modules/*.cmake or you may look in the cache file generated during a normal build (see build/CMakeCache.txt)

There are two ways to customize your own builds. You can do it all by yourself by invoking cmake yourself:

trond@ok > mkdir source
trond@ok > mkdir build
trond@ok > cd source
trond@ok source> repo init -u git://github.com/couchbase/manifest -m branch-master.xml
trond@ok source> repo sync
trond@ok source> cd ../build
trond@ok build> cmake -D CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/opt/couchbase -D CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Debug -D DTRACE_FOUND:BOOL=True -D DTRACE:FILEPATH=/usr/sbin/dtrace CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH="/opt/r14b04;/opt/couchbase"
trond@ok build> gmake all install

Or pass extra options to the convenience Makefile provided:

trond@ok > mkdir source
trond@ok > mkdir build
trond@ok > cd source
trond@ok source> repo init -u git://github.com/couchbase/manifest -m branch-master.xml
trond@ok source> repo sync
trond@ok source> make PREFIX=/opt/couchbase CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH="/opt/r14b04;/opt/couchbase" EXTRA_CMAKE_OPTIONS='-D DTRACE_FOUND:BOOL=True -D DTRACE:FILEPATH=/usr/sbin/dtrace'

Use CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH to specify a "list" of directories to search for tools/libraries if they are stored in "non-standard" locations. Ex:

CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH="/opt/r14b04;/opt/couchbase;/opt/local"

Microsoft Windows 2008R2

The following steps is needed to build Couchbase on Microsoft Windows 2008R2

  • Install OS, activate and run Windows Update and install all updates
  • Install Google Chrome (optional, but makes your life easier)
  • Install Visual Studio 2013 Professional
  • Install all updates from microsoft update
  • Install GIT and select the option to add GIT to path
  • Install Python 2.7 and add c:\python27 to path (manually)
  • Install 7-ZIP and add the installation to path (manually)
  • Install CMake and add to path
  • Install GO and add to path
  • Download and install 2008 runtime extensions

Configuration

git

Repo will complain if git isn't properly configured. Setting name and email should be sufficient, but you also may at least want to set the two additional settings suggested:

C:\> git config --global user.email trond.norbye@gmail.com
C:\> git config --global user.name "Trond Norbye"
C:\> git config --global color.ui false
C:\> git config --global core.autocrlf true

How to build

Before you may start to build on Microsoft Windows you have to set up the environment. The script environment.bat is located in the win32 directory.

Open cmd.com and type in the following (assuming c:\compile\couchbase is the directory holding your source):

C:\> set source_root=c:\compile\couchbase
C:\> set target_arch=amd64
C:\> environment

You may now follow the build description outlined in How to build. Please note that the make utility on windows is named nmake.

MacOSX

Multiple versions of Mac OSX may work, but this list is verified with Mavericks.

Install the following packages from homebrew:

trond@ok> brew install cmake git icu4c libevent snappy go

Ensure that your PATH variable includes /usr/local/opt/icu4c/bin:

trond@ok> export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/opt/icu4c/bin

You should be all set to start compile the server as described above.

Ubuntu 14.04

The steps below may work on other versions of Ubuntu as well, but this procedure is verified with a clean installation of Ununtu 14.04.1

sudo su -
wget https://storage.googleapis.com/git-repo-downloads/repo
chmod a+x repo
mv repo /usr/local/bin
apt-get install -y git gcc g++ ccache cmake libssl-dev libicu-dev \
                   erlang mercurial
cd /usr/local
hg clone -u release https://code.google.com/p/go
cd go/src
./all.bash
cd ../../bin
ln -s ../go/bin/go
ln -s ../go/bin/gofmt

Fedora 21

The steps below may work on other versions of Fedora as well, but this procedure is verified with a clean installation of Fedora 21

sudo su -
wget https://storage.googleapis.com/git-repo-downloads/repo
chmod a+x repo
mv repo /usr/local/bin
yum install -y gcc gcc-c++ git cmake ccache redhat-lsb-core \
               erlang mercurial openssl-devel libicu-devel
cd /usr/local
hg clone -u release https://code.google.com/p/go
cd go/src
./all.bash
cd ../../bin
ln -s ../go/bin/go
ln -s ../go/bin/gofmt

OpenSUSE

I tested this on a clean install of OpenSUSE 13.2 by choosing the defaults during the installer except choosing gnome desktop and enable ssh access.

sudo zypper install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake ncurses-devel \
                    git go ccache libopenssl-devel cmake

Open a new terminal to ensure you get an updated environment (the package install modifies some of the environement variables)

curl https://storage.googleapis.com/git-repo-downloads/repo > ~/bin/repo
chmod a+x ~/bin/repo
sudo mkdir /opt/couchbase
sudo chown `whoami` /opt/couchbase
mkdir -p compile/couchbase
cd compile/couchbase
repo init -u git://github.com/couchbase/manifest -m sherlock.xml -g default,build
repo sync
repo start opensuse --all
mkdir cbdeps && cd cbdeps
../cbbuild/cbdeps/build-all-sherlock.sh
export CB_DOWNLOAD_DEPS_CACHE=`pwd`/output
export CB_DOWNLOAD_DEPS_MANIFEST=`pwd`/output/manifest.cmake
unset GOBIN
cd ..
gmake PREFIX=/opt/couchbase

You should be able to start the server by running

/opt/couchbase/bin/couchbase-server start

SmartOS

The following chapters describes how to configure and build under various containers hosted by SmartOS. [Joyent][joyent_link] provides a variety of datasets for various operating systems (CentOS, Fedora, FreeBSD, Debian, SmartOS, ...). This section is not intended to cover all of these, but covers a set of configurations known to work.

SmartOS container

The following descrtiption use the standard64 (14.2.1) image imported by:

root@smartos~> imgadm import 3f57ffe8-47da-11e4-aa8b-dfb50a06586a

The KVM may be created with the following attributes (store in smartos.json):

{
  "alias" : "compilesrv",
  "autoboot": true,
  "brand": "joyent",
  "dns_domain" : "norbye.org",
  "resolvers" : [ "8.8.4.4" ],
  "image_uuid" : "3f57ffe8-47da-11e4-aa8b-dfb50a06586a",
  "hostname" : "compilesrv",
  "filesystems" : [
   {
      "type" : "lofs",
      "source" : "/zones/home",
      "target" : "/home",
      "options" : "nodevices"
    }
  ],
  "max_physical_memory": 4096,
  "nics": [
     {
      "nic_tag": "admin",
      "ip": "10.0.0.207",
      "netmask": "255.255.255.0",
      "gateway": "10.0.0.1"
    }
  ]
}

Create the KVM with:

root@smartos~> vmadm create -f smartos.json

Log into the newly created zone and install the following packages:

root@compilesrv~> pkgin update
root@compilesrv~> pkgin -y in py27-expat-2.7.7 icu-53.1 erlang-16.1.2nb3 go-1.3

Install Google repo and you should be all set to start building the code as described above.

CentOS 7

The following descrtiption use the Centos-7 image imported by:

root@smartos~> imgadm import 553da8ba-499e-11e4-8bee-5f8dadc234ce

The KVM may be created with the following attributes (store in centos.json):

{
  "alias": "centos-7",
  "brand": "kvm",
  "resolvers": [
    "10.0.0.1",
    "8.8.4.4"
  ],
  "default-gateway": "10.0.0.1",
  "hostname":"centos",
  "ram": "6144",
  "vcpus": "2",
  "nics": [
    {
      "nic_tag": "admin",
      "ip": "10.0.0.201",
      "netmask": "255.255.255.0",
      "gateway": "10.0.0.1",
      "model": "virtio",
      "primary": true
    }
  ],
  "disks": [
    {
      "image_uuid": "553da8ba-499e-11e4-8bee-5f8dadc234ce",
      "boot": true,
      "model": "virtio",
      "image_size": 10240
    },
   {
      "model": "virtio",
      "size": 10240
    }
  ],
"customer_metadata": {
    "root_authorized_keys": "<my ssh key>"
  }
}

Create the KVM with:

root@smartos~> vmadm create -f centos.json

You should now be able to ssh into the machine and run yum update and install all of the updates ;-)

Install as much as possible of the precompiled dependencies with:

yum install -y gcc gcc-c++ make redhat-lsb git openssl-devel

A newer version of cmake, go and repo is needed so we have to compile it from source with:

wget http://www.cmake.org/files/v3.2/cmake-3.2.1.tar.gz
tar xfz cmake-3.2.1.tar.gz
cd cmake-3.2.1
./bootstrap && make && make install
cd /usr/local
git clone https://go.googlesource.com/go
cd go
git checkout -b go1.4.2 go1.4.2
cd src
./all.bash
cd ../../bin
ln -s ../go/bin/go
ln -s ../go/bin/gofmt
curl https://storage.googleapis.com/git-repo-downloads/repo > repo
chmod a+x repo

And you should be all set to start building the code as described above.

Ubuntu

The following descrtiption use the Ubuntu 14.04 image imported by:

root@smartos~> imgadm import c864f104-624c-43d2-835e-b49a39709b6b

The KVM may be created with the following attributes (store in ubuntu.json):

{
  "alias": "ubuntu-1404",
  "brand": "kvm",
  "resolvers": [
    "10.0.0.1",
    "8.8.4.4"
  ],
  "default-gateway": "10.0.0.1",
  "hostname":"ubuntu",
  "ram": "6144",
  "vcpus": "2",
  "nics": [
    {
      "nic_tag": "admin",
      "ip": "10.0.0.203",
      "netmask": "255.255.255.0",
      "gateway": "10.0.0.1",
      "model": "virtio",
      "primary": true
    }
  ],
  "disks": [
    {
      "image_uuid": "c864f104-624c-43d2-835e-b49a39709b6b",
      "boot": true,
      "model": "virtio",
      "image_size": 10240
    },
   {
      "model": "virtio",
      "size": 20480
    }
  ],
"customer_metadata": {
    "root_authorized_keys": "<my ssh key>"
  }
}

Create the KVM with:

root@smartos~> vmadm create -f ubuntu.json

You should now be able to ssh into the machine and run aptitude and install all of the updates ;-)

Install as much as possible of the precompiled dependencies with:

apt-get update --fix-missing
apt-get install -y git gcc g++ make ccache lsb-release libssl-dev cmake

A newer version of go and repo is needed so we have to compile it from source with:

cd /usr/local
git clone https://go.googlesource.com/go
cd go
git checkout -b go1.4.2 go1.4.2
cd src
./all.bash
cd ../../bin
ln -s ../go/bin/go
ln -s ../go/bin/gofmt
curl https://storage.googleapis.com/git-repo-downloads/repo > repo
chmod a+x repo

And you should be all set to start building the code as described above.

Debian7

The following descrtiption use the Debian image imported by:

root@smartos~> imgadm import 5f41692e-a70d-11e4-8c2d-afc6735144dc

The KVM may be created with the following attributes (store in debian7.json):

{
  "alias": "debian-7",
  "brand": "kvm",
  "resolvers": [
    "10.0.0.1",
    "8.8.4.4"
  ],
  "default-gateway": "10.0.0.1",
  "hostname":"debian",
  "ram": "6144",
  "vcpus": "2",
  "nics": [
    {
      "nic_tag": "admin",
      "ip": "10.0.0.200",
      "netmask": "255.255.255.0",
      "gateway": "10.0.0.1",
      "model": "virtio",
      "primary": true
    }
  ],
  "disks": [
    {
      "image_uuid": "5f41692e-a70d-11e4-8c2d-afc6735144dc",
      "boot": true,
      "model": "virtio",
      "image_size": 10240
    }
  ],
  "customer_metadata": {
    "root_authorized_keys": "ssh-rsa <my-personal-public-key>"
  }
}

Create the KVM with:

root@smartos~> vmadm create -f debian7.json

You should now be able to ssh into the machine and run aptitude and install all of the updates ;-)

Install as much as possible of the precompiled dependencies with:

apt-get update --fix-missing
apt-get install -y git gcc g++ make ccache lsb-release libssl-dev

A newer version of cmake, go and repo is needed so we have to compile it from source with:

wget http://www.cmake.org/files/v3.2/cmake-3.2.1.tar.gz
tar xfz cmake-3.2.1.tar.gz
cd cmake-3.2.1
./bootstrap && make && make install
cd /usr/local
git clone https://go.googlesource.com/go
cd go
git checkout -b go1.4.2 go1.4.2
cd src
./all.bash
cd ../../bin
ln -s ../go/bin/go
ln -s ../go/bin/gofmt
curl https://storage.googleapis.com/git-repo-downloads/repo > repo
chmod a+x repo

And you should be all set to start building the code as described above.

Static Analysis

There are pre-canned build rules to allow you to run the Clang Static Analyzer against the Couchbase codebase.

So far this has only been tested on OS X, using Clang shipping as part of OS X Developer Tools. It should be possible to also run on other platforms which Clang/LLVM is available, however this isn't tested.

Prerequisites

  • Install clang (from OS X Developer Tools). If you can build from source you should already have this :)
  • Download and extract clang Static Analyzer tools (from clang-analyzer.llvm.org). Note that while the actual analyzer functionality is built into clang, this is needed for scan-build and scan-view tools to invoke and display the analyser results.

Running

  • Add scan-build and scan-view to your path:

    export PATH=$PATH:/path/to/checker-276
    
  • Run make analyzer at the top-level to configure clang-analyser as the 'compiler':

    make analyzer
    
  • At the end you will see a message similar to the following - Invoke the specified command to browse the found bugs:

    scan-build: 31 bugs found.
    scan-build: Run 'scan-view /source/build-analyzer/analyser-results/2014-06-05-173247-52416-1' to examine bug reports.
    
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