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NOTE: As of December 2021 the code of HIPCL was integrated to a new CHIP-SPV project and will be continued there. This README and the HIPCL repo is left here for a legacy reference.

HIPCL library


What is HIP?

Heterogeneous-compute Interface for Portability, or HIP, is a C++ runtime API and kernel language that allows developers to write code that runs on both AMD and NVidia GPUs. CUDA applications can be converted to HIP in a largely automated fashion.

What is HIPCL

HIPCL is a library that allows applications using the HIP API to be run on devices which support OpenCL and SPIR-V, thus providing a portability path from CUDA to OpenCL. HIPCL was created by Customized Parallel Computing group of Tampere University, Finland.

Building HIPCL


There are a few extra install/usage options documented in 'doc' directory.

HIPCL has some prerequisites to build:

  • LLVM + patched Clang
  • LLVM-SPIRV translator tool from Khronos
  • An OpenCL implementation with (at least partial) 2.x support; HIPCL requires Shared Virtual Memory and clCreateProgramWithIL() support

Clang + LLVM

You'll need to build a patched Clang that can compile HIP source code to ELF+SPIR-V fat binaries.

Download LLVM + Clang:

git clone https://github.com/llvm-mirror/llvm.git
cd llvm
git checkout -b release_80 origin/release_80
cd tools
git clone https://github.com/cpc/hipcl-clang.git clang
cd clang
git checkout -b release_80 origin/release_80

Build+install LLVM/Clang:

cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=<llvm_install_dir> [other cmake flags] llvm-git-directory
make
sudo make install

LLVM-SPIRV Translator

download, build+install the LLVM-SPIRV translator:

git clone https://github.com/KhronosGroup/SPIRV-LLVM-Translator.git
cd SPIRV-LLVM-Translator
git checkout -b release_80 origin/llvm_release_80
mkdir build; cd build
cmake -DLLVM_DIR=<llvm_install_dir>/lib/cmake/llvm ..
make llvm-spirv
sudo cp tools/llvm-spirv/llvm-spirv <llvm_install_dir>/bin/

Known supported OpenCL implementations

At least Intel's "NEO" OpenCL implementation supports 2.x and SPIR-V on Intel GPUs.

It's also possible to use a sufficiently recent (2019/07+) POCL, but it must be built with LLVM-SPIRV support:

git clone https://github.com/pocl/pocl.git
cd pocl
mkdir build; cd build
cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr \
      -DWITH_LLVM_CONFIG=<llvm_install_dir>/bin/llvm-config \
      -DLLVM_SPIRV=<llvm_install_dir>/bin/llvm-spirv \
      ..
make
sudo make install

The last step (sudo make install) is optional - it's possible to use Pocl from build directory (by exporting some env variables: POCL_BULDING=1 and OCL_ICD_VENDORS=<pocl-build-dir>/ocl-vendors). Note that -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr implies system-wide installation. See https://github.com/pocl/pocl/blob/master/doc/sphinx/source/install.rst for details.

Whatever you end up using, make sure that clinfo lists your chosen OpenCL implementation.

Build HIPCL library

build+install the HIPCL library:

git clone https://github.com/cpc/hipcl.git
cd hipcl
mkdir build ; cd build;
cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=<hipcl_install_dir> \
      -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=<llvm_install_dir>/bin/clang++ \
      -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=<llvm_install_dir>/bin/clang \
      ..
make

CMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX defaults to /opt/hipcl. The samples directory contains some examples; these can be run from build directory, individually or via ctest.

make install will create <hipcl_install_dir>/{lib/libhipcl.so, share/kernellib.bc, include/hip} and copy the examples to <hipcl_install_dir>/bin/samples directory.

Note that CMake removes RPATH at make install time, which means that the samples installed into <hipcl_install_dir>/bin will look for libhipcl.so in the default system library paths (/usr/lib and such).

Using HIPCL library

HIPCL provides a CMake export target named hip::hipcl. Using it from CMake is therefore straightforward:

find_package(HIP REQUIRED CONFIG PATHS "${HIPCL_INSTALL_PREFIX}")
target_link_libraries(your-executable hip::hipcl)

This will automatically add all required flags. Note that you must compile your project with CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER set to the Clang built in the first step.

For using outside CMake, there is a ${HIPCL_INSTALL_PREFIX}/bin/hipcl_config binary which prints the required flags. Manually you can build using this command:

<llvm_install_dir>/bin/clang++ -pthread -fPIE -O2 -g -std=c++11 `hipcl_config -C` -o binary source.cc -Wl,-rpath,<hipcl_install_prefix>/lib -L<hipcl_install_prefix>/lib -lhipcl

To see what compilation commands are actually run, and get the intermediate files (including the SPIR-V), add -v --save-temps to the compilation flags. Intermediate files will be saved into the current working directory. The SPIR-V that ends up embedded in the ELF binary is in a file named "a.out-hip-spir64-unknown-unknown-sm_20".

CUDA conversion example

To convert a CUDA source to HIP source, use the hipify-clang tool from AMD's HIP repository: https://github.com/ROCm-Developer-Tools/HIP/tree/master/hipify-clang

Usage:

hipify-clang [hipify args] -- [clang cuda args]

E.g.

./hipify-clang -inplace -print-stats example.cu -- -x cuda --cuda-path=/usr/local/cuda-8.0 -I /usr/local/cuda-8.0/samples/common/inc

This should produce a source with CUDA API translated to HIP API calls. To build a HIPCL executable from this source, see above Using HIPCL library.

Frequently encountered issues


  • clEnqueueSVMMemCopy() failed with error -5 - this appears to be a driver bug on Intel GPUs, occurs when one tries to memcpy from read-only data stored in ELF to SVM memory. SVMMemCopy from other sources (stack / heap) works without issues.

  • programs may take a long time to start. This is because there Clang inserts startup hooks which register SPIR-V binaries; HIPCL at this point compiles each, and for each program built, creates all kernels. This can take a long time on some implementations.

  • HIPCL reports the global memory size from OpenCL as available memory, but unlike CUDA, it's not possible to allocate all of that memory in a single block; HIPCL is limited by CL_DEVICE_MAX_MEM_ALLOC_SIZE.

Known HIPCL-Clang issues


  • Using HIP_DYNAMIC_SHARED() macro outside a function scope is not yet supported. Doing so will likely result in error: Assertion FuncSet.size() <= 1 && "more than one function uses dynamic mem variable!"' failed.

  • There are unfortunately still some unresolved compiler bugs present in the HIPCL patches to Clang, so compilation may fail, especially when HIPCL is compiled with -O0 flag.

Known libhipcl issues


Some of these are simply not yet implemented, some are missing because they would require an OpenCL extension.

Device Side / Math Library

OpenCL Extension required:

  • __fsqrt_rd and various intrinsics for add/sub/div/mul with predefined rounding mode (currently these are mapped to OpenCL variants with default rounding mode)
  • __shfl and friends are only available on Intel via cl_intel_subgroups extension.

Host runtime API

Implemented with caveats:

  • hipEventElapsedTime() can return imprecise values

  • hipModuleLaunchKernel accepts the "extra" argument, but the size of pointed to memory (HIP_LAUNCH_PARAM_BUFFER_SIZE) must be exactly the sum of sizes of individual arguments - no padding is allowed. Otherwise it's impossible to figure out how to set the OpenCL kernel arguments.

  • A certain amount of Device properties are impossible to get via OpenCL API. Values reported by HIPCL are completely made up.

Not implemented and/or require extension to OpenCL:

  • hipError_t hipModuleLoadData(hipModule_t* module, const void* image);

  • hipError_t hipModuleLoadDataEx(hipModule_t *module, const void *image,...);

    This API is not possible to implement with SPIR-V binaries, because there is no size parameter (only a void* pointer), and SPIR-V binaries don't have their size embedded. It might be possible to implement with disassembled text format of SPIR-V.

  • hipSetDeviceFlags(unsigned flags)

    The flags change how the runtime waits for results (yield thread to OS or busy waiting / spinning)

  • hipError_t hipStreamCreateWithPriority(hipStream_t* stream, unsigned int flags, int priority);

  • hipError_t hipStreamCreateWithFlags(hipStream_t* stream, unsigned int flags);

  • hipError_t hipEventCreateWithFlags(hipEvent_t* event, unsigned flags);

  • hipError_t hipDeviceSetCacheConfig(hipFuncCache_t cacheConfig);

  • hipError_t hipDeviceGetCacheConfig(hipFuncCache_t* cacheConfig);

  • hipError_t hipDeviceGetSharedMemConfig(hipSharedMemConfig* pConfig);

  • hipError_t hipDeviceSetSharedMemConfig(hipSharedMemConfig config);

  • hipError_t hipFuncSetCacheConfig(const void* func, hipFuncCache_t config);

  • hipError_t hipCtxSetCacheConfig(hipFuncCache_t cacheConfig);

  • hipError_t hipCtxSetSharedMemConfig(hipSharedMemConfig config);

  • hipError_t hipPointerGetAttributes(hipPointerAttribute_t* attributes, const void* ptr);

  • hipError_t hipExtMallocWithFlags(void** ptr, size_t sizeBytes, unsigned int flags);

  • hipError_t hipGetDeviceProperties(hipDeviceProp_t *prop, int deviceId);

  • hipError_t hipStreamQuery(hipStream_t stream)

  • hipError_t hipModuleGetGlobal(hipDeviceptr_t* dptr, size_t* bytes, hipModule_t hmod, const char* name);

  • hipError_t hipHostGetFlags(unsigned int* flagsPtr, void* hostPtr);

  • hipError_t hipFuncGetAttributes(hipFuncAttributes* attr, const void* func);

  • hipError_t hipDeviceGetPCIBusId(char* pciBusId, int len, int device);

  • hipError_t hipDeviceGetByPCIBusId(int* device, const char* pciBusId);

  • hipError_t hipSetDeviceFlags(unsigned flags);

Symbol API Not Implemented
  • hipError_t hipMemcpyToSymbolAsync(void*, const void*, size_t, size_t, hipMemcpyKind, hipStream_t, const char*);
  • hipError_t hipMemcpyFromSymbol(void*, const void*, size_t, size_t, hipMemcpyKind, const char*);
  • hipError_t hipMemcpyFromSymbolAsync(void*, const void*, size_t, size_t, hipMemcpyKind, hipStream_t, const char*);
  • hipError_t hipGetSymbolAddress(void** devPtr, const void* symbolName);
  • hipError_t hipGetSymbolSize(size_t* size, const void* symbolName);
  • hipError_t hipMemcpyToSymbol(void*, const void*, size_t, size_t, hipMemcpyKind, const char*);
  • hipError_t hipMemcpyToSymbol(const void* symbolName, const void* src, size_t sizeBytes, size_t offset __dparm(0), hipMemcpyKind kind __dparm(hipMemcpyHostToDevice));
Peer2Peer Functions Are Not Implemented Yet
  • hipError_t hipDeviceCanAccessPeer(int* canAccessPeer, int deviceId, int peerDeviceId);
  • hipError_t hipDeviceEnablePeerAccess(int peerDeviceId, unsigned int flags);
  • hipError_t hipDeviceDisablePeerAccess(int peerDeviceId);
  • hipError_t hipMemcpyPeer(void* dst, int dstDeviceId, const void* src, int srcDeviceId, size_t sizeBytes);
  • hipError_t hipMemcpyPeerAsync(void* dst, int dstDeviceId, const void* src, int srcDevice, size_t sizeBytes, hipStream_t stream __dparm(0));
PROFILER Not implemented
  • hipError_t hipProfilerStart();
  • hipError_t hipProfilerStop();
API CALLBACKs Not implemented
  • hipError_t hipRegisterApiCallback(uint32_t id, void* fun, void* arg);
  • hipError_t hipRemoveApiCallback(uint32_t id);
  • hipError_t hipRegisterActivityCallback(uint32_t id, void* fun, void* arg);
  • hipError_t hipRemoveActivityCallback(uint32_t id);
TEXTURES not implemented