Selenium 2.0 bindings for Perl
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README.pod

NAME

WebDriver::Tiny - Selenium 2.0 bindings for Perl

SYNOPSIS

use WebDriver::Tiny;

my $drv = WebDriver::Tiny->new;

# Go to Google.
$drv->get('https://www.google.co.uk');

# Type into the search box 'p', 'e', 'r', 'l', <RETURN>.
$drv->('input[name=q]')->send_keys("perl\N{WD_RETURN}");

# Click the first perl result (perl.org).
$drv->('h3.r > a')->click;

# Save a screenshot of the page.
$drv->screenshot('/tmp/perl.org.png');

DESCRIPTION

Selenium automates browsers. That's it! What you do with that power is entirely up to you. Primarily, it is for automating web applications for testing purposes, but is certainly not limited to just that. Boring web-based administration tasks can (and should!) also be automated as well.

Selenium has the support of some of the largest browser vendors who have taken (or are taking) steps to make Selenium a native part of their browser. It is also the core technology in countless other browser automation tools, APIs and frameworks.

http://www.seleniumhq.org

WARNING: The API of this module is unstable and may change without warning (any change will be appropriately documented in the changelog).

USAGE

The usage of this module varies greatly depending on which backend your're targetting, below are some examples:

ChromeDriver

my $drv = WebDriver::Tiny->new(
    capabilities => { chromeOptions => { binary => '/usr/bin/google-chrome' } },
    port         => 9515,
);

geckodriver

On the command line:

geckodriver

In Perl code:

my $drv = WebDriver::Tiny->new(
    capabilities => { 'moz:firefoxOptions' => { args => ['-headless'] } },
    port         => 4444,
);

PhantomJS

On the command line:

phantomjs -w

In Perl code:

my $drv = WebDriver::Tiny->new( port => 8910 );

Selenium

my $drv = WebDriver::Tiny->new(
    capabilities => { browserName => 'firefox' },
    path         => '/wd/hub',
    port         => 4444,
);

IMPORT

This module imports custom charnames for sending keys that would otherwise be hard to represent in text. Each code point falls inside the Unicode Private Use Area (U+E000–U+F8FF), and are as follows:

  • WD_NULL

  • WD_CANCEL

  • WD_HELP

  • WD_BACK_SPACE

  • WD_TAB

  • WD_CLEAR

  • WD_RETURN

  • WD_ENTER

  • WD_SHIFT

  • WD_CONTROL

  • WD_ALT

  • WD_PAUSE

  • WD_ESCAPE

  • WD_SPACE

  • WD_PAGE_UP

  • WD_PAGE_DOWN

  • WD_END

  • WD_HOME

  • WD_ARROW_LEFT

  • WD_ARROW_UP

  • WD_ARROW_RIGHT

  • WD_ARROW_DOWN

  • WD_INSERT

  • WD_DELETE

  • WD_SEMICOLON

  • WD_EQUALS

  • WD_NUMPAD0

  • WD_NUMPAD1

  • WD_NUMPAD2

  • WD_NUMPAD3

  • WD_NUMPAD4

  • WD_NUMPAD5

  • WD_NUMPAD6

  • WD_NUMPAD7

  • WD_NUMPAD8

  • WD_NUMPAD9

  • WD_MULTIPLY

  • WD_ADD

  • WD_SEPARATOR

  • WD_SUBTRACT

  • WD_DECIMAL

  • WD_DIVIDE

  • WD_F1

  • WD_F2

  • WD_F3

  • WD_F4

  • WD_F5

  • WD_F6

  • WD_F7

  • WD_F8

  • WD_F9

  • WD_F10

  • WD_F11

  • WD_F12

  • WD_META

  • WD_COMMAND

  • WD_ZENKAKU_HANKAKU

METHODS

Driver

new

my $drv = WebDriver::Tiny->new(
    base_url => ...,
    host     => 'localhost',
    port     => 4444,
);

Constructs an instance of this class.

base_url

my $base_url = $drv->base_url;

$drv->base_url($base_url);

Accessor to get/set the base_url after instantiation.

Actions

find

my @array_of_elements $drv->find('.class');

my $elements = $drv->find( '#id', %args );

Return a collection of matched elements found in the DOM based on passed argument(s). Always returns a collection of WebDriver::Tiny::Elements (sometimes containing no elements), in list context it will return an array of collections, each containing one element.

Due to find being the most common method invoked, the method name can be dropped altogether like so:

$drv->('#foo');
$drv->('.bar');

Accepts a mandatory selector parameter and zero or more of the following key/value options:

dies

Whether find dies if it fails to find any elements. Defaults to true.

method

The matching pattern to use with the given selector - css, ecmascript, link_text, partial_link_text, or xpath. Defaults to 'css'.

sleep

How long to sleep before a reattempt of an unsuccessful match. Defaults to 0.1 seconds.

tries

Maximum number of attempts to try and find a match. Defaults to 5.

Alerts

alert_accept

$drv->alert_accept;

alert_dismiss

$drv->alert_dismiss;

alert_text

my $text = $drv->alert_text;

Cookies

# Get cookie "foo".
my $cookie = $drv->cookie('foo');

# Set cookie "foo".
$drv->cookie( foo => 'value' );

# Or
$drv->cookie(
    foo      => 'value',
    domain   => 'example.com',
    expires  => 123,
    httponly => 0,
    secure   => 1,
);
# Delete all cookies.
$drv->cookie_delete;

# Delete cookie "foo".
$drv->cookie_delete('foo');

# Delete cookie "bar", and "baz".
$drv->cookie_delete(qw/bar baz/);

cookies

# Get a hashref of all cookies.
my $cookies = $drv->cookies;

JavaScript

js

my $return = $drv->js('return "foo"');

js_async

my $return = $drv->js_async(<<'JS');
    let callback = arguments[0];

    callback("bar");
JS

Navigation

back

$drv->back;

forward

$drv->forward;

get

$drv->get($url);

refresh

$drv->refresh;

Properties

capabilities

Hash of the capabilities of the current session.

html

Get the source code of the current page.

orientation

my $orientation = $drv->orientation;

$drv->orientation($orientation);

status

my $status = $drv->status;

title

my $title = $drv->title;

url

my $url = $drv->url;

Get the URL of the current page.

user_agent

my $user_agent = $drv->user_agent;

Window Management

screenshot

my $png_blob = $drv->screenshot;

$drv->screenshot('/tmp/foo.png');

window

my $handle = $drv->window;

windows

my $handles = $drv->windows;

window_close

$drv->window_close;

Close the current window.

window_fullscreen

$drv->window_fullscreen;

window_maximize

$drv->window_maximize;              # Maximize current window.
$drv->window_maximize('current');   # Same as above.
$drv->window_maximize('foo');       # Maximize window "foo".

window_position

The following get the window's position, returning a list of x and y.

my ( $x, $y ) = $drv->window_position;              # Get position of current window.
my ( $x, $y ) = $drv->window_position('current');   # Same as above.
my ( $x, $y ) = $drv->window_position('foo');       # Get position of window "foo".

The following set the window's position, returning $self to allow chaining.

$drv->window_position( $x, $y );                    # Set position of current window.
$drv->window_position( current => $x, $y );         # Same as above.
$drv->window_position( foo     => $x, $y );         # Set position of window "foo".

window_size

The following get the window's size, returning a list of width and height.

my ( $w, $h ) = $drv->window_size;                  # Get size of current window.
my ( $w, $h ) = $drv->window_size('current');       # Same as above.
my ( $w, $h ) = $drv->window_size('foo');           # Get size of window "foo".

The following set the window's size, returning $self to allow chaining.

$drv->window_size( $w, $h );                        # Set size of current window.
$drv->window_size( current => $w, $h );             # Same as above.
$drv->window_size( foo     => $w, $h );             # Set size of window "foo".

window_switch

$drv->window_switch($handle);

SEE ALSO

Selenium::Remote::Driver

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright © 2018 CV-Library Ltd.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.