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=encoding UTF-8

=head1 NAME

WebDriver::Tiny - Selenium 2.0 bindings for Perl

=for html
<a href=>
    <img src=>
<a href=>
    <img src=>
<a href=>
    <img src=>
<a href=>
    <img src=>


 use WebDriver::Tiny;

 my $drv = WebDriver::Tiny->new;

 # Go to Google.

 # Type into the search box 'p', 'e', 'r', 'l', <RETURN>.

 # Click the first perl result (
 $drv->('h3.r > a')->click;

 # Save a screenshot of the page.


Selenium automates browsers. That's it! What you do with that power is
entirely up to you. Primarily, it is for automating web applications for
testing purposes, but is certainly not limited to just that. Boring web-based
administration tasks can (and should!) also be automated as well.

Selenium has the support of some of the largest browser vendors who have taken
(or are taking) steps to make Selenium a native part of their browser. It is
also the core technology in countless other browser automation tools, APIs and


B<WARNING>: The API of this module is unstable and may change without warning
(any change will be appropriately documented in the changelog).

=head1 USAGE

The usage of this module varies greatly depending on which backend your're
targetting, below are some examples:

=head2 ChromeDriver

 my $drv = WebDriver::Tiny->new(
     capabilities => { chromeOptions => { binary => '/usr/bin/google-chrome' } },
     port         => 9515,

=head2 geckodriver

On the command line:


In Perl code:

 my $drv = WebDriver::Tiny->new(
     capabilities => { 'moz:firefoxOptions' => { args => ['-headless'] } },
     port         => 4444,

=head2 PhantomJS

On the command line:

 phantomjs -w

In Perl code:

 my $drv = WebDriver::Tiny->new( port => 8910 );

=head2 Selenium

 my $drv = WebDriver::Tiny->new(
     capabilities => { browserName => 'firefox' },
     path         => '/wd/hub',
     port         => 4444,

=head1 IMPORT

This module imports L<custom charnames|charnames/CUSTOM_ALIASES> for sending
keys that would otherwise be hard to represent in text. Each code point falls
inside the Unicode Private Use Area (U+E000–U+F8FF), and are as follows:


=item * WD_NULL

=item * WD_CANCEL

=item * WD_HELP


=item * WD_TAB

=item * WD_CLEAR

=item * WD_RETURN

=item * WD_ENTER

=item * WD_SHIFT

=item * WD_CONTROL

=item * WD_ALT

=item * WD_PAUSE

=item * WD_ESCAPE

=item * WD_SPACE

=item * WD_PAGE_UP

=item * WD_PAGE_DOWN

=item * WD_END

=item * WD_HOME


=item * WD_ARROW_UP



=item * WD_INSERT

=item * WD_DELETE


=item * WD_EQUALS

=item * WD_NUMPAD0

=item * WD_NUMPAD1

=item * WD_NUMPAD2

=item * WD_NUMPAD3

=item * WD_NUMPAD4

=item * WD_NUMPAD5

=item * WD_NUMPAD6

=item * WD_NUMPAD7

=item * WD_NUMPAD8

=item * WD_NUMPAD9


=item * WD_ADD



=item * WD_DECIMAL

=item * WD_DIVIDE

=item * WD_F1

=item * WD_F2

=item * WD_F3

=item * WD_F4

=item * WD_F5

=item * WD_F6

=item * WD_F7

=item * WD_F8

=item * WD_F9

=item * WD_F10

=item * WD_F11

=item * WD_F12

=item * WD_META

=item * WD_COMMAND



=head1 METHODS

=head2 Driver

=head3 new

 my $drv = WebDriver::Tiny->new(
     base_url => ...,
     host     => 'localhost',
     port     => 4444,

Constructs an instance of this class.

=head3 base_url

 my $base_url = $drv->base_url;


Accessor to get/set the C<base_url> after instantiation.

=head2 Actions

=head3 find

 my @array_of_elements $drv->find('.class');

 my $elements = $drv->find( '#id', %args );

Return a collection of matched elements found in the DOM based on passed
argument(s). Always returns a collection of L<WebDriver::Tiny::Elements> (sometimes
containing no elements), in list context it will return an array of
collections, each containing one element.

Due to C<find> being the most common method invoked, the method name can be
dropped altogether like so:


Accepts a mandatory selector parameter and zero or more of the following
key/value options:


=item dies

Whether C<find> dies if it fails to find any elements. Defaults to true.

=item method

The matching pattern to use with the given selector - css, ecmascript,
link_text, partial_link_text, or xpath. Defaults to 'css'.

=item sleep

How long to sleep before a reattempt of an unsuccessful match. Defaults to 0.1

=item tries

Maximum number of attempts to try and find a match. Defaults to 5.


=head2 Alerts

=head3 alert_accept


=head3 alert_dismiss


=head3 alert_text

 my $text = $drv->alert_text;

=head2 Cookies

=head3 cookie

 # Get cookie "foo".
 my $cookie = $drv->cookie('foo');

 # Set cookie "foo".
 $drv->cookie( foo => 'value' );

 # Or
     foo      => 'value',
     domain   => '',
     expires  => 123,
     httponly => 0,
     secure   => 1,

=head3 cookie_delete

 # Delete all cookies.

 # Delete cookie "foo".

 # Delete cookie "bar", and "baz".
 $drv->cookie_delete(qw/bar baz/);

=head3 cookies

 # Get a hashref of all cookies.
 my $cookies = $drv->cookies;

=head2 JavaScript

=head3 js

 my $return = $drv->js('return "foo"');

=head3 js_async

 my $return = $drv->js_async(<<'JS');
     let callback = arguments[0];


=head2 Navigation

=head3 back


=head3 forward


=head3 get


=head3 refresh


=head2 Properties

=head3 capabilities

Hash of the capabilities of the current session.

=head3 html

Get the source code of the current page.

=head3 orientation

 my $orientation = $drv->orientation;


=head3 status

 my $status = $drv->status;

=head3 title

 my $title = $drv->title;

=head3 url

 my $url = $drv->url;

Get the URL of the current page.

=head3 user_agent

 my $user_agent = $drv->user_agent;

=head2 Window Management

=head3 screenshot

 my $png_blob = $drv->screenshot;


=head3 window

 my $handle = $drv->window;

=head3 windows

 my $handles = $drv->windows;

=head3 window_close


Close the current window.

=head3 window_fullscreen


=head3 window_maximize

 $drv->window_maximize;              # Maximize current window.
 $drv->window_maximize('current');   # Same as above.
 $drv->window_maximize('foo');       # Maximize window "foo".

=head3 window_rect

The following gets the current window's size and position, returning a hashref with keys for C<width> and C<height> and coordinates C<x> and C<y>.

 my $window = $drv->window_rect; # Get size and position of current window.

The following sets the current window's size and position, returning C<$self> to allow chaining.

 $drv->window_rect( 640, 480, 10, 20 ); # Set size and position of current window.

=head3 window_switch


=head1 SEE ALSO



Copyright © 2018 CV-Library Ltd.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the
same terms as Perl itself.


Selenium 2.0 bindings for Perl



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