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max 1 site... support visiting multiple superdomains in one test #944

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jukefr opened this issue Nov 21, 2017 · 198 comments
Open

max 1 site... support visiting multiple superdomains in one test #944

jukefr opened this issue Nov 21, 2017 · 198 comments

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@jukefr
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@jukefr jukefr commented Nov 21, 2017

"One thing you may notice though is that Cypress still enforces
visiting a single superdomain with cy.visit().
This is an artificial limitation (and one that can be removed).
You should open an issue and tell us what you’re trying to do!"
- https://docs.cypress.io/guides/guides/web-security.html#Disabling-Web-Security
I was trying to get a quick script to press an update button on 500 of our domains.

Maybe you could document a way for us to remove this limit without having to open an issue to have the core functioning of the app changed ? Maybe allow passing an argument when running the app.

@brian-mann
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@brian-mann brian-mann commented Nov 21, 2017

Yeah, it can be done. Quick question - is there any reason you need a browser to load up 500 different domains and click a button?

Wouldn't it be much much easier to just use cy.request or another programatic means to accomplish this?

For instance, what does clicking the button do? Send an HTTP request is my guess. So instead of using the UI, just send the HTTP request directly using cy.request. Same result, 100x faster, and no domain issues.

Any additional information about your use case would be helpful.

@ejoubaud
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@ejoubaud ejoubaud commented Apr 11, 2018

Just jumping in to say that I have a use-case where I need to load several sites in the same test (not 500, 2 will do for a test).

I'm testing a browser extension that will show a modal (via a content script) on several sites that you can whitelist in its settings. The extension uses a global timer (via its background tab) to synchronise the extension's behaviour across different sites/tabs/link clicks/refreshes (it persists a countdown as you browse those various whitelisted sites, among other things). Because of this restriction, I can't test that the synchronisation works when the sites I visit are on different domains.

I can't just make a cy.request because I need Chrome to load the page, then load the extension's contentscript on it, then assert that the contentscript shows the modal and that its content is coherent with the cross-tab synchronisation I expect to happen.

@MaxwellGBrown
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@MaxwellGBrown MaxwellGBrown commented May 8, 2018

Wouldn't it be much much easier to just use cy.request or another programatic means to accomplish this?

To me the issue is that it is more work to simulate the requests than it is to have Cypress fill in a form.

That and it deviates too far from the User flow that my users would be experiencing.

@alovato88
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@alovato88 alovato88 commented Jun 14, 2018

This is an applicable issue for my organization's test code. We recently implemented OKTA, which requires you to go to a super domain to authenticate then route to the super domain that is going to be tested. When I use "cy.visit()" after authenticating, all authentication data will be wiped out and Cypress will attempt to authenticate the same exact way again, causing either a sid or cross domain error. Due to this issue, we are about to drop Cypress all together and move back to Selenium.

@brian-mann
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@brian-mann brian-mann commented Jun 14, 2018

@alovato88 if you switched to using cy.request to programmatically log in to receive your token, everything would just work. We have multiple recipes showcasing this.

@MaxwellGBrown we've been down this rabbit hole many times with many different user feedback and the answer is always the same - you can test your login page in isolation away from the main app once, and then use cy.request to programmatically use it afterwards. You get the benefit of "really testing it like a user" and then once that is done you get no further benefit.

Just visit the OTHER domain in the test and log in. You could even stub the network request if you wanted to prevent the 3rd party server from redirecting you. Once you do that, then use cy.request to programmatically receive the token and then START with the token in hand visiting your real app. Just set the token directly in cookies or localstorage and your app will "start" logged in.

There are many other issues in here in which I've commented providing different approaches and work arounds you all may find useful.

Our best practices cover this pretty in depth, and I've even given a talk about this subject and provide real world examples of how to approach this problem.

@ejoubaud You can do this in Cypress - simply visit the domains in different tests, not the same test. As long as you don't visit two different super domains in one test it will all just work. Visit one super domain, test your extension, and then in a separate test visit a different one and test your extension in there.

@alovato88
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@alovato88 alovato88 commented Jun 22, 2018

@brian-mann Where can I find any of these showcased recipes?

@brian-mann
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@brian-mann brian-mann commented Jun 23, 2018

@dchambers
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@dchambers dchambers commented Jun 28, 2018

I think I have a good use case for this. We're migrating from a monolithic Ruby on Rails app, to micro-services on the back-ends and user-type differentiated front-ends. Our new front-ends are React SPAs, and one of them is way too big to replace at once, so for some app routes we just display the original page within an iframe whereas for others we're using React components to render those routes.

At present I can't write tests that exercise new and old at the same time. I'm presently working around this by putting every test in its own file, but this is far from ideal.

@e-e-e
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@e-e-e e-e-e commented Jul 16, 2018

We also require this functionality to test a third party integration

@tobocop
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@tobocop tobocop commented Aug 1, 2018

I would love to be able to visit multiple domains. My use case is testing the integration between a front end site and a backend admin. There are certainly ways around not visiting multiple domains, however locally they are only running on different ports (3000, and 3001). There certainly are work arounds:

  1. Using cy.request. I could do this however I'd be making requests to the backend api to seed users and make changes. If the API shape changes now my integration suite changes as does my application code. It seems like a strange coupling that I'd rather not have
  2. Setting up a local apache to forward subdomains to the ports. Again. totally possible, however more complicated dev machine setup is something I'd rather avoid, especially since the different is only on port number and not on the hostname.
@duncan-bayne
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@duncan-bayne duncan-bayne commented Aug 17, 2018

This is an absolute blocker for my current client. They have built a solution that integrates several SaaS systems including Salesforce, and need to be able to test side-effects in integrated systems. For example, that registering in the Web front-end causes a lead to be created in Salesforce.

We too will have to abandon Cypress for Selenium, despite significant enthusiasm for Cypress, if this use case can't be addressed.

Update: maybe not ... we are able to subsequently test state on the SaaS system in a second context, and reset it in a third. Something of a hack though.

@jukefr
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@jukefr jukefr commented Aug 17, 2018

As this has not been addressed properly for almost a year, I would advise (only my opinion) people who think Cypress is too restrictive to simply use Puppeteer directly (with a framework like Jest if needed).

Same result but with tools that are actively maintained and improved upon.

@Zerqd

This comment was marked as off-topic.

@marklagendijk
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@marklagendijk marklagendijk commented Nov 15, 2018

This limitation is a blocker for us as well.

I thought I might be able to overcome this limitation by being a bit creative. I tried the following solutions without success:

Workaround attempt 1 - Use a custom proxy to remove security headers
For starters I set chromeWebSecurity to false.
This didn't help me because the external application I wanted to use sent back an x-frame-options header. I found out that Cypress does remove these for the Application Under Test (AUT), but not for external applications.

To solve this I created a proxy which would remove these headers, and passed this proxy to Cypress using environment variables:

const fs = require('fs');
const hoxy = require('hoxy');

const hostname = 'localhost';
const port = process.argv[2];

createProxy(hostname, port);
console.log(`Started proxy on ${hostname}:${port}`);

function createProxy(hostname, port) {
  const proxy = hoxy
    .createServer({
      certAuthority: {
        key: fs.readFileSync(`${__dirname}/ca/selfsigned-ca.key.pem`),
        cert: fs.readFileSync(`${__dirname}/ca/selfsigned-ca.crt.pem`)
      }
    })
    .listen(port, hostname);

  proxy.intercept({ phase: 'response' }, removeSecurityHeaders);
}

function removeSecurityHeaders(request, response) {
  console.log(request.fullUrl());
  delete response.headers['x-frame-options'];
}

Passing it to Cypress: HTTPS_PROXY=http://localhost:8080 HTTP_PROXY=http://localhost:8080 https_proxy=http://localhost:8080 http_proxy=http://localhost:8080 cypress open.

Requests where passing through my proxy, but it still didn't work. After a while I found out that only the requests for the AUT where passing though the proxy.
Later I also found out that Cypress uses a proxy itself, so combining this with a custom proxy probably wouldn't work well.

Workaround attempt 2 - Load Chrome extension to remove security headers
My second attempt was to load a Chrome extension which would remove those nasty headers.
I added chrome-ext-downloader to my package.json so it would download the extension.

{
  "scripts": {
    "download-extension": "ced gleekbfjekiniecknbkamfmkohkpodhe extensions/ignore-x-frame-headers"
  },
  "dependencies": {
    "chrome-ext-downloader": "^1.0.4",
  }
}

And loaded the extension via plugins/index.js

const path = require('path');

module.exports = (on, config) => {
  on('before:browser:launch', (browser = {}, args) => {
    console.log(config, browser, args);
    if (browser.name === 'chrome') {
      const ignoreXFrameHeadersExtension = path.join(__dirname, '../extensions/ignore-x-frame-headers');
      args.push(args.push(`--load-extension=${ignoreXFrameHeadersExtension}`));
    }
    return args;
  });
};

With this the external page did load. However, Cypress didn't work on that page. Apparently Cypress uses the proxy to inject itself into the page.

Conclusion
With the current version of Cypress it seems to be impossible to get it to work with multiple super domains. Creativity doesn't seem to help.
To solve this, it should be solved in Cypress itself.

Now let's discuss this.
I would say there are definitely e2e test use cases that require this.
Granted, in some cases one can use cy.request to achieve the same result as actually interacting with the extra domain.
When you are testing a SPA, you can either go with the cy.request solution, or just mock the whole backend.

Things are different when you want to test the integration between different applications. If testing such integrations is the main focus of your tests, you need support for multiple super domains. Often such integrations include more complicated flows such as: application1 => third party application1 => application2 => third party application 2 => application1.

Now one can argue that Cypress just isn't meant for use cases like this. Especially if there is a technical limitation which is nearly impossible to overcome.

What I am currently missing in this discussion is an explanation on what this technical limitation is. Why does Cypress currently support only one super domain? What would be needed to support multiple? Would implementing that make Cypress a lot more complex? Or would it be, just a lot of work?

Related:

@jennifer-shehane jennifer-shehane changed the title max 1 site... max 1 site... add ability to visit multiple superdomains in one test Nov 28, 2018
@jennifer-shehane jennifer-shehane changed the title max 1 site... add ability to visit multiple superdomains in one test max 1 site... support visiting multiple superdomains in one test Nov 28, 2018
@suchipi
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@suchipi suchipi commented Dec 5, 2018

Here's a hacky workaround:

Cypress.Commands.add('forceVisit', url => {
  cy.get('body').then(body$ => {
    const appWindow = body$[0].ownerDocument.defaultView;
    const appIframe = appWindow.parent.document.querySelector('iframe');

    // We return a promise here because we don't want to
    // continue from this command until the new page is
    // loaded.
    return new Promise(resolve => {
      appIframe.onload = () => resolve();
      appWindow.location = url;
    });
  });
});
@oliver3
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@oliver3 oliver3 commented Dec 5, 2018

Hi @suchipi this looked like a promising workaround! But unfortunately the x-frame-options issue still remains for us...

Refused to display 'https://*****' in a frame because it set 'X-Frame-Options' to 'deny'.
@MickaelTH
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@MickaelTH MickaelTH commented Jan 3, 2019

Tested this with hope it will work, it is already an improvement sa it seems to load the page in the promise but then:

Refused to display 'https://****'' in a frame because it set 'X-Frame-Options' to 'sameorigin'.

Will watch this post for updates.

@dirtyhenry
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@dirtyhenry dirtyhenry commented Jan 4, 2019

Let me present the use-case I need to visit 2 domains for, to bring in my 2 cents on this issue.

  • I have a back-office app (say localhost:8000), where people from our staff need to validate identity of users;
  • I have a user-facing app (say localhost:8001), where our users can digitally sign a contract once they were authentified.

This is the TL;DR version of our onboarding workflow. It is very collaborative between our users and our back-office, and it doesn't make sense to test one without the other.

Programming this via cy.request would cost much more in terms of maintenance than what we're doing now ie creating multiple specs called something-a, something-b, that are supposed to run one after another. Every step requiring to switch what app is being used needs a new subspec.

Maybe things running on localhost with different port numbers could be considered the same domain to make most developers from this thread happy? (ie we get out of the "3rd party" argument)

For the record, we tried to use subdomains to address this. It worked fine on developers' environment but it turned out to be very difficult to build in a CI pipeline, in terms of complexity and pipeline time.

@Joelasaur
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@Joelasaur Joelasaur commented Jan 17, 2019

I have this in my cypress.json

{
  "baseUrl": "https://my-website.com",
  "chromeWebSecurity": false
}

but I'm still getting this error:

CypressError: Cypress detected a cross origin error happened on page load:

Blocked a frame with origin "https://my-website.com" from accessing a cross-origin frame.

Before the page load, you were bound to the origin policy:

https://my-other-website.com

A cross origin error happens when your application navigates to a new superdomain which does not match the origin policy above.

This typically happens in one of three ways:

  1. You clicked an that routed you outside of your application
  2. You submitted a form and your server redirected you outside of your application
  3. You used a javascript redirect to a page outside of your application

Cypress does not allow you to change superdomains within a single test.

You may need to restructure some of your test code to avoid this problem.

Alternatively you can also disable Chrome Web Security which will turn off this restriction by setting { chromeWebSecurity: false } in your 'cypress.json' file.

https://on.cypress.io/cross-origin-violation

Any ideas as to why explicitly disabling chromeWebSecurity doesn't work?

@dayvidwhy
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@dayvidwhy dayvidwhy commented Jan 27, 2019

Is there a reason cypress suggests changing this config property but it doesn't work?

My current workaround is to have separate tests visit the different domains. It works because during dev I have a dummy server keeping up with requests made from the different origins.

describe("Do stuff on one site then visit another and check it worked", () => {
    it("Can open the first site and do some things", () => {
        cy.visit("localhost:8080");
        // do stuff that sends data to a dev server running on another port on localhost
    });

    it("Can see the results in the other place", () => {
        cy.visit("localhost:8888");
        // validate my things went good
    });
});

Test names and descriptions are vague on purpose.

It's not best practices since my tests have to be run sequentially and depend on the previous, but it's helped me test my workflow better.

@TheDutchCoder
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@TheDutchCoder TheDutchCoder commented Dec 22, 2020

I'm not sure why the team is not responding to this issue, but I do have a status update: they're working on this as a feature in the roadmap: https://docs.cypress.io/guides/references/roadmap.html#Upcoming-features

I asked them to communicate this back to the community before, I'm not sure why they haven't, but they are working on it.

Hope that helps!

@paolarosanarodrigues
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@paolarosanarodrigues paolarosanarodrigues commented Dec 22, 2020

I'm not sure why the team is not responding to this issue, but I do have a status update: they're working on this as a feature in the roadmap: https://docs.cypress.io/guides/references/roadmap.html#Upcoming-features

I asked them to communicate this back to the community before, I'm not sure why they haven't, but they are working on it.

Hope that helps!

I'm not sure why the team is not responding to this issue, but I do have a status update: they're working on this as a feature in the roadmap: https://docs.cypress.io/guides/references/roadmap.html#Upcoming-features

I asked them to communicate this back to the community before, I'm not sure why they haven't, but they are working on it.

Hope that helps!

Thank you @TheDutchCoder !

@sandeepthukral
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@sandeepthukral sandeepthukral commented Dec 23, 2020

@alvipeo
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@alvipeo alvipeo commented Dec 25, 2020

If you want it to work right now, try this - Authentication.

@jennifer-shehane
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@jennifer-shehane jennifer-shehane commented Dec 29, 2020

Hey, thanks for all the feedback.

We are working on multi-domain support with a focus on authentication testing. Outside of authentication, we know there are other needs for multi-domain support. I just want people to be aware that our main focus is on prvoding a solution for testing authentication. This is reflected across many of the features we're currently working on - including the upcoming Sessions API.

From our product brief:

For visiting multiple domains, it's not that Cypress can't visit more than one domain; instead, Cypress doesn't allow visiting multiple domains in a single test, because doing so requires Cypress to be injected into the other domains. Since modern browsers have security measures preventing two different domains from having direct, synchronous access to each other, we would need to understand how to do this asynchronously for Cypress to best be injected.

It's important to note that what determines this project's full scope is deciding what is technically achievable to support visiting multiple domains....The Test Runner team must then spike into supporting multiple domains to determine the best course of action.

At this stage, we're writing our technical brief and will then spike into seeing which technical implementation is best. So we hope to post more updates once that work is a little bit further along.

@kellyprankin
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@kellyprankin kellyprankin commented Dec 31, 2020

Super excited for this. Thank you @jennifer-shehane

@siparsons
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@siparsons siparsons commented Jan 4, 2021

For us the use case is simple (in my head anyway) and requires a full and complete handoff from one domain to another, not simultaneous support for two different sites.

Scenario: We do something in our back-office application that has an impact on the clients portal
GIVEN that a member of the team has uploaded a document in APP X
WHEN a customer logs into APP Y and views their dashboard
THEN the uploaded file is available to download

Nothing to do with Authentication, but I suspect a pretty basic and common test scenario

@kellyprankin
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@kellyprankin kellyprankin commented Jan 4, 2021

For us the use case is simple (in my head anyway) and requires a full and complete handoff from one domain to another, not simultaneous support for two different sites.

Scenario: We do something in our back-office application that has an impact on the clients portal
GIVEN that a member of the team has uploaded a document in APP X
WHEN a customer logs into APP Y and views their dashboard
THEN the uploaded file is available to download

Nothing to do with Authentication, but I suspect a pretty basic and common test scenario

I can imagine the kind of comments and push back you might get for this, but the fact is that one of the main points of e2e tests from my perspective is to make sure that SYSTEM (which may be composed of one or more applications) works for the user and in some cases that requires crossing boundaries. So yea, I agree.

@jeffrey-aguilera
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@jeffrey-aguilera jeffrey-aguilera commented Jan 20, 2021

Curious why a 3+ year old ticket with obvious user need and utility goes ignored. We are currently evaluating Cypress; and issues like this can be make-or-break it. I understand that it might be on the roadmap. If so, need official confirmation and a promised date. Silence is not acceptable for a company that is asking for money.

@alvipeo
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@alvipeo alvipeo commented Jan 20, 2021

@jennifer-shehane
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@jennifer-shehane jennifer-shehane commented Jan 21, 2021

@jeffrey-aguilera This issue is on our roadmap. I posted an update a few weeks ago on the issue.

We're doing some more discovery from our Technical Brief. I'll paste some updates from that work below.

This is a work in progress, so this may change as we move forward and/or make discoveries


Multi-domain Technical Brief excerpts

We would like to allow users to move between and write Cypress commands for multiple domains in their test. Besides generic tests for multiple domains, this enables users to authenticate in a more end-to-end fashion than is currently possible. It also lays the groundwork for supporting iframes.

We need a new API that allows switching into the context of a different domain, passing values into that domain, and retrieving values from that domain.

We also need to inject Cypress into any domain that the user visits and set up communication between the main domain and the new domain.

Technical Discovery

  1. Find examples of cross-domain scenarios and write tests that currently fail
  2. Inject Cypress into new domains
  3. Set up communication between main domain and different domain
  4. Create API for switching into domain
  5. Eval new-domain-specific code in domain
  6. Handle storing/restoring snapshots from different domain

Domain-switching API

Allows switching into a different domain in order to run Cypress tests.

const title = 'My title'
const posts = ['post 1', 'post 2']

cy.switchToDomain('domain2.com', title, posts, (title, posts) => {
  cy.on('window:before:unload', () => { })

  cy.get('.username').type('username')
  cy.get('.password').type('password')
  cy.get('button').click()
  cy.contains(title)
  Cypress._.each(posts, (post) => {
	cy.contains(post)
  })
})

Cross-domain Snapshots

In order to support cross-domain snapshots storing and restoring, we can utilize a bridge iframe.

Currently we have 2 iframes embedded in the top frame:

  • Spec
  • AUT

For cross-domain support, we can add an AUT-bridge iframe:

  • Spec (origin 1)
  • AUT-bridge (origin 2)
  • AUT (origin 2)

Knowing when we are about to navigate to a cross-origin context, the proxy can delay cross-origin HTML response until receiving an ack from the driver if it's a full page load.

@jennifer-shehane jennifer-shehane mentioned this issue Jan 21, 2021
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@Austio
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@Austio Austio commented Jan 21, 2021

@jennifer-shehane thanks for the update. One thing to consider here is the perspective that users don’t necessarily care about the concept of manually switching to a domain. More that they are able to visit a url in general and that as part of visiting cypress can follow the requests.

Would a user have to manually switch in this sort of multi domain scenario between each redirect assuming site, auth and google are different domains?

Visit a site, redirects to auth provider.
Auth provider redirects to google to get permission
Google redirects to auth
Auth redirects back to original page with an authenticated user

@Xambey
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@Xambey Xambey commented Jan 25, 2021

Recently found your wonderful tool. Perhaps I will be able to persuade the management to take it, taking into account the work on this problem

@leandro-ugioni-sofist
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@leandro-ugioni-sofist leandro-ugioni-sofist commented Jan 27, 2021

Hey people, my team have the same problem in your test suite, we need test two domains in the same test because the application redirect the user.

You have a promised date for this feature?

@alvipeo
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@alvipeo alvipeo commented Jan 28, 2021

Try Playwright.

@paolarosanarodrigues
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@paolarosanarodrigues paolarosanarodrigues commented Jan 28, 2021

@leandro-ugioni-sofist the problem was solved for the scenario when the domain changes during the login (we are using the 6.2.1 version and it already contains the fix). But I think that for other scenarios, it is not ready yet.

#944 (comment)

@cubitouch
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@cubitouch cubitouch commented Jan 29, 2021

@paolarosanarodrigues many thanks for the heads up! Could be more specific about this?

the problem was solved for the scenario

Did the Azure B2C redirections worked out without changing anything at all?
Did you implement any sort of "light" workarround to avoid that domain error?
Did you do followed an approach similar to this? https://mechanicalrock.github.io/2020/05/05/azure-ad-authentication-cypress.html

@paolarosanarodrigues
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@paolarosanarodrigues paolarosanarodrigues commented Jan 29, 2021

@paolarosanarodrigues many thanks for the heads up! Could be more specific about this?

the problem was solved for the scenario

Did the Azure B2C redirections worked out without changing anything at all?
Did you implement any sort of "light" workarround to avoid that domain error?
Did you do followed an approach similar to this? https://mechanicalrock.github.io/2020/05/05/azure-ad-authentication-cypress.html

No, we only changed for version 6.2.1 and the Cypress didn't break during the login process \o/

@cubitouch
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@cubitouch cubitouch commented Jan 29, 2021

Awesome, I'll probably give it a go soon (we are currently on Azure B2C too)! Thanks for the feedback, much appreciated :)

@ana-sofist
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@ana-sofist ana-sofist commented Feb 1, 2021

Hey guys, I would like to log in to an application using facebook, but as it is necessary to interact with facebook window, cypress couldn't interact with, someone has an alternative?

@alvipeo
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@alvipeo alvipeo commented Feb 1, 2021

@ana-sofist Try Playwright.

@miguel10m10
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@miguel10m10 miguel10m10 commented Feb 5, 2021

Any update on this? We need this to visit two or more domains in the same test, it's very very important to us

@jennifer-shehane
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@jennifer-shehane jennifer-shehane commented Feb 9, 2021

@miguel10m10 Yes, please see #944 (comment) for most recent updates.

@pianeer
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@pianeer pianeer commented Feb 22, 2021

@jennifer-shehane Thanks a lot for working on this. Can't tell you how useful this feature will be. We currently have to manually run tests for Apple or Google Authentication flows on our pages and would love to automate this via Cypress asap.

@MuckT
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@MuckT MuckT commented Mar 1, 2021

Using @dudziakm solution. @jeremyimmanuel how does this fail?

Cypress.Commands.add('forceVisit', url => {
  cy.window().then(win => {
    return win.open(url, '_self');
  });
});
/// <reference types="cypress" />

context('Force Visit', () => {
  it('should be able to visit and assert on two domains', () => {
    cy.forceVisit('https://example.cypress.io');
    cy.title().should('eq', 'Cypress.io: Kitchen Sink');
    cy.forceVisit('https://www.linkedin.com/company/cypress.io/');
    cy.title().should('eq', 'Cypress.io | LinkedIn');
  })
});
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