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README.md

Build Status Maven Central

Reactive Consul

This project is a Consul client for Scala. It uses non-blocking I/O to communicate with a Consul cluster. You can use the ServiceBroker to get out of the box support for automatic-clustering, loadbalancing and failover or you can use the low-level ConsulHttpClient.

Releases

0.3.0

  • Multiple connectionStrategies are now allowed per named service so that they can be distinguished between by tags

0.2.1

  • Fixed the POM having an unwanted dependencies

0.2.0

  • Supports Scala 2.12
  • Uses akka-http instead of Spray, reducing the amount of dependencies (thanks David Buschman)
  • Uses native JDK 8 base64, reducing the amount of dependencies (thanks David Buschman)
  • Bootstrapping the library with SRV record is now an extra dependency (thanks David Buschman)

Requirements

  • Java 8
  • Scala 2.11 or 2.12

Adding it to your project

Reactive Consul is available via Maven Central, simply add it to your SBT build:

libraryDependencies += "nl.stormlantern" %% "reactive-consul" % "0.3.0"

If you want to use a development snapshots, use the Sonatype Snapshot Repository. Add the following lines to your SBT build:

resolvers ++= Seq(
  "Sonatype Snapshots" at "https://oss.sonatype.org/content/repositories/snapshots/"
)

libraryDependencies += "nl.stormlantern" %% "reactive-consul" % "0.4.0-SNAPSHOT"

Using the ServiceBroker

The ServiceBroker can be used as follows:

import stormlantern.consul.client.ServiceBroker

val serviceBroker = ServiceBroker("localhost", connectionStrategies)

val result = serviceBroker.withService("<service_key>") { myServiceConnection =>
  myServiceConnection.getData()
}

connectionStrategies are discussed in the next section.

Creating a ConnectionStrategy

A connection strategy can optionally encapsulate connectionpooling and provides loadbalancing but it can be really straightforward, especially if underlying services do most of the work for you.

Example for MongoDB using Casbah

The following example will create a connection strategy for connecting to MongoDB. MongoDB manages replication and sharding for you and will automatically route your query to the right instance, but you will have to connect to a node first. Consul can help you keep track of these.

import stormlantern.consul.client.discovery.ConnectionProvider
import stormlantern.consul.client.discovery.ConnectionStrategy
import stormlantern.consul.client.ServiceBroker

import com.mongodb.casbah.Imports._

val mongoConnectionProvider = (host: String, port: Int) => new ConnectionProvider {
  val client = new MongoClient(host, port)
  override def getConnection: Future[Any] = Future.successful(client)
}
val mongoConnectionStrategy = ConnectionStrategy("mongodb", mongoConnectionProvider)
val serviceBroker = ServiceBroker("consul-http", Set(mongoConnectionStrategy))

This example assumes that you have Consul available through DNS and that you have registered Consul's HTTP interface under the service name "consul-http" and your MongoDB instances as "mongodb".

Instead of passing the full serviceBroker to your MongoDB DAO implementation you could declare your DAO implementations as a trait and then have them implement to following trait:

trait MongoDbService {  
  def withService[T]: (MongoClient => Future[T]) => Future[T] 
}

Then your MongoDB DAO implementations can be instantated as such:

val myMongoDAO = new MyMongoDAO {
  def withService[T] = serviceBroker.withService[MongoClient, T]("mongodb")     
}

Or, more traditionally:

class MongoDbServiceProvider(serviceBroker: ServiceBroker) {
    def withService[T] = serviceBroker.withService[MongoClient, T]("mongodb")
}

and pass an instance of it to your MongoDB DAO implementation.

Example for Postgres using c3p0 connection pooling

The following example will create a connection strategy for connecting to Postgres. This example assumes a setup with one master and two replication servers. Consul can help you keep track of these.

import stormlantern.consul.client.discovery.ConnectionProvider
import stormlantern.consul.client.discovery.ConnectionStrategy
import stormlantern.consul.client.ServiceBroker

import scala.concurrent.Future
import java.sql.Connection
import com.mchange.v2.c3p0._


val c3p0ConnectionProvider = (host: String, port: Int) => new ConnectionProvider {
  val pool = {
    val cpds = new ComboPooledDataSource()
    cpds.setDriverClass("org.postgresql.Driver")            
    cpds.setJdbcUrl(s"jdbc:postgresql://$host:$port/mydb")
    cpds.setUser("dbuser")                                  
    cpds.setPassword("dbpassword")
    cpds
  }
  override def getConnection: Future[Any] = Future.successful(pool.getConnection())
  override def returnConnection(connectionHolder: ConnectionHolder): Unit = 
    connectionHolder.connection.foreach(_.asInstanceOf[Connection].close())
  override def destroy(): Unit = pool.close()
}

val postgresReadConnectionStrategy = ConnectionStrategy(
  ServiceDefinition("postgres-read", "postgres")), 
  c3p0ConnectionProvider,
  new RoundRobinLoadBalancer
)
val postgresWriteConnectionStrategy = ConnectionStrategy(
  ServiceDefinition("postgres-write", "postgres", Set("master"), 
  c3p0ConnectionProvider
  new RoundRobinLoadBalancer  
)
val serviceBroker = ServiceBroker("consul-http", Set(postgresReadConnectionStrategy, postgresWriteConnectionStrategy))

This example assumes that you have Consul available through DNS and that you have registered Consul's HTTP interface under the service name "consul-http", your Postgres instances as "postgres" and your Postgres master is tagged as "master". Consul's tag support is used to identify the postgres master, all writes are sent to it. Reads can go to any postgres instance.

Now you can connect to your database using:

class PostgresServiceProvider(serviceBroker: ServiceBroker) {
    def withReadingConnection[T] = serviceBroker.withService[Connection, T]("postgres")
    def withWritingConnection[T] = serviceBroker.withService[Connection, T]("postgres-master")
}

class MyDao(connectionProvider: PostgresServiceProvider) {
  def findStuff(name: String): Future[Option[Stuff]]] = {
    connectionProvider.withReadingConnection { c  =>
      Future.successful {
        c.doSqlStuff()
      }
    }
  }
}

val myDao = new MyDao(new PostgresService(serviceBroker))
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