Lightweight immutable helper that allows you to continue working with POJO (Plain Old JavaScript Object)
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Paul Li
Latest commit cc50511 Aug 25, 2018

README.md

immutable-assign (iassign.js)

Lightweight immutable helper that allows you to continue working with POJO (Plain Old JavaScript Object), and supports full TypeScript type checking for nested objects.

NPM version Build Status coverage status

Sauce Test Status

Demo

This library is trying to solve following problems:

  • Most immutable JavaScript libraries try to encapsulate the data and provide proprietary APIs to work with the data. They are more verbose than normal JavaScript syntax. E.g., map1.get('b') vs map1.b, nested2.getIn(['a', 'b', 'd']) vs nested2.a.b.d, etc.
  • Encapsulated data is no more POJO, therefore cannot be easily used with other libraries, e.g., lodash, underscore, etc.
  • Most immutable libraries leak themselves throughout your entire application (including view components), however, they should have been encapsulated at the place where updates happen (e.g., Redux reducers). This is also a pain when you need to change to another immutable library that has its own APIs.
  • seamless-immutable address some of above issues when reading the properties, but still use verbose APIs to write properties.
  • Immutability Helpers allows us to work with POJO, but it has still introduced some magic keywords, such as $set, $push, etc.
  • In addition, we lost TypeScript type checking. E.g., when calling nested2.getIn(["a", "b", "c"]), TypeScript won't be able to warn me if I changed property "c" to "d".

This library is an alternative to Immutable.js, it has only one method iassign(), which accept a POJO object and return you a new POJO object with specific property updated. However, since it works with other libraries such as lodash (refer to example 4), it provides all the functionalities you need plus immutability.

  • I have added some options to freeze input and output using deep-freeze, which can be used in development to make sure they don't change unintentionally by us or the 3rd party libraries.

This library will leave your POJO objects completely untouched (except the optional deep-freeze), it does not wrap around nor add any methods/properties to your POJO objects.

This library works in JavaScript and it works really well with TypeScript, because of its generic type argument inference; and since you are working with POJO (not the wrapper objects), you can utilize the full power of TypeScript: IntelliSense, type checking and refactoring, etc.

Performance

Performance of this library should be comparable to Immutable.js, because read operations will always occur more than write operations. When using this library, all your react components can read object properties directly. E.g., you can use <TextBox value={this.state.userinfo.fullName} /> in your components, instead of <TextBox value={this.state.getIn(["userinfo", "fullName"])} />. In addition, shouldComponentUpdate() can compare POJO objects without knowing about the immutable libraries, e.g., return this.props.userInfo.orders !== nextProps.userInfos.orders. I.e., the more read operations you have, the more it will outperform Immutable.js. Following are the benchmarks for multiple immutable libraries (assuming the read to write ratio is 5 to 1):

$ npm run benchmarks

Mutable
Total elapsed = 57 ms (read) + 41 ms (write) = 98 ms.

Immutable (immutable.js)
Total elapsed = 254 ms (read) + 847 ms (write) = 1101 ms.

Immutable (Object.assign)
Total elapsed = 66 ms (read) + 1339 ms (write) = 1405 ms.

Immutable (immutable-assign)
Total elapsed = 77 ms (read) + 2265 ms (write) = 2342 ms.

Immutable (immer setAutoFreeze(false))
Total elapsed = 65 ms (read) + 4706 ms (write) = 4771 ms.

Immutable (seamless-immutable production)
Total elapsed = 73 ms (read) + 29688 ms (write) = 29761 ms.

Full performance test results can be found at benchmarks.

Install with npm

npm install immutable-assign
# or
yarn add immutable-assign

Example 1: Update root object

var iassign = require("immutable-assign");

// Deep freeze both input and output, can be used in development to make sure they don't change.
iassign.freeze = true;

var map1 = { a:1, b:2, c:3 };

// 1: Calling iassign() to update map1.b, using overload 2
var map2 = iassign(
    map1,
    function (m) { m.b = 50; return m; }
);

// map2 = { a:1, b: 50, c:3 }
// map2 !== map1

Example 2: Update root list/array

var iassign = require("immutable-assign");

var list1 = [1, 2];


// 2.1: Calling iassign() to push items to list1, using overload 2
var list2 = iassign(
    list1,
    function (l) { l.push(3, 4, 5); return l; }
);

// list2 = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
// list2 !== list1


// 2.2: Calling iassign() to unshift item to list2, using overload 2
var list3 = iassign(
    list2,
    function (l) { l.unshift(0); return l; }
);

// list3 = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
// list3 !== list2


// 2.3, Calling iassign() to concat list1, list2 and list3, using overload 2
var list4 = iassign(
    list1,
    function (l) { return l.concat(list2, list3); }
);

// list4 = [1, 2, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
// list4 !== list1


// 2.4, Calling iassign() to concat sort list4, using overload 2
var list5 = iassign(
    list4,
    function (l) { return l.sort(); }
);

// list5 = [0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5]
// list5 !== list4

Example 3: Update nested object

var iassign = require("immutable-assign");

var nested1 = { a:{ b:{ c:[3, 4, 5] } } };


// 3.1: Calling iassign() to assign d to nested1.a.b
var nested2 = iassign(
    nested1,
    function (n) { return n.a.b; },
    function (b) { b.d = 6; return b; }
);

// nested2 = { a:{ b:{ c:[3, 4, 5], d: 6 } } }
// nested2 !== nested1


// 3.2: Calling iassign() to increment nested2.a.b.d
var nested3 = iassign(
    nested2,
    function (n) { return n.a.b.d; },
    function (d) { return d + 1; }
);

// nested3 = { a:{ b:{ c:[3, 4, 5], d: 7 } } }
// nested3 !== nested2


// 3.3: Calling iassign() to push item to nested3.a.b.c
var nested4 = iassign(
    nested3,
    function (n) { return n.a.b.c; },
    function (c) { c.push(6); return c; }
);

// nested4 = { a:{ b:{ c:[3, 4, 5, 6], d: 7 } } }
// nested4 !== nested3

Example 4: Work with 3rd party libraries, e.g., lodash

var iassign = require("immutable-assign");
var _ = require("lodash");

var nested1 = { a: { b: { c: [1, 2, 3] } } };


// 4.1: Calling iassign() and _.map() to increment to every item in "c" array
var nested2 = iassign(
    nested1,
    function (n) { return n.a.b.c; },
    function (c) {
        return _.map(c, function (i) { return i + 1; });
    }
);

// nested2 = { a: { b: { c: [2, 3, 4] } } };
// nested2 !== nested1


// 4.2: Calling iassign() and _.flatMap()
var nested3 = iassign(
    nested2,
    function (n) { return n.a.b.c; },
    function (c) {
        return _.flatMap(c, function (i) { return [i, i]; });
    }
);

// nested3 = { a: { b: { c: [2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 4] } } };
// nested3 !== nested2

Example 5: Update nested object

var iassign = require("immutable-assign");

var o1 = { a: { b: { c: [[{ d: 11, e: 12 }], [{ d: 21, e: 22 }]], c2: {} }, b2: {} }, a2: {} };

// 5: Calling iassign() to increment o1.a.b.c[0][0].d
var o2 = iassign(
    o1,
    function (o) { return o.a.b.c[0][0]; },
    function (ci) { ci.d++; return ci; }
);

Example 6: Update nested array

var iassign = require("immutable-assign");

var o1 = { a: { b: { c: [[{ d: 11, e: 12 }], [{ d: 21, e: 22 }]], c2: {} }, b2: {} }, a2: {} };

// 6: Calling iassign() to push new item to o1.a.b.c[1]
var o2 = iassign(
    o1,
    function (o) { return o.a.b.c[1]; },
    function (c) { c.push(101); return c; }
);

Example 7: Update nested object, referring to external context.

var iassign = require("immutable-assign");

var o1 = { a: { b: { c: [{ d: 11, e: 12 }, { d: 21, e: 22 }] } } };

// 7: Calling iassign() to push increment to o1.a.b.c[0].d
var external = { a: 0 };

var o2 = iassign(
    o1,
    function (o, ctx) { return o.a.b.c[ctx.external.a]; },
    function (ci) { ci.d++; return ci; },
    { external: external }
);

Example 8: Update nested object using iassign.fp() and currying

var iassign = require("immutable-assign");

var nested1 = { a: { b: { c: [3, 4, 5] } } };


// 8.1: Calling iassign() to assign d to nested1.a.b 
var iassignFp = iassign.fp(undefined)
    (function (n) { return n.a.b; })
    (function (b) { b.d = 6; return b; })
    (undefined);

var nested2 = iassignFp(nested1);

// nested2 = { a: { b: { c: [3, 4, 5], d: 6 } } };
// nested2 !== nested1

// 8.2: Calling iassign() to increment nested2.a.b.d 
iassignFp = iassign.fp(undefined)
    (function (n) { return n.a.b.d; })
    (function (d) { return d + 1; })
    (undefined);
var nested3 = iassignFp(nested2);

// nested3 = { a: { b: { c: [3, 4, 5], d: 7 } } };
// nested3 !== nested2

// 8.3: Calling iassign() to push item to nested3.a.b.c 
iassignFp = iassign.fp(undefined)
    (function (n) { return n.a.b.c; })
    (function (c) { c.push(6); return c; })
    (undefined);
var nested4 = iassignFp(nested3);

// nested4 = { a: { b: { c: [3, 4, 5, 6], d: 7 } } };
// nested4 !== nested3

// 8.4: Calling iassign() to push item to nested3.a.b.c[1]
iassignFp = iassign.fp(undefined)
    (function (n, ctx) { return n.a.b.c[ctx.i]; })
    (function (ci) { return ci + 100; })
    ({i: 1});
var nested5 = iassignFp(nested4);

// nested5 = { a: { b: { c: [3, 104, 5, 6], d: 7 } } };
// nested5 !== nested4

Example 9: Support ES6 Map

var iassign = require("immutable-assign");

var map1 = new Map();
map1.set("a", "value a");

iassign.setOption({
    copyFunc: function (value, propName) {
        if (value instanceof Map) {
            // In IE11, Map constructor arguments are not supported,
            // you need to provide ES6 shim, e.g., use core-js
            return new Map(value);
        }
    }
});

var map2 = iassign(
    map1,
    m => { m.set(1, 'first'); return m; }
);

// map2 !== map1
// map1 = Map({ "a": "value a" })
// map1 = Map({ "a": "value a", 1: "first" })

Function Signature (TypeScript syntax)

// Return a new POJO object with property updated.

// function overload 1: 
iassign = function<TObj, TProp, TContext>(
    obj: TObj,                                          // POJO object to be getting the property from, it will not be modified.
    getProp: (obj: TObj, context: TContext) => TProp,   // Function to get the property that needs to be updated.
    setProp: (prop: TProp) => TProp,                    // Function to set the property.
    context?: TContext,                                 // (Optional) Context to be used in getProp().
    option?: IIassignOption): TObj;                     // (Optional) Options

// function overload 2: you can skip getProp() if you trying to update the root object, refer to example 1 and 2
iassign = function<TObj>(
    obj: TObj,                                          // POJO object to be getting the property from, it will not be modified.
    setProp: setPropFunc<TObj>,                         // Function to set the property.
    option?: IIassignOption): TObj;                     // (Optional) Options

// functional programming friendly style, moved obj to the last parameter and supports currying, refer to example 8
iassign.fp = function <TObj, TProp, TContext>(
    option: IIassignOption,
    getProp: getPropFunc<TObj, TProp, TContext>,
    setProp: setPropFunc<TProp>,
    context?: TContext,
    obj?: TObj): TObj;                                  // POJO object to be getting the property from, it will not be modified.

// In ES6, you cannot set property on imported module directly, because they are default
// to readonly, in this case you need to use this method.
iassign.setOption(option: IIassignOption): void;

// Options, can be applied globally or individually
interface IIassignOption {
    freeze?: boolean;              // Deep freeze both input and output
    freezeInput?: boolean;         // Deep freeze input
    freezeOutput?: boolean;        // Deep freeze output
    useConstructor?: boolean;      // Uses the constructor to create new instances

    // Custom copy function, can be used to handle special types, e.g., Map, Set; refer to example 9
    copyFunc?: <T>(value: T, propName: string): T;

    // Disable validation for extra statements in the getProp() function, 
    // which is needed when running the coverage, e.g., istanbul.js does add 
    // instrument statements in our getProp() function, which can be safely ignored. 
    disableExtraStatementCheck?: boolean;

    // Return the same object if setProp() returns its parameter (i.e., reference pointer not changed).
    ignoreIfNoChange?: boolean;
}

Constraints

  • getProp() must be a pure function; I.e., it cannot access anything other than the input parameters. e.g., it must not access "this" or "window" objects. In addition, it must not modify the input parameters. It should only return a property that needs to be updated.

History

  • 2.0.8 - Fixed bug for undefined properties.

  • 2.0.4 - Replaced the proxy-polyfill with Object.defineProperty(), which has much better browser support.

  • 2.0.1 - Minor bug fixes.

  • 2.0.0 -

  • 1.0.36 - Supports ES6 Map and Set. Refer to example 9

  • 1.0.35 - Supports ES6 default export.

  • 1.0.31 -

    • Added ignoreIfNoChange option, which cause iassign to return the same object if setProp() returns its parameter (i.e., reference pointer not changed).
    • Added setOption() function to allow you set the iassign options globally in ES6.
  • 1.0.30 - Support classes

  • 1.0.29 - Supported ES6 Arrow Functions

  • 1.0.27 - Added iassign.fp() that support currying, refer to example 8

  • 1.0.26 - Works with webpack, please refer to ImmutableAssignTest

  • 1.0.23 - Greatly improved performance.

  • 1.0.21 - Added new function overload to skip getProp() if you trying to update the root object, refer to example 1 and example 2

  • 1.0.20 - Added Travis-CI, Coveralls (coverage) and SauceLabs (browsers' tests)

  • 1.0.19 - Added TypeScript types to package.json

  • 1.0.18 - Tested on Mac (Safari 10 and Chrome 54)

  • 1.0.16 - Tested in Node.js and major browsers (IE 11, Chrome 52, Firefox 47, Edge 13, PhantomJS 2)