Resources for Mongoose
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.npmignore pre-npm May 1, 2013


Simply write resource.

Resors writes REST resources for your mongoose models. It can be a one-liner, but there are planty of options you can set, and methods you can override, so you get exactly the resources you need.

Quick Example

You would need an express server, and some mongoose models.

// express
var app = require('express')();

// mongoose
var model = require('mongoose').model('users', {
    name: String,
    email: { type: String, required: true }

// resors!
app.use('/api', require('resors').middleware());

// run run run

That's it! On http://localhost/api you'd find a list of resources, and in http://localhost/api/users your users resource.


By default, Resors only allow GET http method, but enabling other methods is easy, by adding an options object to the model. If you don't want the model having a Resors, set model.resors = false.

models.resors = {
    allow: [ 'get', 'post', 'put', 'delete' ], // default: ['get']
    fields: ['name', 'email'],
    filtering: [ 'name', 'name.full' ],
    sorting: 'name',

    // run this before each request
    before: function(req, res, next) {
        var resors = req.resors;

        // authentication
        if (!req.user.admin)
            res.authenticated = false;

        // validation or sanitation (use mongoose if you can!)
        if (resors.method('put')) {
            if (!
                resors.errors.push(['email', 'Email is required.']);


    // Play with mongoose query on GET requests
    query: function(req, res, next) {
        var q = res.query;

        // authorization
        if (req.user && !req.user.admin) {
            q = q.where('name',;

        res.query = q;

    // runs after every request
    after: function(req, res, next) {
        console.log('after', res.result);


Internally, Resors creates a MongooseResors instance for each (hmm) mongoose resource. If you would like to override one of its methods, you can do something like this:

var r = model.resors = new MongooseResors(model, {
    // options, same as above

r.create = function(req, res, next) {
    req.body.cool_field = 'hi there';
    MongooseResors.fn.create(req, res, next);

How does it works?

Resors is built on top of express, using connect middleware mechanism to function. Each request falls through the following series of middlewares:

init          ...

before        can be set via options
              usage: authentication, validation
              vars: req.resors, req.authenticated

error check   ...

route         (index, show, create, update, delete)

query         can be set via options
              (runs only for `index` and `show`)
              usage: populate, authorization
              vars: res.query

exec          (executes res.query, doesn't runs for `create`)

after         can be set via options
              usage: post-production
              vars: res.err, res.result

finish        (send res.err or err.result)

Each middleware receives req, res, and next as params, and this is set to the Resors instance. Therefore, next() will move to the next middleware, this.finish(req, res) will jump to the end, and res.json(false) will, e.g., return a negative response.