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README.md

gpyfft

A Python wrapper for the OpenCL FFT library clFFT.

Introduction

clFFT

The open source library clFFT implements FFT for running on a GPU via OpenCL. Some highlights are:

  • batched 1D, 2D, and 3D transforms
  • supports many transform sizes (any combinatation of powers of 2,3,5,7,11, and 13)
  • flexible memory layout
  • single and double precisions
  • complex and real-to-complex transforms
  • supports injecting custom code for data pre- and post-processing

gpyfft

This python wrapper is designed to tightly integrate with PyOpenCL. It consists of a low-level Cython based wrapper with an interface similar to the underlying C library. On top of that it offers a high-level interface designed to work on data contained in instances of pyopencl.array.Array, a numpy work-alike array class for GPU computations. The high-level interface takes some inspiration from pyFFTW. For details of the high-level interface see fft.py.

News

  • 2017/11/05 for 2D and 3D transforms with default (empty) settings for the transform axes, now a more clever ordering of the transform axes is chosen, depending on the memory layout: last axis is transformed first for a C contiguous input array. I have seen huge performance improvements, 3x to 4x compared to the previous approach (always first axis first). Please report back benchmark results ('python -m gpyfft.benchmark') if this holds true for your GPU.

Status

The low lever interface is complete (more or less), the high-level interface is not yet settled and likely to change in future. Features to come (not yet implemented in the high-level interface):

work done

  • low level wrapper (mostly) completed
  • high level wrapper
  • complex-to-complex transform, in- and out-of-place
  • real-to-complex transform (out-of-place)
  • complex-to-real transform (out-of-place)
  • single precision
  • double precision
  • interleaved data
  • support injecting custom OpenCL code (pre and post callbacks)
  • accept pyopencl arrays with non-zero offsets (Syam Gadde)
  • heuristics for optimal performance for choosing order axes transform if none given (Release 0.7.1)

Basic usage

Here we describe a simple example of performing a batch of 2D complex-to-complex FFT transforms on the GPU, using the high-level interface of gpyfft. The full source code of this example ist contained in simple_example.py, which is the essence of benchmark.py. Note, for testing it is recommended to start simple_example.py from the command line, so you have the possibility to interactively choose an OpenCL context (otherwise, e.g. when using an IPython, you are not asked end might end up with a CPU device, which is prone to fail).

imports:

import numpy as np
import pyopencl as cl
import pyopencl.array as cla
from gpyfft.fft import FFT

initialize GPU:

context = cl.create_some_context()
queue = cl.CommandQueue(context)

initialize memory (on host and GPU). In this example we want to perform in parallel four 2D FFTs for 1024x1024 single precision data.

data_host = np.zeros((4, 1024, 1024), dtype = np.complex64)
#data_host[:] = some_useful_data
data_gpu = cla.to_device(queue, data_host)

create FFT transform plan for batched inline 2D transform along second two axes.

transform = FFT(context, queue, data_gpu, axes = (2, 1))

If you want an out-of-place transform, provide the output array as additional argument after the input data.

Start the work and wait until it is finished (Note that enqueu() returns a tuple of events)

event, = transform.enqueue()
event.wait()

Read back the data from the GPU to the host

result_host = data_gpu.get()

Benchmark

A simple benchmark is contained as a submodule, you can run it on the command line by python -m gpyfft.benchmark, or from Python

import gpyfft.benchmark
gpyfft.benchmark.run()

Note, you might want to set the PYOPENCL_CTX environment variable to select your OpenCL platform and device.

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