Skip to content

OpenAPI 3.0 (and Swagger v2) implementation for Go (parsing, converting, validation, and more)


Notifications You must be signed in to change notification settings


Repository files navigation

CI Go Report Card GoDoc Join Gitter Chat Channel -


A Go project for handling OpenAPI files. We target:

Licensed under the MIT License.

Contributors, users and sponsors

The project has received pull requests from many people. Thanks to everyone!

Be sure to give back to this project like our sponsors:

Speakeasy logo

Here's some projects that depend on kin-openapi:


Be sure to check OpenAPI Initiative's great tooling list as well as OpenAPI.Tools.


  • openapi2 (godoc)
    • Support for OpenAPI 2 files, including serialization, deserialization, and validation.
  • openapi2conv (godoc)
    • Converts OpenAPI 2 files into OpenAPI 3 files.
  • openapi3 (godoc)
    • Support for OpenAPI 3 files, including serialization, deserialization, and validation.
  • openapi3filter (godoc)
    • Validates HTTP requests and responses
    • Provides a gorilla/mux router for OpenAPI operations
  • openapi3gen (godoc)
    • Generates *openapi3.Schema values for Go types.

Some recipes

Validating an OpenAPI document

go run [--circular] [--defaults] [--examples] [--ext] [--patterns] -- <local YAML or JSON file>

Loading OpenAPI document

Use openapi3.Loader, which resolves all references:

loader := openapi3.NewLoader()
doc, err := loader.LoadFromFile("my-openapi-spec.json")

Getting OpenAPI operation that matches request

loader := openapi3.NewLoader()
doc, _ := loader.LoadFromData([]byte(`...`))
_ = doc.Validate(loader.Context)
router, _ := gorillamux.NewRouter(doc)
route, pathParams, _ := router.FindRoute(httpRequest)
// Do something with route.Operation

Validating HTTP requests/responses

package main

import (


func main() {
	ctx := context.Background()
	loader := &openapi3.Loader{Context: ctx, IsExternalRefsAllowed: true}
	doc, _ := loader.LoadFromFile(".../My-OpenAPIv3-API.yml")
	// Validate document
	_ = doc.Validate(ctx)
	router, _ := gorillamux.NewRouter(doc)
	httpReq, _ := http.NewRequest(http.MethodGet, "/items", nil)

	// Find route
	route, pathParams, _ := router.FindRoute(httpReq)

	// Validate request
	requestValidationInput := &openapi3filter.RequestValidationInput{
		Request:    httpReq,
		PathParams: pathParams,
		Route:      route,
	_ = openapi3filter.ValidateRequest(ctx, requestValidationInput)

	// Handle that request
	responseHeaders := http.Header{"Content-Type": []string{"application/json"}}
	responseCode := 200
	responseBody := []byte(`{}`)

	// Validate response
	responseValidationInput := &openapi3filter.ResponseValidationInput{
		RequestValidationInput: requestValidationInput,
		Status:                 responseCode,
		Header:                 responseHeaders,
	_ = openapi3filter.ValidateResponse(ctx, responseValidationInput)

Custom content type for body of HTTP request/response

By default, the library parses a body of the HTTP request and response if it has one of the following content types: "text/plain" or "application/json". To support other content types you must register decoders for them:

func main() {
	// ...

	// Register a body's decoder for content type "application/xml".
	openapi3filter.RegisterBodyDecoder("application/xml", xmlBodyDecoder)

	// Now you can validate HTTP request that contains a body with content type "application/xml".
	requestValidationInput := &openapi3filter.RequestValidationInput{
		Request:    httpReq,
		PathParams: pathParams,
		Route:      route,
	if err := openapi3filter.ValidateRequest(ctx, requestValidationInput); err != nil {

	// ...

	// And you can validate HTTP response that contains a body with content type "application/xml".
	if err := openapi3filter.ValidateResponse(ctx, responseValidationInput); err != nil {

func xmlBodyDecoder(body io.Reader, h http.Header, schema *openapi3.SchemaRef, encFn openapi3filter.EncodingFn) (decoded any, err error) {
	// Decode body to a primitive, []any, or map[string]any.

Custom function to check uniqueness of array items

By default, the library checks unique items using the following predefined function:

func isSliceOfUniqueItems(xs []any) bool {
	s := len(xs)
	m := make(map[string]struct{}, s)
	for _, x := range xs {
		key, _ := json.Marshal(&x)
		m[string(key)] = struct{}{}
	return s == len(m)

In the predefined function json.Marshal is used to generate a string that can be used as a map key which is to check the uniqueness of an array when the array items are objects or arrays. You can register you own function according to your input data to get better performance:

func main() {
	// ...

	// Register a customized function used to check uniqueness of array.

	// ... other validate codes

func arrayUniqueItemsChecker(items []any) bool {
	// Check the uniqueness of the input slice

Custom function to change schema error messages

By default, the error message returned when validating a value includes the error reason, the schema, and the input value.

For example, given the following schema:

  "type": "string",
  "allOf": [
    { "pattern": "[A-Z]" },
    { "pattern": "[a-z]" },
    { "pattern": "[0-9]" },
    { "pattern": "[!@#$%^&*()_+=-?~]" }

Passing the input value "secret" to this schema will produce the following error message:

string doesn't match the regular expression "[A-Z]"
    "pattern": "[A-Z]"


Including the original value in the error message can be helpful for debugging, but it may not be appropriate for sensitive information such as secrets.

To disable the extra details in the schema error message, you can set the openapi3.SchemaErrorDetailsDisabled option to true:

func main() {
	// ...

	// Disable schema error detailed error messages
	openapi3.SchemaErrorDetailsDisabled = true

	// ... other validate codes

This will shorten the error message to present only the reason:

string doesn't match the regular expression "[A-Z]"

For more fine-grained control over the error message, you can pass a custom openapi3filter.Options object to openapi3filter.RequestValidationInput that includes a openapi3filter.CustomSchemaErrorFunc.

func validationOptions() *openapi3filter.Options {
	options := &openapi3filter.Options{}
	return options

func safeErrorMessage(err *openapi3.SchemaError) string {
	return err.Reason

This will change the schema validation errors to return only the Reason field, which is guaranteed to not include the original value.

Reconciling component $ref types

ReferencesComponentInRootDocument is a useful helper function to check if a component reference coincides with a reference in the root document's component objects fixed fields.

This can be used to determine if two schema definitions are of the same structure, helpful for code generation tools when generating go type models.

doc, err = loader.LoadFromFile("openapi.yml")

for _, path := range doc.Paths.InMatchingOrder() {
	pathItem := doc.Paths.Find(path)

	if pathItem.Get == nil || pathItem.Get.Responses.Status(200) {

	for _, s := range pathItem.Get.Responses.Status(200).Value.Content {
		name, match := ReferencesComponentInRootDocument(doc, s.Schema)
		fmt.Println(path, match, name) // /record true #/components/schemas/BookRecord

CHANGELOG: Sub-v1 breaking API changes


  • The openapi3filter.ErrFunc and openapi3filter.LogFunc func types now take the validated request's context as first argument.


  • openapi3.Schema.Type & openapi2.Parameter.Type fields went from a string to the type *Type with methods: Includes, Is, Permits & Slice.


  • Paths field of openapi3.T is now a pointer
  • Responses field of openapi3.Operation is now a pointer
  • openapi3.Paths went from map[string]*PathItem to a struct with an Extensions field and methods: Set, Value, Len, Map, and New*.
  • openapi3.Callback went from map[string]*PathItem to a struct with an Extensions field and methods: Set, Value, Len, Map, and New*.
  • openapi3.Responses went from map[string]*ResponseRef to a struct with an Extensions field and methods: Set, Value, Len, Map, and New*.
  • (openapi3.Responses).Get(int) renamed to (*openapi3.Responses).Status(int)


  • Introduce openapi3.RequestBodies (an alias on map[string]*openapi3.ResponseRef) and use it in place of openapi3.Responses for field openapi3.Components.Responses.


  • Dropped openapi3filter.DefaultOptions. Use &openapi3filter.Options{} directly instead.


  • The string format email has been removed by default. To use it please call openapi3.DefineStringFormat("email", openapi3.FormatOfStringForEmail).
  • Field openapi3.T.Components is now a pointer.
  • Fields openapi3.Schema.AdditionalProperties and openapi3.Schema.AdditionalPropertiesAllowed are replaced by openapi3.Schema.AdditionalProperties.Schema and openapi3.Schema.AdditionalProperties.Has respectively.
  • Type openapi3.ExtensionProps is now just map[string]any and extensions are accessible through the Extensions field.


  • (openapi3.ValidationOptions).ExamplesValidationDisabled has been unexported.
  • (openapi3.ValidationOptions).SchemaFormatValidationEnabled has been unexported.
  • (openapi3.ValidationOptions).SchemaPatternValidationDisabled has been unexported.


  • Changed func (*_) Validate(ctx context.Context) error to func (*_) Validate(ctx context.Context, opts ...ValidationOption) error.
  • openapi3.WithValidationOptions(ctx context.Context, opts *ValidationOptions) context.Context prototype changed to openapi3.WithValidationOptions(ctx context.Context, opts ...ValidationOption) context.Context.


  • openapi3.SchemaFormatValidationDisabled has been removed in favour of an option openapi3.EnableSchemaFormatValidation() passed to openapi3.T.Validate. The default behaviour is also now to not validate formats, as the OpenAPI spec mentions the format is an open value.


  • The prototype of openapi3gen.NewSchemaRefForValue changed:
    • It no longer returns a map but that is still accessible under the field (*Generator).SchemaRefs.
    • It now takes in an additional argument (basically doc.Components.Schemas) which gets written to so $ref cycles can be properly handled.


  • Renamed openapi2.Swagger to openapi2.T.
  • Renamed openapi2conv.FromV3Swagger to openapi2conv.FromV3.
  • Renamed openapi2conv.ToV3Swagger to openapi2conv.ToV3.
  • Renamed openapi3.LoadSwaggerFromData to openapi3.LoadFromData.
  • Renamed openapi3.LoadSwaggerFromDataWithPath to openapi3.LoadFromDataWithPath.
  • Renamed openapi3.LoadSwaggerFromFile to openapi3.LoadFromFile.
  • Renamed openapi3.LoadSwaggerFromURI to openapi3.LoadFromURI.
  • Renamed openapi3.NewSwaggerLoader to openapi3.NewLoader.
  • Renamed openapi3.Swagger to openapi3.T.
  • Renamed openapi3.SwaggerLoader to openapi3.Loader.
  • Renamed openapi3filter.ValidationHandler.SwaggerFile to openapi3filter.ValidationHandler.File.
  • Renamed routers.Route.Swagger to routers.Route.Spec.


  • Type openapi3filter.Route moved to routers (and Route.Handler was dropped. See #329)
  • Type openapi3filter.RouteError moved to routers (so did ErrPathNotFound and ErrMethodNotAllowed which are now RouteErrors)
  • Routers' FindRoute(...) method now takes only one argument: *http.Request
  • getkin/kin-openapi/openapi3filter.Router moved to getkin/kin-openapi/routers/legacy
  • openapi3filter.NewRouter() and its related WithSwaggerFromFile(string), WithSwagger(*openapi3.Swagger), AddSwaggerFromFile(string) and AddSwagger(*openapi3.Swagger) are all replaced with a single <router package>.NewRouter(*openapi3.Swagger)
    • NOTE: the NewRouter(doc) call now requires that the user ensures doc is valid (doc.Validate() != nil). This used to be asserted.


Field (*openapi3.SwaggerLoader).LoadSwaggerFromURIFunc of type func(*openapi3.SwaggerLoader, *url.URL) (*openapi3.Swagger, error) was removed after the addition of the field (*openapi3.SwaggerLoader).ReadFromURIFunc of type func(*openapi3.SwaggerLoader, *url.URL) ([]byte, error).