Host-level DNS gateway for Docker
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progrium Merge pull request #21 from lalyos/gliderlabs-alpine
Use gliderlabs/alpine:3.3 as a base image
Latest commit 693a459 Feb 18, 2016

Resolvable - Docker DNS resolver

A simple DNS server to resolve names of local Docker containers.

resolvable is intended to run in a Docker container:

docker run -d \
	--hostname resolvable \
	-v /var/run/docker.sock:/tmp/docker.sock \
	-v /etc/resolv.conf:/tmp/resolv.conf \

The docker.sock is mounted to allow resolvable to listen for Docker events and automatically register containers.

resolvable can insert itself into the host's /etc/resolv.conf file by mounting this file to /tmp/resolv.conf in the container. When starting, it will insert itself as the first nameserver in the file, and remove itself when shutting down.

Systemd integration

On systems using systemd, resolvable can integrate with the systemd DNS configuration. Instead of mounting /etc/resolv.conf, mount the systemd configuration path /run/systemd and the DBUS socket as follows:

docker run -d \
	--hostname resolvable \
	-v /var/run/docker.sock:/tmp/docker.sock \
	-v /run/systemd:/tmp/systemd \
	-v /var/run/dbus/system_bus_socket:/var/run/dbus/system_bus_socket \

resolvable will generate a systemd network config, and then use the DBUS socket to reload systemd-networkd to regenerate the host's /etc/resolv.conf.

Container Registration

resolvable provides DNS entries <hostname> and <name>.docker for each container. Containers are automatically registered when they start, and removed when they die.

For example, the following container would be available via DNS as myhost and myname.docker:

docker run -d \
	--hostname myhost \
	--name myname \

DNS Forwarding

resolvable also supports forwarding DNS queries to other containers providing DNS servers. This integrates well with tools like Consul or SkyDNS that offer a DNS endpoint for service discovery.

Containers configured with the DNS_RESOLVES environment variable are registered in resolvable to forward DNS queries for any domains listed.

To run an example consul container, supporting DNS queries for the .consul domain on port 8600:

docker run -d \
	-e DNS_RESOLVES=consul \
	-e DNS_PORT=8600 \
	-p 8600/udp \

DNS_RESOLVES must contain least one domain to forward to this container. Multiple values can be provided as a comma-separated list.

DNS_PORT is optional, and defaults to 53.

Interface Addresses

resolvable also provides a DNS entry for the Docker bridge interface address, usually docker0. This can be used to communicate with services with a known port bound to the Docker bridge.

See this article on Docker network configuration for additional details on the Docker bridge interface.