Consul HAProxy connector for real-time configuration
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README.md

DEPRECATED: consul-haproxy

Deprecated! This project is deprecated. Consul HAProxy has been replaced by Consul Template. This repository is kept for history and legacy purposes. Please use Consul Template instead.


This project provides consul-haproxy, a daemon for dynamically configuring HAProxy using data from Consul.

The daemon watches any number of backends for updates, and when appropriate renders an configuration template for HAProxy and then invokes a reload command, which can gracefully reload HAProxy. This allows for a zero-downtime reload of HAProxy which is populated by Consul.

Download & Compilation

Download a release from the releases page, or compile from source:

$ make
$ ./bin/consul-haproxy -h

Usage

The consul-haproxy command takes a number of CLI flags:

  • -addr - Provides the HTTP address of a Consul agent. By default this assumes a local agent at "127.0.0.1:8500".

  • -backend - Backend specification. Can be provided multiple times. The specification of a backend is documented below.

  • -dry - Dry run. Emit config file to stdout.

  • -f - Path to config file, overwrites CLI flags. The format of the file is documented below.

  • -in- Path to a template file. This is the template that is rendered to generate the configuration file at -out. It uses the Golang templating system. Docs for that are here. Can be provided multiple times. If specified multiple times, specify the same number of paths with -out.

  • -out - Path to output configuration file. This path must be writable by consul-haproxy or the file cannot be updated. This can be specified multiple times.

  • -reload - Command to invoke to reload configuration. This command can be any executable, and should be used to reload HAProxy. This is invoked only after the configuration file is updated.

  • -quiet - Quiet specifies a duration of time to wait for no updates before writing out the new configuration. This allows for waiting until a service stabilizes to prevent many different reloads.

  • -max-wait - Max wait is used to limit how waiting is done for a quiet period before forcing a reload. This defaults to 4x the -quiet value. As an example, if -quiet=30s but the backends are constantly flapping, a refresh will be forced after 2 minutes.

In addition to using CLI flags, consul-haproxy can be configured using a file given the -f flag. A configuration file overrides any values given by the CLI unless otherwise specified. The configuration file should be a JSON object with the following keys:

  • address - Same as -addr CLI flag.
  • backends - A list of backend specifications. This is merged with any backends provided via the CLI.
  • dry_run - Same as -dry CLI flag.
  • paths - Same as -out CLI flag. . This value should be a list of paths and is merged with any paths provided via the CLI.
  • reload_command - Same as -reload CLI flag.
  • templates - Same as -in CLI flag. This value should be a list of templates and is merged with any paths provided via the CLI.
  • quiet - Same as -quiet CLI flag.
  • max_wait - Same as -max-wait CLI flag.

Backend Specification

One of the key configuration values to consul-haproxy is the backends that it should monitor. These are the service entries that are watched for changes and used to populate the configuration file. The syntax for a backend is:

backend_name=tag.service@datacenter:port

The specification provides a variable name for the template backend_name, which is defined as the entries that match the given tag and service for a specific datacenter. A port can also be provided, which overrides the port specified by the service. The tag, datacenter, and port are all optional and can be omitted.

Below are a few examples:

  • app=release.webapp - This defines a template variable app which watches for the webapp service, filtering on the release tag.

  • db=mysql@east-aws:5500 - This defines a template variable db which watches for the mysql service in the east-aws datacenter, using port 5500.

A useful features is the ability to specify multiple backends with the same variable name. This causes the nodes to be merged. This can be used to merge nodes with various tags, or different datacenters together. As an example, we can define:

app=webapp@dc1
app=webapp@dc2
app=webapp@dc3

This backend specification sets app variable to be the union of the servers in the dc1, dc2, and dc3 datacenters.

Template Language

The template language is the Golang text/template package, which is fully documented here. However, the basic usage is quite simple.

As an example, suppose we define a simple backends with:

app=webapp@east-aws:8000
cache=redis

We might provide a very basic template like:

global
    daemon
    maxconn 256

defaults
    mode tcp
    timeout connect 5000ms
    timeout client 60000ms
    timeout server 60000ms

listen http-in
    bind *:80{{range .app}}
    {{.}} maxconn 32{{end}}

listen cache-in
    bind *:4444{{range .cache}}
    {{.}} maxconn 64{{end}}

This will populate the http-in block with the servers in the app backend, and the cache-in with the servers in the cache backend. This template will be re-rendered when any of those servers changing, allowing for dynamic updates.

Example

We run the example below against our NYC demo server. This lets you set quickly test consul-haproxy.

First lets create a simple template:

global
    daemon
    maxconn 256

defaults
    mode tcp
    timeout connect 5000ms
    timeout client 60000ms
    timeout server 60000ms

listen http-in
    bind *:8000{{range .c}}
    {{.}}{{end}}

Now, we can run the following to get our output configuration:

consul-haproxy -addr=demo.consul.io -in in.conf -backend "c=consul@nyc3:80" -backend "c=consul@sfo1:80" -dry

When this runs, we should see something like the following:

global
    daemon
    maxconn 256

defaults
    mode tcp
    timeout connect 5000ms
    timeout client 60000ms
    timeout server 60000ms

listen http-in
    bind *:8000
    server 0_nyc3-consul-1_consul 192.241.159.115:80
    server 0_nyc3-consul-2_consul 192.241.158.205:80
    server 0_nyc3-consul-3_consul 198.199.77.133:80
    server 1_sfo1-consul-2_consul 162.243.155.82:80
    server 1_sfo1-consul-1_consul 107.170.195.169:80
    server 1_sfo1-consul-3_consul 107.170.195.158:80

Varnish Example

derived from the varnish director example from the varnish page: https://www.varnish-cache.org/docs/trunk/users-guide/vcl-backends.html#directors

import directors;    # load the directors
{{range .c}}
backend {{.Node}}_{{.ID}} { 
    .host = "{{.IP}}";
    .port = "{{.Port}}";
}{{end}}

sub vcl_init {
    new bar = directors.round_robin();
{{range .c}}
    bar.add_backend({{.Node}}_{{.ID}});{{end}}
}

sub vcl_recv {
    # send all traffic to the bar director:
    set req.backend_hint = bar.backend();
}

Now, we run the following command:

consul-haproxy -addr=demo.consul.io -in in.conf -backend "c=consul@nyc1:80" -backend "c=consul@sfo1:80" -dry

The following should return:

backend 0_nyc1-server-1_consul {
    .host = "192.241.159.115";
    .port = "80";
}
backend 0_nyc1-server-3_consul {
    .host = "198.199.77.133";
    .port = "80";
}
backend 0_nyc1-server-2_consul {
    .host = "162.243.162.228";
    .port = "80";
}
backend 1_sfo1-server-3_consul {
    .host = "107.170.196.151";
    .port = "80";
}
backend 1_sfo1-server-2_consul {
    .host = "107.170.195.154";
    .port = "80";
}
backend 1_sfo1-server-1_consul {
    .host = "162.243.153.242";
    .port = "80";
}

sub vcl_init {
    new bar = directors.round_robin();

    bar.add_backend(0_nyc1-server-1_consul);
    bar.add_backend(0_nyc1-server-3_consul);
    bar.add_backend(0_nyc1-server-2_consul);
    bar.add_backend(1_sfo1-server-3_consul);
    bar.add_backend(1_sfo1-server-2_consul);
    bar.add_backend(1_sfo1-server-1_consul);
}

sub vcl_recv {
    # send all traffic to the bar director:
    set req.backend_hint = bar.backend();
}