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use crate::http::{
self,
headers::{self, HeaderName, HeaderValues, ToHeaderValues},
Body, Method, Mime, Url,
};
use crate::middleware::Middleware;
use crate::RequestBuilder;
use serde::Serialize;
use std::fmt;
use std::ops::Index;
use std::sync::Arc;
/// An HTTP request, returns a `Response`.
#[derive(Clone)]
pub struct Request {
/// Holds the state of the request.
req: http_client::Request,
/// Holds an optional per-request middleware stack.
middleware: Option<Vec<Arc<dyn Middleware>>>,
}
impl Request {
/// Create a new instance.
///
/// This method is particularly useful when input URLs might be passed by third parties, and
/// you don't want to panic if they're malformed. If URLs are statically encoded, it might be
/// easier to use one of the shorthand methods instead.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```no_run
/// # #[async_std::main]
/// # async fn main() -> surf::Result<()> {
/// use surf::http::{Url, Method};
///
/// let url = Url::parse("https://httpbin.org/get")?;
/// let req = surf::Request::new(Method::Get, url);
/// # Ok(()) }
/// ```
pub fn new(method: Method, url: Url) -> Self {
let req = http_client::Request::new(method, url);
Self {
req,
middleware: None,
}
}
/// Begin a chained request builder. For more details, see [RequestBuilder](crate::RequestBuilder)
///
/// # Example:
/// ```rust
/// use surf::http::{Method, mime::HTML, Url};
/// # #[async_std::main]
/// # async fn main() -> surf::Result<()> {
/// let url = Url::parse("https://httpbin.org/post")?;
/// let mut request = surf::Request::builder(Method::Post, url.clone())
/// .body("<html>hi</html>")
/// .header("custom-header", "value")
/// .content_type(HTML)
/// .build();
///
/// assert_eq!(request.take_body().into_string().await.unwrap(), "<html>hi</html>");
/// assert_eq!(request.method(), Method::Post);
/// assert_eq!(request.url(), &url);
/// assert_eq!(request["custom-header"], "value");
/// assert_eq!(request["content-type"], "text/html;charset=utf-8");
/// # Ok(())
/// # }
/// ```
#[must_use]
pub fn builder(method: Method, url: Url) -> RequestBuilder {
RequestBuilder::new(method, url)
}
/// Get the URL querystring.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```no_run
/// # use serde::{Deserialize, Serialize};
/// # #[async_std::main]
/// # async fn main() -> surf::Result<()> {
/// #[derive(Serialize, Deserialize)]
/// struct Index {
/// page: u32
/// }
///
/// let req = surf::get("https://httpbin.org/get?page=2").build();
/// let Index { page } = req.query()?;
/// assert_eq!(page, 2);
/// # Ok(()) }
/// ```
pub fn query<T: serde::de::DeserializeOwned>(&self) -> crate::Result<T> {
self.req.query()
}
/// Set the URL querystring.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```no_run
/// # use serde::{Deserialize, Serialize};
/// # #[async_std::main]
/// # async fn main() -> surf::Result<()> {
/// #[derive(Serialize, Deserialize)]
/// struct Index {
/// page: u32
/// }
///
/// let query = Index { page: 2 };
/// let mut req = surf::get("https://httpbin.org/get").build();
/// req.set_query(&query)?;
/// assert_eq!(req.url().query(), Some("page=2"));
/// assert_eq!(req.url().as_str(), "https://httpbin.org/get?page=2");
/// # Ok(()) }
/// ```
pub fn set_query(&mut self, query: &impl Serialize) -> crate::Result<()> {
self.req.set_query(query)
}
/// Get an HTTP header.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```no_run
/// # #[async_std::main]
/// # async fn main() -> surf::Result<()> {
/// let mut req = surf::get("https://httpbin.org/get").build();
/// req.set_header("X-Requested-With", "surf");
/// assert_eq!(req.header("X-Requested-With").unwrap(), "surf");
/// # Ok(()) }
/// ```
pub fn header(&self, key: impl Into<HeaderName>) -> Option<&HeaderValues> {
self.req.header(key)
}
/// Get a mutable reference to a header.
pub fn header_mut(&mut self, name: impl Into<HeaderName>) -> Option<&mut HeaderValues> {
self.req.header_mut(name)
}
/// Set an HTTP header.
pub fn insert_header(
&mut self,
name: impl Into<HeaderName>,
values: impl ToHeaderValues,
) -> Option<HeaderValues> {
self.req.insert_header(name, values)
}
/// Append a header to the headers.
///
/// Unlike `insert` this function will not override the contents of a header, but insert a
/// header if there aren't any. Or else append to the existing list of headers.
pub fn append_header(&mut self, name: impl Into<HeaderName>, values: impl ToHeaderValues) {
self.req.append_header(name, values)
}
/// Remove a header.
pub fn remove_header(&mut self, name: impl Into<HeaderName>) -> Option<HeaderValues> {
self.req.remove_header(name)
}
/// An iterator visiting all header pairs in arbitrary order.
#[must_use]
pub fn iter(&self) -> headers::Iter<'_> {
self.req.iter()
}
/// An iterator visiting all header pairs in arbitrary order, with mutable references to the
/// values.
#[must_use]
pub fn iter_mut(&mut self) -> headers::IterMut<'_> {
self.req.iter_mut()
}
/// An iterator visiting all header names in arbitrary order.
#[must_use]
pub fn header_names(&self) -> headers::Names<'_> {
self.req.header_names()
}
/// An iterator visiting all header values in arbitrary order.
#[must_use]
pub fn header_values(&self) -> headers::Values<'_> {
self.req.header_values()
}
/// Set an HTTP header.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```no_run
/// # #[async_std::main]
/// # async fn main() -> surf::Result<()> {
/// let mut req = surf::get("https://httpbin.org/get").build();
/// req.set_header("X-Requested-With", "surf");
/// assert_eq!(req.header("X-Requested-With").unwrap(), "surf");
/// # Ok(()) }
/// ```
pub fn set_header(&mut self, key: impl Into<HeaderName>, value: impl ToHeaderValues) {
self.insert_header(key, value);
}
/// Get a request extension value.
#[must_use]
pub fn ext<T: Send + Sync + 'static>(&self) -> Option<&T> {
self.req.ext().get()
}
/// Set a request extension value.
pub fn set_ext<T: Send + Sync + 'static>(&mut self, val: T) -> Option<T> {
self.req.ext_mut().insert(val)
}
/// Get the request HTTP method.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```no_run
/// # #[async_std::main]
/// # async fn main() -> surf::Result<()> {
/// let req = surf::get("https://httpbin.org/get").build();
/// assert_eq!(req.method(), surf::http::Method::Get);
/// # Ok(()) }
/// ```
pub fn method(&self) -> Method {
self.req.method()
}
/// Get the request url.
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```no_run
/// # #[async_std::main]
/// # async fn main() -> surf::Result<()> {
/// use surf::http::Url;
/// let req = surf::get("https://httpbin.org/get").build();
/// assert_eq!(req.url(), &Url::parse("https://httpbin.org/get")?);
/// # Ok(()) }
/// ```
pub fn url(&self) -> &Url {
self.req.url()
}
/// Get the request content type as a `Mime`.
///
/// Gets the `Content-Type` header and parses it to a `Mime` type.
///
/// [Read more on MDN](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Basics_of_HTTP/MIME_types)
///
/// # Panics
///
/// This method will panic if an invalid MIME type was set as a header. Use the [`set_header`]
/// method to bypass any checks.
///
/// [`set_header`]: #method.set_header
pub fn content_type(&self) -> Option<Mime> {
self.req.content_type()
}
/// Set the request content type from a `Mime`.
///
/// [Read more on MDN](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/Basics_of_HTTP/MIME_types)
pub fn set_content_type(&mut self, mime: Mime) {
self.req.set_content_type(mime);
}
/// Get the length of the body stream, if it has been set.
///
/// This value is set when passing a fixed-size object into as the body.
/// E.g. a string, or a buffer. Consumers of this API should check this
/// value to decide whether to use `Chunked` encoding, or set the
/// response length.
#[allow(clippy::len_without_is_empty)]
pub fn len(&self) -> Option<usize> {
self.req.len()
}
/// Returns `true` if the set length of the body stream is zero, `false`
/// otherwise.
pub fn is_empty(&self) -> Option<bool> {
self.req.is_empty()
}
/// Pass an `AsyncRead` stream as the request body.
///
/// # Mime
///
/// The encoding is set to `application/octet-stream`.
pub fn set_body(&mut self, body: impl Into<Body>) {
self.req.set_body(body)
}
/// Take the request body as a `Body`.
///
/// This method can be called after the body has already been taken or read,
/// but will return an empty `Body`.
///
/// This is useful for consuming the body via an AsyncReader or AsyncBufReader.
pub fn take_body(&mut self) -> Body {
self.req.take_body()
}
/// Pass JSON as the request body.
///
/// # Mime
///
/// The `content-type` is set to `application/json`.
///
/// # Errors
///
/// This method will return an error if the provided data could not be serialized to JSON.
pub fn body_json(&mut self, json: &impl Serialize) -> crate::Result<()> {
self.set_body(Body::from_json(json)?);
Ok(())
}
/// Pass a string as the request body.
///
/// # Mime
///
/// The `content-type` is set to `text/plain; charset=utf-8`.
pub fn body_string(&mut self, string: String) {
self.set_body(Body::from_string(string))
}
/// Pass bytes as the request body.
///
/// # Mime
///
/// The `content-type` is set to `application/octet-stream`.
pub fn body_bytes(&mut self, bytes: impl AsRef<[u8]>) {
self.set_body(Body::from(bytes.as_ref()))
}
/// Pass a file as the request body.
///
/// # Mime
///
/// The `content-type` is set based on the file extension using [`mime_guess`] if the operation was
/// successful. If `path` has no extension, or its extension has no known MIME type mapping,
/// then `None` is returned.
///
/// [`mime_guess`]: https://docs.rs/mime_guess
///
/// # Errors
///
/// This method will return an error if the file couldn't be read.
#[cfg(not(target_arch = "wasm32"))]
pub async fn body_file(&mut self, path: impl AsRef<std::path::Path>) -> std::io::Result<()> {
self.set_body(Body::from_file(path).await?);
Ok(())
}
/// Pass a form as the request body.
///
/// # Mime
///
/// The `content-type` is set to `application/x-www-form-urlencoded`.
///
/// # Errors
///
/// An error will be returned if the encoding failed.
pub fn body_form(&mut self, form: &impl Serialize) -> crate::Result<()> {
self.set_body(Body::from_form(form)?);
Ok(())
}
/// Push middleware onto a per-request middleware stack.
///
/// **Important**: Setting per-request middleware incurs extra allocations.
/// Creating a `Client` with middleware is recommended.
///
/// Client middleware is run before per-request middleware.
///
/// See the [middleware] submodule for more information on middleware.
///
/// [middleware]: ../middleware/index.html
///
/// # Examples
///
/// ```no_run
/// let mut req = surf::get("https://httpbin.org/get").build();
/// req.middleware(surf::middleware::Redirect::default());
/// ```
pub fn middleware(&mut self, middleware: impl Middleware) {
if self.middleware.is_none() {
self.middleware = Some(vec![]);
}
self.middleware.as_mut().unwrap().push(Arc::new(middleware));
}
pub(crate) fn take_middleware(&mut self) -> Option<Vec<Arc<dyn Middleware>>> {
self.middleware.take()
}
}
impl AsRef<http::Headers> for Request {
fn as_ref(&self) -> &http::Headers {
self.req.as_ref()
}
}
impl AsMut<http::Headers> for Request {
fn as_mut(&mut self) -> &mut http::Headers {
self.req.as_mut()
}
}
impl AsRef<http::Request> for Request {
fn as_ref(&self) -> &http::Request {
&self.req
}
}
impl AsMut<http::Request> for Request {
fn as_mut(&mut self) -> &mut http::Request {
&mut self.req
}
}
impl From<http::Request> for Request {
/// Converts an `http::Request` to a `surf::Request`.
fn from(req: http::Request) -> Self {
Self {
req,
middleware: None,
}
}
}
#[allow(clippy::from_over_into)]
impl Into<http::Request> for Request {
/// Converts a `surf::Request` to an `http::Request`.
fn into(self) -> http::Request {
self.req
}
}
impl fmt::Debug for Request {
fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
fmt::Debug::fmt(&self.req, f)
}
}
impl IntoIterator for Request {
type Item = (HeaderName, HeaderValues);
type IntoIter = headers::IntoIter;
/// Returns a iterator of references over the remaining items.
#[inline]
fn into_iter(self) -> Self::IntoIter {
self.req.into_iter()
}
}
impl<'a> IntoIterator for &'a Request {
type Item = (&'a HeaderName, &'a HeaderValues);
type IntoIter = headers::Iter<'a>;
#[inline]
fn into_iter(self) -> Self::IntoIter {
self.req.iter()
}
}
impl<'a> IntoIterator for &'a mut Request {
type Item = (&'a HeaderName, &'a mut HeaderValues);
type IntoIter = headers::IterMut<'a>;
#[inline]
fn into_iter(self) -> Self::IntoIter {
self.req.iter_mut()
}
}
impl Index<HeaderName> for Request {
type Output = HeaderValues;
/// Returns a reference to the value corresponding to the supplied name.
///
/// # Panics
///
/// Panics if the name is not present in `Request`.
#[inline]
fn index(&self, name: HeaderName) -> &HeaderValues {
&self.req[name]
}
}
impl Index<&str> for Request {
type Output = HeaderValues;
/// Returns a reference to the value corresponding to the supplied name.
///
/// # Panics
///
/// Panics if the name is not present in `Request`.
#[inline]
fn index(&self, name: &str) -> &HeaderValues {
&self.req[name]
}
}