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hm-linter bot
Automatically run the HM Coding Standards on any repository.
🤖
A Human Made project. Maintained by @rmccue.

Automatically run the HM Coding standards on any repository.

Installation

To enable on any repository on GitHub, simply head to the app page and Install/Configure. You'll get an initial report as a new issue if you have any existing linting errors in your codebase.

Every repository is different, and you might want to customise the rules that the linter runs. Good news: you can do just that. hm-linter detects custom configuration files automatically, just create a phpcs.ruleset.xml file for phpcs, eslintrc.* file for ESLint, or .stylelintrc for stylelint.

See the HM Coding standards documentation for how to configure specific rules.

Note: Custom configuration can only use rules/standards which hm-linter has available. This includes the HM Coding Standards as well as any dependencies of it (such as the WP Coding Standards).

Configuration

By default, hmlinter will use the latest version of the Human Made coding standards. You can configure it to use an older or fixed version by creating a .github/hmlinter.yml file. This file should look like:

# GLOBAL SETTINGS

# By default, the version is set to "latest". This can be set to any version
# from 0.4.2 and above, but you MUST include the full version number.
# If you wish to increase the security releases automatically set the 
# version to be 'X.Y', otherwise it will be 'X.Y.Z'.
version: latest

# PER-STANDARD SETTINGS
phpcs:
    # Set to false to disable phpcs
    enabled: true

    # Set to "inherit" to use the global version, "latest" for the latest
    # version, or a specific full version number.
    version: inherit

eslint:
    enabled: true
    version: inherit

stylelint:
    enabled: true
    version: inherit

Versions MUST be specified in full format (i.e. 0.5.0). latest is available as a convenient shorthand for the latest published version, but note that this will be updated and may cause your code to fail future checks.

Development

hm-linter is a GitHub bot built on top of the Probot framework. It runs on Lambda, which runs Node 12.x.

To get started on development of hm-linter:

  1. Clone this repository
  2. npm install or yarn install the dependencies

Testing

Live Testing

The easiest and best way to test hm-linter is to run the bot in development mode. This will run the bot locally, and uses a proxy to forward all webhook events from GitHub.

yarn start will run a development copy of the linter bot inside a Lambda-like Docker container.

To set this up:

  1. Download "hm-linter-development Private Key" from the team 1Password Documents.
  2. Save this file into the linter-bot directory as development.private-key.pem
  3. Download "hm-linter-development .env" from the team 1Password Documents.
  4. Save this file into the linter-bot directory as .env
  5. Run yarn start

The development mode is set up only on the linter-bot-test repository. You can add it to other repositories on the humanmade organisation, but please only do this temporarily. You should remove any repositories you add as soon as you're finished testing.

Webhook events for the development bot are sent to Smee.io, which logs all events. If you visit this page, you can also replay events; you should use this while developing/testing rather than repeatedly opening new PRs.

A typical development process looks like this:

  1. Generate the test event you want or find one that already exists
  2. Write the first version of your code to handle it
  3. yarn start
  4. Replay the event on Smee
  5. Check that your code did what you expect
  6. If your code worked, you're done 🙌
  7. If your code didn't work, kill the bot
  8. Repeat steps 2-7 until your code works.

Replicating production issues

The first step to replicating production issues is to understand the request being sent to hm-linter. Note that when running against these events, you are testing against the live GitHub API, so be careful.

Access the CloudWatch Logs for hm-linter (ask the Cloud team for access) and find the request you received. If you have the AWS CLI installed, you can do this by running the scripts/get-logs.js command.

Each check status page lists the various request IDs. The Lambda ID is the ID you need for pulling down the relevant logs and data.

This will write the logs to {id}.log, and save the raw data to {id}.json.

# For request deadbeef-badd-ecaf-dead-beefbaddecaf:
node scripts/get-logs.js deadbeef-badd-ecaf-dead-beefbaddecaf

# By default, this will only check the last 48 hours; to override, set HOUR_LIMIT:
HOUR_LIMIT=192 node scripts/get-logs.js deadbeef-badd-ecaf-dead-beefbaddecaf
Querying for deadbeef-badd-ecaf-dead-beefbaddecaf
Waiting for results…
Log saved to:           deadbeef-badd-ecaf-dead-beefbaddecaf.log
Raw data saved to:      deadbeef-badd-ecaf-dead-beefbaddecaf.json

You can then run the handler against a simulated Lambda environment locally (using Docker):

# Run build at least once:
npm run build

# Run the handler.
npm run test < deadbeef-badd-ecaf-dead-beefbaddecaf.json

Note: The format of the JSON data passed to test must be in API Gateway format (i.e. from the get-logs script). If you get an Cannot read property 'x-github-event' of undefined error, you're passing a GitHub event instead (i.e. from Smee).

Deployment

hm-linter is deployed on a Lambda instance. Deployment is handled via npm scripts, which you run via npm run <script> or yarn run <script>.

To deploy hm-linter, you need the following things:

  • AWS CLI
  • Docker - used to compile and test things in a Lambda-like environment
  • private-key.pem - Ask @rmccue or @joehoyle for this file.

Deployment can be done in one step by running the deploy script, but you should generally test builds first. The following scripts will help with that:

  • build - Builds JS, downloads PHP binary, and installs Composer/npm dependencies.
  • deploy:package - Builds the directory into a zip. Use this to verify the ZIP before pushing.
  • deploy:push - Push the built zip to Lambda. Use this if deploy fails due to some sort of network error.

Advanced Configuration

Deployment settings can be changed using environment variables. In addition to the app settings noted above, the following can also be set:

  • BOT_NAME - Name of the bot (default hmlinter)
  • CONFIG_FILE - Name of the configuration file (default hmlinter.yml)
  • STANDARD_URL - URL for the standards directory (default https://make.hmn.md/hmlinter/standards)
  • ENABLED_LINTERS - Comma-separated string of enabled linter types (default eslint,phpcs)
  • FORCE_STANDARD_PHPCS - Standard to use for checking, overrides any user standard (default disabled)
  • DEFAULT_STANDARD_PHPCS - Default standard to check against for phpcs (default vendor/humanmade/coding-standards)
  • DEFAULT_STANDARD_ESLINT - Default standard to check against for ESLint (default eslint-config-humanmade)
  • LAMBDA_FUNCTION - Lambda function name for the deploy command (default hm-linter)
  • LAMBDA_REGION - Lambda function region for the deploy command (default us-east-1)
  • FORCE_NEUTRAL_STATUS - Mark failed checks as "neutral", which shows the check but does not mark it as failed (default disabled)
  • CHECK_ANNOTATION_ONLY_RELATED - Post annotation in check for change which are related to current change instead of all (default disabled)

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