A configurable api client based on Retrofit2 and RxJava2 for android
Clone or download
Fetching latest commit…
Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time.
Permalink
Failed to load latest commit information.
app
gradle
library-jsonparser-gson
library-jsonparser-moshi
library
.gitignore
CHANGELOG.md
LICENSE
README.md
build.gradle
gradle.properties
gradlew
gradlew.bat
settings.gradle

README.md

SimpleApiClient

Download Android Weekly

A configurable api client based on Retrofit2 and RxJava2 for android

Table of Contents

Installation

In your app level build.gradle :

dependencies {
    implementation 'com.jaychang:simpleapiclient:2.3.0'
    // if you use gson
    implementation 'com.jaychang:simpleapiclient-jsonparser-gson:2.3.0'
    // if you use moshi
    implementation 'com.jaychang:simpleapiclient-jsonparser-moshi:2.3.0'
}

Basic Usage

Step 1

Config the api client and use it to create your api.

interface GithubApi {

  companion object {
    fun create() : GithubApi =
      SimpleApiClient.create {
        baseUrl = "https://api.github.com"

        defaultParameters = mapOf()
        defaultHeaders = mapOf()
        connectTimeout = TimeUnit.MINUTES.toMillis(1)
        readTimeout = TimeUnit.MINUTES.toMillis(1)
        writeTimeout = TimeUnit.MINUTES.toMillis(1)
        logLevel = LogLevel.BASIC // default NONE
        isMockResponseEnabled = true // default false
        certificatePins = listOf(
          CertificatePin(hostname = "api.foo.com", sha1PublicKeyHash = "0beec7b5ea3f0fdbc95d0dd47f3c5bc275da8a33"),
          CertificatePin(hostname = "api.bar.com", sha256PublicKeyHash = "fcde2b2edba56bf408601fb721fe9b5c338d10ee429ea04fae5511b68fbf8fb9")
        )

        interceptors = listOf()
        networkInterceptors = listOf()
        httpClient = OkHttpClient.Builder().build() // your own http client

        jsonParser = MoshiJsonParser()
        errorClass = ApiError::class // should be conformed to SimpleApiError
        errorMessageKeyPath = "meta.message"
        errorHandler = { error ->
          // you can centralize the handling of general error here
          when (error) {
            is AuthenticationError -> {...}
            is ClientError -> {...}
            is ServerError -> {...}
            is NetworkError -> {...}
            is SSLError -> {...}
          }
        }
      }
  }

  @GET("/search/users")
  fun getUsers(@Query("q") query: String): Single<List<User>>

}

Step 2

Use observe() to enqueue the call, do your stuff in corresponding parameter block. All blocks are run on android main thread by default and they are optional.

githubApi.getUsers("google")
  .observe(
    onStart = { println("show loading") },
    onEnd = { println("hide loading") },
    onSuccess = { println(it) },
    onError = { println(it.message) }
  )

Unwrap Response by KeyPath

Sometimes the api response includes metadata that we don't need, but in order to map the response we create a wrapper class and make the function return that wrapper class. This approach leaks the implementation of service to calling code.

Assuming the response json looks like the following:

{
  total_count: 33909,
  incomplete_results: false,
  foo: {
    bar: {
      items: [
        {
          login: "jaychang0917",
          ...
        }
        ...
      ]
    }
  }
}

And you only want the items part, use @KeyPathResponse("keypath") annotation to indicate which part of response you want.

@GET("/search/users")
@KeyPathResponse("foo.bar.items")
fun getUsers(@Query("q") query: String): Single<List<User>>

Similarly, unwrap the error response by setting the errorMessageKeyPath of SimpleApiClient.Config

Unwrap Response by Wrapper Class

An alternative solution is that you can create a wrapper class that conforming SimpleApiResult<T>, and use @WrappedResponse(class) to indicate that you want an unwrapped response of that wrapper class.

class ApiResult<T: Any>: SimpleApiResult<T> {
  ...
}

@GET("/search/users")
@WrappedResponse(ApiResult::class)
fun getUsers(@Query("q") query: String): Single<List<User>>

Serial / Concurrent Calls

Serial

githubApi.foo()
  .then { foo -> githubApi.bar(foo.name) }
  .observe(...)

Serial then Concurrent

githubApi.foo()
  .then { foo -> githubApi.bar(foo.name) }
  .thenAll( bar ->
    githubApi.baz(bar.name),
    githubApi.qux(bar.name)
  )
  .observe(...)

Concurrent

SimpleApiClient.all(
  githubApi.foo(),
  githubApi.bar()
).observe(...)

Concurrent then Serial

SimpleApiClient.all(
  githubApi.foo(),
  githubApi.bar()
).then { array -> // the return type is Array<Any>, you should cast them, e.g. val users = array[0] as List<User>
  githubApi.baz()
}.observe(...)

Retry Interval / Exponential backoff

githubApi.getUsers("google")
  .retryInterval(maxRetryCount = 3, delaySeconds = 5) // retry up to 3 times, each time delays 5 seconds
  .retryExponential(maxRetryCount = 3, delaySeconds = 5) // retry up to 3 times, each time delays 5^n seconds, where n = {1,2,3}
  .observe(...)

Call Cancellation

Auto Call Cancellation

The api call will be cancelled automatically in corresponding lifecycle callback. For instance, an api call is made in onStart(), it be will cancelled automatically in onStop.

githubApi.getUsers("google")
  .autoDispose(this)
  .observe(...)

Cancel call manually

val call = githubApi.getUsers("google").observe(...)

call.dispose()

Mock Response

To enable response mocking, set SimpleApiClient.Config.isMockResponseEnabled to true.

Mock sample json data

To make the api return a successful response with provided json

@GET("/repos/{user}/{repo}")
@MockResponse(R.raw.get_repo)
fun getRepo(@Path("user") user: String, @Path("repo") repo: String): Single<Repo>

Mock status

To make the api return a client side error with provided json

@GET("/repos/{user}/{repo}")
@MockResponse(json = R.raw.get_repo_error, status = Status.CLIENT_ERROR)
fun getRepo(@Path("user") user: String, @Path("repo") repo: String): Single<Repo>

json parameter of MockResponse is optional, you can set the status only, then you receive empty string.

Possible Status values:

enum class Status {
  SUCCESS, AUTHENTICATION_ERROR, CLIENT_ERROR, SERVER_ERROR, NETWORK_ERROR, SSL_ERROR
}

To mock a response with success status only, you should return Completable.

@DELETE("/repo/{id}}")
@MockResponse(status = Status.SUCCESS)
fun deleteRepo(@Path("id") id: String): Completable

License

Copyright 2017 Jay Chang

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at

   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.