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Zipkin Instrumentation for Symfony

Build Status CircleCI Latest Stable Version Minimum PHP Version Total Downloads License

A Zipkin instrumentation for Symfony applications

Installation

composer require jcchavezs/zipkin-instrumentation-symfony

Getting started

This Symfony bundle provides a kernel listener that can be used to trace HTTP requests. In order to use it, it is important that you declare the listener by adding this to your app/config/services.yml or any other dependency injection declaration.

services:
  tracing_kernel_listener:
    class: ZipkinBundle\KernelListener
    arguments:
      - "@zipkin.default_http_server_tracing"
      - "@zipkin.route_mapper"
      - "@logger"
    tags:
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.request, priority: 2560 }
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.response, priority: -2560 }
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.exception }
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.terminate }

@zipkin.default_tracing is a Zipkin\DefaultTracing instance which is being built based on the configuration (add this to app/config/config.yml):

zipkin:
  noop: false # if set to true, no request will be traced
  service_name: my_service # the name of the service
  sampler:
    type: percentage
    percentage: 0.1

Samplers

Besides always, and never there are three other sampling strategies: by path, by route and by percentage, however it is also possible yo use your own sampler.

It is important to mention that the sampling decision is made on two situations: a) when a new trace is being started, b) when the extracted context does not include a sampling decision.

By path

This is for those cases where you want to make a sampling decision based on the url path:

zipkin:
  ...
  sampler:
    type: path
    path:
      included_paths:
        - "/my/resource/[0-9]"
      excluded_paths:
        - "/another/path/"

This sampler uses the Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\RequestStack meaning that it won't work in event loop enviroments. For event loop environments, use a requestSampler in the HTTP Server Tracing.

By route

This is for those cases where you want to make a sampling decision based on the symfony route:

zipkin:
  ...
  sampler:
    type: route
    route:
      included_routes:
        - "my_route"
      excluded_routes:
        - "another_route"

This sampler uses the Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\RequestStack meaning that it won't work in event loop enviroments. For event loop environments, use a requestSampler in the HTTP Server Tracing.

By percentage

This one is for those cases where you want to sample only a percentage of the requests (a.k.a "Sampling rate")

zipkin:
  ...
  sampler:
    type: percentage
    percentage: 0.1

Custom samplers

You can pass a custom sampler as long as it implements the Zipkin\Sampler interface. You just need to use the service id declared in the service container.

zipkin:
  ...
  sampler:
    type: custom
    custom: my_service_name

Reporters

By default, the bundle reports to Log reporter which wraps @logger.

HTTP reporter

This is the most common use case, it reports to a HTTP backend of Zipkin

zipkin:
  ...
  reporter:
    type: http
    http:
      endpoint_url: http://zipkin:9411/api/v2/spans
      timeout: ~

Default tags

You can add tags to every span being created by the tracer. This functionality is useful when you need to add tags like instance name.

services:
  tracing_kernel_listener:
    class: ZipkinBundle\KernelListener
    arguments:
      - "@zipkin.default_http_server_tracing"
      - "@zipkin.route_mapper"
      - "@logger"
      - { instance: %instance_name% }
    tags:
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.request, priority: 2560 }
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.response, priority: -2560 }
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.exception }
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.terminate }

Custom Tracing

Although this bundle provides a tracer based on the configuration parameters under the zipkin node, you can inject your own tracing component to the kernel listener as long as it implements the Zipkin\Tracing interface:

services:
  tracing_kernel_listener:
    class: ZipkinBundle\KernelListener
    arguments:
      - "@my_own_http_server_tracing"
      - "@zipkin.route_mapper"
      - "@logger"
    tags:
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.request, priority: 2560 }
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.response, priority: -2560 }
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.exception }
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.terminate }

Span customization

By default spans include usual HTTP information like method, path or status code but there are cases where user wants to add more information in the spans based on the request (e.g. request_id or a query parameter). In such cases one can extend the HttpServerParser to have access to the request and tag the span:

services:
  search.http_server_tracing:
    class: Zipkin\Instrumentation\Http\Server\HttpServerTracing
    arguments:
      - "@zipkin.default_tracing"
      - "@zipkin.route_mapper"
      - "@search_http_parser" # my own parser

  tracing_kernel_listener:
    class: ZipkinBundle\KernelListener
    arguments:
      - "@search.http_server_tracing"
      - "@logger"
      - { instance: %instance_name% }
    tags:
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.request, priority: 2560 }
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.response, priority: -2560 }
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.exception }
      - { name: kernel.event_listener, event: kernel.terminate }

  search_http_parser:
    class: My\Search\HttpServerParser

and the parser would look like:

namespace My\Search;

use Zipkin\Instrumentation\Http\Server\DefaultHttpServerParser;
use Zipkin\Instrumentation\Http\Server\Response;
use Zipkin\Instrumentation\Http\Server\Request;
use Zipkin\Propagation\TraceContext;
use Zipkin\SpanCustomizer;

final class HttpServerParser extends DefaultHttpServerParser {
    public function request(Request $request, TraceContext $context, SpanCustomizer $span): void {
        parent::request($request, $context, $span);
        if (null !== ($searchKey = $request->getHeader('search_key'))) {
            $span->tag('search_key', $searchKey);
        }
    }
}

HTTP Client

This bundle includes an adapter for HTTP Client. For more details, read this doc.

Contributing

All contributions and feedback are welcome.

Unit testing

Run the unit tests with:

composer test

E2E testing

On every build we run a end to end (E2E) test against a symfony application.

This test run in our CI tests but it can be also reproduced in local.