JSON:API Serializer and Query Handler for Elixir
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jeregrine Updating deps to latest versions and deploying a new release. (#117)
* Updating deps to latest versions.
Removing Poison as a depedency and replacing it with Jason as default.
Allowing users to configure the json_library they use.

* Update Changelog
Latest commit eda4774 Jun 13, 2018



A project that will render your data models into JSONAPI Documents and parse/verify JSONAPI query strings.

Build Status


  • Basic JSONAPI Document encoding
  • Basic support for compound documents
  • Links
  • Relationship links
  • Parsing of sort query parameter into Ecto Query order_by
  • Parsing and limiting of filter keywords.
  • Handling of sparse fieldsets
  • Handling of includes
  • Handling of pagination
  • Handling of top level meta data


Full docs here

How to use with Phoenix

Simply add use JSONAPI.View either to the top of your view, or to the web.ex view section and add the proper functions to your view like so.

defmodule MyApp.PostView do
  use JSONAPI.View, type: "posts"

  def fields do
    [:text, :body, :excerpt]

  def excerpt(post, _conn) do
    String.slice(post.body, 0..5)

  def meta(data, _conn) do
    # this will add meta to each record
    # To add meta as a top level property, pass as argument to render function (shown below)
    %{meta_text: "meta_#{data[:text]}"}

  def relationships do
    # The post's author will be included by default
    [author: {MyApp.UserView, :include},
     comments: MyApp.CommentView]

is an example of a basic view. You can now call render(conn, MyApp.PostView, "show.json", %{data: my_data, meta: meta}) or 'index.json normally.

If you'd like to use this without phoenix simply use the JSONAPI.View and call JSONAPI.Serializer.serialize(MyApp.PostView, data, conn, meta).

Parsing and validating a JSONAPI Request

In your controller you may add

plug JSONAPI.QueryParser,
  filter: ~w(name),
  sort: ~w(name title inserted_at),
  view: PostView

This will add a JSONAPI.Config struct called jsonapi_config to your conn.assigns. If a user tries to sort, filter, include, or sparse fieldset an invalid field it will raise a plug error that shows the proper error message.

The config holds the values parsed into things that are easy to pass into an Ecto query, for example

sort=-name will be parsed into sort: [desc: :name] which can be passed directly to the order_by in ecto.

This sort of behavior is consistent for includes. Sparse fieldsets happen in the view using Map.take but when Ecto gets more complex field selection support we will go further to only query the data we need.

You will need to handle filtering yourself, the filter is just a map with key=value.

Spec Enforcement

We include a set of Plugs to make enforcing the JSONAPI spec for requests easy. To add spec enforcement to your application, add JSONAPI.EnsureSpec to your pipeline:

plug JSONAPI.EnsureSpec

Under-the-hood JSONAPI.EnsureSpec relies on three individual plugs:

  • JSONAPI.ContentTypeNegotiation — Requires the Content-Type and Accept headers are set correctly.

  • JSONAPI.FormatRequired — Verifies that the JSON body matches the expected %{data: %{attributes: attributes}} format.

  • JSONAPI.IdRequired — Confirm the id key is present in %{data: data} and that it matches the resource's id in the URI.


By default host and scheme are pulled from the provided conn but can be overridden via configuration like so:

config :jsonapi,
  host: "www.someotherhost.com",
  scheme: "https",
  underscore_to_dash: true,
  remove_links: false,
  json_library: Jason
  • underscore_to_dash

Additionally, JSONAPI now recommends the use of dashes (-) in place of underscore (_) as a word separator. Enabling this change is easy with the underscore_to_dash option, which handles the conversion for you. Defaults to false.

  • remove_links

links data can optionally be removed from the payload via setting the configuration above to true. Defaults to false.


  • Feel free to make PR's. I will do my best to respond within a day or two.
  • If you want to take one of the TODO items just create an issue or PR and let me know so we avoid duplication.
  • If you need help, I am on irc and twitter.
  • Example project