Wiktionary parser tool for many language editions.
Python Shell



Wiktionary translation parser tool for many language editions.

Wikt2dict parses only the translation sections. It also has a triangulation mode which combines the extracted translation pairs to generate new ones.


Wikt2dict changed completely, hope for the better. If you would like to keep using the old one: https://github.com/juditacs/wikt2dict/tree/a08cc896c22dc78db62e1b790c3ec157d00ad08f


Wikt2dict should run on any mainstream Linux distribution. It needs Python2.7 and basic command line tools that should be found on most Linux distributions (wget, bzcat). If you're working with large Wiktionaries such as the English Wiktionary, you need at least 10GB of free space, preferrably more. For all Wiktionary editions supported, you need about 35GB of free space.


git clone https://github.com/juditacs/wikt2dict.git
cd wikt2dict
sudo pip install -e .

You can install wikt2dict in virtualenv if you do not have root access.

A very quick guide to virtualenv:

virtualenv w2d_env
source w2d_env/bin/activate
git clone https://github.com/juditacs/wikt2dict.git
cd wikt2dict
pip install -e .

Note that this way wikt2dict can only be used once the virtualenv was activated. You need to run source w2d_env/bin/activate every time you login.

Very quick start

Wikt2dict's basic functionalities can be accessed using the w2d.py script (which should be directly callable after running pip install).

$ w2d.py -h

  w2d.py (download|extract|triangulate|all) (--wikicodes=file|<wc>...)

  -h --help              Show this screen.
  --version              Show version.
  -w, --wikicodes=file   File containing a list of wikicodes.

W2d.py currently supports 3+1 actions. All actions need a list of Wiktionary codes to work with. You can either list the codes manually or provide them in a file (--wikicodes option).

The actions are:

  1. download: download the Wiktionary dumps. Convert them from XML to plaintext with a special page separator. The files are saved in the directory specified in config.py:wiktionary_defaults['dump_path_base']. The default is wikt2dict/dat/wiktionary/
  2. extract: extract translations. The translations are saved to the file specified in config.py:wiktionary_defaults['output_path']. By default this file is wikt2dict/dat/wiktionary//translation_pairs.
  3. triangulate: use triangulation to generate more translations. Triangles are saved to the directory config.py:wiktionary_defaults['triangle_dir'] in separate files named as __. This file would contain pairs in wc1-wc3 languages triangulated via wc2. For more information on triangulating, see: http://aclweb.org/anthology/W/W13/W13-2507.pdf Note that triangulating only makes sense if you specify at least 3 languages.
  4. all: do all of the above.

Let's try it out on a few small Wiktionary editions.

Downloading the Slovak, the Slovenian and the Occitan Wiktionaries:

w2d.py download sk sl li

The downloaded and textified Wiktionaries should appear in dat/wiktionary//wiktionary.txt

Extracting translations:

w2d.py extract sk sl li

The extracted translations should appear in dat/wiktionary//translation_pairs.

Now let's try triangulating to get a bunch of new translations:

w2d.py triangulate sk sl li

The results should appear in dat/triangle/ arranged in subdirectories with a maximum of 1000 files per directory to avoid filesystem problems. Using only 3 such small editions for triangulating does not make much sense (it yielded 4 pairs on the April 2014 dumps).

Or do all of it at once:

w2d.py all sk sl li


The output is a tab-separated file. If you only want the translation pairs you should just cut the first 4 columns:

cut -f1-4 <output_file> > <dictionary>

Or without Wiktionary codes:

cut -f2,4 <output_file> > <dictionary>

Where should be replaced by the output of either the Wiktionary extraction or the triangulating, and is the file where the filtered columns are saved.

The columns explained in details are below.

The one extracted from the Wiktionaries has the following columns:

  1. Wiktionary code 1 (language 1)
  2. Word or expression in language 1
  3. Wiktionary code 2 (language 2)
  4. Word or expression in language 2
  5. Wiktionary code of the Wiktionary from which the pair was extracted
  6. Article from which the pair was extracted
  7. Type of parser used (you probably don't need this)

An example:

en      dog     fr      chien   en      dog     defaultparser

The triangulating output has the following columns:

  1. Wiktionary code 1 (language 1)
  2. Word or expression in language 1
  3. Wiktionary code 2 (language 2)
  4. Word or expression in language 2
  5. 5-10. The articles and their source Wiktionary that were used to generate this pair

    hu kutya oc chin hu kutya el σκύλος oc chin

The pairs are listed with all possible ways they were found. I provided a little script to sort, unify and count the number of times one pair appears. Usage (from wikt2dict base directory):

cat <triangle_files_to_merge> | bash bin/merge_triangle.sh > output_file

To use with all triangle files:

cat <triangle_dir>/*/* | bash bin/merge_triangle.sh > output_file

where the should be replaced with the directory where the individual triangle files are stored (triangle_dir option).

Congratulations, you have successfully finished the test tutorial of wikt2dict. Please send your feedback to judit@sch.bme.hu.


Please cite:

  author    = {Acs, Judit  and  Pajkossy, Katalin  and  Kornai, Andras},  
  title     = {Building basic vocabulary across 40 languages},  
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Sixth Workshop on Building and Using Comparable Corpora},  
  month     = {August},  
  year      = {2013},  
  address   = {Sofia, Bulgaria},  
  publisher = {Association for Computational Linguistics},  
  pages     = {52--58},  
  url       = {http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W13-2507}  

Or this one:

author = {Judit Ács},
title = {Pivot-based multilingual dictionary building using Wiktionary},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)},
year = {2014},
month = {may},
date = {26-31},
address = {Reykjavik, Iceland},
editor = {Nicoletta Calzolari (Conference Chair) and Khalid Choukri and Thierry Declerck and Hrafn Loftsson and Bente Maegaard and Joseph Mariani and Asuncion Moreno and Jan Odijk and Stelios Piperidis},
publisher = {European Language Resources Association (ELRA)},
isbn = {978-2-9517408-8-4},
language = {english}

Known Bugs

  • FIXED - Lithuanian and a few other Wiktionaries have translation tables in many articles not only for Lithuanian words and these are parsed as they were Lithuanian words. Language detection for all articles should be added. This issue is fixed but configuration should be updated.

  • Logging is not always accurate