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Tools

The developer tool to use in this chapter is the BUIDL IDE. Click on one of the links below from any browser! Remember to go to the Accounts tab and send a some tokens to the default address so that you can pay "gas" for your blockchain transactions.

Alternatively, you will need the following tools to develop for Ethereum.

The smart contract code

pragma solidity ^0.4.17;

contract HelloWorld  {
    
    string helloMessage;
    address public owner;

    function HelloWorld () public {
        helloMessage = "Hello, World!";
        owner = msg.sender;
    }
    
    function updateMessage (string _new_msg) public {
        helloMessage = _new_msg;
    }

    function sayHello () public constant returns (string) {
        return helloMessage;
    }

    function kill() public { 
        if (msg.sender == owner) selfdestruct(owner); 
    }
}

The HTML and JavaScript

To say hello, you do not need to use gas. You just need an RPC node to get the state of the contract.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <script src="js/web3.min.js"></script>
    <script>
      web3 = new Web3(new Web3.providers.HttpProvider(
              "https://ropsten.infura.io/"));
      var hello = web3.eth.contract([ { "constant": false, "inputs": [ { "name": "_new_msg", "type": "string" } ], "name": "updateMessage", "outputs": [], "payable": false, "stateMutability": "nonpayable", "type": "function" }, { "constant": false, "inputs": [], "name": "kill", "outputs": [], "payable": false, "stateMutability": "nonpayable", "type": "function" }, { "constant": true, "inputs": [], "name": "owner", "outputs": [ { "name": "", "type": "address" } ], "payable": false, "stateMutability": "view", "type": "function" }, { "constant": true, "inputs": [], "name": "sayHello", "outputs": [ { "name": "", "type": "string" } ], "payable": false, "stateMutability": "view", "type": "function" }, { "inputs": [], "payable": false, "stateMutability": "nonpayable", "type": "constructor" } ]).at("0x8bc27c8129eea739362d786ca0754b5062857e9c");
      var mesg = hello.sayHello();
    </script>
  </head>

  <body>
    <h2>The HelloWorld Contract says</h2>
    <p>
      <script>
        if (mesg === undefined || mesg == null) {
        } else {
          document.write(mesg)
        }
      </script>
    </p>
  </body>
</html>

To set the hello message, you will need to pay gas. The example below asks the user to use his or her metamask to pay for gas.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <script>
      window.addEventListener('load', function() {
        if (typeof web3 !== 'undefined') {
          // Use MetaMask's provider
          window.web3 = new Web3(web3.currentProvider);
        } else {
          console.log('No web3? You should consider trying MetaMask!')
        }
        var hello = web3.eth.contract([ { "constant": false, "inputs": [ { "name": "_new_msg", "type": "string" } ], "name": "updateMessage", "outputs": [], "payable": false, "stateMutability": "nonpayable", "type": "function" }, { "constant": false, "inputs": [], "name": "kill", "outputs": [], "payable": false, "stateMutability": "nonpayable", "type": "function" }, { "constant": true, "inputs": [], "name": "owner", "outputs": [ { "name": "", "type": "address" } ], "payable": false, "stateMutability": "view", "type": "function" }, { "constant": true, "inputs": [], "name": "sayHello", "outputs": [ { "name": "", "type": "string" } ], "payable": false, "stateMutability": "view", "type": "function" }, { "inputs": [], "payable": false, "stateMutability": "nonpayable", "type": "constructor" } ]).at("0x8bc27c8129eea739362d786ca0754b5062857e9c");
        var new_mesg = location.search.split('new_mesg=')[1];
        if (new_mesg === undefined || new_mesg == null) {
        } else {
          new_mesg = decodeURIComponent(new_mesg.replace(/\+/g, '%20'));
          hello.updateMessage(new_mesg, {from: "0x97dBC39D0A2C612428C61E932b0E7f1Da1373Ceb"}, function(error, result){
            if(!error)
              document.getElementById("status").innerHTML = 
                "<b>Submitted to blockchain</b>. " + 
                "The new message might take a few seconds to show up! " + 
                "<a href=\"helloworld_metamask.html\">Reload page.</a>";
          });
        }
 
        hello.sayHello(function(error, result){
          if(!error)
            document.getElementById("mesg").innerHTML = result;
        });
      })
    </script>
  </head>

  <body>
  <h2>Hello World</h2>
    <form method=GET>
      New message:<br/><br/>
      <input type="text" size="40" name="new_mesg"/><br/><br/>
      <input type="submit"/>
      <p id="status"/>
    </form>
    <p>The current message is: <span id="mesg"/></p> 
  </body>
</html>