AMQP Participant/Listener pair for ruote
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ruote-amqp is a set of classes that let a ruote engine publish and/or receive messages over AMQP.

The most common use case is publishing workitems for processing by AMQP consumers and eventually receiving them back to resume the flow.

Another use case would be to listen on an AMQP queue for workflow launch requests.

Listening for arbitrary AMQP messages before resuming a flow (ambush/alert) is also possible.


For a tiny example that shows the engine communicating by bouncing a message on an AMQP look, see kindjal.rb.

Here are the two Participant classes and the Receiver classes offered by ruote-amqp:


Publishing messages.

This participant, upon receiving a workitem, posts a message on an AMQP exchange. By default it just turns the workitem to JSON and uses that string as the message. Feel free to subclass this participant to change that, or just pass a :message option.

  :exchange => [ 'direct', '' ],
  :routing_key => 'alpha')

pdef = Ruote.define do


# ...

The source.


Ambushing messages from a process definition. The alert participant when receiving a workitem starts waiting for the next message on a given queue. When the message arrives, it responds to the engine (with a

  :queue => 'info')

pdef = Ruote.define do
  # ... before
  wait_for_info # flows wait for first message on 'info' queue
  # ... after

By default it waits for 1 message that it places in the "amqp_message" field of the workitem going back to the engine.

One can override the #handle method to change the way the workitem is modified according to the message.

It's also OK to override the #on_workitem method of this participant if one waits to wait for more than 1 message.

The source.


Receiving messages.

A receiver is a ruote service subscribed to a queue. When a message comes on the queue, the receiver will look at it and, according to the payload, either launch a new workflow instance, resume a currently workflow instance segment or pass an error back from a participant to the engine.

(In fact the resume workflow / pass participant error back to the engine are closely related)

(NTS: at some point, receivers should be able to deal with "cancel messages")

# A simple coupling between participant "toto" and a receiver via AMQP
# A real world example would have toto publishing somewhere, the message
# getting fetched by the real (remote) participant and then handed back
# on the queue the receiver is subscribed to.

  :exchange => [ 'direct', '' ],
  :routing_key => 'alpha')

receiver =

# ...

The source.

Controlling the connection (AMQP session)

The Ruote::Amqp module has a handy singleton for connections (actually AMQP::Session instances).

# (before registering participants)

Ruote::Amqp.session = AMQP.connect(:auto_recovery => true) do |connection|
  connection.on_recovery do |con|
    puts "Recovered..."
  connection.on_tcp_connection_loss do |con, settings|
    puts "Reconnecting... please wait"
    con.reconnect(false, 20)

When a participant tries to connect to AMQP, it will automatically use the value in Ruote::Amqp.session (else it will set up a new connection).

The receivers expect a queue when they are set up, feel free to set Ruote::Amqp.session, then use it when instantiating receivers (the participant will follow suit).

If you want a different way of connecting to AMQP for the participants, you can override their #amqp_connect methods (or pass them AMQP connection settings when registering them).



Please be sure to have read the requirements section above

gem install ruote-amqp

or via your Gemfile (thanks bundler).

tests / specs

To run the tests you need the following requirements met, or the testing environment will fail horribly (or simply get stuck without output).

RabbitMQ vhost

The tests use dedicated vhost on a running AMQP broker. To configure RabbitMQ you can run the following commands (the RabbitMQ server must be running):

$ rabbitmqctl add_vhost ruote-test
$ rabbitmqctl add_user ruote ruote
$ rabbitmqctl set_permissions -p ruote-test ruote '.*' '.*' '.*'

or by running:

$ rake prepare

If you need to change the AMQP configuration used by the tests, edit the +spec/spec_helper.rb+ file.


Kenneth Kalmer, the original author of the ruote-amqp gem is also the author of DaemonKit a library/toolbox for building daemons.

It used to be the preferred way to wrap remote participants (as daemons) but lately Kenneth hasn't had much time for support. It's still full of excellent ideas.


MIT, see LICENSE.txt