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README.md

go-jwx - Implementation of various JWx technologies

Build Status GoDoc

WARNING

This repository has been moved to github.com/lestrrat-go/jwx. This repository exists so that libraries pointing to this URL will keep functioning, but this repository will NOT be updated in the future. Please use the new import path.

Status

Done

PR/issues welcome.

Package name Notes
jwt RFC 7519
jwk RFC 7517 + RFC 7638
jwa RFC 7518
jws RFC 7515
jwe RFC 7516

In progress:

  • jwe - more algorithms

Why?

My goal was to write a server that heavily uses JWK and JWT. At first glance the libraries that already exist seemed sufficient, but soon I realized that

  1. To completely implement the protocols, I needed the entire JWT, JWK, JWS, JWE (and JWA, by necessity).
  2. Most of the libraries that existed only deal with a subset of the various JWx specifications that were necessary to implement their specific needs

For example, a certain library looks like it had most of JWS, JWE, JWK covered, but then it lacked the ability to include private claims in its JWT responses. Another library had support of all the private claims, but completely lacked in its flexibility to generate various different response formats.

Because I was writing the server side (and the client side for testing), I needed the entire JOSE toolset to properly implement my server, and they needed to be flexible enough to fulfill the entire spec that I was writing.

So here's go-jwx. This library is extensible, customizable, and hopefully well organized to the point that it is easy for you to slice and dice it.

As of this writing (Nov 2015), it's still lacking a few of the algorithms for JWE that are described in JWA (which I believe to be less frequently used), but in general you should be able to do pretty much everything allowed in the specifications.

Synopsis

JWT

See the examples here as well: https://github.com/lestrrat/go-jwx/jwt

func ExampleJWT() {
  const aLongLongTimeAgo = 233431200

  t := jwt.New()
  t.Set(jwt.SubjectKey, `https://github.com/lestrrat/go-jwx/jwt`)
  t.Set(jwt.AudienceKey, `Golang Users`)
  t.Set(jwt.IssuedAtKey, time.Unix(aLongLongTimeAgo, 0))
  t.Set(`privateClaimKey`, `Hello, World!`)

  buf, err := json.MarshalIndent(t, "", "  ")
  if err != nil {
    fmt.Printf("failed to generate JSON: %s\n", err)
    return
  }

  fmt.Printf("%s\n", buf)
  fmt.Printf("aud -> '%s'\n", t.Audience())
  fmt.Printf("iat -> '%s'\n", t.IssuedAt().Format(time.RFC3339))
  if v, ok := t.Get(`privateClaimKey`); ok {
    fmt.Printf("privateClaimKey -> '%s'\n", v)
  }
  fmt.Printf("sub -> '%s'\n", t.Subject())
}

JWK

See the examples here as well: https://godoc.org/github.com/lestrrat/go-jwx/jwk#pkg-examples

Create a JWK file from RSA public key:

import(
  "crypto/rand"
  "crypto/rsa"
  "encoding/json"
  "log"
  "os"

  "github.com/lestrrat/go-jwx/jwk"
)

func main() {
  privkey, err := rsa.GenerateKey(rand.Reader, 2048)
  if err != nil {
    log.Printf("failed to generate private key: %s", err)
    return
  }

  key, err := jwk.New(&privkey.PublicKey)
  if err != nil {
    log.Printf("failed to create JWK: %s", err)
    return
  }

  jsonbuf, err := json.MarshalIndent(key, "", "  ")
  if err != nil {
    log.Printf("failed to generate JSON: %s", err)
    return
  }

  os.Stdout.Write(jsonbuf)
}

Parse and use a JWK key:

import(
  "log"

  "github.com/lestrrat/go-jwx/jwk"
)

func main() {
  set, err := jwk.Fetch("https://foobar.domain/jwk.json")
  if err != nil {
    log.Printf("failed to parse JWK: %s", err)
    return
  }

  // If you KNOW you have exactly one key, you can just
  // use set.Keys[0]
  keys := set.LookupKeyID("mykey")
  if len(keys) == 0 {
    log.Printf("failed to lookup key: %s", err)
    return
  }

  key, err := keys[0].Materialize()
  if err != nil {
    log.Printf("failed to create public key: %s", err)
    return
  }

  // Use key for jws.Verify() or whatever
}

JWS

See also VerifyWithJWK and VerifyWithJKU

import(
  "crypto/rand"
  "crypto/rsa"
  "log"

  "github.com/lestrrat/go-jwx/jwa"
  "github.com/lestrrat/go-jwx/jws"
)

func main() {
  privkey, err := rsa.GenerateKey(rand.Reader, 2048)
  if err != nil {
    log.Printf("failed to generate private key: %s", err)
    return
  }

  buf, err := jws.Sign([]byte("Lorem ipsum"), jwa.RS256, privkey)
  if err != nil {
    log.Printf("failed to created JWS message: %s", err)
    return
  }

  // When you received a JWS message, you can verify the signature
  // and grab the payload sent in the message in one go:
  verified, err := jws.Verify(buf, jwa.RS256, &privkey.PublicKey)
  if err != nil {
    log.Printf("failed to verify message: %s", err)
    return
  }

  log.Printf("signed message verified! -> %s", verified)
}

Supported signature algorithms:

Algorithm Supported? Constant in go-jwx
HMAC using SHA-256 YES jwa.HS256
HMAC using SHA-384 YES jwa.HS384
HMAC using SHA-512 YES jwa.HS512
RSASSA-PKCS-v1.5 using SHA-256 YES jwa.RS256
RSASSA-PKCS-v1.5 using SHA-384 YES jwa.RS384
RSASSA-PKCS-v1.5 using SHA-512 YES jwa.RS512
ECDSA using P-256 and SHA-256 YES jwa.ES256
ECDSA using P-384 and SHA-384 YES jwa.ES384
ECDSA using P-521 and SHA-512 YES jwa.ES512
RSASSA-PSS using SHA256 and MGF1-SHA256 YES jwa.PS256
RSASSA-PSS using SHA384 and MGF1-SHA384 YES jwa.PS384
RSASSA-PSS using SHA512 and MGF1-SHA512 YES jwa.PS512

JWE

See the examples here as well: https://godoc.org/github.com/lestrrat/go-jwx/jwe#pkg-examples

import(
  "crypto/rand"
  "crypto/rsa"
  "log"

  "github.com/lestrrat/go-jwx/jwa"
  "github.com/lestrrat/go-jwx/jwe"
)

func main() {
  privkey, err := rsa.GenerateKey(rand.Reader, 2048)
  if err != nil {
    log.Printf("failed to generate private key: %s", err)
    return
  }

  payload := []byte("Lorem Ipsum")

  encrypted, err := jwe.Encrypt(payload, jwa.RSA1_5, &privkey.PublicKey, jwa.A128CBC_HS256, jwa.NoCompress)
  if err != nil {
    log.Printf("failed to encrypt payload: %s", err)
    return
  }

  decrypted, err := jwe.Decrypt(encrypted, jwa.RSA1_5, privkey)
  if err != nil {
    log.Printf("failed to decrypt: %s", err)
    return
  }

  if string(decrypted) != "Lorem Ipsum" {
    log.Printf("WHAT?!")
    return
  }
}

Supported key encryption algorithm:

Algorithm Supported? Constant in go-jwx
RSA-PKCS1v1.5 YES jwa.RSA1_5
RSA-OAEP-SHA1 YES jwa.RSA_OAEP
RSA-OAEP-SHA256 YES jwa.RSA_OAEP_256
AES key wrap (128) YES jwa.A128KW
AES key wrap (192) YES jwa.A192KW
AES key wrap (256) YES jwa.A256KW
Direct encryption NO jwa.DIRECT
ECDH-ES YES jwa.ECDH_ES
ECDH-ES + AES key wrap (128) YES jwa.ECDH_ES_A128KW
ECDH-ES + AES key wrap (192) YES jwa.ECDH_ES_A192KW
ECDH-ES + AES key wrap (256) YES jwa.ECDH_ES_A256KW
AES-GCM key wrap (128) NO jwa.A128GCMKW
AES-GCM key wrap (192) NO jwa.A192GCMKW
AES-GCM key wrap (256) NO jwa.A256GCMKW
PBES2 + HMAC-SHA256 + AES key wrap (128) NO jwa.PBES2_HS256_A128KW
PBES2 + HMAC-SHA384 + AES key wrap (192) NO jwa.PBES2_HS384_A192KW
PBES2 + HMAC-SHA512 + AES key wrap (256) NO jwa.PBES2_HS512_A256KW

Supported content encryption algorithm:

Algorithm Supported? Constant in go-jwx
AES-CBC + HMAC-SHA256 (128) YES jwa.A128CBC_HS256
AES-CBC + HMAC-SHA384 (192) YES jwa.A192CBC_HS384
AES-CBC + HMAC-SHA512 (256) YES jwa.A256CBC_HS512
AES-GCM (128) YES jwa.A128GCM
AES-GCM (192) YES jwa.A192GCM
AES-GCM (256) YES jwa.A256GCM

PRs welcome to support missing algorithms!

Other related libraries:

Contributions

PRs welcome!

Credits