Extensions to LINQ to Objects
C# Other

README.md

MoreLINQ

LINQ to Objects is missing a few desirable features.

This project enhances LINQ to Objects with extra methods, in a manner which keeps to the spirit of LINQ.

MoreLINQ is available for download and installation as NuGet packages.

Documentation for the stable and beta releases can be found at morelinq.github.io.

Usage

MoreLINQ can be used in one of two ways. The simplest is to just import the MoreLinq namespace and all extension methods become instantly available for you to use on the types they extend (typically some instantiation of IEnumerable<T>). In some very rare instances, however, this cause conflicts with other libraries you may be using that incidentally also extend the same type with an identically named method and signature. This happened with MoreLINQ, for example, when Microsoft .NET Framework 4.0 introduced Zip and MoreLINQ already had one. Starting with version 3.0 of MoreLINQ, you can reduce the potential for present (or even future) conflicts by individually importing just the extension methods you need using the static imports feature introduced in C# 6:

using static MoreLinq.Extensions.LagExtension;
using static MoreLinq.Extensions.LeadExtension;

In the example above, only the Lag and Lead extension methods will be available in scope.

Apart from extension methods, MoreLINQ also offers regular static method that generate (instead of operating on) sequences, like Unfold, Random, Sequence and others. If you want to use these while statically importing other individual extension methods, you can do so via aliasing:

using static MoreLinq.Extensions.LagExtension;
using static MoreLinq.Extensions.LeadExtension;
using MoreEnumerable = MoreLinq.MoreEnumerable;

In the example above, Lag and Lead will be available as extension methods as well as all the regular static methods on MoreEnumerable but without any of the extension methods offered by MoreEnumerable.

Building

To build MoreLINQ from sources, you will need:

Then run either build.cmd if building on Windows or build.sh if building on macOS or a Linux distribution supported by .NET Core.

Some code in the project is generated using T4 templates. To regenerate the code from modified templates, run MoreLinq\tt.cmd (Windows) or MoreLinq/tt.sh depending on your platform.

Building the documentation is supported on Windows only and requires Sandcastle Help File Builder (SHFB). Executing builddocs.cmd generates the documentation in the docs/api directory. It can be browsed locally using any HTTP server of static files, like http-server.

Operators

Acquire

Ensures that a source sequence of objects are all acquired successfully. If the acquisition of any one fails then those successfully acquired till that point are disposed

AggregateRight

Applies a right-associative accumulator function over a sequence. This operator is the right-associative version of the Aggregate LINQ operator.

This method has 3 overloads.

Append

Returns a sequence consisting of the head element and the given tail elements.

Assert

Asserts that all elements of a sequence meet a given condition otherwise throws an object.

This method has 2 overloads.

AssertCount

Asserts that a source sequence contains a given count of elements.

This method has 2 overloads.

AtLeast

Determines whether or not the number of elements in the sequence is greater than or equal to the given integer.

AtMost

Determines whether or not the number of elements in the sequence is lesser than or equal to the given integer.

Backsert

Inserts the elements of a sequence into another sequence at a specified index from the tail of the sequence, where zero always represents the last position, one represents the second-last element, two represents the third-last element and so on.

Batch

Batches the source sequence into sized buckets.

This method has 2 overloads.

Cartesian

Returns the Cartesian product of two or more sequences by combining each element from the sequences and applying a user-defined projection to the set.

This method has 8 overloads.

Choose

Applies a function to each element of the source sequence and returns a new sequence of result elements for source elements where the function returns a couple (2-tuple) having a true as its first element and result as the second.

CompareCount

Compares two sequences and returns an integer that indicates whether the first sequence has fewer, the same or more elements than the second sequence.

Concat

Returns a sequence consisting of the head element and the given tail elements.

This method is obsolete and will be removed in a future version. Use Append instead.

Consume

Completely consumes the given sequence. This method uses immediate execution, and doesn't store any data during execution

CountBetween

Determines whether or not the number of elements in the sequence is between an inclusive range of minimum and maximum integers.

CountBy

Applies a key-generating function to each element of a sequence and returns a sequence of unique keys and their number of occurrences in the original sequence.

This method has 2 overloads.

CountDown

Provides a countdown counter for a given count of elements at the tail of the sequence where zero always represents the last element, one represents the second-last element, two represents the third-last element and so on.

DistinctBy

Returns all distinct elements of the given source, where "distinctness" is determined via a projection and the default equality comparer for the projected type.

This method has 2 overloads.

EndsWith

Determines whether the end of the first sequence is equivalent to the second sequence.

This method has 2 overloads.

EquiZip

Returns a projection of tuples, where each tuple contains the N-th element from each of the argument sequences.

This method has 3 overloads.

Exactly

Determines whether or not the number of elements in the sequence is equals to the given integer.

ExceptBy

Returns the set of elements in the first sequence which aren't in the second sequence, according to a given key selector.

This method has 2 overloads.

Exclude

Excludes elements from a sequence starting at a given index

FallbackIfEmpty

Returns the elements of a sequence and falls back to another if the original sequence is empty.

FillBackward

Returns a sequence with each null reference or value in the source replaced with the following non-null reference or value in that sequence.

This method has 3 overloads.

FillForward

Returns a sequence with each null reference or value in the source replaced with the previous non-null reference or value seen in that sequence.

This method has 3 overloads.

Flatten

Flattens a sequence containing arbitrarily-nested sequences.

This method has 2 overloads.

Fold

Returns the result of applying a function to a sequence with 1 to 16 elements.

This method has 16 overloads.

ForEach

Immediately executes the given action on each element in the source sequence.

This method has 2 overloads.

From

Returns a sequence containing the values resulting from invoking (in order) each function in the source sequence of functions.

This method has 4 overloads.

FullGroupJoin

Performs a Full Group Join between the and sequences.

This method has 4 overloads.

FullJoin

Performs a full outer join between two sequences.

This method has 4 overloads.

Generate

Returns a sequence of values consecutively generated by a generator function

GenerateByIndex

Returns a sequence of values based on indexes

GroupAdjacent

Groups the adjacent elements of a sequence according to a specified key selector function.

This method has 4 overloads.

Incremental

Incremental was redundant with Pairwise and so deprecated since version 2.1. It was eventually removed in version 3.0.

Index

Returns a sequence of where the key is the zero-based index of the value in the source sequence.

This method has 2 overloads.

Insert

Inserts the elements of a sequence into another sequence at a specified index.

Interleave

Interleaves the elements of two or more sequences into a single sequence, skipping sequences as they are consumed.

This method has 2 overloads.

Lag

Produces a projection of a sequence by evaluating pairs of elements separated by a negative offset.

This method has 2 overloads.

Lead

Produces a projection of a sequence by evaluating pairs of elements separated by a positive offset.

This method has 2 overloads.

LeftJoin

Performs a left outer join between two sequences.

This method has 4 overloads.

MaxBy

Returns the maxima (maximal elements) of the given sequence, based on the given projection.

This method has 2 overloads.

MinBy

Returns the minima (minimal elements) of the given sequence, based on the given projection.

This method has 2 overloads.

Move

Returns a sequence with a range of elements in the source sequence moved to a new offset.

OrderBy

Sorts the elements of a sequence in a particular direction (ascending, descending) according to a key.

This method has 2 overloads.

OrderedMerge

Merges two ordered sequences into one. Where the elements equal in both sequences, the element from the first sequence is returned in the resulting sequence.

This method has 7 overloads.

Pad

Pads a sequence with default values if it is narrower (shorter in length) than a given width.

This method has 3 overloads.

PadStart

Pads a sequence with default values in the beginning if it is narrower (shorter in length) than a given width.

This method has 3 overloads.

Pairwise

Returns a sequence resulting from applying a function to each element in the source sequence and its predecessor, with the exception of the first element which is only returned as the predecessor of the second element

PartialSort

Combines OrderBy (where element is key) and Take in a single operation.

PartialSortBy

Combines OrderBy and Take in a single operation.

Partition

Partitions a sequence by a predicate, or a grouping by Boolean keys or up to 3 sets of keys.

This method has 10 overloads.

Permutations

Generates a sequence of lists that represent the permutations of the original sequence

Pipe

Executes the given action on each element in the source sequence and yields it

Prepend

Prepends a single value to a sequence

PreScan

Performs a pre-scan (exclusive prefix sum) on a sequence of elements

Random

Returns an infinite sequence of random integers using the standard .NET random number generator.

This method has 6 overloads.

RandomDouble

Returns an infinite sequence of random double values between 0.0 and 1.0.

This method has 2 overloads.

RandomSubset

Returns a sequence of a specified size of random elements from the original sequence.

This method has 2 overloads.

Rank

Ranks each item in the sequence in descending ordering using a default comparer.

This method has 2 overloads.

RankBy

Ranks each item in the sequence in descending ordering by a specified key using a default comparer.

This method has 2 overloads.

Repeat

Repeats the sequence indefinitely or a specific number of times.

This method has 2 overloads.

RightJoin

Performs a right outer join between two sequences.

This method has 4 overloads.

RunLengthEncode

Run-length encodes a sequence by converting consecutive instances of the same element into a KeyValuePair<T, int> representing the item and its occurrence count.

This method has 2 overloads.

Scan

Peforms a scan (inclusive prefix sum) on a sequence of elements.

This method has 2 overloads.

ScanRight

Peforms a right-associative scan (inclusive prefix) on a sequence of elements. This operator is the right-associative version of the Scan operator.

This method has 2 overloads.

Segment

Divides a sequence into multiple sequences by using a segment detector based on the original sequence.

This method has 3 overloads.

Sequence

Generates a sequence of integral numbers within the (inclusive) specified range.

This method has 2 overloads.

Shuffle

Returns a sequence of elements in random order from the original sequence.

This method has 2 overloads.

SkipLast

Bypasses a specified number of elements at the end of the sequence.

SkipUntil

Skips items from the input sequence until the given predicate returns true when applied to the current source item; that item will be the last skipped

Slice

Extracts elements from a sequence at a particular zero-based starting index

SortedMerge

Merges two or more sequences that are in a common order (either ascending or descending) into a single sequence that preserves that order.

This method has 2 overloads.

Split

Splits the source sequence by a separator.

This method has 12 overloads.

StartsWith

Determines whether the beginning of the first sequence is equivalent to the second sequence.

This method has 2 overloads.

Subsets

Returns a sequence of representing all of the subsets of any size that are part of the original sequence.

This method has 2 overloads.

TagFirstLast

Returns a sequence resulting from applying a function to each element in the source sequence with additional parameters indicating whether the element is the first and/or last of the sequence

TakeEvery

Returns every N-th element of a source sequence

TakeLast

Returns a specified number of contiguous elements from the end of a sequence

TakeUntil

Returns items from the input sequence until the given predicate returns true when applied to the current source item; that item will be the last returned

ThenBy

Performs a subsequent ordering of elements in a sequence in a particular direction (ascending, descending) according to a key.

This method has 2 overloads.

ToArrayByIndex

Creates an array from an IEnumerable where a function is used to determine the index at which an element will be placed in the array.

This method has 6 overloads.

ToDataTable

Appends elements in the sequence as rows of a given object with a set of lambda expressions specifying which members (property or field) of each element in the sequence will supply the column values.

This method has 4 overloads.

ToDelimitedString

Creates a delimited string from a sequence of values. The delimiter used depends on the current culture of the executing thread.

This method has 30 overloads.

ToDictionary

Creates a dictionary from a sequence of key-value pair elements or tuples of 2.

This method has 4 overloads.

ToHashSet

Returns a hash-set of the source items using the default equality comparer for the type.

This method has 2 overloads.

ToLookup

Creates a lookup from a sequence of key-value pair elements or tuples of 2.

This method has 4 overloads.

Transpose

Transposes the rows of a sequence into columns.

TraverseBreadthFirst

Traverses a tree in a breadth-first fashion, starting at a root node and using a user-defined function to get the children at each node of the tree.

TraverseDepthFirst

Traverses a tree in a depth-first fashion, starting at a root node and using a user-defined function to get the children at each node of the tree.

Trace

Traces the elements of a source sequence for diagnostics.

This method has 3 overloads.

Unfold

Returns a sequence generated by applying a state to the generator function, and from its result, determines if the sequence should have a next element and its value, and the next state in the recursive call.

This method has 2 overloads.

Window

Processes a sequence into a series of subsequences representing a windowed subset of the original

Windowed

Processes a sequence into a series of subsequences representing a windowed subset of the original

This method is obsolete and will be removed in a future version. Use Window instead.

WindowLeft

Creates a left-aligned sliding window over the source sequence of a given size.

WindowRight

Creates a right-aligned sliding window over the source sequence of a given size.

ZipLongest

Returns a projection of tuples, where each tuple contains the N-th element from each of the argument sequences

This method has 3 overloads.

ZipShortest

Returns a projection of tuples, where each tuple contains the N-th element from each of the argument sequences.

This method has 3 overloads.

Experimental Operators

THESE METHODS ARE EXPERIMENTAL. THEY MAY BE UNSTABLE AND UNTESTED. THEY MAY BE REMOVED FROM A FUTURE MAJOR OR MINOR RELEASE AND POSSIBLY WITHOUT NOTICE. USE THEM AT YOUR OWN RISK. THE METHODS ARE PUBLISHED FOR FIELD EXPERIMENTATION TO SOLICIT FEEDBACK ON THEIR UTILITY AND DESIGN/IMPLEMENTATION DEFECTS.

Use of experimental methods requires importing the MoreLinq.Experimental namespace.

Await

Creates a sequence query that streams the result of each task in the source sequence as it completes asynchronously.

This method has 2 overloads.

AwaitCompletion

Awaits completion of all asynchronous evaluations irrespective of whether they succeed or fail. An additional argument specifies a function that projects the final result given the source item and completed task.

Memoize

Creates a sequence that lazily caches the source as it is iterated for the first time, reusing the cache thereafter for future re-iterations. If the source is already cached or buffered then it is returned verbatim.