qbrt: CLI to a Gecko desktop app runtime
qbrt is a command-line interface to a Gecko desktop app runtime. It's designed to simplify the process of building and testing desktop apps using Gecko.
Install it via npm:
npm install -g qbrt
Installing it also installs a Gecko runtime (currently a nightly build of Firefox, but in the future it could be a stable build of Firefox or a custom Gecko runtime). Its simplest use is then to invoke the run command with a URL:
qbrt run https://eggtimer.org/
Which will start a process and load the URL into a native window:
URLs loaded in this way don't have privileged access to the system. They're treated as web content, not application chrome.
To load a desktop app with system privileges, point qbrt at a local directory containing a package.json file and main script:
qbrt run path/to/my/app/
For an example, clone qbrt's repo and try its example/ app, which will start a process and load the app into a privileged context, giving it access to Gecko's APIs for opening windows and loading web content along with system integration APIs for file manipulation, networking, process management, etc.:
git clone https://github.com/mozilla/qbrt.git qbrt run qbrt/example/
(Another good example is the shell app that qbrt uses to load URLs.)
To package an app for distribution, invoke the package command, which creates a platform-specific package containing both your app's resources and the Gecko runtime:
qbrt package path/to/my/app/
While qbrt itself is written in Node.js, it doesn't provide Node.js APIs to apps. Unprivileged URLs have access to Web APIs, and privileged apps also have access to Gecko's APIs.
qbrt doesn't yet support runtime version management (i.e. being able to specify which version of Gecko to use, and to switch between them). At the time you install it, it downloads the latest nightly build of Firefox. (You can update that nightly build by reinstalling qbrt.)
The packaging support is primitive. qbrt creates a shell script (batch script on Windows) to launch your app, and it packages your app using a platform-specific format (ZIP on Windows, DMG on Mac, and tar/gzip on Linux). But it doesn't set icons nor most other package meta-data, and it doesn't create auto-installers nor support signing the package.
In general, qbrt is immature and unstable! It's appropriate for testing, but it isn't yet mature and stable enough for you to ship apps with it.
Contributions of all kinds are welcome! As are all contributors. We only ask that you treat other contributors with care and respect and observe Mozilla's Community Participation Guidelines.