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buffer: improve creation performance.

Improves performance of allocating unsafe buffers, creating buffers from
an existing ArrayBuffer and creating .slice(...) from existing Buffer by
avoiding deoptimizing change of prototype after Uint8Array allocation
in favor of ES6 native subclassing.

This is done through an internal ES6 class that extends Uint8Array and
is used for allocations, but the regular Buffer function is exposed, so
calling Buffer(...) with or without `new` continues to work as usual
and prototype chains are also preserved.

Performance wins for .slice are +120% (2.2x), and, consequently, for
unsafe allocations up to +95% (1.9x) for small buffers, and for safe
allocations (zero-filled) up to +30% (1.3x).

PR-URL: #6893
Reviewed-By: Anna Henningsen <anna@addaleax.net>
Reviewed-By: Сковорода Никита Андреевич <chalkerx@gmail.com>
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RReverser authored and addaleax committed May 20, 2016
1 parent de4161d commit 5292a1358f834d4788ab10dbe83bf5ea2d35a54d
Showing with 59 additions and 62 deletions.
  1. +59 −34 lib/buffer.js
  2. +0 −28 src/node_buffer.cc
@@ -2,8 +2,14 @@
'use strict';

const binding = process.binding('buffer');
const { isArrayBuffer } = process.binding('util');
const bindingObj = {};

class FastBuffer extends Uint8Array {}

FastBuffer.prototype.constructor = Buffer;
Buffer.prototype = FastBuffer.prototype;

exports.Buffer = Buffer;
exports.SlowBuffer = SlowBuffer;
exports.INSPECT_MAX_BYTES = 50;
@@ -63,24 +69,18 @@ Buffer.prototype.swap32 = function swap32() {
// do not own the ArrayBuffer allocator. Zero fill is always on in that case.
const zeroFill = bindingObj.zeroFill || [0];

function createBuffer(size, noZeroFill) {
if (noZeroFill)
zeroFill[0] = 0;

function createUnsafeBuffer(size) {
zeroFill[0] = 0;
try {
var ui8 = new Uint8Array(size);
return new FastBuffer(size);
} finally {
if (noZeroFill)
zeroFill[0] = 1;
zeroFill[0] = 1;
}

Object.setPrototypeOf(ui8, Buffer.prototype);
return ui8;
}

function createPool() {
poolSize = Buffer.poolSize;
allocPool = createBuffer(poolSize, true);
allocPool = createUnsafeBuffer(poolSize);
poolOffset = 0;
}
createPool();
@@ -138,7 +138,6 @@ Buffer.from = function(value, encodingOrOffset, length) {
return fromObject(value);
};

Object.setPrototypeOf(Buffer.prototype, Uint8Array.prototype);
Object.setPrototypeOf(Buffer, Uint8Array);

function assertSize(size) {
@@ -158,18 +157,16 @@ function assertSize(size) {
**/
Buffer.alloc = function(size, fill, encoding) {
assertSize(size);
if (size <= 0)
return createBuffer(size);
if (fill !== undefined) {
if (size > 0 && fill !== undefined) {
// Since we are filling anyway, don't zero fill initially.
// Only pay attention to encoding if it's a string. This
// prevents accidentally sending in a number that would
// be interpretted as a start offset.
return typeof encoding === 'string' ?
createBuffer(size, true).fill(fill, encoding) :
createBuffer(size, true).fill(fill);
if (typeof encoding !== 'string')
encoding = undefined;
return createUnsafeBuffer(size).fill(fill, encoding);
}
return createBuffer(size);
return new FastBuffer(size);
};

/**
@@ -188,15 +185,15 @@ Buffer.allocUnsafe = function(size) {
**/
Buffer.allocUnsafeSlow = function(size) {
assertSize(size);
return createBuffer(size, true);
return createUnsafeBuffer(size);
};

// If --zero-fill-buffers command line argument is set, a zero-filled
// buffer is returned.
function SlowBuffer(length) {
if (+length != length)
length = 0;
return createBuffer(+length, true);
return createUnsafeBuffer(+length);
}

Object.setPrototypeOf(SlowBuffer.prototype, Uint8Array.prototype);
@@ -205,7 +202,7 @@ Object.setPrototypeOf(SlowBuffer, Uint8Array);

function allocate(size) {
if (size <= 0) {
return createBuffer(0);
return new FastBuffer();
}
if (size < (Buffer.poolSize >>> 1)) {
if (size > (poolSize - poolOffset))
@@ -218,7 +215,7 @@ function allocate(size) {
// Even though this is checked above, the conditional is a safety net and
// sanity check to prevent any subsequent typed array allocation from not
// being zero filled.
return createBuffer(size, true);
return createUnsafeBuffer(size);
}
}

@@ -231,7 +228,7 @@ function fromString(string, encoding) {
throw new TypeError('"encoding" must be a valid string encoding');

if (string.length === 0)
return Buffer.alloc(0);
return new FastBuffer();

var length = byteLength(string, encoding);

@@ -251,18 +248,30 @@ function fromArrayLike(obj) {
const length = obj.length;
const b = allocate(length);
for (var i = 0; i < length; i++)
b[i] = obj[i] & 255;
b[i] = obj[i];
return b;
}

function fromArrayBuffer(obj, byteOffset, length) {
if (!isArrayBuffer(obj))
throw new TypeError('argument is not an ArrayBuffer');

byteOffset >>>= 0;

if (typeof length === 'undefined')
return binding.createFromArrayBuffer(obj, byteOffset);
const maxLength = obj.byteLength - byteOffset;

if (maxLength <= 0)
throw new RangeError("'offset' is out of bounds");

if (length === undefined) {
length = maxLength;
} else {
length >>>= 0;
if (length > maxLength)
throw new RangeError("'length' is out of bounds");
}

length >>>= 0;
return binding.createFromArrayBuffer(obj, byteOffset, length);
return new FastBuffer(obj, byteOffset, length);
}

function fromObject(obj) {
@@ -279,7 +288,7 @@ function fromObject(obj) {
if (obj) {
if (obj.buffer instanceof ArrayBuffer || 'length' in obj) {
if (typeof obj.length !== 'number' || obj.length !== obj.length) {
return allocate(0);
return new FastBuffer();
}
return fromArrayLike(obj);
}
@@ -346,7 +355,7 @@ Buffer.concat = function(list, length) {
throw new TypeError('"list" argument must be an Array of Buffers');

if (list.length === 0)
return Buffer.alloc(0);
return new FastBuffer();

if (length === undefined) {
length = 0;
@@ -823,10 +832,26 @@ Buffer.prototype.toJSON = function() {
};


function adjustOffset(offset, length) {
offset = +offset;
if (offset === 0 || Number.isNaN(offset)) {
return 0;
}
if (offset < 0) {
offset += length;
return offset > 0 ? offset : 0;
} else {
return offset < length ? offset : length;
}
}


Buffer.prototype.slice = function slice(start, end) {
const buffer = this.subarray(start, end);
Object.setPrototypeOf(buffer, Buffer.prototype);
return buffer;
const srcLength = this.length;
start = adjustOffset(start, srcLength);
end = end !== undefined ? adjustOffset(end, srcLength) : srcLength;
const newLength = end > start ? end - start : 0;
return new FastBuffer(this.buffer, this.byteOffset + start, newLength);
};


@@ -427,33 +427,6 @@ void CreateFromString(const FunctionCallbackInfo<Value>& args) {
}


void CreateFromArrayBuffer(const FunctionCallbackInfo<Value>& args) {
Environment* env = Environment::GetCurrent(args);
if (!args[0]->IsArrayBuffer())
return env->ThrowTypeError("argument is not an ArrayBuffer");
Local<ArrayBuffer> ab = args[0].As<ArrayBuffer>();

size_t ab_length = ab->ByteLength();
size_t offset;
size_t max_length;

CHECK_NOT_OOB(ParseArrayIndex(args[1], 0, &offset));
CHECK_NOT_OOB(ParseArrayIndex(args[2], ab_length - offset, &max_length));

if (offset >= ab_length)
return env->ThrowRangeError("'offset' is out of bounds");
if (max_length > ab_length - offset)
return env->ThrowRangeError("'length' is out of bounds");

Local<Uint8Array> ui = Uint8Array::New(ab, offset, max_length);
Maybe<bool> mb =
ui->SetPrototype(env->context(), env->buffer_prototype_object());
if (!mb.FromMaybe(false))
return env->ThrowError("Unable to set Object prototype");
args.GetReturnValue().Set(ui);
}


template <encoding encoding>
void StringSlice(const FunctionCallbackInfo<Value>& args) {
Environment* env = Environment::GetCurrent(args);
@@ -1244,7 +1217,6 @@ void Initialize(Local<Object> target,

env->SetMethod(target, "setupBufferJS", SetupBufferJS);
env->SetMethod(target, "createFromString", CreateFromString);
env->SetMethod(target, "createFromArrayBuffer", CreateFromArrayBuffer);

env->SetMethod(target, "byteLengthUtf8", ByteLengthUtf8);
env->SetMethod(target, "compare", Compare);

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