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tls: fix out-of-bounds read in ClientHelloParser
ClientHelloParser::ParseHeader(data, avail) potentially accesses data
beyond avail bytes because it trusts the client to transmit a valid
frame length. Sending an impossibly small frame length causes the TLS
server to read beyond the buffer provided by the caller.

Guard against this by calling End() on the ClientHelloParser when the
client transmits an impossibly small frame length.

The test is designed to reliable cause a segmentation fault on Linux and
Windows when the buffer overrun occurs, and to trigger a spatial safety
violation when compiled with an address sanitizer enabled or when
running under valgrind.

PR-URL: #44580
Reviewed-By: Ben Noordhuis <>
Reviewed-By: Rich Trott <>
Reviewed-By: Minwoo Jung <>
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tniessen authored and RafaelGSS committed Sep 26, 2022
1 parent eb36351 commit 752e1472e1913a1f375422228ca9dd703d675e7f
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Showing 3 changed files with 128 additions and 0 deletions.
@@ -1250,6 +1250,7 @@
'sources': [
@@ -75,6 +75,11 @@ bool ClientHelloParser::ParseRecordHeader(const uint8_t* data, size_t avail) {
void ClientHelloParser::ParseHeader(const uint8_t* data, size_t avail) {
ClientHello hello;

// We need at least six bytes (one byte for kClientHello, three bytes for the
// length of the handshake message, and two bytes for the protocol version).
// If the client sent a frame that suggests a smaller ClientHello, give up.
if (frame_len_ < 6) return End();

// >= 5 + frame size bytes for frame parsing
if (body_offset_ + frame_len_ > avail)
@@ -0,0 +1,122 @@
#include "crypto/crypto_clienthello-inl.h"
#include "gtest/gtest.h"

// If the test is being compiled with an address sanitizer enabled, it should
// catch the memory violation, so do not use a guard page.
#elif defined(__has_feature)
#if __has_feature(address_sanitizer)

// If the test is running without an address sanitizer, see if we can use
// mprotect() or VirtualProtect() to cause a segmentation fault when spatial
// safety is violated.
#if !defined(NO_GUARD_PAGE)
#ifdef __linux__
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#if defined(_SC_PAGE_SIZE) && defined(PROT_NONE) && defined(PROT_READ) && \
#elif defined(_WIN32) && defined(_MSC_VER)
#include <Windows.h>
#include <memoryapi.h>

template <size_t N>
class OverrunGuardedBuffer {
OverrunGuardedBuffer() {
// Place the packet right before a guard page, which, when accessed, causes
// a segmentation fault.
int page = sysconf(_SC_PAGE_SIZE);
EXPECT_GE(page, static_cast<int>(N));
alloc_base = static_cast<uint8_t*>(aligned_alloc(page, 2 * page));
EXPECT_NE(alloc_base, nullptr);
uint8_t* second_page = alloc_base + page;
EXPECT_EQ(mprotect(second_page, page, PROT_NONE), 0);
data_base = second_page - N;
// On Windows, it works almost the same way.
SYSTEM_INFO system_info;
DWORD page = system_info.dwPageSize;
alloc_base = static_cast<uint8_t*>(
VirtualAlloc(nullptr, 2 * page, MEM_COMMIT, PAGE_READWRITE));
EXPECT_NE(alloc_base, nullptr);
uint8_t* second_page = alloc_base + page;
DWORD old_prot;
EXPECT_NE(VirtualProtect(second_page, page, PAGE_NOACCESS, &old_prot), 0);
data_base = second_page - N;
// Place the packet in a regular allocated buffer. The bug causes undefined
// behavior, which might crash the process, and when it does not, address
// sanitizers and valgrind will catch it.
alloc_base = static_cast<uint8_t*>(malloc(N));
EXPECT_NE(alloc_base, nullptr);
data_base = alloc_base;

OverrunGuardedBuffer(const OverrunGuardedBuffer& other) = delete;
OverrunGuardedBuffer& operator=(const OverrunGuardedBuffer& other) = delete;

~OverrunGuardedBuffer() {
SYSTEM_INFO system_info;
DWORD page = system_info.dwPageSize;
VirtualFree(alloc_base, 2 * system_info.dwPageSize, MEM_RELEASE);
// Revert page protection such that the memory can be free()'d.
int page = sysconf(_SC_PAGE_SIZE);
EXPECT_GE(page, static_cast<int>(N));
uint8_t* second_page = alloc_base + page;
EXPECT_EQ(mprotect(second_page, page, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE), 0);

uint8_t* data() {
return data_base;

uint8_t* alloc_base;
uint8_t* data_base;

// Test that ClientHelloParser::ParseHeader() does not blindly trust the client
// to send a valid frame length and subsequently does not read out-of-bounds.
TEST(NodeCrypto, ClientHelloParserParseHeaderOutOfBoundsRead) {
using node::crypto::ClientHelloParser;

// This is the simplest packet triggering the bug.
const uint8_t packet[] = {0x16, 0x03, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00};
OverrunGuardedBuffer<sizeof(packet)> buffer;
memcpy(, packet, sizeof(packet));

// Let the ClientHelloParser parse the packet. This should not lead to a
// segmentation fault or to undefined behavior.
node::crypto::ClientHelloParser parser;
bool end_cb_called = false;
parser.Start([](void* arg, auto hello) { GTEST_FAIL(); },
[](void* arg) {
bool* end_cb_called = static_cast<bool*>(arg);
*end_cb_called = true;
parser.Parse(, sizeof(packet));

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