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fs: add fs.writev() which exposes syscall writev()

fs with writev allow many buffers to be pushed to underlying OS
APIs in one batch, so this should improve write speed to files.

Refs: #2298

PR-URL: #25925
Fixes: #2298
Reviewed-By: Anna Henningsen <anna@addaleax.net>
Reviewed-By: James M Snell <jasnell@gmail.com>
Reviewed-By: Rich Trott <rtrott@gmail.com>
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AnasAboureada authored and targos committed Feb 4, 2019
1 parent 5b892c4 commit bb19d8212a977298d23cb7f7206e3972a64407fe
Showing with 294 additions and 5 deletions.
  1. +47 −0 doc/api/fs.md
  2. +64 −1 lib/fs.js
  3. +87 −0 test/parallel/test-fs-writev-sync.js
  4. +92 −0 test/parallel/test-fs-writev.js
  5. +4 −4 tools/doc/type-parser.js
@@ -3801,6 +3801,52 @@ changes:
For detailed information, see the documentation of the asynchronous version of
this API: [`fs.write(fd, string...)`][].

## fs.writev(fd, buffers[, position], callback)
<!-- YAML
added: REPLACEME
-->

* `fd` {integer}
* `buffers` {ArrayBufferView[]}
* `position` {integer}
* `callback` {Function}
* `err` {Error}
* `bytesWritten` {integer}
* `buffers` {ArrayBufferView[]}

Write an array of `ArrayBufferView`s to the file specified by `fd` using
`writev()`.

`position` is the offset from the beginning of the file where this data
should be written. If `typeof position !== 'number'`, the data will be written
at the current position.

The callback will be given three arguments: `err`, `bytesWritten`, and
`buffers`. `bytesWritten` is how many bytes were written from `buffers`.

If this method is [`util.promisify()`][]ed, it returns a `Promise` for an
`Object` with `bytesWritten` and `buffers` properties.

It is unsafe to use `fs.writev()` multiple times on the same file without
waiting for the callback. For this scenario, use [`fs.createWriteStream()`][].

On Linux, positional writes don't work when the file is opened in append mode.
The kernel ignores the position argument and always appends the data to
the end of the file.

## fs.writevSync(fd, buffers[, position])
<!-- YAML
added: REPLACEME
-->

* `fd` {integer}
* `buffers` {ArrayBufferView[]}
* `position` {integer}
* Returns: {number} The number of bytes written.

For detailed information, see the documentation of the asynchronous version of
this API: [`fs.writev()`][].

## fs Promises API

The `fs.promises` API provides an alternative set of asynchronous file system
@@ -5051,6 +5097,7 @@ the file contents.
[`fs.write(fd, buffer...)`]: #fs_fs_write_fd_buffer_offset_length_position_callback
[`fs.write(fd, string...)`]: #fs_fs_write_fd_string_position_encoding_callback
[`fs.writeFile()`]: #fs_fs_writefile_file_data_options_callback
[`fs.writev()`]: #fs_fs_writev_fd_buffers_position_callback
[`inotify(7)`]: http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man7/inotify.7.html
[`kqueue(2)`]: https://www.freebsd.org/cgi/man.cgi?query=kqueue&sektion=2
[`net.Socket`]: net.html#net_class_net_socket
@@ -142,6 +142,19 @@ function maybeCallback(cb) {
throw new ERR_INVALID_CALLBACK(cb);
}

function isBuffersArray(value) {
if (!Array.isArray(value))
return false;

for (var i = 0; i < value.length; i += 1) {
if (!isArrayBufferView(value[i])) {
return false;
}
}

return true;
}

// Ensure that callbacks run in the global context. Only use this function
// for callbacks that are passed to the binding layer, callbacks that are
// invoked from JS already run in the proper scope.
@@ -559,7 +572,7 @@ function write(fd, buffer, offset, length, position, callback) {
Object.defineProperty(write, internalUtil.customPromisifyArgs,
{ value: ['bytesWritten', 'buffer'], enumerable: false });

// usage:
// Usage:
// fs.writeSync(fd, buffer[, offset[, length[, position]]]);
// OR
// fs.writeSync(fd, string[, position[, encoding]]);
@@ -589,6 +602,54 @@ function writeSync(fd, buffer, offset, length, position) {
return result;
}

// usage:
// fs.writev(fd, buffers[, position], callback);
function writev(fd, buffers, position, callback) {
function wrapper(err, written) {
callback(err, written || 0, buffers);
}

validateUint32(fd, 'fd');

if (!isBuffersArray(buffers)) {
throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE('buffers', 'ArrayBufferView[]', buffers);
}

const req = new FSReqCallback();
req.oncomplete = wrapper;

callback = maybeCallback(callback || position);

if (typeof position !== 'number')
position = null;

return binding.writeBuffers(fd, buffers, position, req);
}

Object.defineProperty(writev, internalUtil.customPromisifyArgs, {
value: ['bytesWritten', 'buffer'],
enumerable: false
});

// fs.writevSync(fd, buffers[, position]);
function writevSync(fd, buffers, position) {

validateUint32(fd, 'fd');
const ctx = {};

if (!isBuffersArray(buffers)) {
throw new ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE('buffers', 'ArrayBufferView[]', buffers);
}

if (typeof position !== 'number')
position = null;

const result = binding.writeBuffers(fd, buffers, position, undefined, ctx);

handleErrorFromBinding(ctx);
return result;
}

function rename(oldPath, newPath, callback) {
callback = makeCallback(callback);
oldPath = getValidatedPath(oldPath, 'oldPath');
@@ -1825,6 +1886,8 @@ module.exports = fs = {
writeFileSync,
write,
writeSync,
writev,
writevSync,
Dirent,
Stats,

@@ -0,0 +1,87 @@
'use strict';

const common = require('../common');
const assert = require('assert');
const path = require('path');
const fs = require('fs');
const tmpdir = require('../common/tmpdir');

tmpdir.refresh();

const expected = 'ümlaut. Лорем 運務ホソモ指及 आपको करने विकास 紙読決多密所 أضف';

const getFileName = (i) => path.join(tmpdir.path, `writev_sync_${i}.txt`);

/**
* Testing with a array of buffers input
*/

// fs.writevSync with array of buffers with all parameters
{
const filename = getFileName(1);
const fd = fs.openSync(filename, 'w');

const buffer = Buffer.from(expected);
const bufferArr = [buffer, buffer];
const expectedLength = bufferArr.length * buffer.byteLength;

let written = fs.writevSync(fd, [Buffer.from('')], null);
assert.deepStrictEqual(written, 0);

written = fs.writevSync(fd, bufferArr, null);
assert.deepStrictEqual(written, expectedLength);

fs.closeSync(fd);

assert(Buffer.concat(bufferArr).equals(fs.readFileSync(filename)));
}

// fs.writevSync with array of buffers without position
{
const filename = getFileName(2);
const fd = fs.openSync(filename, 'w');

const buffer = Buffer.from(expected);
const bufferArr = [buffer, buffer, buffer];
const expectedLength = bufferArr.length * buffer.byteLength;

let written = fs.writevSync(fd, [Buffer.from('')]);
assert.deepStrictEqual(written, 0);

written = fs.writevSync(fd, bufferArr);
assert.deepStrictEqual(written, expectedLength);

fs.closeSync(fd);

assert(Buffer.concat(bufferArr).equals(fs.readFileSync(filename)));
}

/**
* Testing with wrong input types
*/
{
const filename = getFileName(3);
const fd = fs.openSync(filename, 'w');

[false, 'test', {}, [{}], ['sdf'], null, undefined].forEach((i) => {
common.expectsError(
() => fs.writevSync(fd, i, null), {
code: 'ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE',
type: TypeError
}
);
});

fs.closeSync(fd);
}

// fs.writevSync with wrong fd types
[false, 'test', {}, [{}], null, undefined].forEach((i) => {
common.expectsError(
() => fs.writevSync(i),
{
code: 'ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE',
type: TypeError
}
);
});
@@ -0,0 +1,92 @@
'use strict';

const common = require('../common');
const assert = require('assert');
const path = require('path');
const fs = require('fs');
const tmpdir = require('../common/tmpdir');

tmpdir.refresh();

const expected = 'ümlaut. Лорем 運務ホソモ指及 आपको करने विकास 紙読決多密所 أضف';

const getFileName = (i) => path.join(tmpdir.path, `writev_${i}.txt`);

/**
* Testing with a array of buffers input
*/

// fs.writev with array of buffers with all parameters
{
const filename = getFileName(1);
const fd = fs.openSync(filename, 'w');

const buffer = Buffer.from(expected);
const bufferArr = [buffer, buffer];

const done = common.mustCall((err, written, buffers) => {
assert.ifError(err);

assert.deepStrictEqual(bufferArr, buffers);
const expectedLength = bufferArr.length * buffer.byteLength;
assert.deepStrictEqual(written, expectedLength);
fs.closeSync(fd);

assert(Buffer.concat(bufferArr).equals(fs.readFileSync(filename)));
});

fs.writev(fd, bufferArr, null, done);
}

// fs.writev with array of buffers without position
{
const filename = getFileName(2);
const fd = fs.openSync(filename, 'w');

const buffer = Buffer.from(expected);
const bufferArr = [buffer, buffer];

const done = common.mustCall((err, written, buffers) => {
assert.ifError(err);

assert.deepStrictEqual(bufferArr, buffers);

const expectedLength = bufferArr.length * buffer.byteLength;
assert.deepStrictEqual(written, expectedLength);
fs.closeSync(fd);

assert(Buffer.concat(bufferArr).equals(fs.readFileSync(filename)));
});

fs.writev(fd, bufferArr, done);
}

/**
* Testing with wrong input types
*/
{
const filename = getFileName(3);
const fd = fs.openSync(filename, 'w');

[false, 'test', {}, [{}], ['sdf'], null, undefined].forEach((i) => {
common.expectsError(
() => fs.writev(fd, i, null, common.mustNotCall()), {
code: 'ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE',
type: TypeError
}
);
});

fs.closeSync(fd);
}

// fs.writev with wrong fd types
[false, 'test', {}, [{}], null, undefined].forEach((i) => {
common.expectsError(
() => fs.writev(i, common.mustNotCall()),
{
code: 'ERR_INVALID_ARG_TYPE',
type: TypeError
}
);
});
@@ -15,10 +15,10 @@ const jsPrimitives = {

const jsGlobalObjectsUrl = `${jsDocPrefix}Reference/Global_Objects/`;
const jsGlobalTypes = [
'Array', 'ArrayBuffer', 'DataView', 'Date', 'Error', 'EvalError', 'Function',
'Map', 'Object', 'Promise', 'RangeError', 'ReferenceError', 'RegExp', 'Set',
'SharedArrayBuffer', 'SyntaxError', 'TypeError', 'TypedArray', 'URIError',
'Uint8Array',
'Array', 'ArrayBuffer', 'ArrayBufferView', 'DataView', 'Date', 'Error',
'EvalError', 'Function', 'Map', 'Object', 'Promise', 'RangeError',
'ReferenceError', 'RegExp', 'Set', 'SharedArrayBuffer', 'SyntaxError',
'TypeError', 'TypedArray', 'URIError', 'Uint8Array',
];

const customTypesMap = {

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