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README.md

Kicad Automation Tools

What's in the package

This project packages up a number of productivity-enhancing tools for KiCad (https://kicad-pcb.org), primarily focused on automating generation of fabrication outputs and commandline productivity for projects tracked in git.

Fabrication outputs

make fabrication-outputs wil automatically create the following outputs in an output directory:

  • Schematics in PDF and SVG formats
  • BOM as a .csv file
  • Interactive HTML BOM file
  • Layout files in DXF, Gerber (including drill files), PDF, and SVG.

All of this is built on other projects:

Installation

Prerequisites

As of this writing, these tools target KiCad 5.1, running in a Docker container. While Docker does add a small amount of overhead, it helps compartmentalize the complexity of orchestratitng these tools and (most importantly) makes it possible to generate schematic output from eeschema by running KiCad on a known configuration of an Ubuntu machine with a headless virtual X server.

Theoretically, Dockerization makes it possible to run these tools on Windows or MacOS, though that is as-yet untestd.

Before setting up this package, you should have both Docker and git installed on your workstation.

  1. Download and install this package somewhere on your system. For the sake of these instructions, we will assume you placed it in /opt/kicad-tools/
  2. Build and deploy the local docker container.
    cd /opt/kicad-tools
    make
    

This will spin for a while, downloading Ubuntu, KiCad, and the various tools we use.

If you get an erorr about being unable to connect to Docker, your Docker configuration may require you to 'sudo' to run Docker. In that case sudo make

Eventually, you should see something like 'Successfully built 6476202f4575'

  1. Add our 'bin' directory to your shell's path. Typically, you'd do that by adding the line export PATH=/opt/kicad-tools/bin:$PATH

to your .bashrc or its equivalent.

If you needed to run sudo make before, you should also add the line

export DOCKER_NEEDS_SUDO=1 just below the PATH line.

You will need to restart your shell before it picks up a change to

If you'd prefer to be able to run Docker containers without sudo, you can find instructions for that here: https://docs.docker.com/install/linux/linux-postinstall/#manage-docker-as-a-non-root-user

You can verify that everything you've done so far is working by typing kicad-docker-run hostname

You should see something like this:

0230e9b27ebb

If you don't get an error, things are on the right track.

Configuring a project

Makefile

A sample Makefile is distributed with this package. You can find it in the 'etc' directory.

cp /opt/git-tools/etc/Makefile ./Makefile

WARNING: DO NOT BLINDLY RUN THAT COMMAND IF YOU ALREADY HAVE A MAKEFILE.

Git

To enable automatic graphical diffs of PCB layouts, you need to teach git how to handle .kicad_pcb files

# echo "*.kicad_pcb diff=kicad_pcb" >> `git rev-parse --show-toplevel`/.gitattributes
# git config diff.kicad_pcb.command /opt/kicad-tools/bin/git-pcbdiff

Caching

Generating diff-able PNGs of schematics and boards is a fairly slow operation. Because of that, we cache the generated files. By default, they're cached in /tmp. Each board and schematic is uniquely identified in the cache, so it's safe to share a cache across multiple projects.

You may want to consider caching them directories that persist across reboots.

To configure the PCB image cache, set the environment variable BOARD_CACHE_DIR. For example, you could add this to your .bashrc

export BOARD_CACHE_DIR=$HOME/.kicad-tools/cache/boards

To configure the schematic image cache, set the environment variable SCHEMATIC_CACHE_DIR. For example, you could add this to your .bashrc

export SCHEMATIC_CACHE_DIR=$HOME/.kicad-tools/cache/schematics

Usage

Generating build artifacts

By default, all build artifacts are created in a subdirectory of the 'out' directory of your project. To customize the name of the subdirectory artifacts are created in, set the BOARD_SNAPSHOT_LABEL environment variable.

To customize the output directory, set the OUTPUT_PATH environment variable.

To generate a whole package of fabrication outputs,

$ make fabrication-outputs

To generate SVG schematics

$ make schematic-svg

To generate PDF schematics

$ make schematic-pdf

To generate gerbers, pdfs, dxfs, and svgs of your layout

$ make gerbers

To generate a CSV bom

$ make bom

To generate an HTML interactive BOM

$ make interactive-bom

If you need to log into the docker instance to debug something, there's a makefile target for that, too

$ make docker-shell

Visual "diffs" between versions of a .kicad_pcb file

If you've configured git as described above, the regular git diff tool will show you a visual diff between two versions of a .kicad_pcb file.

In the future, this functionality may move to only running if you use git difftool -gui

To show the difference between your current checkout and the HEAD of your current branch, run

$ git diff HEAD my_board.kicad_pcb

Visual "diffs" between versions of a .sch file

Due to some limitations in the information git provides to external git diff tools, you need to use a special command to compare schematics.

To compare the current checkout to the HEAD of your current branch

$ git schematic-diff HEAD my_board.sch

To compare the version of my_board.sch in master to the version as of tag rev1

$ git schematic-diff master rev1 my_board.sch
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